სოფლის მეურნეობის სტრატეგია: საერთაშორისო გამოცდილება და საქართველო

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<ul><li><p> : 1</p><p> : </p><p> - (EWMI) -- , (G-PAC) .</p><p> , (USAID) . </p><p> USAID- .</p><p> : </p></li><li><p> , (USAID) . </p><p> USAID-, </p><p> EWMI- .</p><p> : </p><p> ekonomikuri politikis kvlevis centri</p><p>2014</p></li><li><p> ..........................................................................................................................................................................5 ....................................................................................................................................................................5 ...............................................................................................................................................................................8 ...........................................................................................................................................................................................9 ................................................................................................................................................ 11</p><p> .................................................................................................................................................................................. 12 .......................................................................................................................................................................................17 .................................................................................................................................................................................... 21 ...................................................................................................................................................................................25</p><p> - .............................................................................28</p><p> .................................................................................................................................. 31</p><p> - ..................................................................................................32 - .............................33 - , ........................................................35 - , / ...............................36</p><p> ...................................................................................................37 ....................................................................................................................................................37 ....................................................................................................................40 ........................................................................................................................................................................ 41</p></li><li><p> : 5</p><p> , : -, (EPRC) - (EWMI) , - (G-PAC) , - (USAID) . </p><p> , , - . , ( , , , , , ) .</p><p> , , - .</p><p> - . , - . , ;</p><p> , - ; </p><p> - - . , , - . - , - , ;</p></li><li><p> : 6</p><p> . - , - . . , - ; </p><p> - , . - - . , . - . -;</p><p> - . , - . - , - , - . - , ;</p><p> , - , , , . , - - , , - ; </p><p> , , , , , , </p></li><li><p> : 7</p><p> , . - ; </p><p> , ; , . - . , , - ;</p><p> , , , , , - . - - ;</p><p> , - 10-15 - . , , . , - , , . - ;</p><p> , . , , . - . . / - . , , , - , ; </p><p> . - . , </p></li><li><p> : 8</p><p> , . - . , , ;</p><p> - , - , , , , - , - - ;</p><p> , , - . ( - ). . - ; </p><p> - . - , - .</p><p> , , . , : , , . , . , 2013 , , . , . , , . , , , . </p></li><li><p> : 9</p><p> , , .. :</p><p> ( ); , ; , .</p><p> . . , , . , , . , , , :</p><p>- , ;</p><p>- ;</p><p>- ;</p><p>- ;</p><p>- /- .</p><p> . .</p><p> #1 . 2009, 2010 2011 - World Factbook. 2011 .</p></li><li><p> : 10</p><p> 1: </p><p> 2,082,370 7,276,604 4,480,043 3,002,859 4,469,200</p><p> 59% 56% 58% 52% 53%</p><p> 41% 44% 42% 48% 47%</p><p> ( )* 4,962 5,964 14,435 4109 3230</p><p> , PPP ( </p><p>)**11,749 11,731 20,286 9,121 5,417</p><p>-, % 10% 11% 5% 21% 8.8%</p><p> , 942,400 2,920,000 1,717,000 1,053,000 1,959,300</p><p>, % 20% 22% 5% 48% 45% </p><p> , % 31.00% 23.40% 17.70% 13.30% 15.1%</p><p>, 2,571,000 8,836,000 5, 659,000 2,875,000 6 970 000 </p><p> , 1,076,000 5,055,000 1,300,000 1,204,029 3,023,500 ***</p><p>* 2011 . ** 2011 . *** </p><p> 2011 .</p><p> , , - . , () , (PPP). , , - , , , . , , .</p></li><li><p> : 11</p><p> 10-15 , - 2.7%- 6.1%- (, 27- 2%-). . . , . , . , , , . , , </p><p> , . , . , . , , , .</p><p> , , - , - . - , , . , . - , -, . - - . , , - . , , - . </p></li><li><p> : 12</p><p> (, , ) , .</p><p> , ; , . , ( , ). . . .</p><p>1</p><p> - 151,528 (38%) . , 49%- (95,406 2010 ); . , , . .</p><p> 78% . 19.5%-, - 2.5%- . - . 72 (2010 ). 2010 42,620 18,846 . (44%- 2009 11%- 2010 ). </p><p> , 28,534 ( - 9%), 30-35% . 2010 213,700 . - .</p><p>1 , 2010 ; .</p></li><li><p> : 13</p><p> , , - . . 46,414 (2010) , 216 3,832 .. . </p><p> - - - , .</p><p>2010 80% .</p><p> 5,732 ; 2010 134,885 .</p><p> 2: - </p><p> , , /</p><p>2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008</p><p> 4.940 5.284 4.613 122.795 107,053 113,944 24.8 20.3 24.7</p><p> 6.914 6.567 5,980 108.922 99.934 114.040 15.8 15.2 19.0</p><p> 2.236 2.035 2.438 39.600 32.401 46.808 17.7 15.9 19.2</p><p> 6.053 5.891 5.751 150.069 140,046 132.310 24.8 23.8 23.0</p><p> 11.611 11.060 11.144 227.868 193,393 206.592 19.6 17.5 18.5</p><p> 10.250 11,224 9,647 11,020 9.050 10,226 1.07 0.8 1.06</p><p>: , .</p><p> - 2.75% , 14,000 9,000,000 . 3 . 84% . : , 62% ; - 13%; - 7%; - 7%; - 7% (, , , .), 4% . 155,000 . , 90% . </p></li><li><p> : 14</p><p> 3: ()</p><p> 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010</p><p> 88 93 124 92 90</p><p> 9 9 8 2 3</p><p> 26 19 33 12 28</p><p> 7 10 9 12 11</p><p> 12 10 11 8 9,5</p><p>: , .</p><p> , , .</p><p> - , . : - - 41.8%; - 12%; - 5% .</p><p> . 35%-, 93,500 . 2010 , 136,472 . 948 . 2010 10,144 .</p><p> - . 755,053- (2010), 2,000,000-, 1990- . 96% , 20- 300 ; . , ( ) ( ) .</p><p>2010 2,920 , , -.</p></li><li><p> : 15</p><p> . 2010 , 8,640 . . , , 68 .</p><p> . 37% , 63% , 2- 5 . 2010 , 2 ; 75% , 336 . .</p><p> 1,094 . 20%- .</p><p> - </p><p> . - , .</p><p> - . - ; , / , .</p><p> . ( 1,000 ), - . - , . .</p><p> ; . , </p></li><li><p> : 16</p><p> . . , . , , , ( ) .</p><p> - </p><p> . . . , - . , .</p><p> , . . , . , . , , , . , , .</p><p> , . ( ) , . , , . </p></li><li><p> : 17</p><p>2</p><p> - . - 60% . 1.2 . - , , . </p><p> . - , 84% . - .</p><p> . , . .</p><p> ; , , , 2010 . </p><p> . - , - . , - , . - . - , , - 180,000 .</p><p> , - . , 2010 16,000 . , 1,419 4,500 . </p><p>2 , 2012 ; .</p></li><li><p> : 18</p><p> - , - 5-8- 200250- . 281,000 - , 9%- . 2010 - 2.18 .</p><p> 41%- . : , - , . (15%), (9%), (9%), (7%) (7%). , , . </p><p> . - - 9%- . , (42%). - . - , .</p><p> -. 2010 , 239,846 , - 4.7%- 5.7%- . , - - 51%, (20%) (10%) .</p><p>2010 1,043,504 . - 56%- , (28%), (14%) (2%). , 51% . - 12%- . .</p></li><li><p> : 19</p><p> 1: </p><p>: .</p><p> , , 27% . . 2010 47% .</p><p> , , . , , . </p><p> - 32% 2010 . . . 25%- , 17.6%-. , 98% - 99%- .</p><p> , . 2010 </p></li><li><p> : 20</p><p>, 57%- . 2010 18% .</p><p> 2: </p><p>: .</p><p> - </p><p> , ( ) . - . .</p><p> , , - , . , - . , - . , - - . </p></li><li><p> : 21</p><p> , . , . - , .</p><p> - </p><p> - . - - . , . () - () .</p><p> , , . .</p><p> , , -, . , . , , , - , , . , - , .</p><p>3</p><p> , - 65%- . , , 559,999 , 3.1 . 62% (2.2 ), 27% (903,900 ) . , . </p><p>3 , 2009 ; .</p></li><li><p> : 22</p><p> 3: </p><p>: , .</p><p>250,000 (, , ) 95,000 . 80%- .</p><p> 30,000 , , - . , - . . 6-7 2.5- 9.5 .</p><p> 4: </p><p>: , .</p></li><li><p> : 23</p><p> , , .</p><p> ( ) -, .</p><p> ( ) , , .</p><p> 5: </p><p>: , .</p><p> . , 2/3- . , . , , 103,000 . , , , 70,000 . </p><p> . 150,000 . . 95%- 0.5 - , , . , . 47%- . 28 , , , 3%- .</p></li><li><p> : 24</p><p> : 13 . 1.28 / . , . . .</p><p> , , , . , , ( ) . (1991-1995), .</p><p> . . , . . - , . , . </p><p> , . ,...</p></li></ul>

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