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Godwin to Freire A Comparison of Ideas and Concepts Godwin to Freire Most notable for his work on political injustice called An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice In the work, he explains political injustices using three authorities : COERCION CONVICTION CONFIDENCE Noted as first anarchist Part of the British radical movement at the end of the 18th century William Godwin Godwin An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice British Most notable for his work on political injustice called An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice In the work, he explains political injustices using three authorities : COERCION CONVICTION CONFIDENCE Noted as first anarchist Part of the British radical movement at the end of the 18th century William Godwin Anarchism is generally defined as the political philosophy which holds the state to be immoral, or alternatively as opposing authority in the conduct of human relations. Anarchists advocate stateless societies based on non-hierarchical voluntary associations What is anarchy? Coercion = bad Lacking of free will No internal motivation Punishment – Reward system Authority One - Coercion ‘Where I do that which is not prescribed to me by my private judgement, merely on account of the mischievous consequences that I forsee will be annexed to my omission, by the arbitrary interference of some voluntary being.’ (119) Confidence = good or bad, dependent on act Allows us to be taught, learn how to do something, not follow Needs self-interest Mentor and Mentee Authority two - Confidence ‘That it should be fitter and more beneficial, all things considered, that the function to be performed should be performed by another person, than that it should be performed by me.’ (119) Conviction = good Internal motivation Own opinion Conviction + Confidence = Reason Authority three - Conviction ‘where we are directed, not by the precarious and mutable interference of another, but by a recollection of the intrinsic and indefeasible tendency of the action to be performed.’ (119) Notable work Pedagogy of the Oppressed Published in Portuguese in 1960’s Attacks : banking concept, Supports : Problem posing Intentionality Looks at education Paulo Freire Deposit and withdrawal No thinking Essentially memorization Banking Concept “His task is to "fill" the students with the contents of his narration -- contents which are detached from reality, disconnected from the totality that engendered them and could give them significance. Words are emptied of their concreteness and become a hollow, alienated, and alienating verbosity.” (1) Common opinion Learning for life Encouraged learning Stops a person from being held back Essentially thinking Problem Posing “Those truly committed to liberation must reject the banking concept in its entirety, adopting instead a concept of women and men as conscious beings, and consciousness as consciousness intent upon the world. They must abandon the educational goal of deposit-making and replace it with the posing of the problems of human beings in their relations with the world.” (6) ‘Thinking is always thinking of something’ Thinking means your free from banking concept Closely related to problem posing, both are freedom Intentionality “It epitomizes the special characteristic of consciousness: being conscious of, not only as intent on objects but as turned in upon itself in a Jasperian split" --consciousness as consciousness of consciousness.” (6) Connecting Ideas Coercion Confidence Conviction Banking Concept Problem Posing Reward Punishment Not your own thinking Being a follower Generality Coercion/Confidence vs. Banking Concept Essentially a boy band… Opinion Thinking for yourself Thinking is training Thinking is ding Reasoning Conviction/Confidence vs. Problem posing Essentially punk rock… Simple answer? Liberation What does this all lead too?