Характеристика высшего образования в США

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<p> 1. :1862- (First Morrill Land Grand Act)1890- (Second Morrill Act)1944- - - (the "GI Bill"Act)1958- (the National Defense Education Act)1964-the Civil Rights Act( )1965- (HigherEducationAct)1980- 2008- (The Higher Education Opportunity Act)</p> <p>2. 1)- 2) (community colleges)3) ( )4) 5) (Minorities Serving Institutions) 3. (., -1980) 4. 1)- 2) 5. :1. ("" , "" "" "" "" )2. 3. 4. 6. (majors,minors) , , 7. 8. 9. - ROTC (Reserve Officers Training Corps)10. ( )</p> <p> 1862- (First Morrill Land Grant Act), , ( \ )1890- (Second Morrill Act)- 1944- - (the "GI Bill"Act)- . 1958- (the National Defense Education Act) 1964-the Civil Rights Act( ) 1965- (HigherEducationAct) , + 1980- 2008- (The Higher Education Opportunity Act)- 1965 + - : - "-""-". - - - . "-"-- , , , 10-30% , , . 2- , , 20% - 80% , 4- . - . -1636 , , - (, , , , , , ) - " " ( , ). 15% - , , " ". , , - ., , . </p> <p> , -</p> <p>10 - , . </p> <p>3% </p> <p> , . </p> <p> , , </p> <p> (1980) , ; </p> <p> , </p> <p> , , , - ; </p> <p> , ; </p> <p> , , , . </p> <p> () , , .</p> <p> , , , </p> <p> - - - , , , .. </p> <p> , , .</p> <p> ; </p> <p> ( - , , ( ) , , , , .</p> <p> ( , - ), </p> <p> ( , , ). , .</p> <p> , , , , . </p> <p> - : 19%; 22%; 36%; 4%; , 4%; , ( ..) 1%; 11%; 3%*</p> <p> . % * : , - .5 http://www.hse.ru/data/2011/07/29/1215023181/usa.pdf (Associate degree) - 2 , - (Bachelor degree) - 4 . (credits) . (Master degree) - 1-2 . (Doctorate degree ) 5-7 , . . majors,minors (major). 2 , . </p> <p> (minor), major </p> <p> - . </p> <p> , . </p> <p> , , . 2 ( - 3) (50-120 ) , . , (), . . " " , . 8 , - . " ", . A, B, C, D, F </p> <p> . :</p> <p> ( ) TOEFL, SAT ACT ( , , GRE GMAT. 2-3 /. $35 o $100. </p> <p> . ( ).</p> <p> , , Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT)</p> <p> 1. ( , . , 2000-2001 $4000).2. ( , ; ). , 5500 , , 22625 . $5000 , , $10500. $ 45 6253. . .4. Reserve Officers Training Corps (, , ) 300 ( ) , ( - American Journal of Science (1818) (Alumni association) , </p> <p>1. U.S. Department of Educationhttp://www2.ed.gov/about/overview/fed/role.html2.Educational Leadership for the 21st CenturyBy James B. Hunt Jr.http://www.highereducation.org/reports/hunt_tierney/hunt.shtml3.EducationUSA - a U.S. Department of State-supported network of hundreds of advising centers around the worldhttp://www.educationusa.info/4. :...http://ecsocman.hse.ru/univman/msg/18387797.html5.Harward school of Education- American Higher Education-Historyhttp://hepg.org/her/abstract/2926. - . , 2005http://www.hse.ru/data/2010/03/05/1231448520/OECD_USA_2005.pdf7.National Center for Educational Statisticshttp://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=768.YFU USA-Intecultural Exchange Programs community collegeshttp://www.yfu-usa.org/9.The Ivy Leaguehttp://www.ivyleaguesports.com/landing/index10. .http://www.scienceandapologetics.org/pdf/educationinus.pdf</p> <p> !</p>