Урок химии по теме: Классификация химических реакций в неорганической и органической химии.

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  • : . 11 ..

  • , , () . : , ; , , ; ; . .HCI + NaOH = NaCI + H2O , .14 7N + 4 2He 1 1H + 17 8O

  • I. :1) , ) . 3O2 2O3 12000 C C 2500 P4 P t0C S S

  • ) , , AICI3CH3 CH2 CH2 CH3 CH3 CH CH3 CH3 5000C, SiO2CH3 CH2 CH = CH2 CH3 CH = CH CH3 2500C, AI2O3CH3 CH2 CH = CH2 CH3 C= CH2 CH3

  • KOHCH3 CH2 C CH CH3 C CCH3 2500CCH3 CH2 CH2CICH3 CH(CI) CH3

    ) NH4OCN ( NH2)2CO

  • 2) ,

    ) ,

    4P+5O2 = 2P2O5 CO + CI2 = COCI2 CaO + H2O = Ca(OH)2 4NO2 + 2H2O + O2 = 4HNO3

  • CH2 = CH2 + Br2 CH2Br CH2Br H3PO4, t0CCH2 = CH2+ H2O CH3 CH2 OH p,Ni CH2 = CH2 + H2 CH3 CH3 CH2 = CH2 + HBr CH3 CH2 Br n CH2 = CH2 ( CH2 CH2 )n

  • ) ,

    .2H2O = 2H2 + O2 t0C, MnO22KCIO3 = 2KCI + 3O2 t0C2KMnO4 = K2MnO4 + MnO2 + O2

  • ()

    CH2Br CH2Br CH3 + Zn CH2= CH CH3 + ZnBr2 CH3 CH(OH) CH2 CH3 CH3 CH =CH CH3 + H2O CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 + H2 CH3 CHCI CH2 CH3 + KOH CH3 CH = CH CH3 + KCI + H2O CH3 CH2 CH3 CH4 + CH2 =CH2

  • ) ,

    2K + 2H2O = 2KOH + H2

    Fe + 2HCI = FeCI2 + H2

    2AI + 3CuCI2 = 2AICI3 + 3Cu

    2AI + Cr2O3 = AI2O3 +2Cr

  • CH4 + CI2 CH3CI + HCI

    , , C6H6 + HNO3 C6H5NO2 + H2O

    CH3 CH2 OH + HCI CH3 CH2 CI + H2O

  • ) , . (, , )

    2NaOH + H2SO4 = Na2SO4 + 2H2O

    2NaOH + CuCI2 = Cu(OH)2 + Na2SO4

    2NaOH + SO3 = Na2SO4 + H2O

  • CH3COOH + KOH CH3COOK + H2O

    2CH3COOH + K2O CH3COOK + H2O

    2CH3COOH + Na2SiO3 2CH3COONa + H2SiO3

  • II. , 1) , , ( , , )Na2SO3 + KMnO4 + H2SO4= Na2SO4 + MnSO4 + K2SO4 + H2O

    CH2= CH2 + KMnO4 + H2O CH2(OH) CH2(OH) + MnO2 + KOH

  • 2) , ( , , , )

    2NaOH + H2SO4 = Na2SO4 + 2H2O CaO + H2O = Ca(OH)2

    HCOOH + CH3OH HCOOCH3+ H2O

  • III. 1) , ( , N2 + O2 = 2NO Q , H2 + I2 =2HI Q) , 2C6H6 + 15O2 12CO2 +6H2O + Q2) , ( ) CaCO3 = CaO + CO2 . , , .

  • IV. ( ) , CaC2() + 2H2O() = C2H2+ Ca(OH)2(-)

    2) , H2() + F2() = 2HF()

  • V.

    , MnO22H2O2 = 2H2O + O2

    2) , 2HgO= 2Hg + O2

  • VI. 1) , ( , )KOH + HCI = KCI + H2O

    2) , 2SO2 + O2 2SO3

  • VII. 1) ,

    2) ,

  • VIII. , H2 + CI2 =2HCI2) 2H2O = 2H2 + O23) 2KNO3 = 2KNO2 + O24)

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