ΚΛΙΜΑΤΙΣΜΟΣ - ΕΝΟΤΗΤΑ 1

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<p>1. 1.1</p> <p> , . , , , . , </p> <p> . , , , . , , , (, , , ) ( 1.1).</p> <p> 1.1. </p> <p> , , , . , - , ( 1.2).</p> <p>1</p> <p> 1.2. </p> <p> (Air Conditioning) Stuart W. Cramer, 1907 1911. , , 1902, Willis Carrier, " ", , , Brooklyn . , , , . 1911 Carrier , , . 1930 ( , , , .) ... ( 1.3).</p> <p> 1.3. (Carrier)</p> <p>2</p> <p> 1930 (), Freon-12. 1945 . . 1.2 .</p> <p> , , , ( ), ( ). : . . . . . , . H , . , , , , . . , . , . , . </p> <p>3</p> <p> , , . , , , (.. , , , , , , ). . 1.3</p> <p> 1.4. </p> <p> , , . , : </p> <p>4</p> <p> 1.3.1 . , , : . , , . . super market, . ' . (.. ' , ). , 17C. , (). , - , . 1.3.2 : ( ) . : ( ).</p> <p>5</p> <p> () . Fan Coils (, ). (heat pumps), .</p> <p> 1.5. Fan-Coils </p> <p> . , . (), , . 1.3.3 </p> <p> , : ( ) . , , (Split Type). ( , .)</p> <p>6</p> <p> 1.6. () . () (Split type).</p> <p>, (Split), . : . . , , . (Split) (Multi unit), ( ) ( ), .</p> <p> 1.7. (Multi) .</p> <p>7</p> <p> ( ) . (), . (.. , .) (). , . , , .</p> <p> 1.8. .</p> <p> : ( ). , . , .</p> <p>8</p> <p> 1.9. .</p> <p> , . , ' (roof top).</p> <p> 1.10. (Roof top).</p> <p>9</p> <p> ( ). : - - , (Heat pumps). , . VRF (Variable Refrigerant Flow), VRV (Variable Refrigerant Volume) brand name DAIKIN .</p> <p> 1.11. VRV, .</p> <p>1.3.4</p> <p> , , : ( all air systems). ( all water systems). (air water systems). ( ).</p> <p>10</p> <p>1.3.4.1 , . (), . , ( ) ( ) , . : I. </p> <p> , . , . . , . 0, , (.. 15%) .</p> <p> 1.12. .</p> <p>II.</p> <p> , . , </p> <p>11</p> <p> . . .</p> <p> 1.13. .</p> <p>III. , , ( ) . , , . , , . . , .</p> <p>12</p> <p> 1.14. .</p> <p> . . ( ) . ( ) , ., . . .</p> <p>IV.</p> <p> 1.15. , .</p> <p>13</p> <p>V. ' . . H () . . .</p> <p> 1.16. (3 )</p> <p>1.3.4.2 . , . H . . , , , . . I. 2 v .</p> <p>14</p> <p> 1.17. 2 .</p> <p>II. 3 , , , . .</p> <p> 1.18. 3 .</p> <p>III. 4 v , . H . . , .</p> <p>15</p> <p> 1.19. v 4 .</p> <p>1.3.4.3 - . . , , . , . . , , . - : I. . . .</p> <p>16</p> <p> 1.20. - .</p> <p> H - . ( ) ( ) .</p> <p>II.</p> <p> 1.21. - - .</p> <p> ( ) . ( ).</p> <p>III.</p> <p>17</p> <p> 1.22. - .</p> <p>1.3.4.4 ( ). ( ) . , . H , . . . I. . , , .. . , .</p> <p> 1.23. .</p> <p>18</p> <p>II.</p> <p> .</p> <p> , . , , . , .</p> <p> 1.24. .</p> <p>III. . . , . H , . . , .</p> <p>19</p> <p>1.4 1. ;</p> <p>2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. . . 6. (all air systems). 7. (all water systems). 8. - (air water systems). 9. . 10. (VRV) ; 11. (VAV) ;</p> <p>20</p>