제18차 공개포럼 하드웨어 스타트업

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18 18 1. 12. 53. 134. 635. 1856. 1951. 31. 18 , , , 5 . , . , . . IoT, , 3D , , . . . . , , . . .()( ) 7 . , , . . : 2015. 7. 21() 14:00~16:00 : KT 1 ( 100) : () 14:0014:05 (, ) 14:0514:30 14:3015:40 (ActnerLab) N15 15:40~15:55 () 15:55~16:00 / 28 12 3 Tel:02-577-8301 |Fax: 02-577-8302 | kcern@kcern.org | http://kcern.org2. 72. 2009 . . . , , . . . . , . . . . . 1.0 , 2.0 . IT . 5 . . . . . . . SNS . (Think Network) . . . , , , , , . 1 KIST, , , , 2 , .8 18 2009 6, 2010 ~ 2012, 2013 7, 2013 9 ~ , 1 Open Think Network .1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. , 2. 3. OSMU(One Source Multi Use)92. () IT()10 18 [][][]112. () 1(13.9.24) (, ) , 2(13.10.22) M&A M&A M&A 3(13.11.26) 3.0 , , 4(13.12.17)( ), 5(14.02.25), / , FDS 6(14.03.25) , , , 7(14.04.29) , IP() , 8(14.05.27) 2.0: , , , 9(14.06.24) , , , First Movier () R&D , R&D 10(14.07.15) , , , 12 18 () 11(14.09.23) , , 12(14.10.28) , , , 13(14.11.29) , , CSR, , SK 14(15.02.24)IT , , , , 15(15.03.24) , 2016 16(15.04.28)() () , 1000 17(15.05.26) ,, 4 3. 152. 16 18 172. 18 18 192. 20 18 212. 22 18 232. 24 18 252. 26 18 272. 28 18 292. 30 18 312. 32 18 332. 34 18 352. 36 18 372. 38 18 392. 40 18 412. 42 18 432. 44 18 452. 46 18 472. 48 18 492. 50 18 512. 52 18 532. 54 18 552. 56 18 572. 58 18 592. 60 18 612. 4. 654. 18 2015. 7. 2166 18 2015 18 : : (), 28 12 3: : : 2015. 7. 21: ( ): ( ): ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )674. Part 1. I. 691. ? 702. 733. 754. 76Part 2. II. HW 811. DIY 812. 3D 833. & 884. 925. 966. 99III. 1031. 1032. 1043. 1114. : 1145. 1186. 122IV. IP 1251. O2O 1252. 1283. O2O 13168 18 V. 1371. HW 1372. 9 1403. Lean Canvas 145Part 3. VI. 1501. 1502. 1563. 1604. 161VII. 1671. 1682. 169(1) 169(2) 172(3) IP BM 173(4) 175(5) 176(6) 178VIII. 181 183694. PART 1. . , , .Part 1 , , . Part 1 , , , . , , IP , , , 6 . .70 18 I. 1. ?- 20% - , M&A , [] , , - AngelList 2015 6 3500, 6 2 714. . , (GoPro), () 50, 9, 6 - (GoPro) , , - Pivot Power, Leap Motion, IoT (Nest) [] 20 : Hax, Hardware Startup Trend 2015- 70% DJI - , - 3D , - (IoT) 72 18 - 15 , + - - , CES 1/3 , , , , - (IoT) [] [] , - , 15 , 4000 , - , 734. . - , - - 4% - , SW (BM) - (Maker Movement) 0.001% 2. IP BM 74 18 [] - , , 3D , , - , , , , ( ) , 3D , ( ) , , ( ) , , , - 3D , 754. . BM - , , , [] 4 3. - , , - (App) - (New Hard) 76 18 [] - , , , , , , , - , , , () O2O(Online to Offline) O2O IP , , - 4. - (Online DIY) , 774. . - 3D - , Be the Maker , , , - 3D , , Keyman - [] , - 78 18 - - , - - , , , - LCD, , PCB 5 - - - BM - 3D , (Tech-shop) (Kick-starter) - - , 794. . - , , , , - , , - - ( ) , - ( ) () , [] 80 18 PART 2. 1) (IP) 2) . BM . .Part2 4 . 2 3 . GRP Partners 2000 2013 1/1000 . . . BM IP .4 5 IP BM . , . IP IP . .814. . HW. HW . , (Makers Movement) .1. DIY DIY DIY Do It Yourself [] DIY 3D , , - , DIY 82 18 DIY - ( ) - SW ( ) ( ) 3 , 3D , , [] 3 - (3D Printer) 3D Printer , 3D Printer , , - ( ) (Arduino), (Raspberry Pi) - () , 834. . HW- ( ) 2. 3D 3D (3D Printing) 3D 3 3D () , 3D 3D Charles W. Hull( 3D Systems CTO) 1986 (Stereolithography: SLA) [] 3D WEF 2013 10 3D 3 100 12 3D 3D . 3D . 3D 3D 80 , , , - ( ) 2012 3D 3D 84 18 - ( ) 3D , 3D - () , , 3D - 3D , [] 3D [] 3D 3D ( ) , - Bespoke Innovations 3D Bespoke Fairings 854. . HW[] Bespoke Fairings: Bespoke Innovations- 3D , [] 3D ( ) , - ASDA 3D 360 12 , 18cm 86 18 [] ASDA : eveningtelegraph- Nervous System 3D , , - 3D Bonsai Lab 2015 2 2015 Nuremberg Toy Fair 3D 'BS' , 3D ( ) , 3D - 3D WinSun 3D , 2015 5 [] 3D 5 874. . HW- () 2014 IMTS 2014 3D 44 , 60km [] 3D : - GE 2016 3D , 3D - , , , , 3D printer printing printed, 3D [] 3D - ( & ) 3D Shapeway Thingiverse , , 88 18 - () 3D 3D , (3D ), 3D - 3D , 3D (makersN) , 3D 3D Mon(3dmon.co.kr) [] 3D Mon 3D : www.3dmon.co.kr/3. & , , , - [] Gartner , , McKinsey , , , IDC , , : Gartner(2012), McKinsey Global Institute(2011), IDC(2011)894. . HW , SNS Pool , , , , 3 , , , - 21 , [] 3 , IT , - (Cloud) , , 90 18 . , , , , , - , /() - 2 , , [] [] 914. . HW ( ) , - (Amazon.com) , 35% 10% - Walmart Walmart Labs , . ( ) , , , , , - Inrix , , GPS , - '(Thermostat)' - 24 92 18 [] Healthkit: Apple- , 4. , , , , , -- , , 934. . HW (Arduino), (Raspberry Pi) , 3D [] ICT , ICT DIY(Do It Yourself) 1[] ICT R&D 10 15 : 1 , 2013 10 94 18 2010 - Onechip , , ARM PC - . (Arduino) : 2005 , (www.arduino.cc)- AVR CPU Cortex-M3 , , Windows, Mac, OS 20~30 : Broadcom BCM 2835 2012 , 20~40 , OS (www.raspberrypi.org) : Texas Instrument OMAP 3530 , , OS , ARM Cortex-A8 CPU, DSP (beagleboard.org) : x86 Quark 2013 10 , IoT 954. . HW PC (UDOO) : SW - OS PC (RAPIRO)' : . , , - (Kiluck) 3D JMC (SWITCHSCIENCE), (MIYOSHI) - 308 5 7,267 [] : 96 18 (botanicalls) : , (Rebecca Bray) 2008 - : Wifi , , Wifi IoT : 1.6mm OLED 9 , : , , , : 5. (Artificial Intelligence; AI) , , , - - , IT - 1980 , , 974. . HW- , IT , IT (AI) - 4 , , , , - - , 1956 , , , , 2012 530 , 2017 16.2% 1,130 2025 (Automation of knowledge work) (Autonomous and near-autonomous vehicles) 5.48.6 ( )- () - () 98 18 - () - () , (Cognizant Computing) , - , - , - : , , ( ) - LG 'S' 'Q' - , (, ) , - ( ) , : , - : , (www.data.go.kr) ( ) 994. . HW IBM Siri SaaS(Software as a Service) (connected intelligence) - IBM [] Watson SaaS 6. , (Saturation) 100 18 - , , CPU , - , UI UX [] , , 2* (%, 08 ) : () 43.9, () 24.9, () 24.8, ()20.8 ( ) , 3* (Touch Point) 1) 2) 3) , 4) 4 2 (, '09)3 , , 20104 , http://cafe.naver.com/usable/12181014. . HW[] (www.livework.co.uk) , (www.enginegroup.co.uk). , , , , . (www.peerinsight.com) , , , , , [] : 102 18 PSS (Product-Service System: - ) - , , - , (Cox Review, 2005) (B. Archer) , - , , , // , : , , , [] : : Kcern 2015, 1034. III. III. 1. [] R&D, Production, Marketing, Service , ( ) , 3D , ( ) , , ( ) , , , 104 18 , 2. (Makers Movement) () IT - 2005 Tech DIY All of us are Maker - DIY DIY [] (Maker) 1054. III. , , , , , , , , - (Makers), , [] Make ]: www.makezine.com (Makers Movement) , , ( ) , 3D, CNC , , ICT ( ) (Maker Faire), (http://makerfaire.com) 3D 55 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JLWxm21l_AQ106 18 () (Makers Movement) , DIY (Make), Maker Media CEO Dale Dougherty Sherry Huss 2006 (Maker Faire) () , - ( , ) maker creator doer , [] Maker Faire : Make (2014) () 2014 131 Bay area New York , 20 Maker fair 2014 21 116- 2013 Maker Faire 530,000 2012 64% Mini Maker Faire . 1074. III. (Maker space) : , , , , , . [] Maker Faire 2013 KOREA : http://emptydream.tistory.com[] Maker Faire 2014 : http://ed2013.makerfairerome.eu/108 18 [] (Tech Shop): http://yukonstruct.com Mary Washington (ThinkLab), Rutgers University Headquarters Stanford (FabLab), - (Hacker spaces) : , SW, , HW , - (Fab Lab) : (Fabrication Laboratory) , SW, 3D , , DB () . 66 2013 educause 1094. III. (Makers Movement) [] : : , () DIY , (IoT) ICT ICT (IoT: Internet of Things) ICT - , , (Makers) 110 18 DIY 2014 [] : http://www.nova-labs.org/blog/tag/maker-faire/ , 2012 9 LED, 15 DIY 3D . - (reshoring) : , 7 - (offshoring) - 3 50 7 , " ", U , 2013. 07. 05.1114. III. 3. , , , , , , , , [] Highway 1 (PCH International ) Highway1 PCH International 2013 6 - 1996 Liam Casey , , , , , , , 112 18 - , 2014 10 8, 2600 1000 100 1.4 B2C 40 B2B (Pebble Watch) PCH International , (Kickstarter) , 5 4-7% - , , , 4 , 2 [] Highway1 : http://highway1.io/ HAX () () , Cyril Ebersweiler Sean OSullvian 2011 - HAX 2009 CHINA -AXLR8R 2 5,000~5 1134. III. , - CES HAX Boost , , , 100,000 [] HAXLR8R : www.haxlr8r.com SEEED Studio ( ) SEEED Eric Pan 2008 (Design from Manufacturing) - PCB (OPL; Open Parts Library) , - (Propagate) - 6 114 18 4. : (Crowd funding) (crowd) (funding) , ( ) - , , (Crowd Sourcing) , (social funding) , ( ), , [] : (2013) 2.0, (SNS) , 1154. III. : 2.0, (SNS) , - , , 3 , 2.0, 3.0 + 4.0 (KIAT, 2013) 2013 51 89% , 2007 5 95% - 2012 105% , 65% [] : (2013), Massolution(2012) (pebble), (Oculus Rift), 116 18 , , - 2012 68,929 $10,266,845 - . 9500 240 VR [] 10 : (2013), Massolution(2012) ( ) (Haxlr8r) - Prynt( ) 9,023 1174. III. $1,576,011 , - 50 B2C (kcfps.org) - (opentrade.co.kr), (opportune.co.kr), (good funding.net), (wadiz.kr), (tumblbug.com), (ucanfunding.com) [] : (2015) , IT , 2015 7 7 - 118 18 5. (Quirkey), 9sigma, (Tech-shop), (Kick Starter), (Foxconn) - 1) M&A 2) - 1) , (Open Platform) (API) , 2) [] : (2015)1194. III. , , , , , ( ) (Quirky) - , , [] (Quirky) ( ) (Shapeways), (Techshop), Thingiverse - , 3D , - Shapeways 3D , 3D , , , , 3D . 3D Mon 120 18 [] - , ' ', '', 'K-', '', ' ' ' ' ( ) R&D - Kaggle, , , - . 17 , 3 , 2 - (DARPA), (NASA), (DOE) , 1214. III. [] , : (2013) ( ) - (Kick Starter) 44% , [] , : (2013) (, , ) - Y (Y Combinator) , 43 122 18 - (coursera.org), iTunes U(itunes.apple.com) , [] : (2013)6. , - , , , , , / 1234. III. [] - , - , , M&A - () (Co-evolution) - , (Tipping Point) : 2000 2003 - 2004 , 2008 124 18 - : 1997 - e-commerce , , SNS . [] B2B2C : http://global.rakuten.com/ : 2010 2 - , 1254. IV. IP IV. IP . IP, , . . , O2O IP .1. O2O [] HW IP : http://global.rakuten.com/ HW IP BM IP 126 18 - , (, , ) (, ) - , , BM - , , IP O2O O2O(Online to Offline) - O2O 2000 , 2010 () ICT () O2O [] O2O , Real World Virtual World 1274. IV. IP - IoT(Internet of Things) IoB(Internet of Body) - - O2O O2O ? O2O O2O O2O - O2O O2O O2O , O2O - O2O (Digital Disruption) 8 [] O2O 8 : 128 18 O2O - + 2. - UI/UX , (iTunes) [] - 2014 3 39%, , 1294. IV. IP - GE , , NBC , SONY 2008 28% , , - Xerox , HP 'selling products selling services - Apple (iPod, iPhone) (iTunes) : - . (New Hard) [] 130 18 , , , - , (Mi-Band), , , IoT - (Thermostats) - , [] BM IoT IoT IoT IoT PSS PSS(Product Service System : ) , , , , , , PSS 1314. IV. IP [] Product Service System : 3. O2O O2O O2O , - O2O ( ) O2O , O2O ICT () O2O 132 18 [] O2O , - O2O , SNS , IoT , O2O ( ) [] 1334. IV. IP - (Mi-Band) 6 , , , [] O2O (Perples) iBeacon Reco , , , O2O IoT IT IoT , IoT 134 18 'Thing+' 'Thing+' IoT [] : O2O [] O2O 1354. IV. IP O2O O2O , - , O2O O2O O2O , O2O O2O O2O - O2O O2O IoT, , , - - , O2O , , , , , , , , IoT, , , 3D , IP , O2O IP 136 18 [] O2O 1374. V. V. . , , IP Canvas .1. HW O2O , O2O [] O2O O2O 138 18 Shot Stats Challenger Syrmo (Tracking) , 3D , [] Shot Stats Challenger [] Syrmo: Kickstarter.com : Syrmo.com Petcube , [] Petcube [] Square: Kickstarter.com : hax.co Square . 1394. V. Clarity Movement Scio . , , [] Clarity [] Scio: hax.co : Kickstarter.com 2014 1 $3.2B Google pc , August - [] Nest [] August: nest.com : August.com140 18 Magic Leap 3D Meta Meta Glasses , 3D UI [] Magic Leap [] Meta: magicleap.com : getameta.com2. 9 9 , , /, , , , , , / 9 [] 9 1414. V. 1 : STEEPSociety, Technology, Energy, Environment, Politics) - , / , , - , - , , 2 : Five Force Analysis - , , , [] 5 [] S-Curve 142 18 S-curve - S-Curve 1 2 , (Window of Opportunity) , - ( ) 3 : / / - , , Price Value Cost - Value-Price, Price-Cost 4 : - , , (ZARA) - , , , , , 1434. V. - Marketing & Customer Relationship [] [] 6 5 : , , - , , , , 6 : , , , - 1 , , , , - (IPO, M&A ) 144 18 7 : , Business Plan" Business Planning" , , - 5% , 10% , 30% 8 : (), (), () 3 - (, ) 9 : , 1 , : BM 90% , , , , , , - , , 1454. V. , IP , BM 3. Lean Canvas Ostwald 9 Block Model Lean Canvas , 10 block Lean Canvas , , , 10 Lean Canvas - [] Canvas146 18 10 (Customer Segment): - , 30 ~ 40 , (Unique Value Proposition): , - . , , - , , , , (Channel): , , - , (Relationship): , - , , , (Co-Creation) IP (): (Platform): , 1474. V. : . (Value Creation): , Price . (Revenue Streams): , , , , , , - , , , /, , , (Cost Structure): , , - , [] [] 148 18 (Product) , (Minimum Viable Product : MVP) - MVP , feedback , Build-Learn-Measure BM , [] Canvas Lean Startup 1494. PART 3. Part 1 , Part 2 , Part 3 , . , , . 6 , , , IP , , , 6 .150 18 VI. 1. - 2014 50% , 86 2 8.5 1 [] : platum.kr : magazine.hankyung.com- 10 15, 40 , - , 10 10000 [] : SK Story : platum.kr1514. VI. - , . , [] : Platum.kr 5 2025 2025 , - , , , ' , ' 152 18 - 2014 9 2015 3 214 , 1 33% , , , , , , [] 2015 : Platum.kr HAX (www.hax.co) HAX() , , 6 , - / 2 10~15 . 65 - BBB 1534. VI. Point, Clarity, Mousr, Robo, Linkitz, Prynt [] , : Platum.kr PCH International Highway1 1996 PCH International . Liam Casey , , , , , , 2013 6 , 4 2 154 18 [] Highway1 , Pebble: Platum.kr SEEED 2008 , (Design from Manufacturing) 10 1 Foxconn [] SEEED : platum.kr1554. VI. (Ingdan), 'IoT() Highway1 Cogoboy IT Supply Chain Service - 2000 IoT , 3000 , 200 [] Ingdan: hax.co : platum.kr Maker Week 2015 6 , [] Maker Week: platum.kr156 18 - , , - , , - 2. HW , 2013 SW 9, HW 8.5[] HW/SW : WSJ, Data: DJX VentureSource 2000 , 1940 2010 2 65 1574. VI. [] : U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics 3 HW . funding SW - , - , A/S , , . M&A 158 18 - HW M&A Nokia , M&A - Nest $3.2B ( ) - Oculus Rift $2.3B, Apple Beats $3B , HW (Chasm- ) , Flextronics Lab Flextronics , - Lab IX , , Flextronics - IDEO , - Flextronics SK SK Lab IX , ( ) , , , , , , 1594. VI. [] , Flextronics: 160 18 3. 9 DMM 11 - , , DMM SXSW 10 IT , SXSW 300 IP 2014 4 2018 3, , 1/3 (12%) (25%) - 38 13 1 , 50% [] , : exjii.jp9 , , 2015. 03. 18.1614. VI. 4. HW - 20 4,50 , , , 7 50% , M&A , SW () 21 , , R&D, , SW - , . , () , 2000 , - - N15 162 18 () 20 , - , - 2017 160 . 3 10 R&D 2018 1000 - 9,11 . 1634. VI. [] , N15 (www.n15.asia) ( 15) 164 18 - , A Z [] N15 : www.n15.asia Dragon Revolution' , 24 - 12 24 , , 3D, , / 4000 , , HW , (www.actnerlab.com) (IoT) HW 1654. VI. , , , , , Lab IX , , , - LabIX (www.labix.io) [] : www.actnerlab.com 3D , , , 166 18 HW , (http://magice.co) , , 2012 8 IoT - Iot IT IT IoT PaaS(Platform as a Service) IoT IoT (LumiSmart) , 2012 K 10 W3C IoT IoT , , [] : 1674. VII. VII. . , . , IP . 6 . ( ) ( ) (IP ) ( ) ---- ( ) ( ) 168 18 1. ( : ) , - - 3D , , ( : ) - , S/W , , , , , - - , , (Flextronics) , , AWS( ) ( : IP+BM) - IP BM - IP - IP , IP - , IP (: ) , , , , , - , , , 1 , - ( ) , 1694. VII. - , - ( ) - , U-Health, - 2. (1) - (Online DIY) - 3D , , - ( ) - SW - 170 18 [] - 1 - , (3D )- - - - , Be the Maker - 3D , , , , 1714. VII. - - 2015 9 11 [] - 3D , , (Key Man) - - , HW PC - - 172 18 (2) - LCD, , PCB 5 - - - , - , - , - - - , (2015. 6 , )- 1734. VII. - - - (Co-evolution) ( , )- . [] (3) IP BM IP IP CEO IP-CEO - 174 18 - - [] IP BM - - 3D , (Tech-shop) (Kick-starter) - - IP IP IP IP , 1754. VII. IP - IP [] ANYFIVE (4) .- - , - , , 176 18 [] , , (5) - , , 1774. VII. - - : - - - - , // .- .- , , .- 7.9 - 340 2 16 3 - , 178 18 (6) , U-Health, [] () 2009 (2010.8.3) 1794. VII. [] - - - , - .- , , 180 18 - : (No action letter) - (No action letter) 1814. VIII. VIII. , + + + + + + - , , () O2O(online 2 offline) , , M&A IP - - , , - , , - 182 18 - , - 6 6 , IP BM , [] 6 1834. [ ][1] (2013~2015), 1~17 [2] , (2015), ICT , [3] , (2015), : , Information System Review[4] , (2015), First Mover , POSRI [5] (2009), (R&D) , [6] (2014), , [7] (2014). 3D , [8] , (2014), ICT , Journal of DIgital Convergence [9] , , (2010), , [10] (2014), , LGERI [11] (2015), , , LG Business Insight[12] (2013), , [13] (2015), , 184 18 [14] (2013). (OPHW) , [15] , (2010), , 13 1[16] , (2014), , KDB[17] (2015), IoT Entrue Journal of Information Technology[18] (2015), INNOVATION WITH CHINA [19] (2014), , KT [20] (IoT) (2013), [21] Baldwin, C. Y., & Woodard, C. J.(2009), The architecture of platforms : A unified View. Platforms, marker and innovation[22] Evans, D., S. (2003). Antitrust Economics of Multi-Sided Platform Markets, The . Yale J on Reg[23] Evans, D., S. (2006). Invisible engines, The MIT Press.[24] Kalle Kivekas, D.sc.(2014), Success Factors of Mobile Business Ecosystems[25] So-Young Lee,(2015),A case study on the Motivation Effects of Platform systems based Hadware startup on Open Innovation, Korea Creative Economy Research Network[26] Moon J. Kim, Silicon Valley Style Busines Development & Business Trends, Silicon Valley Business School[27] Miles, I.(2008), Patterns of innovation in service industries, IBM Systems journal 5. 1875. [ ] 3.0 IOT, 2015-05-31 22:19:02 , , , 5 . . , . . . 3D (IoT) . KT 2010 2013 . (Angellist) 2010 100 2015 3 3000 . 500 (Gopro), (Square), (Nest) 10 . . . . , . 3.0 . . . . . 3.0 . . IoT, , 3D , , . . , , .188 18 , . 70% DJI . . . . . . 3D . IoT . . IoT . . , , . , . .1895. [ ] (New Hard) 2015-06-15 14:09 . , , . , . . . . 2 . . () . . , (New Hard) . . . 4 93% . + . , (Gopro), DJI . . . , , , , , , . . , , () O2O(Online 2 Offline) . . . , . .190 18 , . (M&A) IP . . , . . , . . , , . . . , . , . . .1915. [ ] 2015-07-13 10:46 . 5 . . . . 70% DJI . . 3D 1000 , . (IoT) . . . . 15 , 600 . 1% . + . . . CES 3 1 , , , . . . . . 4% . , (BM) . . (makers fair) 0.001% . . . (IP) . BM . . 3D , 192 18 (Tech-shop) (Kick-starter) . BM IP . . , , , ---- , , , 7 . 1935. [ ] , , , 2015-07-20 . , , , 3D , . . 40 15 . 3 . 800 . . (HAXLR8R) 1(Highway1) . 2 . ? . . . . . N15 . 1% . . 1) 2) . , . . , N15, , ( ) . . . . (, , , , ) . 1), 2) , 3) (Amabile) . . . . 194 18 . . . , . . . , , , , . SWSX . . . 0.01% . . . . . . . . . . 6. 1976. () 32 , []34 1, []24 1 . 1. : T. 02-577-8301 E. kcern@kcern.org (: ) 2. : () 1005-702-535568 (: ) 1. 2. 100,000 2 3. 1,000,000 4. 2015 () ()30,000,000 10,000,000(i-KAIST) () 5,000,000() () ()1,000,000 ()11 2015 7 2111 2015 7 21()2014-000091(135-855) 28 12, 3(, ) 02-577-8301 02-577-8302www.kcern.org , 2015ISBN 979-11-86480-01-415,000

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