חוות הדעת - פרופ' כראל

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אין צפי לתוספת תחלואה בערד ובסביבתה כתוצאה מהכרייה בבריר

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. " " " ) (, . . : 1. , ' 42/30/041, , . 2. 8991 , , , )30.20.71(. 3. Dushe C, Kuemmel M: Long-Term Radon in mining regions in Germany. Federal .Office of Radiation Protection, Berlin, Germany 4. " -5.2 PM . 5. . : , " 1002-9991 )10.11.12( . " " )1( , , , , , , , , , , . . , ) (. ) 03 ( : , , )( . . )2( ) ( ) ' "(. ) (TSP 2.0 " " ) ( 570.0 " ". " " " ", ) 01 .(PM, 01 PM ) '(. . -42 ) ( 2.0 " " . ) 12 ' "( ) 42 ( 570.0 "/ 3 ) %5.73 (. 2

) ( -42 1.0 " ", 52.0 " )-42 (. 5.2 PM 2.5 . ) ( ) ( - 2 ,SO- NOx . , , ) (. 5.2 ,PM -%01 )) ,(TSP 62(. 4.4 " ) (, . ) ( . , . . , ", ) 3.5(. , )2'(. . . . : )1( -)2( . )1( : , . ) ( .

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)( ) (. " . , 8.3 . ) " "( )(. . . , , ) ( - DNA . , . . ) (, . , )( . " - )3,4(. , )5(. )3 ( Bq/m )6(. )3.(200 Bq/m " " )1( )1, ' 39(. . , , ) (. " " 8991 )7( , ) (. ) ( . . , ) (. )8(.

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, . ) ( . , ) (. , )9(. )2( - , " 5.2 ,PM . , 5.2 PM . , ) ( ) (. , 5.2 PM. , , Gauderman )01(. 8 , . , , ) (. : ) NOx (, )2 (SO ) (. : "In southern California, the primary source of these pollutants is motor vehicles, either through direct tailpipe emissions or down-wind physical and photochemical reactions of "vehicular emissions , ) ( . , . , .

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) ( )11,21(. IARC )31(. , " . , Pope )41,51( ) ( . " . 41 ) "( ". ) ( . , , ) ( . : "Conclusion: Long-term exposure to combustion-related fine particulate air pollution is ".an important environmental risk factor for cardiopulmonary and lung cancer mortality 5.2 PM ) (. 51 ) ( . )( . , , )-( . . , : )( ) , (, )( )(. , SO2, NOx, CO, Pb, VOCs , . . )3 (O ) ( NOx . 5.2 ,PM , 41, 5.2 PM. ) ( ", ) ( 5.2 PM . , )9(.

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, ) ( ) ( , 5.2 PM -) RSP 5.2 .(PM , 5.2 PM -5.2 PM . , " . )61( 5.2 PM . 5.2 PM )2(. . , . )71(. , )( . , / , ) (. , , ) ( , .

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rcarel@research.haifa.ac.il

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1( , 42/30/041. - 2( ) (, " 2991. 2 ( ) (-"- 8991 3( " -- 4( " - 0002 )( 5( , ' ) 1 .(IARC 43 . 6( , " 222, , ", 1991. 7( , : " 8991", 3002.20.71 8) Rosenstrock L, Cullen MR: Textbook of Clinical Occupational and Environmental .7002 .Medicine. 2nd ed 9( ., : -, ? 678-278, 641: 1002. 10) Gauderman WJ et al: The effect of air pollution on lung development form 10 to .5601-7501 :153 :4002 18 years of age. New Englane J Med 11) Boffetta P, et al. Occupational exposure to diesel engine emissions and the risk of 473-563:21;1002 cancer in Swedish men and women. Cancer Causes Control 12) Samet JM, et al: Fine particulate air pollution and mortality in 20 US cities. N .9471-1471:343:0002 Engl J Med 13) IARC (1989). Volume 46: Diesel and gasoline engine exhausts and some nitroseamines 14) Pope CA, et al: Lung cancer, cardiopulmonary mortality, and long-term exposure .1411-2311 :782 :2002 to fine particular air pollution. JAMA 15) Pope CA, et al: Cardiovascular mortality and long-term exposure to particulate air pollution: Epidemiological evidence of general pathophysiological pathways of .77-17:901:4002 disease. Circulation 61( " 5.2.PM 71( ., - : -, . 1002. , , , -, 2002.

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