тема 2 3.история развития вычислительной техники

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<ul><li> 1. 30 . .. "" . , .</li></ul> <p> 2. 90-80 .. - , 1902 . 87 . . . 3. VI-V .. . . ( " " ) . , , . , , - .. - 10 , . . 4. IV .. (384-322 . ..) "", "", " " . :, , . - . 5. IX .. 850 .. - ( -) . " -". . -, . ( 1120 ) , "" ( ) . - "". 6. XV - XVI (Leonardo daVinci, 16.04.1452-02.05.1519) 13- 1500 . , "CodexMadrid", , . "Codex Atlanticus". 7. 1614 (JohnNaiper, 1550 - 04.04.1617) . 8. 1618 9. 1623 (Wilhelm Schickard, 1592-1636) - , - " " - . 10. 1630 (WilliamOughtred, 05.03.1574 - 30.06.1660) (Richard Delamain, 1600 1644). 11. 1642 (BlaisePascal, 19.06.162319.08.1662) , - . . . 12. 1654 (Robert Bissaker), 1657 - - , . , 1654 13. 1673 , , (GottfriedWilhelm Leibniz, 01.07.1646 - 14.11.1716) " " - , , , , , , . 14. 1674 , 15. 1700 " " 16. 1703 , , (Gottfried WilhelmLeibniz, 01.07.1646 - 14.11.1716) "Expication delArithmetique Binary" - . 1679 . 17. 1709 (Giovanni Poleni, 16831761). 1709 , . 18. 1727 19. 1770 20. 1774 (Hanh, 25.11.1739-02.05.1790) .11 1774 ., , II . 21. 1775 1775, 1777 1780 ., (CharlesStanhope, 3.08.1753-15.12.1816) , . , , . . . 22. 1783 23. 1804 24. 1820 - (Charles-Xavier Thomas deColmar, 17851870). , 1821 16-, -. 25. 1822 (CharlesBabbage, 1792-1871) - , , , . , , . 26. 1828 27. 1831 1837 . 28. 1846 1846 , 100 - . 29. 1857 1857 . . , . 30. 1867 , , . 31. 1878 (1821-1894) . . 1881 . ( . ) ("" , "" .). 32. 1884 (Herman Hillerith, 1860-1929) " ". 33. 1885 (Dorr E. Felt, 1862 1930) - , . (William S.Burroughs, 18571898) , 34. 1893 (1849-1909) (1884-1936), . 35. 1904 , , (3(15).8.1863, 26.10.1945) , 1912 . 36. 1918 -(9(21) 1888, - 7 1940, ) . . (1919) , , . . - .. 37. 1930 (VannevarBush, 1890-1974) ( -). , , . , "As We May Think"(1945), . 38. 1941 31 1941 Z3 ( ) , , , . . 39. 1946 1946 . . , . 40. 1951 1951 UNIVAC (Universal AutomaticComputer). UNIVAC-1 . 41. 1952 -1. 42. 1955 "" - " " - 800, . 43. 1959 , . 44. 1964 (Douglas (Doug) Engelbart) . IBM-360 45. 1967 .. .. -6. 46. 1971 Intel () () - , . 15 1971 (Marcian EdwardHoff, 28.10.1937), Intel, , : Intel-4004 -, . 47. 1972 Cray Research, CRAY-1. 48. 1975 Basic "". Microsoft. 49. 1976 Apple-1: 50. 1983 IBM, IBM PC, Bus IBMMouse IBM PC PC/XT (1983 ). Microsoft, - InPort Mouse, , . 51. 1984 Microsoft Windows. PROLOG - . SRI. Sony Philips CD-ROM. MIDI DNS. MS-DOS 3.1 MS-DOS, . 52. 1982 </p>

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