Metodicheskie ukazania po_vypolneniyu_prakticheskikh_zanyatiy (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (4)

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- -2013- 3 - 1. - 4 -- 2. HYPERLINK \l "_Toc244687586" . . . - 10 - 3. - 17 - 4. - 22 - 5. HYPERLINK \l "_Toc244687592" . - 26 - 6. - 30 - 7. - 35 - 8. - 39 - 9. - 43 - - 10. - 52 - -55- , , . . . , , , , . , , . , , , . . 1. - : , , . : 2 1. . 2. . 3. . 4. . 5. . 6. . 7. ? 8. .9. .10. . 11. . 12. .13. . , , - , , , : (); ; ; ; . - , , : , , , , , , , , , , . , . . : , , - , . - . - : . . , . , , , , , , . . (, ), . , , . , . , , . . : ( , - , , , ..), , , . : , , . . . , , . ( ). () . ( , .. ) , , () , - , . , - () , , ( ) , , , . () , , . () , . () , . 1. :) ;) ;) , , , .2. :) ;) ;) , .3. :) ;) ;) .4. , - :) ;) ;) ;) .5. :) ;) , ;) ;) .6. :) , , ;) .) , , ;) , , .7. :) , ;) , ;) , ;) .8. :) 50 ;) 500 . ;) 250 . .9. :) , , ;) , , ;) , , , ;) , , , .10. :) , ;) , , , ;) , , .11. :) ; ) , ;) , ;12. : ) ;) ;) ;13. . . ) ; ) ; ) , , ;14. : ) ;) ; ) ;15. :) ;) ;) ;16. : ) ; ) ;) ;17. :) ;) ; ) ;18. () :) ; ) ; ) ; 19. :) ; ) ;) , ;20. :) ; ) ; ) , ;21. : ) ; ) ; ) . 2 . . . : , , . : 2 1. , . 2. . 3. . 4. . 5. .6. , . , . ., (1) - ; - , . .; - , %. , %. (2) - , .; - , .; - / , . (3) 1 - , ., .; , - () , . .; nl, n2 - (). : , , , , . , . ., (4) - , , . ; . - , . . (5) () , . . (6) - ; - . () (7) . - , ; ..- , . , = , (8) : 1. , . . = .,(9) - , . .; - , . . 2. (10) - ; .. - , . .; 3. EMBED Equation.3 (11)4. (12) 1. 5680 .. 1 1245 .., 1 948 .. 1 - 2152 .. . 2. 9844 .. 1 4850 .., 1 1870 .. . 3. 12845 .. 1 7464 .., 1 2145 .. 1 1789 .. 18%. , . 4. 4740 .., 1820 .., 380 .., 210.., 120.., 570.., 190.., 1350.., 70.., 30... . 5. 2200 .., 78,4 .., 48.., 42 .., 115 .., 1094 .., 54 .., 10 .., 50 .. 1.06 () 100 .., 136 .., 1.09 6 .. 1.05 15 .., 1.10 30 .. 18%. , , . 6. 1 7250 . . 1 640 . ., 1 720 . 1 240 .. 12840 .. . 7. : , , , . , .. 28401280240 29601298245 8. , . , , , 1290140032036012501400290360 9. 8550 .. 1 225 .., 1 600 .. 10500 .. 8000 .., 8800 .. . 10 , 522873 . (-,+). .%. .%. .% 4072747500 95554625 29552322205 4522167896 65228142 79638838 46624745 ?100?100 11 1500 . . 1 4,56 . .; 1 2,04 . . 800 . , 1 3 . . 1000 . . . 12. 2825 . . . , . .1 40,061 50,041 70,081 10,05 , . 13. 4 . . 1 150 . ., 1 50 . . 1 90 . . 14%. 14 120 450 . . 400 . . . 3. : , , , , . : 2 1. . 2. . 3. ? 4. . 5. . 6. . 7. , . , . () . , . , , , , , . , . . , - . , , . , .1. (13) - , . ; - ; - . 2. , (14) 360 - . 3. , . ., . 360 ( ). . 3200 .. 800 .. - 70 . , .1. 2. 3. 1. 20000 .., 2000 .. 24000 .. , . 2 . 12345=3*4 952948026470,87 23860806628206876101912010872030230 9972027730 95920266,430 149619604156195 3. 40 . . 10 . . , . 4...., % 824070 329382434433995,7 20122,0 20009 7048 137473 100 5. , , 500 . . , . . : 1 3,5; 1 4,2; 1 5,1; 1 3,8; 1 4,6; 1 2,9; 1 3,8; 1 4,7; 1 3,4; 1 4,1; 1 5,0; 1 4,3; 1 3,9. 6. 30 . ., 500 . . 50 . . - 2 . . 7. 25 . ., 150 . . - 1 . . 8. 15 . . 25%. 15%. . 4. : , , . : 2 1. . 2. . . 4. . 5. . 6. . 7. . , , , . , , (, ), - - ; CC , . - (), (, ). () = Q / ,(17) - , (, ). - , 1 . () = Q / t,(18) t - , . . () = . t,(19) t - , . () . (, ) = . ,(20) (), . . (, ) = . t ,(21) - , , -; - , -. - , - . , 26980 ., 221 , , 1 80 .. .1. /.2. 1. 15.., - 320 . - 12800 -. , , 300 . 2. 400 . 430 . 1200 ., 1250 .. . 3. 1250 156 , 66 . . 4. 5400 .., 1010 . 15% . . 5. - 15 . -. - 300 . - 12800 -. 320 . : , , . 6 1000 , 2500 , 3000 . -2 /; - 0,4 /; - 1,5 /. - 50 . 52 . - 1200 , - 2800 , - 3200 . 1 ; . 5. . : , , , . : 2 1. . 2. . 3. - . 4. . 5. , . 6. . . 7. . 8. , . , () . . . , , .. . , : . , = , (24) () = T ,(25) () , ; , . (). . , .. . = V ,(26) ; V . - - (.) = / ,(27) - - , , 0,7 . 192,8 . 30% . 15,2 . 1. - = V = 192,80,7 = 134,96 .2. = V + = 134,96 15,2 + 30%= 2667 . 1 - , 0,5 . 146,4 ., 30% . 16,0 . 2 - , 1,3 . 214,4 ., 30% . 20 . 3 4 , 1 126,2 . 4 1,24. 285. 8. 4 24,1 . 178 . 40% . . 5. 1000 , - 980 , 20 , 420 (42%), 400 (40%), 80 (8%), 50 (5%). 8 (0,8%), 22 (2,2%). : ) ; ) ; ) , 70506 .. 6 600 . 37, 5., 11 , 13 . . 7 1500 . - 45 , , , , , 3,6 % . . 8 50 . ., 110 . ./. , 1,2. . 9 3,69 ., 4,25 . 2500 ., 2200 . 290, , 8 . . 10 4 ., 7, 10, 8. - 652 . . 6. : , . : 2 1. . 2. . 3. , 4. . 5. . 6. . 7. . 8. . 9. (, ) . . , , . : , .. . ( ). :1. ( );2. ;3. ;4. ;5. . 1 : - 2200 , . . 1. - 15080,49 2. - 3612,42 3. - () 1,15% 4. - 2566,74 5. - 949,69 6. - 829,75 7. - 3593,59 8. 35 % 9. 53,9 % 10. 250 % 11. ( ) 7,2 % ,. . 1 , .1. 2. 3. () 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.0 10. 11. 12. 13. 1. - () , . . 2. , . ., - ; - 35 % ; - 3. , - , = 53,9% 4. , . ., - , = 250 % 5. , . . =15080,49+ 3612,42+214,96+2566,74+949,69+829,75+ 3593,59+934,33+ 1936,9 3+8983,98=38702,9 . .6. , . ., - , = 7,2 % .7. , . ., = +, (32) = 38702,88+2786,61 = 41489,5 . ,. . 1 , .1. 15080,496854,772. 3612,421642,013. () 214,9697,714. 2566,741166,75. 949,69431,686. 829,75377,167. 3593,591633,458. 1257,75 424,79.0 1936,95880,4310. 8983,984083,6211. 39026,2417592,2312. 2809,881266,6313. 41836,1218858,86 1. . ... . % 90160 84125 4080 /9020 3518 2270 1517 100 % 2. 300 . ., 1 . 0,85 . 1 . 0,04 . 10%. . 3. 5% 7%. 150 . ., 110 . . . 4. 2500 . 1000 ., 500 ., 150 ., 200 ., . . 5 , . 1. 5405202. 35403. 1501404. 60555. (200%)6. (100%) 2520 7. : . : 2 1. . 2. () . 3. . 4. . 5. . , .6. . 7. . 8. . . , , . , , , , . :* : , , , , , , , ;* : , , , , ;* : , , , ;* : , , , , ;* : , , , , ;* : , () ;* : - , - , - . . . . . , , , , . . , , -, . . , () . 1 (), . . = , (33) , . .; , %. (), . . = + , (34) (), . ., = , (35) (), . ., = ,(36) (), . ., = / 100, (37) , %. (), . ., = + , (38) , : 1 2449 .., % 22%, -10%, 12%.1. 1 = 2449 22% = 538,78 . .2. = 2449 + 538,78 = 2987,78 . .3. = 2987,78 10 / 100 = 298,78 . . 4. = 2987,78 + 298,78 = 3286,56 . .5. = 3286,56 12 / 100 = 394,38 . . 6. = 3286,56 + 394,38 = 3680,94 . . 1. , 1184,5., 24%, 10%, 17%. 2. 1 , -25%, - 2650 .. 3. , 25 . ., 1 9 .., -5,32 .., 1 3 . ., - 5 . . 8. : . : 2 1. . 2. . 3. . . 4. . 5. . 6. . . . , , , , . , , . , . . , , , , , , , , , , , .. , .., . : 1) , 25% ; 2) ( , ; ; ; ; ; ; .); 3) ( - , ; , ..); 4) . . . () . :1. ; 2. ( ) ; 3. () (, ) = - ,(39) - , . .; - , . .; - , . . , . , % - , . .; - : - 65034,6 . .; - 53481 . .; , . 1. = 65034,6 53481 = 11553,6 . .2. = 11553,6 / 53481 100 = 21,6% 1 500 1 28 . . 40 . . 2 : - 21350 . .; - 251 . .; - - 195 . . , . 32440 . ., 27800 . . . 3 95800 . . 74350 . . , . 4 : - 17000 ; - 1 7,486 . .; - 1 8,989 . . . 5 , , 1 : - - 134678,8 . .; - - 110840,9 . . 6 , , 1 : - 95346,6 . .; - 48109,6 . . 7 3000 . 250 . . 520 . ., 60 . . 15%. , , 15%, , . 8 400 . , 250 ., 190 ., 50 . . 9 15000 ., 50000 ., 30000 . , . 9 - : - : 2 1. - .2. -3. -4. - - , . , , . - , , , , , , , ( , ) . , - , - ( - ) . - :- ;- () ;- , , , .- :1. ; 2. ; 3. -; 4. ; 5. ; 6. ; 7. -; 8. - :1.; 2.;3. ;4. ;5. ;6. ;7. ;8. ;9. ( );10. ( ) ;11.. - ________________________________________ . , 25_______________________________ 2-45-50______ 8(38514)2-50-43________ 2-40-36___ - - - . . ___________________ 2-11-76_____________________ ..___________________________________ 2-13-46_____________________ 01 2008 . 3___ , , 8___ . 1. 1. . : , , .______________________________________________________________2. , .. . (2 5%, 3 10%), , ._______________________________3. 15.01.07____________________________________4. .., .., ., .._________________________________________5. : ) 700 .., ) , ) -, ) 6. , . ____________________7. , 3 , , ____________________________________________________ 2. 1. 2007 , , , , , ______________2. , , , _________________________________________3. , , , , , , _________ 4. , __________________________________________________ 3. ()1. () 3 : , ________________________________2. , , ________________________________3. , , , , , (, ). 4. , , , , , , , __________________________________________________________5. 105-206 20 2007 _______________6. 50675 5 2007 ______________________________________________________7. , _________________________________________________8. , 30 _________9. 10. 6 ( 2007 )_____________________________________________ 4. ()1. , , ___________________2. () . 1000 , -2400 , 288000 . 1 17 ., 17000 ., 408000 ., 4896000 ._______________________________________ , , ./ ( ), .123456 6 2881748960002881748960003. (20% ), 45600, (80%), 182400 ._____________ 4. (. .)1 ( )2 ( )3 1234567891011121234 240002400024000240002400024000240002400024000240002400024000756007560075600756003110401 288000/12=240002 2880001,05=302400/4=756003 2880001,08=311040 5. 1. , , .. , . 300 2, 24000 .________________ 2. , , , , 1234 , , , , , , 3. , . , , .. , ..1234 13113 60160 40140 --113 12% = 11300012/100 = 13560 .4. . , , , , . 10 /, 144 , 1440000 ., 6 /, 86,4 , 518400 . 1958400 .__________________________ 5. , , . , . () , .11200012144000 1960012115200 190001210800018400121008001500012120000 145001254000 140001248000 142001250400 148001257600 ---7980006. , , , . . 120000 140000 12500 -25000 -30000 -1175007. , , , . . 5000 .__________ 8. 1. , , ; _______________________________________2. _____________3. : = 500000 / 710295 = 0,7________ 9. 1. - , , -, 2. , __________________________________________ 1 - . 10 : , , , . : 2 1. . 2. . 3. . 4. . 5. . 6. . 7. , . 8. , . 9. , . ; , , , . . :1) :- ( , , )- ( , )- ( , ; )- (, , , )2) :- ( , + , + ) = Q*P, (42) - ( ) = + = + , (43)- ( , ) = + = + , (44) , , ; .3) , , .- - ( )- - ( , , )- - - = + + - , (45)- = + */12 + */12 - (12-)/12, (46) 1. 1 .: . 10 = . 3 . 5 = 4,97 47 = 233,59 2 .: . 11 = . 3 . 6 = 4,97 85 = 422,45 3 .: . 12 = . 3 . 7 = 4,97 85 = 422,45 4 .: . 14 = . 3 . 8 = 4,97 85 = 422,45 : . 9 = . 3 4,97 302 = 1500,942. 1 .: . 14 = . 2 . 5 = 14,5 47 = 681,5 2 .: . 14 = . 2 . 6 = 14,5 85 = 1232,5 3 .: . 14 = . 2 . 7 = 14,5 85 = 1232,5 4 .: . 14 = . 2 . 8 =14,5 85 = 1232,5 : . 14 = . 2 . 4 = 14,5 302 = 4379 3. : = ,(47) = 14,5 302 = 43794. : = / = 1500,94 / 4379 = 0,34. . , . . - . . . .1234123412345678910111213141514,54,97302478585851500,94233,59442,45442,45442,4543790,3414,213,483418685858514,814,034186858585 1 , . . - . . . .12341234123456789101112131415 1 0%7,36,830247858585 30%9,89,034186858585 3,5%12,011,234186858585 2 12,011,430247858585 12,411,63418685858514,513,834186858585 1. .., .. (): . . . , 2004. 160 .2. / 061500 - . : , 2006. 205 . 3. .. (): . . . , 2005. 251 .4. .. . (). . 3- . --. , 2003. 448 . EMBED Equation.3 EMBED Equation.3 EMBED Equation.3 EMBED Equation.3 EMBED Equation.3 EMBED Equation.3 EMBED Equation.3 EMBED Equation.3 EMBED Equation.3 EMBED Equation.3 EMBED Equation.3 EMBED Equation.3 57PAGE 14_1317818745.unknown_1317827497.unknown_1317837047.unknown_1429520065.unknown_1430735281.unknown_1430735623.unknown_1430651850.unknown_1426587278.unknown_1317831392.unknown_1317831466.unknown_1317831896.unknown_1317831412.unknown_1317827594.unknown_1317826987.unknown_1317827440.unknown_1317827456.unknown_1317827419.unknown_1317821740.unknown_1317821861.unknown_1317826983.unknown_1317819237.unknown_1317819304.unknown_1317818990.unknown_1317747234.unknown_1317747613.unknown_1317818645.unknown_1317818658.unknown_1317747770.unknown_1317747537.unknown_1317747404.unknown_1317744642.unknown_1317744762.unknown_1317745064.unknown_1317746942.unknown_1317744903.unknown_1317744664.unknown_1317743865.unknown_1317744633.unknown_1317743537.unknown