ΜΕΛΕΤΗ ΒΟΥΡΚΑΡΙ

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2004

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. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. - 7. 8. 9. - 10. 11. 3 4 5 5 6 6 10 11 12 15 15

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1. . . , : . . . . . . . . . & . : , 81100

: .. : : / , , , . - , .

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2. wetland. . , (, , ) . , , , , , , . , , . , , , . , . 35 . . , . , , 1990 Montreux ( 1) . . 1 : , , , , , , . . , ( ) . 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. , 6. : 7. , 8. 9. 10. , 11.

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3. , . .1650/1986: . . 2055/1992: ( CITES). . 1469/1950: . .. 996/1971: , . .. 191/1974: 2.2.1971. . 177/1975: . . 1335/1986: . . 2204/1994: , 5.7.1992, 93/626/ . . 998/1979: . . 1337/1983: . . 1739/1987: .

, 79/409/ 92/43/ . , . . 4. . . , , . . , , , . (.. ) (.. ). . 5

. , (.. ). , . , , . . 5. . . . , . ( ) 2 . - - . , . , /. . 6. - 2003 , . . . 1

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, . . . : Asphodelus microcarpus / Avena sterilis Ballota acetabulosa Capparis spinosa ssp. rupestris Cardopatum corymbosum Cardus sp. Chrysanthemum coronarium / Convolvulus dorycnium Convolvulus oleifolius Corydothymus capitatus Crepis sp. Ditrichia viscosa / Ecballium elaterium Echium angustifolium Eryngium maritimum Ferulago nodosa Foeniculum vulgare Hypericum crispum Pallenis spinosa Papaver rhoeas var. stipitatum Phagnalon graecum Phlomis fruticosa Pinus halepensis Pistacia lentiscus Pistacia terebinthus Pyrus spinosa Reseda alba Sarcopoterium spinosum Scolymus hispanicus Solanum elaeagnifolium Thapsia garganica Verbascum sinuatum / Verbascum undulatum / 2 . . : Arthrocnemum fruticosum Asparagus aphyllus

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Asphodelus microcarpus Carthamus lanatus Corydothymus capitatus Echium angustifolium Eryngium amethystinum Frankenia hirsuta Juncus heldreichianus Lagurus ovatus Marrubium peregrinum Phlomis fruticosa Sarcocornia fruticosa Sarcopoterium spinosum Scolymus hispanicus Solanum elaeagnifolium Sueda vera Thapsia garganica 3

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, . . Arthrocnemum fruticosum Asphodelus fistulosus Cardopatum corymbosum Ecballium elaterium Eryngium amethystinum Frankenia hirsuta Pallenis spinosa Sarcocornia fruticosa Scolymus hispanicus Solanum elaeagnifolium Thapsia garganica 4 . , , . : Arthrocnemum fruticosum Atriplex portulacoides Chrysanthemum segetum Convolvulus altheoides ssp. tenuissimus Crepis sp. Echium angustifolium Frankenia hirsuta Hordeum murinum

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Mercurialis annua Nicotiana glauca Psoralea bituminosa Reseda lutea Sarcocornia fruticosa Scolymus hispanicus Scrophularia sp. Solanum elaeagnifolium Verbascum undulatum Vitex agnus-castus 5

/ / /

4, , . , ( ) ( ) . , . : Arthrocnemum fruticosum Frankenia hirsuta Phragmites australis 6 . , , . . : Allium sp. Anthemis chia Arthrocnemum fruticosum Asparagus aphyllus Atriplex portulacoides Avena sterilis Ballota acetabulosa Calicotome villosa Cardopatum corymbosum Carthamus lanatus Chrysanthemum coronarium Corydothymus capitatus Frankenia hirsuta Juncus heldreichianus Mesembrianthemum nodiflorum Papaver rhoeas var. stipitatum Pinus halepensis Scolymus hispanicus Solanum elaeagnifolium / /

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Sonchus oleraceus Tamarix smyrnensis Verbascum sinuatum

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: 1. , , , , . . 2. , , . 3. , . 4. , , , , , . 5. , . (Sarcopoterium spinosum), , 92/43/. 6. , , , . , , . , , , . 7. . ' , . - ()

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. . ' . . / , , , . 5 , . . , 4/5 , . .. . . . Ulva lactuca Enteromorpha sp, Cladophora sp., Dictyota dichotoma, Padina pavonica, Sphacelaria sp. . 8. , , . ( 2) , , , , , , , . ' ( 3) , , , . , "", . , , . 2: Erinaceus europaeus Mels mels Sciurus vulgaris Pipistrellus pipistrellus Vulpes vulpes Martes foina Mustela nivalis V ()

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Lepus europaeus Microtus sp. Apodemys sp.

3: Agama stellio Ayla arborea Bufo viridis Coluber najadum Hemidactylus turcicus Lacerta trilineata Lacerta viridis Rana graeca Rana ridibunda Testudo marginata Testudo hermanni

9. - , , . . 104 ( 4) , . 8 Ardea putpurea, Burhinus oedicnemus, Chlidonias hybrida, Chlidonias niger, Glareola pratincola, Himantopus himantopus, Larus melanocephalus, Tadorna tadorna. , . 4: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Acrochephalus schoenobaenaus Actitis hypoleucus Alauda avensis Alcedo atthis Anas querquedula Anser albifrons Anthus campestris Anthus cervinus Anthus pratensis Apus apus Apus melba Ardea cineria Ardea putpurea Ardeolla ralloides Arenaria interpres Aythya ferina ( ) V () - ( )

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17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61

Burhinus oedicnemus Buteo buteo Calandrella brachydactyla Calidris alba Calidris alpina Calidris ferruginea Calidris minuta Calidris teminckii Carduelis canabina Carduelis carduelis Carduelis chloris Charadrius dubius Charadrius hiaticula Chlidonias hybrida Chlidonias leucopterus Chlidonias niger Corvus corone cornix Coturnix coturnix Delichon urbica Egretta garzetta Emberiza calandra Emberiza cia Emberiza cirlus Emberiza citrinela Emberiza hortulana Emberiza melanocephala Erithacus rubecula Falco tinnunculus Fringilla coelebs Galerida cristata Gallinago gallinago Gallinula chloropus Glareola pratincola Haematopus ostralegus Himantopus himantopus Hirundo daurica Hirundo rustica Jynxs torquilla Lanius senator Lanius collurio Larus argentatus Larus fufcus Larus melanocephalus Larus minutus Larus ridibundus

- V () - V () - V () - ( ) - V () - ( ) - V () - V ()

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62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104

Luscinia megarhynchos Mergus serrator Motacilla alba Motacilla cinerea Motacilla flava Muscicapa striata Muscicapa striata Numerius arquata Oenanthe hispanica Oenanthe oenanthe Passer domesticus Passer hispaniolensis Phalacrocorax aristotelis Phalacrocorax carbo Phoenicopterus ruber Phoenicurus ochurus Phoenicurus phoenicurus Phylloscopus collybita Pica pica Plegadis falcinelus Podiceps cristatus Podiceps nigrigollis Saxicola ruberta Saxicola torquata Scolopax rusticola Serinus serinus Sterna albifrons Sterna hirundo Streptopelia decaocto Streptopelia turtur Sturnus vulgaris Sylvia cantillans Sylvia communis Sylvia melanocephala Tadorna tadorna Tringa glareloa Tringa nebularia Tringa ochropus Tringa totanus Troglodytes troglodytes Turdus iliacus Turdus merula Upupa epops

- V ()

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10. : Apogon imberbis Cardinal fish Atherina boyeri Boops salpa Crenilabrus tinca Wrasse painted Chromis chromis Damsel fish Long-snouted Crenilabrus rostratus wrasse Diplodus sargus Diplodus vulgaris Muraena helena Mugil cephalus Mullus barbatus Octopus vulgaris Oplada melanura Scorpaena porcus Serranus cabrilla Sparus auratus Mytilus sp.

11. 1994 () . H . . . , , . , (;) ; ; . 15

. . . , .

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: 1. (1-) 2.

Azolla filiculoides Callitriche obtusangula Ceratophyllum demersum Ceratophyllum submersum Groelandia densa Hydrocharis morsus-ranae Lemna gibba Lemna minor Lemna trisulca Myriophyllum spicatum Myriophyllum verticillatum Najas graccilima Najas marina Najas minor Nymphaea alba Nuphar lutea Nymphoides peltata Polygonum