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  • *

    . , .

    18 . .

    8 .

    ..

    . 40-66

    6 . . 1.

    . 40-66.

    . Duhm . 56-66

    ,

    2.

    .

    , * . 1 . . O. Eissfeldt, Einleitung in das Alte Testament, bingen 31964, . 408. 2 B. Duhm, Das Buch Jesaja, Gttingen 21902.

  • 1

    .

    3.

    . (,

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    ,

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    .

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    3 . P. Hffken, Jesaja. Der Stand der theologischen Diskussion, Darmstadt 2004, . 19-81.

  • 2

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    760 ..

    (783-742

    ..) 4

    (742-735 ..), (735-715 ..) (715-687 ..)5.

    , 6

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    , 2

    3

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    (. 6:1-3). -

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    4 . 7:3, 22:15, 37:2. 5 W.F.Albright, The Chronology of the Divided Monarchy of Israel, BASOR 100 (1945), .16-22.

  • 3

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    (735 ..)

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    9 . 7:14. 10 . 7:3.

  • 5

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    (715-687

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    . (705-

    681..) 701 .. ,

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    (699-644 ..)14.

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    11 . 16:10. 12 B. 18:4. 13 . 19:35 . 37:36. 14 :2. 120.5. . 11:37 ....

  • 6

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    15.

    16,

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    .

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    . . 12 ..

    15 - (. 30:1-5. 31:1-4) - . , , , . . ., , 2005, . 153-171. 16 . , (.. 48:22), ( .), ( ), ( , ).

  • 7

    Ibn Ezra

    8 . .17.

    -

    . J.Eichhorn (1783)

    J.Dderlein (1789) , . 1-39

    40-66,

    . E.

    Rosenmller (1768-1835) . 13 14

    ,

    18.

    19 . ,

    B. Duhm19,

    . 40-55 56-66.

    (.1-39), , -

    8 ...

    . (. 40-55)

    ,

    , ,

    17 Ibn Ezra (Abraham ben Meir), Commentary of Ibn Ezra on Isaiah, New York 1966. Rachel Margalioth, The Indivisible Isaiah, New York 1964, .11-13, Ibn Ezra . , , Samuel Ibn Gekatilla. . . R. B. Dillard and T. Longmann, An Introduction to the Old Testament, Grand Rapids 1994, . 268-69. 18 . O. Eissfeldt, Einleitung in das Alte Testament, bingen 31964, . 408. 19 B. Duhm, Das Buch Jesaja, Gttingen 21902.

  • 8

    20.

    .

    (. 56-66)

    21.

    ,

    (6 . ..) ,

    , 4 . . 22.

    ,

    .

    , . . 5-35,

    , -

    , 4

    . ..23 -

    20 (538 ..), - 550 538 .. . . , , 1990, . 18-20. 21 . B. Duhm, Das Buch Jesaja, .., . 19, . 56-66 . 40-55, , , . C. C. Torrey, The Second Isaiah: ew Interpretation, New York 1928, . 21, Duhm 40-55 56-66 , . . Achtemeier, The Community and Message of Isaiah 56-66: A Theological Commentary, Minneapolis: Augsburg 1982, . 10-16, . 56-66 , - . 22 C. Westermann, Das Buch Jesaja Kapitel 40-66, Gttingen 1966, . 237-245, , . , (.60-62), 537 520 .., . . . , , 1991, . 155. 23 R. E. Clements, Isaiah: ook without an Ending?, JSOT 97 (2002), . 123. W.L.Holladay, Isaiah: Scroll of a Prophetic Heritage, Grand Rapids 1978, ( ).

  • 9

    24,

    .

    .

    25,

    (1-39, 40-55, 56-

    66)26.

    27.

    24 F. C. Cook, Holy Bible. . V, London 1875, .18. 25 , . . . .S.Childs, Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture, Philadelphia Fortress 1979, . 325-334. , Isaiah, Louisville, Kentucky 2001 [OTL]. P.Ackroyd, Isaiah 36-39: Structure and Function, Von Kanaan Bis Kerala: Festschrift Fr Prof Dr J. P. M. Van Der Ploeg, Neukirchen 1982 . 3-21 [AOA 211]. R.Rendtorff, ur Komposition des Buches Jesaja, VT 34 (1984), . 295-320. R.E.Clements, Beyond Tradition History: Deutero-Isaianic Development of First Isaiahs Themes, JSOT 31 (1985), .95-113. J.D.W.Watts, Isaiah, 2 vols, Waco 1985-87 [WBC]. C. R. Seitz, Zion's Final Destiny: The Development of the Book of Isaiah, Minneapolis 1991. O. H. Steck, Studien zu Tritojesaja, Berlin 1991 [BZAW 203]. J.R. Clifford, The Unity of the Book of Isaiah and its Cosmogenic Language, CBQ 55 (1993), . 1-17. P.D. Miscall, Isaiah, JSOT (1993), . 224-1077. R.J. Coggins, Do We Still Need Deutero-Isaiah?, JSOT 81 (1998), . 77-92. J.A.Motyer, Isaiah: An Introduction and Commentary, Downers Grove 1999 [TOTC]. Y.Gitay, Prophetic Criticism- What are they doing?: The Case of Isaiah-A Methodological Assessment, JS 96 (2001), . 101-127. J.N. Oswalt, Isaiah, Grand Rapids 2003 [NIVAC]. D. Janthial, L oracle de Nathan et l unite du livre d Isaie, Berlin/New York 2004 [BZAW 342]. . . Merrill, Everlasting Dominion: heology of the Old Testament, Nashville 2006 .. 26 , , , - , . O. H. Steck, Studien, . 3: . 27 R. Melugin : , . , , , , . R. F. Melugin and M. A. Sweeney, New Visions of Isaiah, Sheffield 1996, . 11 [JSOT Sup. 214].

  • 10

    : ) ,

    ,

    8 . .. 3 .

    .. (Childs, Clements, Rendtorff, Seitz, Steck).

    ,

    -

    ) 5 4 .

    ..,

    ,

    (Miscall, Watts) )

    8 . ..,

    28 (Oswalt, Motyer).

    29 ,

    , 56-66

    .

    Mowickel,

    , .

    ,

    30,

    28 Duhm, (Kaminka [1935] Margalioth [1964]) (Allis [1950] Young [1958] Payne [1963]), 8 . .. 29 S. Mowinckel, Prophecy and Tradition, Oslo 1946, .67. D. R. Jones, The Tradition of the Oracles of Isaiah of Jerusalem, ZW 67 (1955), . 226-246. . . . K, , 2006, . 838. 30 R. . Clements, The Prophecies of Isaiah and the Fall of Jerusalem, VT 30 (1980), . 421-436. W. R. Watters, Formula Criticism and the Poetry of the Old Testament, Berlin 1976, . 67

  • 11

    ,

    .

    , -

    31: ,

    (. 8:16, ),

    32:

    ... (.

    8:18).

    ,

    , Duhm

    ,

    .

    Duhm

    33 -

    - Qumran

    1QIsaa (H

    )34. 2 . .. -

    9 . ..,

    . [BZAW 138]. . , .. , .13-14. . J. Barton, Isaiah 1-39, London/New York 2004, .23. 31 J.N.Oswalt, The Book of Isaiah, Chapters 1-39, Grand Rapids, ichigan 1988, . 19. 32 . R. E. Clements, The Unity of the Book of Isaiah, Int. 36, (1982), . 119. 33 H. M. Wolf, Interpreting Isaiah: The Suffering and the Glory of the Messiah, Grand Rapids 1985, . 37. 34 1QIsaa M. Burrows, J. C. Trever, W. Brownlee, he Dead Sea Scrolls of St. Marks Monastery. Bd.I: The Isaiah Manuscript and the Habakuk Commentary, ew Haven 1950.

  • 12

    ,

    . Duhm -

    )

    ,

    ,

    39 5535 (

    ) )

    Duhm36,

    70 .., 2 . ..

    . 1Qsaa , ,

    2 . .,

    Qumran37.

    .

    35 1QIsaa 54 , , . . 39 ( ) , 40 , . . 55 ( XLVI, . 10). . 33 ( XXVII), ( LIV). 36 B.Duhm, Das Buch Jesaja, .., . 21. Duhm . 24-27 ( ) (135-104 ..). , . 4:17 (. 5). R. H. Kennett, The Servant of the Lord, London 1911, . Qumran , . 37 M. Burrows, The Dead Sea Scrolls, New York 1955, . 109, Qumran.

  • 13

    1.

    ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    38,

    :

    ) ,

    . ,

    . . 40-66

    , , .

    Y. Radday39 .

    , Radday

    ,

    38 , , : S. R. Driver, Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament, London 1913. O. Eissfeldt, Einleitung in das Alte Testament, Tbingen 31964. J. Schreiner, Das Buch Jesajanischer Schule, Wort und Botschaft, . J. Schreiner, Wrzburg 1967, . 143-162. J. L. Mckenzie, Second Isaiah, New York 1968. G. Fohrer, Das Alte Testament. Band 40-66, Berlin 1972. . , , 1985. . , -, 1990. 39 Y.T. Radday, The Unity of Isaiah in the Light of Statistical Linguistics, Hildesheim: Gerstenberg 1973.

  • 14

    .

    . , . 40-48

    , Radday, -

    ,

    , . 40-55

    . , Radday -

    . 13-35 (8 .

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    539

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    Radday,

    42.

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    43 )

    Radday

    ,

    .

    44.

    (1-39, 40-55, 56-66) .

    , 40 Y.T. Radday, .. . 274. 41 O. Eissfeldt, Einleitung in das Alte Testament, . 319-323. 42 Radday. . R. Posner, he Use and Abuse of Stylistic Statistics, Archivum Linguisticum 15 (1963), . 111-139. 43 L.L. Adams and A.C. Rincher, The Popular Critical View of the Isaiah Problem in the Light of Statistical Style Analysis, Computer Studies 4 (1973), . 149-157. 44 Y.Radday, Genesis, Wellhausen and the Computer, ZAW 94 (1982), . 467-481.

  • 15

    , ,

    .

    ,

    45. J. N. Oswalt46

    ,

    . ,

    ,

    ,

    47.

    ,

    48.

    , Oswalt

    , ,

    45 . . . , , 1975, . 386. , (. 1:1). J. N. Oswalt, The Book of Isaiah. Chapters 1-39, Grand Rapids, ichigan 1988, . 3, , . , , . . 46 J.N. Oswalt, , . 25. 47 . P. Ackroyd, Isaiah I-XII: Presentation of a Prophet, SVT 29 (1978), . 16-48 Isaiah 36-39: Structure and Function, Von Kanaan Bis Kerala: Festschrift fr Prof Dr J. P. M. Van Der Ploeg, Neukirchen 1982, . 3-21 [A 211]. R. Melugin, he Formation of Isaiah 40-55, Berlin/New York 1976. A , . . 48 R. K. Harrison, Introduction to the Old Testament, Grand Rapids 1969, . 777, 780.

  • 16

    , ,

    49.

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    50.

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    (40-66), ,

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    49 (Baba Bathra 15a, The Babylonian Talmud, . I. Epstein, London 21961), . . 50 J.N. Oswalt, The Book of Isaiah, .., . 26, 44-45.

  • 17

    (4:2-4).

    -

    51 (4:4).

    -

    , ,

    52.

    :

    . .

    53. . 1-39,

    . 40-55, . 56-66

    . 54.

    .

    .

    55.

    51 . . 8:23-10:4. 11-14. 26:20. 30:26. 52 . R. Margalioth, The Indivisible Isaiah, New York 1964. E. J. Young, Who wrote Isaiah?, Grand Rapids 1958. 53 . J. J .M. Roberts, Isaiah in Old Testament Theology, Int 36 (1982), . 130-143. R.L. Cate, We Need to be Saved (Isaiah 1:1-2. 5:1-2. 6:1-13), Review & Expositor 88 (1991), . 139, 146. 54 . 1:4. 5:19,24. 10:20. 12:6. 17:7. 29:19. 30:11,12,15. 31:1. 37:23. 41:14,16,20. 43:3,14. 45:11. 47:4. 48:17. 49:7. 54:5. 55:5. 60:9,14. . 55 . 1:20. 40:5. 58:14.

  • 18

    . - (

    )

    , 56.

    . . 1-39

    . 40-66.

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    : . 1-39,

    . 40-6658.

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    , 59.

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    60.

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    61.

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    , 62,

    56 . 30:25. 44:4. 57 . 6:5. 8:21. 24:23. 32:1. 33:17, 22. 41:21. 43:15. 52:7. 58 . 1:27. 2:3. 4:5. 8:18. 12:6. 14:32. 18:7. 24:23. 28:16. 31:4. 35:10. 40:9. 46:13. 51:3, 16. 52:1, 7. 59:20. 60:14. 61:3. 62:1, 11. 59 . 6:10. 42:18-20. 43:8. 63:17. 60 . 11:6-9. 65:25. 61 . 6:3. 35:2. 40:5. 59:19. 60:1. 66:18. 62 . 2:7-8. 6:3. 8:9. 21:11. 24:16,23. 29:1. 40:1. 43:11,25. 48:15. 51:12. 57:19. 62:10. J. Schreiner, Das Buch Jesajanischer Schule, Wort und Botschaft, . J. Schreiner, Wrzburg 1967, . 146, .

  • 19

    -63, -64, -

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    63 . 26:5. 29:4. 34:7. 47:1. 64 . 5:24. 10:17. 43:2. 65 . 1:3. 40:14, 21. 43:10 (). 66 . 5:13. 8:23. 9:1-7. 10:28-31. 23:1,14. 41:25. 45:13. 53:1-12. 67 H. 11:16. 68 . 35:8. 40:3. 43:19. 49:11. 57:14. 62:10. 69 . 13:8. 21:3. 26:17, 18. 42:14. 54:1. 66:7. 70 . 7:4. 10:24. 37:6. 40:9 41:10,13. 43:1, 5. 44:2. 54:4. 71 . E. W. Conrad, The Royal Narratives and the Structure of the ook of Isaiah, JSOT 41 (1988), . 67-81. 72 . 44:28. 45:1.

  • 20

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    73 G. Fohrer, Das Alte Testament, Band 40-66, Berlin 1972, . 66. 74 . , , 1984, . 266. 66 . . , , 1975, . 25. , (. . 32 ).

  • 21

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