ПОРЕДИЦА „ПО-ДОБРО РЕГУЛИРАНЕ” Том 3

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-

III

, 2010

55728-BG

III 2010 .

,

2010 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington DC 20433 Telephone: 202-473-1000 Internet: www.worldbank.org All rights reserved 1 2 3 4 13 12 11 10 Manufactured in the Republic of Bulgaria First printing: November, 2010 Report No.55728-BG / . , , , , . , . , , , , , . , . . / . / . , , : Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, , . 978-750-8400, 978-750-4470, www.copyright.com/. , , , , , 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA, 202-522-2422, : pubrights@worldbank.org. :

(.); 12 2010 . 1 = 1.95583 . 1 ..= 1.5557 . 1 31

: . , ECAVP : . , ECCU5 : , ECSPF : , ECSPF : , ECSPF

ii

- - , , , iii

ECSPF NRR

- -

iv

............................................................................................................. viii ................................................................................................................................ ix I 1.1. ...........................................................................................1 1.2. ....................................................................................................2 1.3. ........................................................................................3 1.4. .............................................................................4 1.5. ................................................................................................. 6 II 2.1. ..................................................................................................7 2.2. ................................................................. 11 2.3. ............................................................................................12 III 3.1. ......................................................................15 3.1.1. .............. 16 3.1.2. ............................................................................... 19 3.1.3. , ................................ 21 3.1.4. .................................................................................... 22 3.2. ......................................... 22 3.2.1. .................................................................................... 22 3.2.2. ............................................................29 3.2.3. ..................................................................29 3.3. .............................................. 34 3.3.1. : ....................... 34 3.3.2. ................................. 36 3.4. ........................................ 37

v

IV , 4.1. ( ) .......................................... 40 4.2. ..............................................................................................42 4.3. ....................................................... 44 ............................................................................................................... 45 1: ............................................................................................ 48 2: 2008-2010 ........................................................................................... 51 3: - 2008-2010 . 2009 . .......................................................................................... 56 4: .................................................................................................................................. 61 5: ....................................................................................... 68 , .................................. 68 . .......................................................................... 69 , .......69 ................................................................... 70 6: .........71 ...................................................................... 71 .......................... 73 ( ) .............................. 75 ................................................................................................ 76 7: ............................................................................................ 78

vi

1: , ..................... 13 2: - 2004 ............................. 25 3: ( ) .................................................. 35 4: ............................................. 36 5: ............................................................................................................ 37 1: ........................................................................ 7 2: 2003 . .......................... 17 3: , 2004 ................................................................................. 18 4: ............................................................................................... 23 5: ........................................................................................................... 24 6: ................................................................................................................................... 26 7: 44- 2010 ............................................................................................................. 26 8: , .................................................................... 27 9: - 2009 . ( ) ................................................. 28 10: , - 2009 . ( ) .................................................................................. 28 11: 2003 ., ....................................................................................... 30 12: , ............................................................................................................... 31 13: , 2009 . 2006 . ........................................................................................................ 31 14: - ............................ 32 15: , , (20022009 .)......................................................................................... 33 16: - , 2009 . ........................................................................... 34 17: .................................................................................................... 43 1: ..................... 19

vii

, , . , , (ECSPF), 2000 ( , ) , , , (). , , , , , , . - , 2010 ., . . , . , . . - , . . ( 15 2009 .) . ( 25 2010 .), - ( ECSPF 21 2009 .), ( , ECSPF, 15 2010 .) ( , ECSPF). ( ) . ( , ECSPF) - . ( , ECCU5), ( ) ( ) - . , 6 2010 . .. , , , , . ( ) .

viii

() , . , . - , - . , , . , : - , , 19 2007 . , , , - 2008-2010 ., 2008 . 2009 . , . . : (1) , (2) , (3) . ; ; . , (), . , , . , V , .

ix

: , , , . . 2004 . 2009 . , , , , . , ( , ; ; , ). : , - : ( , ) . , : ( , , , ), (, , ), ( , , ) . , - : , - , , , , , , . : : , acquis communautaire , . . : , . : , ; ; . , , , , : ) ; ) ; ) x

, , ; ) ; ) , . - , . . . . . , , , . , , , , , . , , . , .

. : (1) , (2) , . , , , - () . . 28 , ( , , ) , , . , , . , . . . . 3, . 4, 5 6 . , , . - 16- , . . , . , , , .xi

. , , . , . , - , , . , . , . . , , , , . , ; , - , , . . . ; .

- , . (. -) : (1) ( ); (2) ( ); (3) ( ).

xii

1. (, ), . . , , , . , . . , ( , ). , , . . . . . .

2. 3.

4. 5. 6.

7. 8.

9. 10. 11.

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, . () 2003 . , , . , . ( 2010 .) 16 .1 2003 . , . (), (), - (), (), () . , . . , ) ; ) 2; ) (); ) . , .

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18.12.2003 . , . . 44/2009 . 1

. : (1) , , (2) , . , , , - , e . , . , . : i. , . ( . 19 ), ; ii. . : ; iii. ( , ), ; iv. , , , ; v. , ; vi. ; vii. ; viii. ; ix. , .

1.2

. , . - , . . , , . , , 2

. . 2004 ., 2009 . , . ; , , , . .

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. () , 2009 . , : (), , () . , - , ( , ) 2001 .3 , (), .4 , . , . . ; ; ; ; (); . . ( , ), , , , , .5

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(2001, . 19) , : (1) ; (2) ; (3) ; (4) ; (5) .

: , , 2009 .; , , 2007 .; , , ( ), 2007 .; , , 2006.5

4

, : , (, , , , .); , , 3

1.4

, . , . , , , , - . . , , . , . .. , ( ) , . , , , . , . . , , (lex spetialis derogat generalis). , , , . , , - . , , , ., . , 5 . , . , - , ( , ). . . , , . . , , , , . , . , .

, , , () (); (), , , (), . 4

, , . , acquis communautaire. , .6 , . , , . . . (DFID) . , (PAL II), 2003 . . , , . 2004 . . - . , a .7 , , , (Standard Cost Model).8 , 2004 . .

(Standard Cost Model), , 99% 73% - (. NRR, 2008). 7 , , - , 2,3 (. Djankov, S., et. al., 2006). - . , 25% ( ), 1.1 1.9%, . QUEST 0.3% 2020 ., 0.7%, . (WorldScan), 0.6% 2020 . (EC, 2007). -, 2009-2012 . (2010) . , 20% 0.72% 2025 ., - 1,44%. - , 2055 ., NRR (2009) , 1,6%. , ... , , , 10% 15% (. , 2009). .8

6

(Standard Cost Model) (. EC, 2009). 5

1.5

. a aa, , , . . , , () , . . : (1) , (2) . . - . , V , : , .

6

II

II , (), , . , . 2.1. - , . , , . , , . 2002 . . - , . . , , , , - - (. 1).1:

:.

7

- ( ) , - (. 1). - . . 2006 . , . - 25% 2012 . , . - , : (2007-2009 .) - 2008-2010 ., -. (2007-2009 .) , . , . () , - 2007 . , . , , - . , - , . . , . . : . - 2008-2010 . 2008 . - 20082010 ., . . - , (2007-2009 .), (2005-2010 .) (2007- 2013 .). - , 8

. , . , ,...

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