中小企業對我國研發競爭力的貢獻和限制: 台灣與七大工業國家( G7 )的專利品質比較

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  • G7

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    .

    .

  • 1973 200020036846

  • 1 2 3

  • 11975-2001 400 1600 2 3

  • 1

    (%)1975~19851986~19961997~20011975~19851986~19961997~2001Taiwan67.36944.274302.627.3024.9730.39G7USA386444993579717-1.324.397.14Japan796219824307398.415.959.58Germany5847728199681.660.4013.96France2119284240030.351.7712.44UK245725753905-0.950.3416.24Canada1141186434711.215.2915.47Italy759118817212.532.9614.00South Korea16.36539.093225.233.9140.5623.27

  • 2 - 1985 Taiwan1274223990(7%)(4%)(2%)(13%)(22%)(52%)G7USA8098396226676421826010148(20%)(10%)(7%)(16%)(21%)(26%)Japan21252517546249132691798(17%)(20%)(4%)(20%)(26%)(14%)Germany168348239298718151359(25%)(7%)(6%)(15%)(27%)(20%)France471281196443548461(20%)(12%)(8%)(18%)(23%)(19%)UK535236242407543531(21%)(9%)(10%)(16%)(22%)(21%)Canada24613073178311404(18%)(10%)(5%)(13%)(23%)(30%)Italy205629982221250(22%)(7%)(11%)(9%)(24%)(27%)South Korea7422917(17%)(10%)(5%)(5%)(22%)(41%)

  • 2 -2001 Taiwan37744311324788991050(7%)(8%)(2%)(46%)(17%)(20%)G7USA111891938112540123951172016681(13%)(23%)(15%)(15%)(14%)(20%)Japan3587104931413722352133175(12%)(34%)(5%)(23%)(17%)(10%)Germany2056905923151223141627(22%)(10%)(10%)(16%)(25%)(17%)France756609669638525623(20%)(16%)(18%)(17%)(14%)(16%)UK683749676437444583(19%)(21%)(19%)(12%)(12%)(16%)Canada420628457313601807(13%)(19%)(14%)(10%)(19%)(25%)Italy293134211208357289(20%)(9%)(14%)(14%)(24%)(19%)South Korea42910831201291413271(12%)(30%)(3%)(36%)(11%)(8%)

  • 3 claim1975-19851986-19961997-19991975-19851986-19961997-19991975-19851986-19961997-1999Taiwan0.470.430.290.270.340.385.875.678.27G7USA0.540.530.450.410.480.5210.7314.0816.70Japan0.500.490.410.400.440.468.7710.5913.25Germany0.510.490.390.390.440.479.9411.5712.88France0.520.500.370.390.450.479.5811.3713.73UK0.530.510.310.410.460.5010.0111.8814.53Canada0.510.500.460.360.440.4810.0612.9914.82Italy0.480.460.260.360.410.447.829.5213.40

    South Korea0.490.460.360.250.390.436.058.9310.48

  • 4 2001 (%)Taiwan0.2419.64G7USA4.4814.04Japan1.0614.08Germany1.535.16France1.935.52UK3.567.17Canada3.674.92Italy1.695.55South Korea0.7921.46

  • 1A

    Chart2

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    43919381104939056097496281341298

    Taiwan

    USA

    Japan

    Germany

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    UK

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    Year

    Patent number

    Computers and communications

    Sheet1

    Category 2

    TaiwanUSAJapanGermanyFranceUKCanadaItalySouth_Korea

    199057593148235553363821848134

    199165637051855983383671886584

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    Category 4

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    199012775214106108350344122914284

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    199428488274971954540340248134404

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  • 1B

    Chart3

    12775214106108350344122914284

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    Taiwan

    USA

    Japan

    Germany

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    Electrical and electronics

    Sheet1

    Category 2

    TaiwanUSAJapanGermanyFranceUKCanadaItalySouth_Korea

    199057593148235553363821848134

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    199012775214106108350344122914284

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  • 1C

    Chart3

    555336382184813457

    598338367188658465

    4793483411946010058

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    Germany

    France

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    South_Korea

    Taiwan

    Year

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    Computers and communicationswithout US and Japan)

    Sheet1

    Category 2

    TaiwanUSAJapanGermanyFranceUKCanadaItalySouth_Korea

    199057593148235553363821848134

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    199012775214106108350344122914284

    1991140815845411104585451251138177

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    199654994895320969496349270165539

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    Category 4 (without US and Japan)

  • 1D

    Chart3

    108350344122914284127

    1104585451251138177140

    998544373237132228211

    907530324214131312234

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    Germany

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    Year

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    Electrical and electronicswithout US and Japan

    Sheet1

    Category 2

    TaiwanUSAJapanGermanyFranceUKCanadaItalySouth_Korea

    199057593148235553363821848134

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    Category 4 (without US and Japan)

  • 5 TaiwanKoreaTaiwanKoreaTaiwanKoreaTaiwanKorea197573.969.264540.220.25198093.887.541410.251198591.958.5141713130.080.13199084.425.811416771430.070.17199562.49.460910521841010.120.18200040.95.9342733476163100.040.19 200138.36.9405236017323970.050.18

  • 6 50301051975~1985:Taiwan0002South Korea0011

    1986~1996:Taiwan462557South Korea13183144

    1997~2001:Taiwan223699182South Korea21325997

  • 7 1997-2001Taiwan1. United Microelectronics Co.4016032. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. 4115523. Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.6610034. Industrial Technology Research Institute Taiwan679985. Vanguard International Semiconductor Co.1365286. Winbond Electronics Co.1774397. Advantest Co.2103698. National Science Council 2163639. Mosel Vitelic, Incorporated354219

  • Korea1. Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.563252. Hyundai Electronics Industries Co., Ltd.4514353. LG Electronics Inc.6410254. Daewood Electronics Co., Ltd.689815. LG Semiconductor Co., Ltd.709626. Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute1485047. Hyundai Motor Co., Ltd.1884168. Samsung Display Devices Co., Ltd.2393409. Korea Institute of Science and Technology412184

    7 1997-2001

  • 8 YearTaiwanSouth Korea19851019901319958152000353720014342

  • 2A

    Chart2

    85.396142150178.3661603833163.7623025335

    87.02392214296.526416122183.550338264

    119.7065602628181.4770157734301.1835760363

    222.5219829282159.8901968437382.4121797719

    257.4980666256173.3108283911430.8088950166

    322.1596186321187.1416760484509.3012946806

    363.4004678276208.3907273535571.7911951811

    412.1452494271273.5132715448685.6585209719

    534.5723730905516.79236046751051.364733558

    797.6101847009612.72470365881410.3348883597

    950.46593547711042.68590510371993.1518405807

    1218.74302714761442.02305689852660.7660840461

    1645.58895685761514.82775422113160.4167110787

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    2741.84673201384079.86619167136821.7129236851

    2570.15923275784140.5648970466710.7241298038

    2848.15005814654675.1407653757523.2908235215

    3064.32499527325101.10724737978165.4322426529

    2892.52915815954930.3138510057822.8430091645

    Public R&D

    Private R&D

    Total R&D

    R&D expenditure (million of 1990 $)

    Sheet1

    YearPublic R&DPublic/TotalPrivate R&DPrivate/TotalTotal R&DGNPR&D/GNPpatent numberNo. of SME/Total Firms

    19783759.0056.21%2929.0043.79%6688.00989271.000.0067629.00000

    19794944.0052.15%4537.0047.85%9481.001196238.000.0079338.00000

    19804231.0047.41%4693.0052.59%8924.001488953.000.0059965.00000

    19815120.0039.75%7762.0060.25%12882.001764278.000.0073080.00000

    19829813.0058.19%7051.0041.81%16864.001899289.000.0088888.00000

    198311476.0059.77%7724.0040.23%19200.002103261.000.0091365.00000

    198414197.0063.26%8247.0036.74%22444.002368478.000.0094899.00000

    198516141.0063.55%9256.0036.45%25397.002515049.000.01010174.00000

    198617252.0060.11%11449.0039.89%28701.002925772.000.00981208.00000

    198718701.0050.85%18079.0049.15%36780.003303031.000.01114343.000000.98

    198824793.0056.55%19046.0043.45%43839.003611536.000.01214457.000000.98

    198926127.0047.69%28662.0052.31%54789.004029254.000.01360591.000000.97

    199032772.0045.80%38776.0054.20%71548.004411995.000.01622732.000000.97

    199142574.0052.07%39191.0047.93%81765.004927801.000.01659906.000000.97

    199249509.0052.21%45319.0047.79%94828.005459814.000.017371001.000000.97

    199350732.0048.96%52885.0051.04%103617.006032180.000.017181189.000000.96

    199454386.0047.42%60296.0052.58%114682.006571009.000.017451443.000000.96

    199554694.0043.74%70337.0056.26%125031.007129131.000.017541620.000000.98

    199657386.0041.60%80569.0058.40%137955.007787626.000.017711897.000000.98

    199762830.0040.19%93491.0059.81%156321.008417392.000.018572057.000000.98

    199867581.0038.30%108874.0061.70%176455.009006625.000.019593100.000000.98

    199972127.0037.86%118394.0062.14%190521.009375841.000.020323693.00000

    200074167.0037.53%123464.0062.47%197631.009803348.000.020164667

    200175790.0036.98%129184.0063.02%204974.009698047.000.0211453650.98

    Sheet1

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    Public R&D

    Private R&D

    Total R&D

    Figure. 0 Public R&D and private R&D in Taiwan

    R&D expenditure

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    GNP

    Sheet3

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    Public/Total

    Private/Total

    R&D/GNP

    No. of SME/Total Firms

    00

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    &A

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    R&D/GNP

    patent number

    R&D/GNP

    Patents number

    CPICPI(1990)exchange ratePublic R&DPrivate R&DTotal R&DPublic\1990$Private\1990$Total\1990$

    19604915.3077.52

    19615016.4977.52

    19625116.8877.52

    19635217.2577.52

    19645317.2277.52

    19655417.2177.52

    19665517.5677.52

    19675618.1577.52

    19685719.5877.52

    19695820.5777.52

    19705921.3177.52

    19716021.9077.52

    19726122.5677.52

    19736224.4077.52

    19746335.9977.52

    19756437.8777.52

    19766538.8177.52

    19776641.5577.52

    19786743.9477.523759.002929.006688.00

    19796848.2377.5236.0204944.004537.009481.0085.396142150178.3661603833163.76

    19806957.4077.5236.0004231.004693.008924.0087.02392214296.526416122183.55

    19817066.7777.5236.8405120.007762.0012882.00119.7065602628181.4770157734301.18

    19827168.7577.5239.1109813.007051.0016864.00222.5219829282159.8901968437382.41

    19837269.6877.5240.06011476.007724.0019200.00257.4980666256173.3108283911430.81

    19847369.6677.5239.60014197.008247.0022444.00322.1596186321187.1416760484509.30

    19857469.5577.5239.85016141.009256.0025397.00363.4004678276208.3907273535571.79

    19867570.0477.5237.82017252.0011449.0028701.00412.1452494271273.5132715448685.66

    1987...

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