История компьютерной графики

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( ) , , , . . . 1960- . Itek . 1964 General Motors DAC-1 - , IBM. 1966 Wall Street Journal . 1985 Amiga, ( , -) . , . Ozalid, , CAD/CAM. , 1990- . , . , , , , . , - , , , , , . , , : ( -), , ( ), , ( ). . , , , .

1

1978 () " ". " ", , . , , . , . WHIRLWIND ("") . WHIRLWIND , " (1000 .) ". , 1951 "" . : " , , - WHIRLWIND - , , , . 1960- . Itek . 1964 General Motors DAC-1 - , IBM. 1966 Wall Street Journal . - . - , , , , . " " , , . "- ", . . , : , , , . . . , . 1977 Commodore ( ), Apple Apple-II. : , , . : 2

, , 1984 Apple Macintosh . , , CAD/CAM, . 80- : , . Ozalid, , CAD/CAM. , , 90- . , . , , , , . , . - . - , / . 100 - . 1956 "oscillons" (, 1950) (). Jasia Reichardt ()

1957

1958

() " " Angewandte Kunst (, ), "oscillons" .. , Sketchpad Computers and 3

1959

1963

Automation. 1965 . Fall Joint Computer () 1966 (). Conference. 1961 . . (Bell labs, ) () 1965 Technische Hochschule , () Howard Wise . () : 5-19 , Generative Computergrafik. Georg Nees. StudienGalerie des Studium Generale, TH Stuttgart. (). 6-24 , . , , Howard Wise Gallery, (). 5-26 , Computergrafik. , . Wendelin Niedlich, . () 1966 IBM Artist-in-Residence , Robert Rauschenberg Billy Kluver () Cybernetic Serendipity: , , . ( ICA ). "Hummingbird"

1967

1968

() 4

( ) () - . 1969 SIGGRAPH, Special Interest Group on Computer Graphics ACM (the Association for Computing Machinery). 1967. () Special Interest Committee. CTG (Computer Technique Group) () Generative Computer-Grafik Generative Computer-Grafik , .() 1971 ; , , , . 'Computer Graphics Computer Art' () 1972-3 SuperPaint, 8 Xerox Palo Alto () "" () - (IBM, ) " " () 'Sunstone' (NYIT, ) "Quantel" 5

1974

1975 1976

1979

1980

Paintbox () 1983 Jet AARON Tate Propulsion gallery (, ) Macintosh. Clio - , , , Lucasfilm, 24 BB Qantel Photoshop Paintbox . () Amiga () "Luxo Jr" ( PIXAR) Siggraph () 1988 . () , , . () 1989 "Electronic Print" Arnolfini . Photoshop . . () () Digital Salon - () () () CADE, Macintosh

1984

1986

1992 1995

1997

Collville

Place

Gallery

1998

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