Large-Scale Quantitative Analysis of Painting Arts (2012 Fall KPS)

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<p>PowerPoint </p> <p>Large-Scale Quantitative Analysis of Painting Arts*,1, 2, 1,3</p> <p>1 Department of Physics, KAIST2 Department of applied physics, Hanyang University3 Institute for the BioCentury, KAIST, . . . , ()1IntroductionSummaryColor UsageColor PaletteBrightness Roughness . ()2IntroductionSummaryFrequencyCountingFractalAnalysisSurfaceAnalysis . ()3</p> <p>Cave paintingFresco paintingModern graffiti . . ()4</p> <p>Colorful DotsColorful Lines</p> <p>Colorful Surfaces</p> <p> , . . ()</p> <p>5</p> <p>Stylometry</p> <p>Jackson Pollock fractal nature , () , () . () () , . () Stylometry . metry . , , , , , .</p> <p>6</p> <p>LiteratureMusicStylometry 100 , . stylometry .()7</p> <p>Stylometric study is interesting~ Stylometry . ()8</p> <p> 1000 ()9MedievalEarly RenaissanceHigh RenaissanceMannerismBaroqueRococoNeoclassicismRomanticismRealism14C15C16C17C18C19CNorthern Renaissance 10 ()10Period The number of collected paintings The number of analyzed paintingsMedieval351331Early Renaissance1,289995Northern Renaissance1,1501,047High Renaissance756677Mannerism1,041911Baroque3,5373,287Rococo392360Neoclassicism181163Romanticism737663Realism150146Hyper-Realism106106Photograph112112Total9,8028,692Data set* Source: http://www.wga.hu/ 8,692 ()11IntroductionSummaryColor UsageColor PaletteBrightness Roughness</p> <p> . () ()12</p> <p>Counting color usage~ 60%~ 40%, . ()13Note* Title: Schloss Wilhelmshhe with the Habichtswald c. 1800 Oil on canvas Neue Galerie, Kassel * Artist: German painter, Johann Erdmann Hummel (11 September 1769, Kassel 26 October 1852, Berlin)</p> <p> . ()14</p> <p>P(r)10-210-310-410-510-610-610-510-410-310-210-1100Normalized rank: rNull model rank plot . rank normalize x . Rank plot x 1, , y . plot ()----Null model ? Null model . Normal distribution rank plot .15</p> <p> Ursus Wehrli ()16</p> <p> ()17</p> <p> ()18</p> <p> ()19</p> <p> . ()20</p> <p>P(r)10-210-310-410-510-610-610-510-410-310-210-1100Normalized rank: rNull model ()21</p> <p>100101102103104105106Rank: r10-210-410-610-810-10MedievalEarly RenaissanceNorthern RenaissanceHigh RenaissanceMannerismBaroqueRococoNeoclassicismRomanticismRealismPhotographNormalized rank: r10-210-310-410-510-610-710-810-910-610-510-410-310-210-1100P(r) . Inset . , () tail . Tail ()22</p> <p>Comparison: Painting and Photo100101102103104105106Rank: r10-210-410-610-810-10P(r)107NeoclassicismPhotographHyper-realismPhoto: Oil(4,192)2Photo: BlurPhoto: Soften</p> <p> Blur filter , ( point ) () . (point ) . blur soften global local local . ()23</p> <p>100101102103104105106Rank: r10-210-410-610-810-10MedievalEarly RenaissanceNorthern RenaissanceHigh RenaissanceMannerismBaroqueRococoNeoclassicismRomanticismRealismPhotographNormalized rank: r10-210-310-410-510-610-710-810-910-610-510-410-310-210-1100P(r) tail ()24</p> <p>100101102103104105106Rank: r10-210-410-610-810-10MedievalEarly RenaissanceNorthern RenaissanceHigh RenaissanceMannerismBaroqueRococoNeoclassicismRomanticismRealismPhotographNormalized rank: r10-210-310-410-510-610-710-810-910-610-510-410-310-210-1100P(r), . ()25</p> <p>Measuringfractal dimensionin RGB color space</p> <p>BlueRed25020015010050050100150200250050Green100150200250 RGB color space box box , box 2 box 2 3 box , box 4 3 box box box counting dimension . . dimension dimension 3 3 box counting dimension . ()</p> <p>---- 26</p> <p>Box-counting dimension32.82.62.42.22MedievalEarly RenaissanceNorthern RenaissanceHigh RenaissanceMannerismBaroqueRococoNeoclassicismRomanticismRealismPeriod . ()27</p> <p>Box-counting dimension32.82.62.42.22MedievalEarly RenaissanceNorthern RenaissanceHigh RenaissanceMannerismBaroqueRococoNeoclassicismRomanticismRealismPeriodArt historical considerationIn the medieval age Specific rare pigments were preferred. There was no physical mixing technique.Since then The oil colors and the color mixing technique. New painting techniques such as Chiaroscuro, Sfumato, Cangiante, () , , .</p> <p> 1400 , , . ()</p> <p>28</p> <p>Note* Title: Number 20, 1948, 1948* Artist: American painter, Jackson Pollock (1912-1956) Jackson Pollock box counting dimension ? ()29</p> <p>The number of colors10710610510410310210-310-210-1100Box Size: 1/Jackson Pollock~ x2.35dimension . box counting dimension ? Jackson Pollock . ()30</p> <p>Measuringsurface roughness"Roughness exponentBrightnessY-axis</p> <p>255</p> <p>020040060080002004006008001000X-axis0 , two point height correlation function roughness exponent . ()</p> <p>31Measuringsurface roughness"</p> <p>r104103G(r)1021001011021032 ~0.28 </p> <p>BrightnessY-axis255020040060080002004006008001000X-axis0</p> <p> height correlation function . randomize . ()32</p> <p> ? ()33</p> <p>0.320.280.240.200.160.12MedievalEarly RenaissanceHigh RenaissanceMannerismBaroqueRococoNeoclassicismRomanticismRealismPeriodNorthern Renaissance roughness exponent average . . ()34</p> <p> alpha alpha median . alpha . . surface Height correlation .Surface height correlation . . . ()</p> <p>----- .35</p> <p>Chiaroscuro () Chiaroscuro .Chiaroscuro , . , , Chiaroscuro Chiaroscuro Chiaroscuro . Chiaroscuro . () </p> <p>36Art historical considerationSince Renaissance period The diversification of painting genresThe new painting techniquesChiaroscuro , ()37Art historical considerationSince Renaissance period The diversification of painting genresThe new painting techniquesChiaroscuro Chiaroscuro , . ()</p> <p>38</p> <p>Note* Title: Number 20, 1948, 1948* Artist: American painter, Jackson Pollock (1912-1956) Jackson Pollock ? ()</p> <p>39</p> <p>BrightnessX-axisY-axisBrightnessX-axisY-axisr1041031021001011021032 ~0.28 G(r)r100101102103101102103104105G(r)2 ~0.008 Order ,randomize . r . ()40Summary 8,692 European paintings are analyzed.</p> <p> Paintings and photographs can be statistically distinguished by rank-ordered color usage distribution shape. </p> <p> The changes of fractal dimension with the times can be historically interpreted as color palette expansion.</p> <p> Increasing trend of brightness surface roughness can be described as the art historical renovation of painting technique and the diversification of painting genre.</p> <p> Jackson Pollocks drip paintings are close to random images compared to European paintings based on roughness exponent values. ,, . , , dimension , . , , roughness exponent , . () Jackson Pollock random image . . 41</p> <p>Thank you! . 42</p> <p>Louis Wain (1860-1939)Louis Wain . . , alpha ()43</p> <p>0.300.250.200.150.100.050, alpha .44</p>