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Louie Bellson Luigi Paulino Alfredo Francesco Antonio Balassoni (July 6, 1924 – February 14, 2009),  known by the stage nameLouieBellson (his own preferred spelling, although he is often seen in sources as Louis Bellson), was an American jazz drummer. He was a composer, arranger, bandleader, and jazz educator, and is credited with pioneering the use of two bass drums.  Bellson was an internationally acclaimed artist who per- formed in most of the major capitals around the world. Bellson and his ﬁrst wife, the actress and singer Pearl Bai- ley  (married 1952–1990), had the second highest num- ber of appearances at the White House (only Bob Hope had more). He was a vice president at Remo, a drum company.  He was inducted into the Modern Drummer Hall of Fame in 1985.  1 Biography Bellson playing in 1980 Louie Bellson was born in Rock Falls, Illinois, in 1924, and started playing drums at three years of age. At age 15, he pioneered the double-bass drum set-up. At age 17, he triumphed over 40,000 drummers to win the Slingerland National Gene Krupa contest. Louie graduated fromMo- line High School, Moline, IL, in 1942.  His detailed sketch earned him an 'A' in his high school art class. In an interview in 2005 with Jazz Connection Magazine he credited Papa Jo Jones and Big Sid Catlett as inﬂuences as well as Chick Webb.“I have to give just dues to two guys who really got me oﬀ on the drums – Big Sid Catlett and Jo Jones. They were my inﬂuences. All three of us realized what Jo Jones did and it inﬂuenced a lot of us. We all three looked to Jo as the 'Papa' who really did it. Gene helped bring the drums to the foreground as a solo instrument. Buddy was a great natural player. But we also have to look back at Chick Webb’s contributions, too.” In 1943, he performed with the Benny Goodman band and Peggy Lee in The Powers Girl,  the ﬁrst of his many ﬁlmappearances. He also appeared in 20th Century Fox's classic The Gang’s All Here (1943) in the orchestra while Carmen Miranda sang “Paducah”.  Bellson was 24 and a veteran of a U.S. Army band when he joined Danny Kaye, Louis Armstrong, Tommy Dorsey, Lionel Hamp- ton, Charlie Barnet, Benny Carter, Mel Powell, Kenny Dorharn, Harry Babasin, Al Hendrickson, Buck Wash- ington, and Goodman for the Howard Hawks ﬁlm A Song Is Born (1948). 2 Personal Life Between 1943 and 1952, Bellson performed with Benny Goodman, Tommy Dorsey, Harry James andDuke Ellington (for whom he wrote “Skin Deep” and “The Hawk Talks”).In 1952 he married Pearl Bailey, and he left Ellington to be her musical director. They adopted a boy, Tony, in the mid-1950s, and a girl, Dee Dee J. Bell- son, who was born on April 20, 1960. Son Tony Bellson died in 2004, and DeeDee Bellson died on July 4, 2009 at age 49, within ﬁve months of her father. 3 Later Life After Pearl Bailey’s death in 1990, he married his sec- ond wife, Francine, in September 1992.  Trained as a physicist and engineer at MIT,  Francine Bellson (née Wright) became his manager.  The union lasted until his death in 2009. 1 2 5 COMPOSITIONS AND ARRANGEMENTS Later in the 1950s and 1960s, he performed with Jazz at thePhilharmonicorJ.A.T.P., TommyandJimmy Dorsey, Count Basie, Duke Ellington again, and Harry James again, as well as appearing on several Ella Fitzger- ald studio albums. Over the years, Bellson took several bandleader’s holi- days to play under the direction of other leaders or to lead someone else’s band. During the 1960s, he rejoined Ellington for his Emancipation Proclamation Centennial stage production, My People in 1963, the motion picture soundtrack of Assault on a Queen in 1966, and AConcert of Sacred Music which is sometimes called The First Sa- cred Concert in 1965. Ellington called these concerts “the most important thing I have ever done.” In 1966, Bellson toured brieﬂy with both Basie and ex-boss Harry James. In 1967 Bellson recorded an album entitled 'Repercus- sion' in which he played alongside his great friend, the British drummer and percussionist, Eric Delaney. On December 5, 1971 he took part in a memorial concert at London’s Queen Elizabeth Hall for the late (drum- mer) Frank King. This special tribute show also featured legendary British session and big band drummer, Kenny Clare, as well as Buddy Rich. The orchestra for the oc- casion was made up of top musicians and led by Bobby Lamb and Ray Premru. The concert was released on vinyl LP in 1972.(Re-released in 2011 on the Vocalion label.) Throughout the 1980s and 1990s he worked with territory bands like the Unifour Jazz Ensemble. A few years later, renowned drummer Buddy Rich (referred to by many as “the world’s greatest drummer” over the years) paid Bell- son a supreme drummer-to-drummer/bandleader compli- ment by asking him to lead his band on tour while he (Rich) was temporarily disabled by a back injury. Bell- son proudly accepted. He also recorded extensively and led his own bands (oc- casionallymaintainingseparatebandsoneachcoast). His sidemen have included Kenny Hitchcock(Tenor Sax), Ray Brown, Pete and Conte Candoli, Chuck Findley, John Heard, Roger Ingram, Blue Mitchell, Don Menza, Larry Novak, Nat Pierce, Bobby Shew, Frank Rosolino, Clark Terry,and Snooky Young. He was equally eﬀective as a big band drummer and as a small group drummer. In 2006 a new album appeared, The Sacred Music of Louie Bellson and the Jazz Ballet. In May 2009, Francine Bell- son fascinated jazz fans when she told The Jazz Joy and Roy syndicated radio show, “I like to call (Sacred) 'how The Master used two maestros,'" adding, “When (Elling- ton) did his sacred concert back in 1965 with Louie on drums, he told Louie that the sacred concerts were based on 'in-the-beginning,' the ﬁrst three words of the bible.” FrancineBellsonrecalledhowEllingtonexplainedto Louie that “in the beginning there was lightning and thun- der and that’s you!" Ellington exclaimed,pointing out that Louie’s drums were the thunder. Both Ellington and Louie, says Mrs. Bellson, were deeply religious. “Ellington told Louie, 'You ought to do a sacred concert of your own' and so it was,” Mrs. B. said, adding, "'The Sacred Music of Louie Bellson' combines symphony, big band and choir, while 'The Jazz Ballet' is based on the vows of Holy Matrimony....” In May 2007, Bellson recorded a number of his com- positions and arrangements for big band, featuring Clark Terry on Flugelhorn, with Kenny Washington and Sylvia Cuenca on drums. The big band was manned by the members of Clark Terry’s Big Band. The music was recorded in Studio A at Clinton Recording Studios in New York City. The resultant album, Louie and Clark Expedition 2 was released in January 2008. Bellson led his own orchestra almost steadily for more than forty years. His last band was called the Big Band Explosion. 4 Death OnFebruary14, 2009, Bellsondiedat age84from complications of a broken hip in December 2008 and Parkinson’s disease.  He is buried next to his father in Riverside Cemetery in Moline, Illinois.  5 Compositions and arrangements From left: Chris Gage, Louie Bellson, Stan “Cuddles” Johnson, Tony Gage, Fraser MacPherson, Harry Carney (Photo from the Fraser MacPherson estate) As a proliﬁc creator of music, both written and impro- vised, his compositions and arrangements (in the hun- dreds) embrace jazz, jazz/rock/fusion, romantic orches- tral suites, symphonic works and a ballet. Bellson was also a poet and a lyricist. His only Broadway venture, Portoﬁno (1958), was a resounding ﬂop that closed after three performances.  As an author, he published more than a dozen books on drums and percussion. He was at work with his biog- rapher on a book chronicling his career and bearing the same name as one of his compositions – “Skin Deep”. 3 In addition, “The London Suite” (recorded on his album Louie in London) was performed at the Hollywood Pil- grimage Bowl before a record-breaking audience. The three-part work includes a choral section in which a 12- voice choir sings lyrics penned by Bellson. Part One is the band’s rousing “Carnaby Street”, a collaboration with Jack Hayes. In 1987, at the Percussive Arts Society convention in Washington, D.C., Bellson and Harold Farberman per- formed a major orchestral work titled “Concerto for Jazz Drummer and Full Orchestra”, the ﬁrst piece ever writ- ten speciﬁcally for jazz drummer and full symphony or- chestra. This work was recorded by the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra in England, and was released by the Swedish label BIS. 6 Drum tutoring Bellson was known throughout his career to conduct drum andbandclinicsat highschools, collegesandmusic stores.  Bellson maintained a tight schedule of clinics and perfor- mances of both big bands and small bands in colleges, clubs and concert halls. In between, he continued to record and compose, resulting in more than 100 albums and more than 300 compositions. Bellson’s Telarc debut recording, Louie Bellson And His Big Band: Live From New York, was released in June 1994. He also created new drum technology for Remo, Inc., of which he was vice-president. Bellson received an honorary Doctor of Humane Let- ters in 1985 at Northern Illinois University. As of 2005, among other performing activities, Bellson had visited his home town of Rock Falls, Illinois every July for Louie Bellson Heritage Days, a weekend in his honor close to his July 6 birthday, with receptions, music clinics and other performances by Bellson.  At the 2004 event celebrating his 80th birthday, Bellson said, “I'm not that old; I'm 40 in this leg, and 40 in the other leg.”  He also celebrated his birthday every year at the River Music Experience in Davenport, Iowa. 7 Awards Among Bellson’s numerous accolades, he had been voted into the Halls of Fame for both Modern Drummer mag- azine, in1985, andthePercussiveArts Society, in 1978.  Yale University named him a Duke Ellington Fellow in 1977. He received an honorary Doctorate from Northern Illinois University in 1985. He performed his original concert – Tomus I, II, III – with the Washing- ton Civic Symphony in historic Constitution Hall in 1993. A combination of full symphony orchestra, big-band en- semble and 80-voice choir, “Tomus” had been a collab- oration of music by Bellson and lyrics by his late wife, Pearl Bailey. Bellson was a six-time Grammy Award nominee.  In January 1994, Bellson received the prestigious Amer- ican Jazz Masters Award from the National Endowment for the Arts, a U.S. federal agency.  As one of three re- cipients, Bellson was lauded by NEA chair Jane Alexan- der who said, “These colossal talents have helped write the history of jazz in America.” 8 Discography •1954 – The Amazing Artistry of Louis Bellson (Nor- gran) •1954 – The Exciting Mr. Bellson and His Big Band (Norgran) •1959 – Live at Flamingo Hotel 1959(Jazz Hour) •1962 –Big BandJazz from theSummit (Roulette Birdland) •1962 −HappySounds (Roulette R 25167 & SR 25167) With Pearl Bailey •1964 –Explorations with Lalo Schifrin (Roulette Birdland) •1965 – Are You Ready for This?with Buddy Rich (Roost) •1965 – Thunderbird (Impulse!) •1967 – Repercussion (Studio2Stereo) •1968 – Breakthrough! (Project 3) •1972 – Conversations (Vocalion) •1974 – 150 MPH (Concord) •1978 – Raincheck (Concord) •1979 – Dynamite! (Concord) • 1979 – Live at Ronnie Scott’s Club •1979 – Side Track (Concord) •1982 – Hi Percussion (accord) •1980 – London Scene (Concord) • 1982 – Cool, Cool Blue (Pablo) • 1982 – The London Gig (Pablo) •1984 – Louis Bellson & Explosion (pausa) •1993 – Live From New York (Telarc) •1996 – Air Bellson (Concord) 4 12 EXTERNAL LINKS 8.1 Compilations •1979LouisBellson, WithBellsOn! (Vogue Jazz (UK))  •2001ClassicDrumSolosandDrumBattlesDVD (Hal Leonard)  •2002 Pete York’s Super Drumming, Vol. 1 (Inakustic Gmbh) •2008 Pete York’s Super Drumming, Vol. 3 (Inakustic Gmbh) 8.2 As sideman With James Brown •Soul on Top (1969) With Dizzy Gillespie •Roy and Diz (Clef, 1954) – with Roy Eldridge With Stephane Grappelli •Classic Sessions: Stephane Grappelli, with Phil Woods and Louie Bellson (1987) With Oscar Peterson •The Tenor Giants Featuring Oscar Peterson (1975) With Sarah Vaughan •How Long Has This Been Going On? (1978) 9 Filmography 9.1 As leader •2003 Louis Bellson and His Big Band (VIEW)  •2007 Cobham Meets Bellson (VIEW)  10 See also •List of Jazz Arrangers •List of music arrangers 11 References  Louie Bellson’s Oﬃcial Web site Accessed Feb 16, 2009  National Endowment for the Arts biography of Louis Bell- son Accessed January 2009.  Heckman, Don (February 17, 2009). “Los Angeles Times obituary, Feb. 17, 2009”. Latimes.com. Retrieved 2011- 10-02.  Chinen, Nate (February 17, 2009). “NewYork times obit- uary 17 Feb 2009”. Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2011-10-02.  “Modern Drummer’s Readers Poll Archive, 1979–2014”. Modern Drummer. Retrieved 10 August 2015.  Allmusicbiography. LouisBellsonAccessedJanuary 2009.  The Powers Girl (1943) full cast and crew at IMDB  “Jazz Connection Magazine online biography”. Jazzcon- nectionmag.com. Retrieved 2011-10-02.  Burke, David. “Louie Bellson’s widow shares memories of her husband”. Quad-City Times (March 3, 2009). Re- trieved December 2009.  “Obituary at”. Telegraph.co.uk. February 16, 2009. Re- trieved 2011-10-02.  The Broadway League. "''Portoﬁno'' at Internet Broadway Database”. Ibdb.com. Retrieved 2011-10-02.  Drum! Magazine, September/October 2004, pg. 30, by Rob Howe.  Fairchild, FrederickD. “PASHall ofFame: LOUIS BELLSON”. Percussive Arts Society. Retrieved 2012- 04-07.  With Belkls On! at discogs.com  “HL Product Listing”. Halleonard.com. Retrieved 2011- 10-02.  “VIEW DVD Listing”. View.com. Retrieved 2011-10- 02.  Artist: Cobham, Billy & Louie Bellson. “VIEW DVD Listing”. View.com. Retrieved 2011-10-02. 12 External links •Louie Bellson – oﬃcial website. •Heckman, Don. “Louie Bellson dies at 84; Duke Ellingtoncalledhim'theworld’sgreatest drum- mer',”LosAngelesTimes,Tuesday,February 17, 2009. •Chinen, Nate. “Louie Bellson, Dynamic Jazz Drum- mer, Dies at 84,”TheNewYorkTimes, Tuesday, February 17, 2009. 5 •Louie Bellson at the Internet Movie Database •Louie Bellson at the Internet Broadway Database •Drummerworld •video of Louis Bellson on YouTube •Allmusic biography of Louis Bellson •“Louie Bellson” The Encyclopedia of Jazz Musi- cians (Jazz.com). •Obituary in the Los Angeles Daily News •Jazz Connection Magazine online biography •Biographyandmemorablequotes about himat Remo.com •Louie Bellson at Find a Grave •Louie Bellson – In Memoriam 6 13 TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES 13 Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses 13.1 Text • Louie Bellson Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louie_Bellson?oldid=675336184 Contributors: SebastianHelm, Andrewa, Bearcat, Timrollpickering, JackofOz, Tom harrison, Doovinator, Gyrofrog, TronTonian, Grstain, D6, Blanchette, John FitzGerald, Bender235, Cmdrjameson, Philip Cross, SFTVLGUY2, Rjwilmsi, Gareth E Kegg, Melodia, YurikBot, RussBot, CambridgeBayWeather, TheGrap- pler, BirgitteSB, Tony1, Dissolve, Allens, SmackBot, Chris the speller, OrphanBot, Rrburke, Kittybrewster, Gregoryptm, Ser Amantio di Nicolao, Fifties, Jetman, Aeternus, Crazygold, Drumsoloartist, Cydebot, Sochwa, Peter Deer, Lyricmac, Johnchristopher, Dougher, Rothorpe, VoABot II, Pugetbill, Airprooﬁng, InnocuousPseudonym, Johnpacklambert, Mind meal, Robhowe88, WWGB, Spidra, DISE- man, Technopat, Sumori, Aeromedia, Broadbot, Tempest67, Editor437, Poltair, Cjc13, Cosprings, Mungo Kitsch, Newport567, Kumioko (renamed), Scottd16, Drummercafe, Jeremiestrother, Hrdinský, Muro Bot, The Sock of Maelgwn, Glen Twenty, AuntFlo, WikHead, HexaChord, Addbot, Kyle1278, JGKlein, Tassedethe, Lightbot, Zorrobot, Rodericksilly, Luckas-bot, Yobot, Triquetra, KamikazeBot, AnomieBOT, Rtervin, LilHelpa, Celebrinerd, LMorland, Nietzsche 2, Hushpuckena, Finalius, Tinton5, Ellingtonrecords, RjwilmsiBot, Rmalin, Farragutful, CoolJazz5, ChuispastonBot, ClueBot NG, CactusBot, The Mark of the Beast, Tradigi, BattyBot, Redsky89, VIAFbot, Ekips39, Kopter Kaptain, DrummerSteve69, Dcatal1266, KasparBot, Mpriser and Anonymous: 77 13.2 Images • File:At_the_Palomar.jpg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c0/At_the_Palomar.jpg License: CCBY2.0 Con- tributors: At the Palomar Original artist: Part of the Fraser MacPherson estate guyman22 • File:LouieBellson_1980.jpg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1e/LouieBellson_1980.jpg License: CC0 Con- tributors: Own work Original artist: Wojciech Soporek • File:Louis_Bellson.jpg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5d/Louis_Bellson.jpg License: CC BY 2.0 Contrib- utors: Louis Bellson 1952 Original artist: Courtesy of the Fraser MacPherson estate c/o Guy MacPherson • File:P_vip.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/69/P_vip.svg License: PD Contributors: ? 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