Форматы файлов графических изображений

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. 8 : .., .. BMP. Windows, Windows, . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p> 8</p><p>: .., ..</p></li><li><p>BMP Windows, Windows, .</p><p> , BMP-, BMP, RLE, run length encoding ( ).</p><p> RLE , RLE, BMP-.</p></li><li><p>BMP BMP 1, 4, 8, 16 24 (/).</p><p> /, , .</p><p> 1 / , 24 / - 16 . .</p></li><li><p>PCX IBM PC. </p><p> Paintbrush ZSoft, 80- . Microsoft , . Windows Paintbrush Windows. , PCX .</p></li><li><p>PCX PCX : PCX, . 128- PCX , . RLE; 256 RGB, . PCX CGA- EGA- VGA . PCX 1, 4, 8 24 .</p></li><li><p>TIFF TIFF (Tagged Image File Format, , ) - .</p><p> 70 .</p><p>, TIFF, , , .</p></li><li><p>TIFF TIFF (Tagged Image File Format, , ) - .</p><p> TIFF TIFF. 8- (IFH), - (Image File Directory, IFD) - . IFD , . . TIFF 70 . , , - . ( ), . , TIFF, , , .</p></li><li><p>TIFF TIFF ? , - . TIFF , TIFF . , TIFF, , . TIFF , , .</p></li><li><p>TIFF TIFF , IFD . TIFF , TIFF RLE, LZW (LempelZivWelch) . LZW Unisys Corp. LZW. TIFF , LZW .</p></li><li><p>TIFF , TIFF , - .</p></li><li><p>TIFF </p></li><li><p>GIFGIF (Graphics Interchange Format - , ) - CompuServe</p><p> -, LZW, .</p><p> GIF GIF.</p></li><li><p>GIF GIF GIF-, . :GIF87aGIF89a</p><p> . , GIF 13- , , GIF-, GIF . , , . , .</p></li><li><p>GIF87 GIF87a , . 10- , . LZW.</p></li><li><p>GIF89 GIF89a , . GIF89a . , , (, ); , , ; , ASCII; , , . .</p></li><li><p>GIF - </p><p> : , GIF-, 256 . , GIF, CompuServe . CompuServe , Unisys , , LZW, . GIF.</p></li><li><p>GIF </p><p>, , , , , .</p></li><li><p>PNG PNG (Portable Network Graphic - , ) </p><p> GIF, LZ77 ( LZW), PNG-8 8 PNG-24 24 </p></li><li><p>PNG-8 </p><p>, , , .</p></li><li><p>PNG-24 </p><p>, , , .</p></li><li><p>JPEG JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group - , ) C-Cube Microsystems . - ( ) . , . , . JPEG , , ( ) .</p></li><li><p> JPEG 8 . : (DCT) 88 8x8 , ( ) . , , , . .</p></li><li><p>JPEG JPEG . , . , . JPEG , . , , .</p></li><li><p>JPEG , , . , 50%- . , , 90%. JPEG.</p></li><li><p>JPEG </p><p> . , .</p></li><li><p> * .</p></li></ul>

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