Χιροσίμα - Ναγκασάκι Ο εφιάλτης των πυρηνικών

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Ο εφιάλτης

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<p> :</p> <p>20 : </p> <p>1 : </p> <p> :</p> <p> . :</p> <p> 6 1945, , 08:14:17 , Enola Gay*</p> <p> :, . , 29 . </p> <p> :, , 27 .</p> <p> :, , 26 .</p> <p> :, .</p> <p> :, .</p> <p> :, . , 19 .</p> <p> : .</p> <p> :, .</p> <p> :, .</p> <p> :, , .</p> <p> :, .</p> <p> : . </p> <p>* .</p> <p> , Bock s Car</p> <p> : , 25 .</p> <p> :, , 35 .</p> <p> : .</p> <p> : . 22, . </p> <p> : .</p> <p> : . Enola Gay.</p> <p> : .</p> <p> :.</p> <p> :.</p> <p> : .</p> <p> :.</p> <p> :.</p> <p> :.</p> <p> : </p> <p> 6 , , , , , .</p> <p> 12 1945, , . . . . , . </p> <p> , . . , .</p> <p> : . . 24 , . , Interim Committee, . , : 3) , New York Life Insurance Company, 4) , , 5) , , 6) , , 7) , , 8) , . : 1) , , 2) , 3) , , 4) . </p> <p> .</p> <p> . . : Committee on Social and Political Implications . . . , </p> <p> . ( ) .</p> <p> . . . . </p> <p> :</p> <p> 46% </p> <p> 26% </p> <p> 15% </p> <p> 11% </p> <p> 2% .</p> <p> 16 , . , . : . , , .</p> <p> , . , : ; !.</p> <p> . . , : . , . </p> <p> 26 , , . 2 , : !.</p> <p> . 3 : 6 . , , ().</p> <p> 235 26 , , . 58 . 28 29 . </p> <p> Little Boy . 3 28 , 80 , 4.400 , . </p> <p> , 29 1:30 6 , . : , , . . . . 29, , .</p> <p> , , . , .</p> <p> .</p> <p> , </p> <p> 4.400 62,280 . . , ( ), 1.500 : . </p> <p> , , , . , ( ) , , . , , , , .</p> <p> 1905, (E = mc2) (299.996 ). , .</p> <p> 62 280 235: 235 , . 235 , () , , , 2 1942, , . , , . . . , 235 , . . . . </p> <p> 08: 15 : 17 . 08:16 :08 235. : , . </p> <p> , , .</p> <p> 600 190 . </p> <p> , , . . . . </p> <p> 30.000 . , . , , . , , picadon ( , ) . picadon , , , .. . . , . .</p> <p> . , . . , , , , . . - 50.000. 80.000 .</p> <p> . . , picadon, , , , .</p> <p> , 6 1945, . . . . , , , . . picadon, . , . 90.000 , . </p> <p> . , , , . , . </p> <p> , , . . . 48 3.000 , , . 3 , 9.000 . , 17 . .</p> <p> picadon, . 800 , , .</p> <p> , . .</p> <p> . . </p> <p> . . . . . . . 250 . . . , , .</p> <p> Enola Gay , , . , , . </p> <p> , , , , , , . </p> <p> :</p> <p> 8 16 , . . . </p> <p> ; .</p> <p> ; B - San </p> <p> ;</p> <p> .</p> <p> .</p> <p> , . . , , .</p> <p> . ; : . , . . </p> <p> . . . ! ! . . . . , . , .</p> <p> . , . . . .</p> <p> : , , . , 3 47 72 , . , , , , , . . </p> <p> 7 . . . !</p> <p> , . . . , . .</p> <p> , , , , , , . , . .</p> <p> . , . </p> <p> . . , . , , , . picadon , , . . </p> <p> : , , . , , , . , , . , , , . </p> <p> . . , .</p> <p> , , , picadon. </p> <p> , : 7 , , , . , , , , . . : , . , . . . </p> <p> , 49 , : . . , : , , . . , . . . , , . , . , . </p> <p> , ( ): . , , . , . , , . , : , ; </p> <p> , : , . . , .</p> <p> , : 700 . . . . , . . , . ( , : 8.000 300. 24 ).</p> <p> , . : . , . , . . . ; , , . , , , .</p> <p> , : , . . , . . , , , 12 , , . , . 4 . , , . , , 1908. , , . . , . , . , : , , . , . . . , .</p> <p> , : , , , . , 6 . , . . . . , . </p> <p> , ( ), : , , . . </p> <p> : ; . </p> <p> ; , , . , , , .</p> <p>, 170.000 , 6 . , , 130.000 , . 200.000, 250.000 . </p> <p> : </p> <p> , , : . </p> <p> Bock s car . 3 24 , 1 35 , 4.500 , . . . . . . </p> <p> , , 08:00. . , , . Bock s car , , . </p> <p> . . . . </p> <p> : . . , , . . </p> <p> 9 1945, 11:01. 52 . , , . , , , , . 60.000 80.000. </p> <p> . . . . . </p> <p> . . . </p> <p> , , , . </p> <p> . , . . </p> <p> 4 1967 . 277.955. , , 82,6% , . </p> <p> . , . </p> <p> 1958, 6.572 , , , . 45.835 . , , . </p> <p> picadon, , , , , . </p> <p> , , , . </p> <p> 1960 20 , , . , 13 15 . . 1945 1954 , 25 . , 9 , (4.282) (30.150). 471 , 181 3.630 . 3.630, 1.046 , , , 429 , 243 , 47 ( 25 8 0, 611 .</p> <p> . , , . , . . </p> <p> fall out .</p> <p> , 9 1945, , : , , . , . </p> <p> . 1946 ; , , . , .</p> <p> 1952, , . , 70.000 , 3 5 6 1945, , . , , . , , , .</p> <p> 1960 . 4.000 . . </p> <p> .</p> <p> . , , . 1961 57 , fall out . , , . </p> <p> , , , 1970, .</p> <p> . ..., fall out . , 1958, , . 90 .</p> <p> 1960 1970: , , , , , , , . 90, 137 , . , . </p> <p> 24 1970, : 1.000.000 , 400.000 100.000 .</p> <p> . , , . .</p> <p> , , , . </p> <p>: : </p> <p> : Mondori , 1973</p> <p> 99046</p> <p>15/5/2003 </p> <p>25 1945</p> <p>: </p> <p>1. 509 , 20 , , 3 1945 , : , , . , . .</p> <p>2. . .</p> <p>3. . . .</p> <p>4. . ton .</p> <p> .. </p> <p>( )</p> <p>WAR DEPARTMENT</p> <p>OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF STAFF</p> <p>Washington D.C.</p> <p>25 July 1945</p> <p>To:General Carl SpaatsCommanding GeneralUnited States Army, Strategic Air Force</p> <p>1. The 509 Composite Group, 20th Air Force will deliver its first special bomb as soon aw weather will permit visual bombing after about 3 August 1945 on one of the targets, Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata and Nagasaki. To carry military and civilian scientific personnel from the war department to observe and record the effects of the explosion of the bomb, additional aircraft will accompany the airplane carrying the bomb. The observing planes will stay several miles distant from the point of impact of the bomb.</p> <p>2. Additional bombs will be delivered on the above targets as soon as made ready by the project staff. Further instructions will be issued concerning targets other than those listed above. </p> <p>3. Dissemination of any and all information concerning the use of the weapons against Japan is reserved to the Secretary of War and the President of the United States. No communiqus on the subject or releases of information will be insured by Commanders in the field without specific prior authority. Any news stories will be sent to the War Department for special clearance.</p> <p>4. The forgoing directive is issued to you by direction and with the approval of the Secretary of war and of the Chief of Staff, USA. It is desired that you personally deliver one copy of this directive to General Macarthur and one copy to Admiral Nimits for their information</p> <p>THOS, T, HANDY</p> <p>General, G.S.C.</p> <p>Acting Chief of Staff</p>