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***This illustrates the elements of a GHS label.The GHS does not specify a format for the label, but does specify that the harmonised label elements, also referred to as the core information, needs to be located together on the label.Labels need to be legible and easily read, as well as placed on the container so they can be readily accessed.
*These are the pictograms used in the GHS, with the hazard classes they are applied to. The first two rows were taken from the international transport system, and thus many will already be familiar with them.
Training will be required for many users to be able to identify these pictograms accurately. This is one of the reasons countries conduct comprehensibility testing. It helps them determine which pictograms require more training to understand.
*As a comparison, these are the transport pictograms. They have different colors and backgrounds that are used to convey other aspects of the hazard. They do not include words on labels or markings, so hazard is conveyed solely through the pictogram. The symbols appear in the upper portion of the frame.
The GHS pictograms are the same shape as the transport pictograms so users will know that this shaped pictogram conveys hazard. However, transport participants in the harmonisation process were concerned that transport workers be able to differentiate the hazards of concern to them when labels serve a dual purpose (for example, a label on a large drum that will be seen by both transport workers and manufacturing facility workers). Since transport doesnt cover chronic health effects, for example, transport workers will be trained not to respond to the pictograms on the label to convey those types of effects.*This illustrates a label for the same product that has a dual purpose, i.e., it would be used for transport compliance in addition to being in the workplace. In this instance, the pictograms are the transport pictogramsthe GHS specifies that where the label is dual purpose, the pictograms are only presented once and in the transport format. Therefore, workers who may encounter these labels will have to be trained to recognize the transport version of the pictograms as well.*All chemicals have the potential to pose hazards, and require hazard classification and communication.
The need for hazard information is dependent on the stage of the life cycle of the chemical. Some chemicals are already regulated based on risk at certain stages of their life cycle, and are thus exempt from the GHS hazard approach.****