ИННОВАТОРЫ, КОНСЕРВАТОРЫ, ИМИТАТОРЫ: КАК АГЕНТЫ ПРИНИМАЮТ РЕШЕНИЯ

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<ul><li><p>, , : </p><p> 19 ,2015, </p><p> .. , , , 2015 www.osukharev.com</p></li><li><p> (1932) ( ) ( , , ??) ( , - )1. 2. 3. </p></li><li><p> , . , , , ( ) , (, , ) , (1911), , </p></li><li><p> 1) - , ( )2) ( ) , .3) - , ( )4) ( , , , , )5) - , , , , !6) 7) , , , . 8) </p></li><li><p> , ., : 1) ; 2) () ; 3) ; 4) () .</p><p>Homan P. Appraisal of Institutional Economics American Economic Review, v. XXII, 1, March, 1932, p.12-13. </p></li><li><p> ()</p><p>) , , -, , , () (), ;</p><p>)- , ( ), - , ..;</p><p>) ( ), , , , (, );</p><p>) , - - </p></li><li><p> , , </p><p> Y</p><p> T</p><p> t</p></li><li><p> : </p><p>( )( ) , , , , , , ( ) - </p></li><li><p> -</p><p> min m(t) max</p><p> m0 m1 </p><p> ()</p><p> min m(t) max</p><p> m1 m2 </p></li><li><p> (D), (S) (P) (Pe) (. , . , P = const D/S = 1) </p><p> Pe . Pe .</p><p> D . D .</p><p> S . S .</p><p> Pe . P . P . D/S1</p><p> D . D . </p><p> Pe . S . S .</p><p> P . D/S1</p></li><li><p> (D), (S) (P), (Pe) (. , . , const , P = const D/S = 1)</p><p> Pe . Pe .</p><p> D . D .</p><p> S . S const; .</p><p> Pe. P . D/S&gt;1 P .; const </p><p> . D/S</p></li><li><p> ( ) . , , . D/S ( ) , . D/S, , ., ( ), P = const. , S = const.</p></li><li><p> - -- -1. - - , -, , , - 2. ( ) - -, - -, - , , </p></li><li><p> 1. .2. .3. - 4. 5. 6. , ( .) 7. </p></li><li><p> F</p><p> D</p><p> D</p></li><li><p> - , - , - , , - , - , - - , - , , .- .</p></li><li><p> , 2008-2014 . </p><p> , % , % -0,071,7593,24 -0,14-13,6556,52 , -0,034,9460,41</p></li><li><p>1</p><p>166.47</p><p>136.34</p><p>127.09</p><p>117.43</p><p>108.64</p><p>136.86</p><p>8.756.86</p><p>7.757.18</p><p>88.06</p><p>8.257.08</p><p>8.257.93</p><p>6.56.7</p><p>76.5</p><p>7.56.5</p><p>86.5</p><p>9.56.5</p><p>10.56.5</p><p>176.5</p><p>156.5</p><p>146.5</p><p> / ( 2013 .) (%, )</p><p> ,%</p><p>%</p><p>1</p><p>1990199520002005200620072008200920102011201220132014</p><p>1216.515.634.531.530.230.831.931.333.134.436.335.7 </p><p>2419.220.813.814.514.514.51213.314.014.614.613.8</p><p>1</p><p>%</p><p>2</p><p> / ( 2013 .) (%, ) ,%</p><p>2003166.47</p><p>2004136.34</p><p>2005127.09</p><p>2006117.43</p><p>2007108.64</p><p>2008136.86</p><p>20098.756.86</p><p>20107.757.18</p><p>201188.06</p><p>20128.257.08</p><p>20138.257.93</p><p>9/13/136.56.7</p><p>3/3/1476.5</p><p>4/25/147.56.5</p><p>7/25/1486.5</p><p>11/5/149.56.5</p><p>12/12/1410.56.5</p><p>12/16/14176.5</p><p>1/30/15156.5</p><p>3/13/15146.5</p><p>2</p><p> / ( 2013 .) (%, )</p><p> ,%</p><p>%</p><p>3</p></li><li><p> 2005-2013 .</p><p> 2003-2013 ., % </p></li><li><p> , </p><p>1</p><p>48.243.459.5</p><p>40.436.653.8</p><p>38.329.544.5</p><p>37.428.945.3</p><p>36.82645.1</p><p>43.52949.5</p><p>36.928.249</p><p> , </p><p> ( )</p><p> ( )2003200520102011201220132014</p><p> 48.240.438.337.436.843.536.9</p><p> 43.436.629.528.9262928.2</p><p> , 59.553.844.545.345.149.549</p><p> , </p><p> ( )</p></li><li><p> " ", .</p></li><li><p> ( ) , . Is In, , , as, bs. an , bn, In . ks , kn </p></li><li><p> ( ), ( ) - - </p><p>692.bin</p></li><li><p> , , </p><p>697.bin</p><p>701.bin</p></li><li><p>746.bin</p></li><li><p> () () , , - . , , (.. ). .</p></li><li><p> , () (), (In=Is + In), , , , </p></li><li><p> ( - ,) / , 2008-2013 . (, = 0,4 = 0,05)</p></li><li><p> : , , , ( ) . , , , . </p></li><li><p> , </p><p> , , , ( , ). </p></li></ul>

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