Θέματα Υγείας

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<p> _______________________________________________4 1 _________________________________________________5 1.1. ______________________________________7 1.2. &amp; __________________________________________________________9 1.3. ________________________________________________14 1.3.1. ____________________________________________14 1.3.2. ____________________20 1.3.3. _______________________________________22 2 : ________________________________________________________24 2.1. __________27 2.2. ____________________________32 2.2.1. &amp; _________________________34 2.2.2. &amp; ___________________37 2.2.3. ______________________________________39 2.3 _______________________________________44 2.4 ____________________________________________46 2.4.1 __________________________________________46 2.4.2. (Mapping) _________________________________48 3: ______________________50 3.1 ______50 3.1.1 _____________52 3.1.2 ___________________________________________________53 3.1.3 ____________________53 3.1.4 _____________________________________54 3.1.5 _________55 3.2 ____________________________55</p> <p>2</p> <p>3.2.1 ___________________________________________59 3.2.2 _______________________________________________67 3.2.3 _________________________________68 3.2.4 _________________________________________________70 3.2.5 _____________________________________________74 3.3 _______________________________________________________77 3.3.1 _______________________________________77 3.3.2 _______________________________________82 3.3.3 ____________________________________90 3.4 ___________92 3.4.1 _______________________________________92 3.4.2 _______________________________93 3.4.3 __________________________________93 3.4.4 _____________________________________96 3.4.5 ___________________________________98 ________________________________________________102 __________________________________________________103 1: _110 2: __________________________________________________________________117 3: _122 __126</p> <p>3</p> <p>.. .. </p> <p>..... .... ISO International Organization for Standardization &amp; . ..... .. ...... ..... ... ... . .. , </p> <p>4</p> <p> 1 . . . . , , , , , . , . , , , , , .1 , ISO2 </p> <p> , , ....., 1995. 4 . [ web, URL: http://www.elinyae.gr/el/lib_file_upload/ASFALEIA%20KAI%20YGEIA%20STIS%20MIKRO MESAIES.1133776399284.pdf]. 2 ISO 14001:2004 Environmental management systems Requirements with guidance for use &amp; ISO 9001:2000 Quality management systems Requirements. International Organization for Standardization web, URL: www.iso.gr.1</p> <p>5</p> <p>3 , .4 , , .5 . . . .6 , . </p> <p> .</p> <p> 1801: 2002 &amp; 1800: 2003 . web, URL: www.elot.gr. 4 , , , 2002, . 11 . 5Andreoni Diego, The cost of occupational accidents and diseases, International Labour Organization, Geneva, 1986, . 95 . 6 - , , , 1991, 3</p> <p>6</p> <p> :7 , . , . .</p> <p> .</p> <p>1.1. , .</p> <p>: , , 8 : , / .9</p> <p> : .10</p> <p> , , ....., 1999, . 12. [ web, URL: http://www.elinyae.gr/el/lib_file_upload/TYPOP.1103193105796.pdf]. 8.. 17/1996, 89/391/, ( 11, . /1996). 9 .. .. 17/1996 10 - , ..7</p> <p>7</p> <p> : , </p> <p>.11 (): , </p> <p>, , .12 : , . , </p> <p> , , , , , , , .13 : , , , .14 : , , , .15 : , , .16</p> <p>.. 1801, , 2002. .. 13 .. 14 .. 15 1801, .. 16 ..11 12</p> <p>8</p> <p> : , .17 : / .18 : .19 : ' , .20</p> <p>1.2. &amp; </p> <p> . , 1911 . / 2 21 .. 1920 </p> <p> .22 6 , </p> <p> : . : Dashfer Hellas, 2005. 18 .. 19 .. 20 .. 17/1996, .. 21 . / 2 / 1911, ( 319, . /1911). 22 .. 1920, , ( 200, . / 1920).</p> <p>17</p> <p>9</p> <p> . . , , . 1568/1985 23, 24</p> <p> .</p> <p> . 1568/85 </p> <p> .25 , . , . , , .26 , 1568/85. ', , , </p> <p>23</p> <p>. 1568/ 1985, , ( 117, . /1985).</p> <p> , , , . 45, 1986, 8 . 25 , , , . 45, 1986, 33 . 26 : 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 .</p> <p>24</p> <p>10</p> <p> , 1985 .. , , , .27 . , .28 , . , , </p> <p> : 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , , .... , 14 . , 22 , , , 23 . , : 25 , , , 26 , 27 , 28 . 28 : 33 , 34 25 .</p> <p>27</p> <p>11</p> <p> .29 .30 , 31 1568/85. 17/96 89/391/, . , . , </p> <p> . , , . 1974 . 32 1987, 100 118 ( 97 &amp; 137), </p> <p> . :</p> <p> : 2 (....) 3 .... . 30 , 15 16 . 31 114 32 web [ web, URL: http://europa.eu/scadplus/treaties/singleact_el.htm#OBJECTIVES].29</p> <p>12</p> <p>100 : , ( ) 118 : -</p> <p> 12 1989 33 . .. 17/199634 89/391/EOK 91/383/EOK. 18 . 18 , 42 . </p> <p>33</p> <p> 89/391/EOK </p> <p> ... 17/1996 ..34</p> <p>13</p> <p> , .</p> <p>1.3. </p> <p>1.3.1. .35 , , , , . / &amp; , / , &amp; () / , &amp; &amp; (...)36:</p> <p> &amp; . [ web, URL: http://www.ypakp.gr/]. 36. &amp; . [ web, URL http://www.ypakp.gr/index.cfm?Level1=2&amp;Level2=12&amp;Level3=8&amp;Level4=0&amp;Level5=0&amp;Level 6=0#1].35</p> <p>14</p> <p> &amp; </p> <p> / &amp; </p> <p>/ </p> <p> &amp; / , &amp; &amp; 1 &amp; </p> <p> , , . ,. / , / &amp; .</p> <p>15</p> <p> / </p> <p>/ </p> <p>/ </p> <p> &amp; </p> <p> 2 &amp; </p> <p>) , : i) ii) iii) iv) v) &amp; </p> <p>16</p> <p> &amp; </p> <p> 3 &amp; </p> <p>)</p> <p> ,</p> <p> , :</p> <p>i) ii) , , &amp; iii) iv) , &amp; &amp; </p> <p>17</p> <p> , </p> <p> , , &amp; </p> <p> , &amp; &amp; 4 &amp; </p> <p>) &amp; . </p> <p>. : i) &amp; </p> <p>ii) iii) &amp; </p> <p>18</p> <p>iv) &amp; </p> <p> &amp; </p> <p> &amp; </p> <p> &amp; </p> <p> &amp; </p> <p> 5 &amp; </p> <p>2) (...) ( ..), , </p> <p> , . ... , , / , / </p> <p>19</p> <p> / . </p> <p> / </p> <p>/ &amp; </p> <p>/ </p> <p> 6 &amp; </p> <p> 16 / 7 .</p> <p>1.3.2. </p> <p> , , , </p> <p>20</p> <p> . (....) (.....): 1) .... . , . 2) .... ... . ... </p> <p> ...</p> <p> (.....) </p> <p> (......).</p> <p>1) ..... , . , . 2) ..... ... , ... , </p> <p>21</p> <p> , .</p> <p> (), , (European Network for Workplace Health Promotion, ENWHP), .</p> <p>1.3.3. </p> <p> . (.....) </p> <p> (...) 1) ....37. , &amp; </p> <p> . , , , , , , .. 2) ... 17/1996 </p> <p>37</p> <p> [ web, URL: http://www.elinyae.gr/index_content.html].</p> <p>22</p> <p> ( ) .</p> <p>23</p> <p> 2 : . . . , , . . . . 38 . : , , , </p> <p> , </p> <p> : , , , ,</p> <p>38</p> <p> : . , 2006, 25 (, , ), . . . . ., . 6-11. [ web. URL: http://www.elinyae.gr/el/lib_file_upload/Vol25.1138705524548.pdf 7/06/2006].</p> <p>24</p> <p> , .</p> <p>: 39.39</p> <p>.. , .8.</p> <p>25</p> <p> . . , , , .. ( ). </p> <p>, . , . . , . 40 . . . . . .</p> <p>40</p> <p> . . . </p> <p> . , : , , 2004, 20 (, , ) . . . . ., . 10-12 [ web. URL: http://www.elinyae.gr/el/lib_file_upload/Vol20..1134478644085.pdf 7/06/2006]. , 2005, 24 (,</p> <p>, ) . . . . ., . 16-19. [ web. URL: http://www.elinyae.gr/el/lib_file_upload/Vol24.1134480908568.pdf 7/06/2006].</p> <p>26</p> <p> . , , , . . . . .</p> <p>2.1. </p> <p> . : (. .), (. .), ( .. .). . ., . ., . . . . . . . , , . . </p> <p>27</p> <p>/ </p> <p> / ..</p> <p> (. .) (. .)</p> <p> &amp; ( .. .)</p> <p>: &amp; .</p> <p> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ., . ., . . . . . . . . , , . . . , </p> <p>28</p> <p> , , .. , . . . . . . . 41 , . , . . . . ( Deming) , , . , </p> <p> . , . . ., .</p> <p>41</p> <p> ( Occupational Safety &amp; Health Service, New Zealand Library &amp; Information Association, Department of Labour) . Occupational Safety &amp; Health Service, New Zealand Library &amp; Information Association, Department of Labour, Voluntary code of practice for health and safety issues, New Zealand Library &amp; Information Association, 1998, ISBN 0 473 04913 - 9. [ web.URL: http://www.osh.govt.nz/order/catalogue/ipp/library.pdf 2/03/2006].</p> <p>29</p> <p>: T Deming.</p> <p> . . . OHSAS42 18001:1999, 43 1801: 2002, 44 1800: 2003 . . </p> <p> , , . . . : 1. . 2. </p> <p> .</p> <p>42</p> <p>Occupational health and safety management systems specification, Occupational health and</p> <p>safety assessment series, BSI, December 2002, ISBN 0 580 28298 - 8. ISO 14001:1996, ISO 9001:1994 ISO 9001:2000.43</p> <p> 1801: 2002 </p> <p>.44</p> <p> 1800: 2003 </p> <p>.</p> <p>30</p> <p>3. , . 4. . </p> <p>. . . . , . . . . . : . . . . . . . . , 3 . . .</p> <p>31</p> <p>2.2. . . . , </p> <p>. , . . . . </p> <p> . , . . , . . 45. , . . . .</p> <p>45</p> <p> , </p> <p> . . , , 2001, ISBN 960-375317-3 , .260.</p> <p>32</p> <p> , , , ...</p> <p>: : </p> <p> &amp; </p> <p>, </p> <p> &amp; </p> <p>, , </p> <p> &amp; </p> <p> &amp; </p> <p>33</p> <p>2.2.1. &amp; </p> <p> , . .. 17/1996 . . . 17/1996 , . 130297/15-7-1996 . , 46 :</p> <p>46</p> <p>. , . </p> <p> ,</p> <p> , .., . 22 . , . , , . .. . . , 2001. , . . . 5 , , , . . Health and Safety Commission, Directors responsibilities for health and safety. 11 . .</p> <p>34</p> <p> , , .</p> <p> . : , </p> <p> . . . . . . . . . .</p> <p>. Managing health and safety: five steps to success.Health and Safety Executive (HSE), 2003, ISBN 0-7176-2170-7, INDG 275, 11. . Occupational Safety &amp; Health Service, New Zealand Library &amp; Information Association, Department of Labour, Voluntary code of practice for health and safety issues, New Zealand Library &amp; Information Association, 1998, ISBN 0 473 04913 9, . 11. . 15 . (overuse syndrome). [ web. URL: http://www.osh.govt.nz/order/catalogue/ipp/library.pdf 2/03/2006]. </p> <p>35</p> <p> .</p> <p> . . 24 .</p> <p> .</p> <p> . . . </p> <p> , . .</p> <p>36</p> <p>2.2.2. &amp; 47- 48 . : , . </p> <p> . : . . . . . </p> <p>47</p> <p> . . . . , . . , , 2001, ISBN 960-375-317-3.48</p> <p> Occupational Safety &amp; Health Service,</p> <p>New Zealand Library &amp; Information Association, Department of Labour, Voluntary code of practice for health and safety issues, New Zealand Library &amp; Information Association, 1998, ISBN 0 473 04913 9, . 11. . 16-17 [ web. URL: http://www.osh.govt.nz/order/catalogue/ipp/library.pdf ( 2-3-2006)</p> <p>37</p> <p> .</p> <p> .</p> <p> .</p> <p> . . . .</p> <p>38</p> <p>2.2.3. </p> <p>2.2.3.1. 49 (. .) , . . . . . , , . . . . . . 50 . . , , , , , , , , , .. . . : </p> <p> . 49</p> <p> .</p> <p> . , . </p> <p> . , , 2001, ISBN 960-375-317-3.50</p> <p>. , . </p> <p> ,</p> <p> , .., . 24.</p> <p>39</p> <p> . . . .</p> <p> .</p> <p> . . . . . : , , , , , . , . . . . . . : . . . . . . . </p> <p>40</p> <p> - .</p> <p>,</p> <p>, . , . . , . ... . . . . . ., . ....</p>