שיטה חדשה לניתוח הפרעות תדר לצורך ניהול התנהגות דינמית של רשת הייצור נזאר עאמר אחמד זידאן

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<ul><li><p> : ' </p></li><li><p> :</p><p> DVG (Deutsche Verbundgesellschaft ) . df [Hz] dMW : </p></li><li><p> : df [Hz] - 50%[MW] 5 100% [MW] 30 . DVG : </p></li><li><p> : - f(t). DVG f(t) dMW :</p></li><li><p> - DVG Requirement </p></li><li><p> DM (Dynamic Merit) DVG : - DM Dynamic MeritE1 - DVG E2 - - 30 100% &gt; DM " 100% &lt; DM DVG .</p></li><li><p> DM (Dynamic Merit) DVG E1 - DVG E2 - - 30 .</p></li><li><p> . : : DM . - DM - .</p><p> : DM . </p><p> : DM .</p></li><li><p> :</p></li><li><p> (Active Power) : (Mechanical Power) (Kinetic Power). " : , [Time, Frequency], [Time, MW]. Standard Power : . DVG . - Standard Power " DVG -MW0, HL, LL,FR0 </p></li><li><p> Speed Droop [MW/Hz] - dMW - df :</p><p> Fr0 [Hz] - MW0 [MW] . :,HL (High Limit) - LL (Low Limit). J [MW*sec3] Dead zone </p></li><li><p> 1 (RUT1) 2 (RUT2) </p><p> : </p><p> - DM - DM.</p></li><li><p> ( ) </p></li><li><p> - DM : </p></li><li><p> Butterworth Low Pass Wco (Standard Deviation = SD) - (Index Quality = IQ) .</p><p> SD " .</p><p> - IQ () - IQ - 95% . , 1 - 2 - SD - IQ - 95% .</p></li><li><p> , 1 - 2 </p></li><li><p> 1 (RUT 1)</p></li><li><p> 1 (RUT 1) </p></li><li><p> Tau (Mechanical Power) </p><p>1</p><p>1.61482.2682</p><p>1.5892.2588</p><p>1.5682.2516</p><p>1.49752.2341</p><p>1.4952.256</p><p>1.43312.2</p><p>1.05571.8614</p><p>1.03321.8464</p><p>1.03421.8475</p><p>1.03641.8497</p><p>1.03851.8519</p><p>1.04361.8568</p><p>1.05121.8639</p><p>1.05611.8685</p><p>1.06561.8773</p><p>RUT1</p><p>RUT2</p><p>Tau value</p><p>Standard Deviation</p><p>Influence of Tau value on the Standard deviation</p><p>Delta_Fr</p><p>Filter Order = 1Filter Order = 2Filter Order = 3Filter Order = 4</p><p>WcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQ</p><p>300.007899.6604300.007899.634300.007899.631500.007899.6317</p><p>100.007799.64100.007799.64100.007799.6548300.007899.631</p><p>30.007699.554530.007799.530.007799.3894150.007899.6215</p><p>10.007299.167510.007498.9710.007698.5595120.007799.652</p><p>0.850.007199.06110.850.007398.760.90.007598.4257100.007799.6715</p><p>0.80.007199.01670.70.007298.550.850.007598.346950.007799.484</p><p>0.70.00798.90.60.007298.340.70.007698.041830.007899.2577</p><p>0.60.00798.76510.50.0074980.50.008397.352120.007998.98</p><p>0.50.00798.56390.10.016491.360.20.011493.766510.007798.1894</p><p>0.30.007597.760.90.007798.0154</p><p>0.10.012793.70.850.007897.9123</p><p>0.80.007997.7957</p><p>0.70.008297.5119</p><p>Without0.00810.60.009596.6149</p><p>Filter0.30.011194.525</p><p>influence of filtering on accuracy calculation of Delta_Fr</p><p>Optimal Filter is of order 1 and with Wco = 0.7</p><p>RUT1(MW)</p><p>Filter Order = 1Filter Order = 2Filter Order = 3Filter Order = 4</p><p>WcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQ</p><p>802.172899.5173802.174699.4302802.174399.4125802.173799.409</p><p>502.167799.4815502.170399.4179502.169899.4094502.169199.4083</p><p>302.158799.4544302.163399.4119302.163199.4084302.162799.4076</p><p>102.115399.4225102.13299.4227102.131199.4441102.1399.4702</p><p>52.043499.381652.102299.384552.107599.303152.10799.1767</p><p>21.781399.151721.837599.988521.88998.710921.941598.4299</p><p>11.481198.708711.35198.344517.322597.811911.319997.2499</p><p>0.91.441598.60.91.317898.20150.91.300697.60840.91.296996.9847</p><p>0.81.400998.48310.81.291698.02260.81.282997.35510.81.274796.6556</p><p>0.71.359798.32140.71.271497.79240.71.266997.02980.71.255996.2311</p><p>0.61.31898.10530.61.254597.4850.61.249896.59430.61.234895.6588</p><p>0.51.274997.8020.51.236797.05360.51.225995.98130.551.218595.2928</p><p>0.41.227697.34610.41.208196.4060.41.18795.0620.521.20795.0396</p><p>0.31.167896.58430.31.139995.33150.391.181294.94470.511.202994.9487</p><p>0.21.072395.0530.281.115895.02590.31.087593.54440.51.198794.8542</p><p>0.191.058694.81010.291.06994.47690.10.688281.18240.31.004291.6811</p><p>0.150.989493.50.250.960693.19630.10.491475.296</p><p>0.10.823290.38230.20.821386.6582</p><p>0.11.101794.8563</p><p>Without2.227</p><p>Filter</p><p>influence of filtering on accuracy calculation of RUT1(MW)</p><p>Optimal Filter is of order 1 and with Wco = 0.2</p><p>RUT2(MW)</p><p>Filter Order = 1Filter Order = 2Filter Order = 3Filter Order = 4</p><p>WcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQ</p><p>807.190899.825807.19699.7935807.190899.787807.183499.7858</p><p>507.164299.812507.170199.789507.161399.7859507.153199.7855</p><p>307.119799.802307.131199.7868307.12599.7855307.121399.785</p><p>106.921799.7899106.989699.7861106.985899.8126106.982399.8322</p><p>56.603699.761556.86199.773256.883199.717256.8899.6299</p><p>25.40699.549425.670999.445825.881899.159826.018798.7901</p><p>13.877399.057212.943298.630312.410597.969612.255697.3187</p><p>0.93.652198.94270.92.664898.455792.227397.73590.92.159997.0264</p><p>0.83.413798.79910.82.422398.24190.82.110897.44930.82.135296.6652</p><p>0.73.16498.61470.72.226497.97250.72.059197.08560.792.136796.6242</p><p>0.62.906598.36960.62.087797.61990.682.05697.00040.772.141696.5389</p><p>0.52.64798.02890.52.01897.13540.652.055596.86290.752.14996.449</p><p>0.42.393697.52270.482.013597.01560.642.056496.81430.72.176296.2012</p><p>0.32.151796.6890.462.012496.8860.622.059596.71240.52.288994.72</p><p>0.21.883995.0410.452.013296.81710.62.064496.60380.32.286791.3671</p><p>0.191.848894.78160.432.017396.67010.52.111595.93620.12.710673.9125</p><p>0.11.226590.08970.42.029796.42350.32.27193.3425</p><p>0.32.106395.26190.11.0405480.3501</p><p>Without7.7177</p><p>Filter</p><p>influence of filtering on accuracy calculation of RUT2(MW)</p><p>Optimal Filter is of order 1 and with Wco = 0.2</p><p>Tau</p><p>Influence of Tau value on the accuracy of calculation of Mechanical Power</p><p>SDSDIQ</p><p>TauRUT1RUT2RUT1RUT2</p><p>Initial value0.351.61482.2682100100</p><p>0.41.5892.258899.99799.997</p><p>0.451.5682.251699.99499.994</p><p>0.81.49752.234199.998499.9983</p><p>1.41.4952.25699.99299.992</p><p>31.43312.299.322499.3109</p><p>101.05571.861499.10699.0908</p><p>201.03321.846499.073299.0575</p><p>211.03421.847599.072399.0565</p><p>231.03641.849799.070999.0552</p><p>251.03851.851999.070399.0545</p><p>301.04361.856899.070199.0543</p><p>401.05121.863999.072499.0567</p><p>501.05611.868599.075199.0594</p><p>1001.06561.877399.083699.068</p><p>Tau Optimal = 20</p><p>Speed Drop</p><p>Influence of Speed Drop value on the Dynamic Merit</p><p>Speed DropDM1DM2</p><p>-50071.335168.1411</p><p>-35071.96668.7438</p><p>-28072.471669.2268</p><p>-25072.877769.6147</p><p>initial Speed Drop-22074.612571.2718</p><p>-20076.704873.2704</p><p>-18079.732276.1623</p><p>-15086.631682.7528</p><p>-13591.849987.7375</p><p>-12099.387494.9374</p><p>-11910095.5701</p><p>-113104.8949100.19</p><p>-100118.5312113.2241</p><p>-50237.0624226.4482</p><p>Dead Zone</p><p>Influence of Dead Zone value on the Dynamic Merit</p><p>Dead ZoneDM1DM2</p><p>074.612571.2718</p><p>0.174.649471.3071</p><p>0.574.871.45</p><p>174.9971.6355</p><p>375.8172.4208</p><p>576.690573.2567</p><p>1079.354175.8011</p><p>3095.797291.5081</p><p>34100.719596.2099</p><p>37104.9042100.2073</p><p>50130.74124.89</p><p>100799763</p><p>Observer_Time</p><p>Influence of Observer Time value on the Dynamic Merit</p><p>With Kinetic PowerWithOut Kinetic Power</p><p>Observer TimeDM1DM2DM1DM2</p><p>2356.7253364.6521401.9973410.1175</p><p>4117.6881129.9615128.7798141.1529</p><p>672.757172.249679.475378.9676</p><p>867.055362.741272.320468.004</p><p>1073.688966.281178.40870.9991</p><p>1280.303272.071784.453276.213</p><p>1481.200975.196184.766178.7613</p><p>1685.838780.98689.092384.2361</p><p>Initial Value1974.612571.271876.992773.6519</p><p>22-31.502188.8595-29.708390.6535</p><p>25-129.1673118.0656-127.5683119.7094</p><p>30-241.8473152.015-240.4771153.4644</p><p>35-303.3682166.5402-302.2117167.76</p><p>Graphs</p><p>Graphs</p><p>1.61482.2682</p><p>1.5892.2588</p><p>1.5682.2516</p><p>1.49752.2341</p><p>1.4952.256</p><p>1.43312.2</p><p>1.05571.8614</p><p>1.03321.8464</p><p>1.03421.8475</p><p>1.03641.8497</p><p>1.03851.8519</p><p>1.04361.8568</p><p>1.05121.8639</p><p>1.05611.8685</p><p>1.06561.8773</p><p>RUT1</p><p>RUT2</p><p>Tau value</p><p>Standard Deviation</p><p>Influence of Tau value on the Standard deviation</p><p>Simulation Graphs</p><p>100100</p><p>99.99799.997</p><p>99.99499.994</p><p>99.998499.9983</p><p>99.99299.992</p><p>99.322499.3109</p><p>99.10699.0908</p><p>99.073299.0575</p><p>99.072399.0565</p><p>99.070999.0552</p><p>99.070399.0545</p><p>99.070199.0543</p><p>99.072499.0567</p><p>99.075199.0594</p><p>99.083699.068</p><p>RUT1</p><p>RUT2</p><p>Tau Value</p><p>Index Quality</p><p>Influence of Tau value on the Index Quality</p><p>Delta_Fr.</p><p>71.335168.1411</p><p>71.96668.7438</p><p>72.471669.2268</p><p>72.877769.6147</p><p>74.612571.2718</p><p>76.704873.2704</p><p>79.732276.1623</p><p>86.631682.7528</p><p>91.849987.7375</p><p>99.387494.9374</p><p>10095.5701</p><p>104.8949100.19</p><p>118.5312113.2241</p><p>237.0624226.4482</p><p>RUT1</p><p>RUT2</p><p>Speed Drop</p><p>Dynamic Merit</p><p>Influence of Speed Drop on the Dynamic Merit</p><p>RUT1(MW).</p><p>356.7253401.9973</p><p>117.6881128.7798</p><p>72.757179.4753</p><p>67.055372.3204</p><p>73.688978.408</p><p>80.303284.4532</p><p>81.200984.7661</p><p>85.838789.0923</p><p>74.612576.9927</p><p>-31.5021-29.7083</p><p>-129.1673-127.5683</p><p>-241.8473-240.4771</p><p>-303.3682-302.2117</p><p>Dynamic Merit1(with Kentic Power)</p><p>Dynamic Merit1(without Kentic Power)</p><p>Observer Time</p><p>Dynamic Merit</p><p>influnece of Observer Time and Kinetic Power on Dynamic Merit</p><p>RUT2(MW).</p><p>364.6521410.1175</p><p>129.9615141.1529</p><p>72.249678.9676</p><p>62.741268.004</p><p>66.281170.9991</p><p>72.071776.213</p><p>75.196178.7613</p><p>80.98684.2361</p><p>71.271873.6519</p><p>88.859590.6535</p><p>118.0656119.7094</p><p>152.015153.4644</p><p>166.5402167.76</p><p>Dynamic Merit2(with Kinetic Power)</p><p>Dynamic Merit2(without Kinetic Power)</p><p>Observer Time</p><p>Dynamic Merit</p><p>Influence of Observer Time and Kinetic Power on Dynamic Merit</p><p>Speed Drop.</p><p>74.612571.2718</p><p>74.649471.3071</p><p>74.871.45</p><p>74.9971.6355</p><p>75.8172.4208</p><p>76.690573.2567</p><p>79.354175.8011</p><p>95.797291.5081</p><p>100.719596.2099</p><p>104.9042100.2073</p><p>130.74124.89</p><p>799763</p><p>RUT1</p><p>RUT2</p><p>Dead Zone</p><p>Dynamic Merit</p><p>Influence of Dead Zone on the Dynamic Merit</p><p>Tau.</p><p>Dead Zone.</p><p>Filter Order = 1Filter Order = 2Filter Order = 3Filter Order = 4</p><p>WcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQ</p><p>800.011899.7753800.011899.7348800.011899.7265800.011899.7249</p><p>500.011799.7586500.011899.729500.011899.7251500.011899.7246</p><p>300.011799.746300.011799.7263300.011799.7246300.011799.7242</p><p>100.011799.7311100.011799.7318100.011799.7425100.011799.7556</p><p>50.01179.710950.011799.713250.011799.672950.011799.6103</p><p>20.011699.591620.011799.513220.011899.367220.011899.211</p><p>10.011499.350410.011599.155210.011698.856510.011798.5427</p><p>0.90.011399.29480.90.011599.07520.90.011698.74320.90.011798.3944</p><p>0.80.011399.2250.80.011498.97510.80.011698.60130.80.011898.2078</p><p>0.70.011299.13470.70.011498.84590.70.011698.41760.70.011897.9564</p><p>0.60.011299.01360.60.011498.67290.60.011698.17090.60.011897.6397</p><p>0.50.011198.84310.50.011498.42930.50.011697.82350.50.011897.1835</p><p>0.40.010897.29140.40.011498.06140.40.011797.29990.40.012196.4971</p><p>0.30.010998.15510.30.011497.44460.30.011996.42360.30.012495.3522</p><p>0.20.010997.290.20.011696.20930.20.012594.67880.20.013293.0856</p><p>0.10.011294.71080.10.011292.54410.10.010289.52680.10.01386.3744</p><p>Without0.0118</p><p>Filter</p><p>influence of filtering on accuracy calculation of Delta_Fr</p><p>Optimal Filter is of order 1 and with Wco = 0.4</p><p>Observer_Time.</p><p>Filter Order = 1Filter Order = 2Filter Order = 3Filter Order = 4</p><p>WcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQ</p><p>801.441299.7011801.442399.6472801.442499.6362801.442599.634</p><p>501.439199.6789501.440899.6395501.44199.6343501.441199.6336</p><p>301.435499.6621301.438299.6358301.438699.6336301.438899.6331</p><p>101.416499.6423101.424999.6532101.425199.6576101.424799.6751</p><p>51.384899.615251.409799.618251.412599.564351.411899.4804</p><p>21.277499.457421.300299.34921.311299.154621.322598.9508</p><p>11.156899.145911.143598.887911.172598.510111.213998.116</p><p>0.91.140599.07530.91.128898.78640.91.163598.36670.91.205797.9276</p><p>0.81.123999.98680.81.116198.65960.81.15798.18750.81.202697.6937</p><p>0.71.107598.87290.71.105998.49660.71.154597.95720.71.204897.3937</p><p>0.61.092598.72070.61.098798.27940.61.154297.65040.61.204896.9936</p><p>0.51.081298.50750.51.094397.97570.51.154197.22140.51.20696.4348</p><p>0.41.079498.18770.41.095897.52170.41.166996.58150.41.256995.6036</p><p>0.31.10497.65510.31.128896.770.30.263195.52510.31.476394.2292</p><p>0.21.241596.59020.21.305495.27130.21.621193.40710.22.031291.4483</p><p>0.11.838793.39020.12.416990.7590.13.531487.010.14.983283.0723</p><p>Without1.4464</p><p>Filter</p><p>influence of filtering on accuracy calculation of RUT1(MW)</p><p>Optimal Filter is of order 1 and with Wco = 0.4</p><p>Graphs.</p><p>Filter Order = 1Filter Order = 2Filter Order = 3Filter Order = 4</p><p>WcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQ</p><p>804.676699.677804.680899.6198804.681399.608804.681499.6057</p><p>504.667999.654504.674599.6116504.675399.6059504.675599.6052</p><p>304.652399.636304.663499.6067304.664799.6052304.664999.6047</p><p>104.573999.6147104.67599.6146104.608899.6287104.609599.6457</p><p>54.44699.587754.548499.5954.566199.536754.570799.4541</p><p>24.016799.431424.115699.331324.136499.142324.147498.9355</p><p>13.472599.114113.496499.851313.542398.451313.599498.0389</p><p>0.93.378599.04130.93.399898.85130.93.462298.30380.93.536497.8514</p><p>0.83.271699.95010.83.284998.7450.83.35298.12130.83.427197.6163</p><p>0.73.148698.83230.73.146698.61320.73.203498.88710.73.266597.3099</p><p>0.63.004798.6750.62.983298.44470.63.025697.57330.63.08196.8966</p><p>0.52.833798.45440.52.797698.22080.53834897.13020.52.877396.3146</p><p>0.42.626298.12370.42.593297.90620.42.630296.45080.42.657595.4163</p><p>0.32.365597.5750.32.3796.63050.32.431895.31580.32.521893.9628</p><p>0.22.019196.49140.22.148395.07670.22.394293.17410.22.660791.2554</p><p>0.11.629293.31970.12.190.68980.12.837887.08230.13.964483.2795</p><p>Without4.7033</p><p>Filter</p><p>influence of filtering on accuracy calculation of RUT2(MW)</p><p>Optimal Filter is of order 1 and with Wco = 0.2</p><p>Simulation Graphs.</p><p>Influence of Speed Drop value on the Dynamic Merit</p><p>Speed DropDM1DM2</p><p>-50038.429334.9741</p><p>-35038.820635.3301</p><p>-25043.148239.267</p><p>initial Speed Drop-22053.504548.6865</p><p>-20058.858253.5551</p><p>-18065.402359.5057</p><p>-15078.492971.4068</p><p>-13587.221679.3409</p><p>-12098.134389.2585</p><p>-117100.652891.5472</p><p>-107110.0689100.103</p><p>-100117.7816107.1102</p><p>-50235.7489214.2205</p><p>Influence of Tau value on the accuracy of calculation of Mechanical Power</p><p>SDSDIQ</p><p>TauRUT1RUT2RUT1RUT2</p><p>Initial value0.351.07442.1609100100</p><p>0.41.05232.147299.975199.9757</p><p>0.451.03452.135599.952599.9536</p><p>0.80.97932.086299.836799.8404</p><p>1.40.96622.055799.724499.7307</p><p>2.20.97662.049999.641199.6494</p><p>31.01092.044999.594899.6041</p><p>51.12032.012799.530299.5411</p><p>101.2251.982399.475899.4879</p><p>151.21081.983299.462699.4749</p><p>201.18371.98899.462199.4745</p><p>301.14541.996899.4799.4822</p><p>501.11232.006899.496599.4965</p><p>1001.09142.014299.497999.5095</p><p>Tau Optimal(for both systems) = 3</p><p>Influence of Dead Zone value on the Dynamic Merit</p><p>Dead ZoneDM1DM2</p><p>053.504548.6865</p><p>0.153.556748.7341</p><p>0.553.766448.9253</p><p>154.030949.1664</p><p>355.114350.1544</p><p>556.240651.1818</p><p>1059.260653.939</p><p>3075.369968.6232</p><p>48.35100.072891.1148</p><p>50103.091593.8633</p><p>53.5110.1265100.2685</p><p>100761.6269693.45</p><p>Influence of Observer Time value on the Dynamic Merit</p><p>With Kinetic PowerWithOut Kinetic Power</p><p>Observer TimeDM1DM2DM1DM2</p><p>2646.6886312.3115741.432743.8779</p><p>4128.402394.4954179.8647145.7106</p><p>670.317156.13896.632782.366</p><p>854.328145.030669.709260.3788</p><p>1049.782243.472359.527553.2024</p><p>1450.199244.680255.359849.8369</p><p>1851.794347.538855.138750.8117</p><p>2252.892548.154655.308250.5701</p><p>2656.375948.642555.330150.5969</p><p>Initial Value3053.504548.686555.160750.3429</p><p>3453.386948.829254.856150.2985</p><p>3852.946848.832654.248850.1348</p><p>4552.685948.721453.765249.801</p><p>1.07442.1609</p><p>1.05232.1472</p><p>1.03452.1355</p><p>0.97932.0862</p><p>0.96622.0557</p><p>0.97662.0499</p><p>1.01092.0449</p><p>1.12032.0127</p><p>1.2251.9823</p><p>1.21081.9832</p><p>1.18371.988</p><p>1.14541.9968</p><p>1.11232.0068</p><p>1.09142.0142</p><p>RUT1</p><p>RUT2</p><p>Tau value</p><p>Standard Deviation</p><p>Influence on Tau Value on the Standard Deviation</p><p>100100</p><p>99.975199.9757</p><p>99.952599.9536</p><p>99.836799.8404</p><p>99.724499.7307</p><p>99.641199.6494</p><p>99.594899.6041</p><p>99.530299.5411</p><p>99.475899.4879</p><p>99.462699.4749</p><p>99.462199.4745</p><p>99.4799.4822</p><p>99.496599.4965</p><p>99.497999.5095</p><p>RUT1</p><p>RUT2</p><p>Tau</p><p>Index Quality</p><p>Influence of Tau value on the Index Quality</p><p>38.429334.9741</p><p>38.820635.3301</p><p>43.148239.267</p><p>53.504548.6865</p><p>58.858253.5551</p><p>65.40235...</p></li></ul>

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