Ανάτυπα πέντε άρθρων από τα φύλλα αρ.43–48 του Ορογράμματος

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  • 1

    L

    () Hellenic Society for Terminology (ELETO)

    5, 15236

    .: 8042313, 6118986 .: 8068299, 8042385 ..: valeonti@mail.otenet.gr http//sfr.ee.teiath.gr/orogramma.htm

    .43 2000 ISSN 1106-1073

    : 10 .

    :

    , , ... - ... - -... ( )

    (1)

    (. , . . . , 1901) . , ( ) ( ).

    , . , , , .

    1), . , , , . (, , , ), , , , , , .

    ( ): ( ) ( ).

    . , , , .

    ( ) , , , .

    .

    , , ! . , , -, , , ! ( ). , . , . , , , , , , , . ( ) , . , , ... -, , ( ) : ! . , ( .., 15 , . . 2), ).. ! ( ) .. 1961 . 3), 1978 . 4), 1979 . 5). ( : (2) )

    ..

    1) , . , , 6-4-98. 2) . : , , 1987 3) . , 1961 4) . , , , 1978 5) . , , .. & , 1979

    .43

  • 2

    L

    () Hellenic Society for Terminology (ELETO)

    5, 15236

    .: 8042313, 6118986 .: 8068299, 8042385 ..: valeonti@mail.otenet.gr http//sfr.ee.teiath.gr/orogramma.htm

    .44 - 2000 ISSN 1106-1073

    : 10 .

    :

    , , ... - ... - -... ( )

    (2)

    1 . . ( ). . .. /pos/ /fos/ /p/ /f/ . , .. [], //. , , . .. //, // /u/ //. 26. 5 ( ) 21 ( , ).

    1 . , 1980

    1 , 2 2 . : / / (). .. , //.

    1

    ()

    ()

    ()

    // /u/ // /o/ //

    , , , , ,

    , ,

    2 . , 1998.

    .44

    2

    -

    -

    -

    -

    -

    -

    -

    -

    -

    -

    - ()

    -

    //

    // //

    //

    /b/

    /d/ /d/

    /g/

    //

    //

    /n j /

    -

    //

    //

    //

    //

    -

    //

    //

    // //

    //

    //

    : d / - / /d - / . ..

  • 3

    L

    () Hellenic Society for Terminology (ELETO)

    5, 15236

    .: 8042313, 6118986 .: 8068299, 8042385 ..: valeonti@mail.otenet.gr http//sfr.ee.teiath.gr/orogramma.htm

    .45 - 2000 ISSN 1106-1073

    : 10 .

    :

    , , ... - ... - -... ( )

    (3)

    . 3 .

    3

    .. [] :

    (, , , .)

    . - . , , . : : //. : //.

    () -. . : /-/ /-/ / / /b/

    ( )

    ( - ) : // ( ) // , ( ) /b/ ( )

    ( ) : +

    +() . . . -. - (. ) // /---/ /-b---/

    (, , )

    . . .. = +++

    -. . ( ) /ton/ + /timsame/ = /tondimsame/

    . . .

    -. -. - . - . .. // // /d/

    . . , .. , , ... ,

    . - . / # u/ 1 2 /u # / 1 2

    . .. 1 2 ( )

    ()

    -. . .. / # u/ ( )

    . . . .. ( ).

    .45

  • 4

    ( ), ( ). / . . , , .

    , , , , ( ), /b/, /d/, /g/ .

    , , . :

    , , , ( )

    , ,

    , , . . , . , .

    . . , , , . .

    .. /u # ;/3

    ..

    3 : : //, //, //, /u/ .. // : //, //, //, //, /u/ .. //

  • 5

    L

    () Hellenic Society for Terminology (ELETO)

    5, 15236

    .: 8042313, 6118986 .: 8068299, 8042385 ..: valeonti@mail.otenet.gr http//sfr.ee.teiath.gr/orogramma.htm

    .46 - 2001 ISSN 1106-1073

    : 10 .

    :

    , , ... - ... - -... ( )

    (4)

    , ,

    , . 25 ( / / 26) ( ) , (). , /u/ , , , , . ( + , d+ ). // (, , , ) /d/ (, , , ). (2)[2]. : , , . , , . 1: , , , -

    /b/, /d/, /g/, , -, , , . .

    1: 1 . ; ( ) , , /b/, /d/, /g/, , , , //, // //, , . : 2: , , ,

    /b/, /d/, / g/, . .

    2:

    1) (, , ) .

    2) ( ) , , : /b/, /d/, /g/ /b/, /d/, / g/, /-/, /-/, //, .

    3) , , 2, , / / / /. ( , , ).

    4, , - 1 2, 2.

    4 , ,

    /b/ /b/ /-/ /b/ /b/ /-/ /b/ /b/ /-/ /b/ /b/ /-/ /bu/ /bu/ /-u/ /d/ /d/ /-/ /d/ /d/ /-/ /d/ /d/ /-/ /d/ /d/ /-/ /du/ /du/ /-u/ /g/ / g/ / / /g/ / g/ / / /g/ / g/ / / /g/ / g/ / / /g/ / g/ / /

    /b/ /b/ /-/ /b/ /b/ /-/ /b/ /b/ /-/ /b/ /b/ /-/ /b/ /b/ /-/ /b/ /b/ /-/ /d/ /d/ /-/ /d/ /d/ /-/ /d/ /d/ /-/ /d/ /d/ /-/ /d/ /d/ /-/ /do/ /d/ /-/ / g/ /g/ / / / g/ / g/ / / / g/ / g/ / / / g/ / g/ / /

    .46

  • .46

    6

    / g/ / g/ / / / g/ / g/ / g/ /g/ / g/ / g/ / g/ /g/ / g/ /g/

    /bb/ /bb/ /b-/ /bb> /bb> /b-> /bb/ /bb/ /b-/ /bb/ /bb/ /b-/ /dd> /dd> /d-> /dud/ /dud/ /du-/ /gg/ /g g/ /g /

    /b/ /b/ /-/ /b/ /b/ /-/ /b/ /b/ /-/ /ub/ /ub/ /u-/

    /b/ /b/ /-/ /-/ /b/ /b/ /-/ /b/ /b/ /d/ /d/ /-/ /do/ /ndo/ /-o/ /-/ /d/ /d/ /-/ /d/ /d/ /-/ /d/ /d/ /-/ /d/ /d/ / g/ /g/ / /

    // /g/ /g/ // /g/ /g/ // /g/ /g/ // /g/ /g/

    K.B. [1] (1) , 43 [2] (2) , .44 [3] (3) ,

    .45.

  • 7

    L

    () Hellenic Society for Terminology (ELETO)

    : , , ... ... ...

    ( )

    .48 - 2001 ISSN 1106-1073

    : 10 .

    : & 6, 15125 : 5, 15236 : .: 8042313, 6118986, 6875487 .: 8068299, 8042385 ..: valeonti@otenet.gr : http://sfr.ee.teiath.gr/orogramma.htm

    (5)

    [1][2][3][4] . ( ) . : . : , , , . : 1.

    (, , , , , , , ) (, ). : , , , , , , , , , , .

    2. (, , , , , , , , , , , ). : , , , , , , , , , , , , .

    , , , . : , , , , , , .

    , , : .

    , . , , , , .

    , , , , :

    1. , , ( , , , , , , , ) ( .. !).

    2. , , - () . , ( #). 1: / # # u ## # # # d ## # # u/ 2: /u ## # # # d ## # # /.

    3. , , , ( ). : = //, = //, = //, = //, = //, = //, = //, =//, = //, = //, = //, = //, = //, = //.

    4. , . , , , , . : ) + = //, //, //, //, /u/

    ( , // ). .. = //, = //,

    = //, = //, = //, = /u/

    ) + . +{, , , } = /d/, /d/, /d/, /d/ ( // , // // /d/ /d/, .)

    .48

  • .46

    8

    .. = /d/, = /du/, = /du/, = /d/.

    ) + = / g/ ( // / / // /g/). .. = / g/, = / g/, = / g/

    ) +/ = / g/ ( // / / /g/ ) .. = / g/, =

    / g/, = / g/ ) + = /b/ ( //

    // // /b/) .. = /b/, =

    /b/, = /b/ ) + = /b/ ( //

    // /b/ ) .. = /b/, = /b/

    ) + = / g/ ( // / / (// // ) (/g/ //). .. = / g/, =

    / g/, = / g/ ) + = /b/ ( //

    // (// // ) (/b/ //) .. = /b/, = /b/.

    , : -

    , -, , //. , .

    , //, // (-) / / . , , ( //, //, //, //, //, // /d/, /g/, /b/, /d/, /g/, /b/)

    . , . , . 1987[5]. [6], , [7] 1998, . , ... ...

    .. [1] (1) , 43 [2] (2) ,

    .44 [3] (3) ,

    .45. [4] (4) , , , .46. [5] : ,

    , 1987, [6] , .

    , , 6-4-98.

    [7] , . , [6],

    [8] . , 1961 [9] . , ,

    , 1978 [10] . , , .. & ,

    1979

    [11] . , , , 1974.

  • 9

    ( : )

    air stream desonorized

    ( ) desonorization

    ( ) voiceless voiceless phone voiceless phoneme fixed articulator Acoustics acoustical image acoustical quality acoustical nature acoustical, acoustic acoustic pipe tip of tongue, apex apical consonant allophone darkening stop stop (consonant), plosive

    (consonant) ( ) breathing ascending diphthong resonator, resonant cavity time axis frequency axis acceptable form denasalized

    ( ) denasalization

    ( ) damping articulation articulator harmonic component harmonic frequency harmonic initial degree of darkening basic classes of consonants ( ) tongue , ( )

    language

    reference language linguistic knowledge linguistic difference language teaching linguistic education linguistic communication linguistic poverty

    linguistic reality linguistic phenomenon linguistic sense () dental consonant cacuminal consonant alveolar consonant glottis glottal glottal consonant grammatical system grammatical condition written language writing ()

    linear (frequency) spectrum

    written text

    rapid vibration of an articulator

    speech sample acoustical quality index

    ( ) discrete frequency () distinguishability (of a

    phoneme) ( )

    () duration (of a phoneme) ( )

    bilabial consonant diphthong consonant digraph,

    consonant ligature vowel digraph, vowel

    ligature

    dynamic acoustical quality index ( )

    vibration vibrator inspiration composition expiration explosion of sound energy expression utterance free passage Hellenic Language articulated sound concept continuant continuant consonant external form communication internal form widely used form wide bandpass filter wider usage bright acoustical image

    ( ) bandpass filter

  • 10

    sonorization ( )

    voiced voiced phone sonority, voice voiced phoneme sound energy sound power speech sound sound spectrogram sound spectrograph

    fundamental acoustical quality index ( )

    fundamental frequency position of articulation noise noisy idiom historical writing () purity (of a phoneme)

    ( ) kalliepy

    ( ) coverage clear acoustical image

    ( ) descending diphthong lower lip power peak mobile articulator criterion larynx laryngeal cavity laryngeal tone word ( ) lexicon (of a language) vocabulary , language soft palate , .

    velar consonant

    ( )

    part of the tongue

    ( )

    central part of the tongue

    central vowel average sound power transition ,

    transitional sound, glide

    phonemic sound change, phonological change

    transcribe Adams apple native language, mother

    tongue form

    () musicality (of a phoneme) ( )

    ( )

    front of tongue

    nose speech dorsal consonant orthography, spelling orthoepy

    ( - )

    orthophony ,

    rule of orthophony, orthophonic rule

    ,

    back vowel

    horizon of teaching ( )

    horizon of comprehension ( )

    horizon of speech ( )

    term upper teeth upper lip pause parasitic content frequency range ( )

    back of tongue

    ( )

    amplitude (of a sound component)

    lateral release, lateral plosion

    lateral (consonant) full coverage percentage of occurence frontal consonant , .

    frontal vowel

    ,

    spoken language, speech

    spoken expression ,

    spoken language, speech

    blade height of the blade nasal cavity nasal coupling nasal passage nasalization

    ( ) nasal consonant nasality nasal vowel meaning hard palate palatal consonant level

  • 11

    static acoustical quality index ( )

    gum ridge non-continuant non-continuant consonant oral cavity oral vowel target syllable cluster consonant combination () continuous (frequency)

    spectrum continuous noise complex tone ,

    glide, transitional sound

    syntactic system

    acoustical quality coefficient

    resonance communication system frequency frequency of occurence , formant (), ()

    corpus

    class final local idiom frictional release, frictional

    plosion fricative (consonant),

    spirant (consonant) trill type of articulation superset labial consonant

    usage , phone () (frequency) filter, filter (of

    frequencies) , formant phrase , phone vowel phoneme phonemic writing phonemic classification , phonemic phonemic repertoire

    ( ) phonation vocal folds, vocal cords phonetic writing vocal tract vocal apparatus phonetic classification phonetic phonetic cluster phonology, phonemics phonemic condition , phonemic phonemic system,

    phonemic structure characteristic

    acoustical quality characteristic

    () (frequency) gap labial consonant labiodental consonant lip integration time

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