Multidimensional Poverty in Brazil

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Multidimensional Poverty in Brazil

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  • 1. 1Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesAlexander Cambraia N. VazSecretaria de Avaliao e Gesto da Informao (SAGI)Ministrio do Desenvolvimento Social e Combate Fome (MDS)

2. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendencies Economic policy were oriented by social concerns and the development ofdomestic consumer market Growing resources on Universal Programs in Education, Health, Social Securityand efforts to deliver them to the most vulnerable people and those living indistant places Specific social development programs or actions targeted to most vulnerable likecash transfers to families with not enough income, technical assistance andfunding to small farmers and entrepreneurs, affirmative actions concerninggender and race, special social services design to vulnerable people (nurseries,full-time schools, incentives to college inscription etc) Improvements on Policy Formulation and Evaluation, Program Management andStatistical Information production2Social advances in democratic Brazil 3. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendencies3Social advances in democratic Brazil 4. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendencies Last years, there has increased a need for more refined measures on poverty,given the contexts and constraints poor population are submitted to. There is,however, not a best indicator. It depends on the concepts and purposes of use.4The need for a more refined measureSource: PNAD, IBGE 5. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe need for a more refined measure All of them are good reference for government, but none is official. Neither ofthem alone capture in a sensitive basis the effects of the many actions to fightpoverty in Brazil Less complex anti-poverty programmes suggest simpler indicators (one-dimensional5indicator) for programme monitoring. More complex strategieswhich recognize poverty as a multidimensional social phenomenon require alarger set of indicators or multidimensional measures capable of monitoring anti-povertyprogrammes and actions. This poses the question: how to deal with the multidimentional issue ? 3 PATHS- Political-philosophical- Methodological- Constructive 6. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Political-philosophical issue How to define and assert the concept ? The political path: consensus and society The philosophical path: there is no perfect consensusThe need for a MORAL consensus: which inequalities are acceptable ? Dealing with concepts: how to6The need for a more refined measure 7. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Methodological issue How to operationalize the concept ? The miscellanea of dimensions, indicators and variables The miscellanea of proposals: the domestic and the international frontiers Dealing with two proposals: OPHI/UNDP and WBI Limits and possibilities in data and methods: the 2013 MPI as example7The need for a more refined measure 8. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Methodological issue Communalities: the method for measurement8The need for a more refined measureDimensionsIncome 9. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe need for a more refined measureThe Methodological issue Differences: the dimensions and indicators for measurement9OPHI 10. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe need for a more refined measureThe Methodological issue Differences: the dimensions and indicators for measurement10WBI 11. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Methodological issue Results11The need for a more refined measureSource: IBGE PNAD 2001-2013 12. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Methodological issue Results12The need for a more refined measureSource: IBGE PNAD 2001-2013 13. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Methodological issue Results13The need for a more refined measureSource: IBGE PNAD 2001-2013 14. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Methodological issue Results14The need for a more refined measureSource: IBGE PNAD 2001-2013 15. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Constructive issue How to transform the measures into useful info to public policies ? The need for intervention in public policy: objectivity and expenditures Understanding the multidimentional poor: profiles15The need for a more refined measure 16. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Constructive issue16The need for a more refined measureSevere poverty 17. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Constructive issue17The need for a more refined measureModerate poverty 18. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Constructive issue18The need for a more refined measureTransient poor until 70 with deprivations 19. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Constructive issue19The need for a more refined measureTransient poor from 70 to 140 with deprivations 20. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Constructive issue20The need for a more refined measureVulnerables 21. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Constructive issue21The need for a more refined measureTransient poor until 70 without deprivations 22. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Constructive issue22The need for a more refined measureTransient poor from 70 to 140 without deprivations 23. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Constructive issue23The need for a more refined measureNot poor with deprivations 24. Multidimensional poverty in Brazilconcepts, operationalization and tendenciesThe Constructive issue24The need for a more refined measureNot poor