האם סטנדרטיזציה של המערכת לניהול בטיחות 18001 OHSAS מביאה לשיפור ביצועי הבטיחות?

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Technion - Israel Institute for Technology Center for Work Safety and Human Engineering. 18001 OHSAS ?. . OHSAS 18001 A Safety Management System. Systematic method for managing safety - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • 18001 OHSAS ? Technion - Israel Institute for TechnologyCenter for Work Safety and Human Engineering

  • OHSAS 18001 A Safety Management SystemSystematic method for managing safetyPlanning: Risk assessment, Org. Structure & responsibility, Documentation Control: Measurement, Corrective & Elimination actions, AuditingImprovement

  • Safety Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle

  • OHSAS 18001 A Safety Management System Can voluntary OHSAS 18001 certification alleviate the regulatory burden while improving safety?

  • 18001

  • What is ISO 9000?No shortcuts are supposed to be taken. Third party auditor site visits, take place twice a year to verify compliance. Aim to get organizations to satisfy customer needs at each stage of the value chain. Managers set up essential business processes for training, skills, procedures, policies, etc. Built-in mechanisms for continuous improvement including corrective action system.

  • Quality StandardsSuccess rate of QI initiatives is questionable (Hendricks & Singhal, 2001; Staw & Epstein, 2000).

    WHEN DOES ISO 9000 CERTIFICATION MAKE A DIFFERENCE?

  • Reasons for failures in ImplementationSuperficial implementation (Anderson, Rungtusanatham & Schroeder, 1994); Lack of emphasis on the organizational cultural valuesessential for quality improvement (Detert, Schroeder & Mauriel, 2000); Responses to external pressures rather than to the real needs of the organization (Westphal, Gulati, & Shortell, 1997); Lack of true leadership with a vision toward quality improvement; rhetoric prevailing over substance (Zbaracki, 1998); Bureaucracy involved in the quality initiatives (Hackman & Wageman, 1995).

  • Assimilation-Externally coordinated-Internal integration-Used in daily practice-Applied to solving problems-Kept current

    Safety Performance

    CatalystFor Change

    Conditions for Successful Implementation of OHSAS 18001 in Decentralized Organizations

  • Dimensions of Assimilation: PlanningIntegration: How to combine (Dierickx and Cool, 1989) and how to customize (Westphal, Gulati and Shortell, 1997). External Coordination: How to make the practice fit with the needs of the organizations external constituencies and stakeholders.

  • Dimensions of Assimilation: DoingUsed in Daily Practice: Application of the practice on a regular basis and making it part of the organizations every day routines (Cooper and Zmud, 1990). Applying to Problem Solving: The use of the practice to make changes (Nelson and Winter, 1982: 130; Zbaracki, 1998).Kept Current: The need to keep the practice updated. To prevent erosion maintenance is necessary.

  • CatalystFor Change Departing from the original rules of the new practice (Weick, 1998), so that the practice is used for exploration and learning (Levinthal and March, 1993) and introduction of new and more advanced practices. Assimilation provides the structure that implants the routines, while going beyond instills the flexibility that allows for departures from them.

  • ISO 9000 performance improvement

    Chart2

    2.83.22.62.6

    2.93.532.9

    3.23.83.53.5

    Kept current

    Used in daily practice

    Applying to problem solving

    Catalyst for change

    Performance improvement

    Implementation level

    1

    LowMediumHigh

    2.82.93.2

    3.23.53.8

    2.633.5

    2.62.93.5

    1

    0000

    0000

    0000

    Kept current

    Used in daily practice

    Applying to problem solving

    Catalyst for change

    Performance improvement

    Implementation level

    2

    High

    Medium

    Low

    3