שיטה חדשה לניתוח הפרעות תדר לצורך ניהול התנהגות דינמית של רשת הייצור נזאר עאמר אחמד זידאן

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  • :

    DVG (Deutsche Verbundgesellschaft ) . df [Hz] dMW :

  • : df [Hz] - 50%[MW] 5 100% [MW] 30 . DVG :

  • : - f(t). DVG f(t) dMW :

  • - DVG Requirement

  • DM (Dynamic Merit) DVG : - DM Dynamic MeritE1 - DVG E2 - - 30 100% > DM " 100% < DM DVG .

  • DM (Dynamic Merit) DVG E1 - DVG E2 - - 30 .

  • . : : DM . - DM - .

    : DM .

    : DM .

  • :

  • (Active Power) : (Mechanical Power) (Kinetic Power). " : , [Time, Frequency], [Time, MW]. Standard Power : . DVG . - Standard Power " DVG -MW0, HL, LL,FR0

  • Speed Droop [MW/Hz] - dMW - df :

    Fr0 [Hz] - MW0 [MW] . :,HL (High Limit) - LL (Low Limit). J [MW*sec3] Dead zone

  • 1 (RUT1) 2 (RUT2)

    :

    - DM - DM.

  • ( )

  • - DM :

  • Butterworth Low Pass Wco (Standard Deviation = SD) - (Index Quality = IQ) .

    SD " .

    - IQ () - IQ - 95% . , 1 - 2 - SD - IQ - 95% .

  • , 1 - 2

  • 1 (RUT 1)

  • 1 (RUT 1)

  • Tau (Mechanical Power)

    1

    1.61482.2682

    1.5892.2588

    1.5682.2516

    1.49752.2341

    1.4952.256

    1.43312.2

    1.05571.8614

    1.03321.8464

    1.03421.8475

    1.03641.8497

    1.03851.8519

    1.04361.8568

    1.05121.8639

    1.05611.8685

    1.06561.8773

    RUT1

    RUT2

    Tau value

    Standard Deviation

    Influence of Tau value on the Standard deviation

    Delta_Fr

    Filter Order = 1Filter Order = 2Filter Order = 3Filter Order = 4

    WcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQ

    300.007899.6604300.007899.634300.007899.631500.007899.6317

    100.007799.64100.007799.64100.007799.6548300.007899.631

    30.007699.554530.007799.530.007799.3894150.007899.6215

    10.007299.167510.007498.9710.007698.5595120.007799.652

    0.850.007199.06110.850.007398.760.90.007598.4257100.007799.6715

    0.80.007199.01670.70.007298.550.850.007598.346950.007799.484

    0.70.00798.90.60.007298.340.70.007698.041830.007899.2577

    0.60.00798.76510.50.0074980.50.008397.352120.007998.98

    0.50.00798.56390.10.016491.360.20.011493.766510.007798.1894

    0.30.007597.760.90.007798.0154

    0.10.012793.70.850.007897.9123

    0.80.007997.7957

    0.70.008297.5119

    Without0.00810.60.009596.6149

    Filter0.30.011194.525

    influence of filtering on accuracy calculation of Delta_Fr

    Optimal Filter is of order 1 and with Wco = 0.7

    RUT1(MW)

    Filter Order = 1Filter Order = 2Filter Order = 3Filter Order = 4

    WcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQ

    802.172899.5173802.174699.4302802.174399.4125802.173799.409

    502.167799.4815502.170399.4179502.169899.4094502.169199.4083

    302.158799.4544302.163399.4119302.163199.4084302.162799.4076

    102.115399.4225102.13299.4227102.131199.4441102.1399.4702

    52.043499.381652.102299.384552.107599.303152.10799.1767

    21.781399.151721.837599.988521.88998.710921.941598.4299

    11.481198.708711.35198.344517.322597.811911.319997.2499

    0.91.441598.60.91.317898.20150.91.300697.60840.91.296996.9847

    0.81.400998.48310.81.291698.02260.81.282997.35510.81.274796.6556

    0.71.359798.32140.71.271497.79240.71.266997.02980.71.255996.2311

    0.61.31898.10530.61.254597.4850.61.249896.59430.61.234895.6588

    0.51.274997.8020.51.236797.05360.51.225995.98130.551.218595.2928

    0.41.227697.34610.41.208196.4060.41.18795.0620.521.20795.0396

    0.31.167896.58430.31.139995.33150.391.181294.94470.511.202994.9487

    0.21.072395.0530.281.115895.02590.31.087593.54440.51.198794.8542

    0.191.058694.81010.291.06994.47690.10.688281.18240.31.004291.6811

    0.150.989493.50.250.960693.19630.10.491475.296

    0.10.823290.38230.20.821386.6582

    0.11.101794.8563

    Without2.227

    Filter

    influence of filtering on accuracy calculation of RUT1(MW)

    Optimal Filter is of order 1 and with Wco = 0.2

    RUT2(MW)

    Filter Order = 1Filter Order = 2Filter Order = 3Filter Order = 4

    WcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQWcoSDIQ

    807.190899.825807.19699.7935807.190899.787807.183499.7858

    507.164299.812507.170199.789507.161399.7859507.153199.7855

    307.119799.802307.131199.7868307.12599.7855307.121399.785

    106.921799.7899106.989699.7861106.985899.8126106.982399.8322

    56.603699.761556.86199.773256.883199.717256.8899.6299

    25.40699.549425.670999.445825.881899.159826.018798.7901

    13.877399.057212.943298.630312.410597.969612.255697.3187

    0.93.652198.94270.92.664898.455792.227397.73590.92.159997.0264

    0.83.413798.79910.82.422398.24190.82.110897.44930.82.135296.6652

    0.73.16498.61470.72.226497.97250.72.059197.08560.792.136796.6242

    0.62.906598.36960.62.087797.61990.682.05697.00040.772.141696.5389

    0.52.64798.02890.52.01897.13540.652.055596.86290.752.14996.449

    0.42.393697.52270.482.013597.01560.642.056496.81430.72.176296.2012

    0.32.151796.6890.462.012496.8860.622.059596.71240.52.288994.72

    0.21.883995.0410.452.013296.81710.62.064496.60380.32.286791.3671

    0.191.848894.78160.432.017396.67010.52.111595.93620.12.710673.9125

    0.11.226590.08970.42.029796.42350.32.27193.3425

    0.32.106395.26190.11.0405480.3501

    Without7.7177

    Filter

    influence of filtering on accuracy calculation of RUT2(MW)

    Optimal Filter is of order 1 and with Wco = 0.2

    Tau

    Influence of Tau value on the accuracy of calculation of Mechanical Power

    SDSDIQ

    TauRUT1RUT2RUT1RUT2

    Initial value0.351.61482.2682100100

    0.41.5892.258899.99799.997

    0.451.5682.251699.99499.994

    0.81.49752.234199.998499.9983

    1.41.4952.25699.99299.992

    31.43312.299.322499.3109

    101.05571.861499.10699.0908

    201.03321.846499.073299.0575

    211.03421.847599.072399.0565

    231.03641.849799.070999.0552

    251.03851.851999.070399.0545

    301.04361.856899.070199.0543

    401.05121.863999.072499.0567

    501.05611.868599.075199.0594

    1001.06561.877399.083699.068

    Tau Optimal = 20

    Speed Drop

    Influence of Speed Drop value on the Dynamic Merit

    Speed DropDM1DM2

    -50071.335168.1411

    -35071.96668.7438

    -28072.471669.2268

    -25072.877769.6147

    initial Speed Drop-22074.612571.2718

    -20076.704873.2704

    -18079.732276.1623

    -15086.631682.7528

    -13591.849987.7375

    -12099.387494.9374

    -11910095.5701

    -113104.8949100.19

    -100118.5312113.2241

    -50237.0624226.4482

    Dead Zone

    Influence of Dead Zone value on the Dynamic Merit

    Dead ZoneDM1DM2

    074.612571.2718

    0.174.649471.3071

    0.574.871.45

    174.9971.6355

    375.8172.4208

    576.690573.2567

    1079.354175.8011

    3095.797291.5081

    34100.719596.2099

    37104.9042100.2073

    50130.74124.89

    100799763

    Observer_Time

    Influence of Observer Time value on the Dynamic Merit

    With Kinetic PowerWithOut Kinetic Power

    Observer TimeDM1DM2DM1DM2

    2356.7253364.6521401.9973410.1175

    4117.6881129.9615128.7798141.1529

    672.757172.249679.475378.9676

    867.055362.741272.320468.004

    1073.688966.281178.40870.9991

    1280.303272.071784.453276.213

    1481.200975.196184.766178.7613

    1685.838780.98689.092384.2361

    Initial Value1974.612571.271876.992773.6519

    22-31.502188.8595-29.708390.6535

    25-129.1673118.0656-127.5683119.7094

    30-241.8473152.015-240.4771153.4644

    35-303.3682166.5402-302.2117167.76

    Graphs

    Graphs

    1.61482.2682

    1.5892.2588

    1.5682.2516

    1.49752.2341

    1.4952.256

    1.43312.2

    1.05571.8614

    1.03321.8464

    1.03421.8475

    1.03641.8497

    1.03851.8519

    1.04361.8568

    1.05121.8639

    1.05611.8685

    1.06561.8773

    RUT1

    RUT2

    Tau value

    Standard Deviation

    Influence of Tau value on the Standard deviation

    Simulation Graphs

    100100

    99.99799.997

    99.99499.994

    99.998499.9983

    99.99299.992

    99.322499.3109

    99.10699.0908

    99.073299.0575

    99.072399.0565

    99.070999.0552

    99.070399.0545

    99.070199.0543

    99.072499.0567

    99.075199.0594

    99.083699.068

    RUT1

    RUT2

    Tau Value

    Index Quality

    Influence of Tau value on the Index Quality

    Delta_Fr.

    71.335168.1411

    71.96668.7438

    72.471669.2268

    72.877769.6147

    74.612571.2718

    76.704873.2704

    79.732276.1623

    86.631682.7528

    91.849987.7375

    99.387494.9374

    10095.5701

    104.8949100.19

    118.5312113.2241

    237.0624226.4482

    RUT1

    RUT2

    Speed Drop

    Dynamic Merit

    Influence of Speed Drop on the Dynamic Merit

    RUT1(MW).

    356.7253401.9973

    117.6881128.7798

    72.757179.4753

    67.055372.3204

    73.688978.408

    80.303284.4532

    81.200984.7661

    85.838789.0923

    74.612576.9927

    -31.5021-29.7083

    -129.1673-127.5683

    -241.8473-240.4771

    -303.3682-302.2117

    Dynamic Merit1(with Ken