Концепция атомизма

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. - : , , , . (, , 600-400 . ..). . 1. - . (460-370 . ..). . ?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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1

1 - :, , , (, , 600-400 . ..)2

1. -

(460-370 . ..)6

? - (), ;- ;- ;- ""8- , ;- ;- ,- , .9 (1743-1794)2.

(: " ")()10 ( ),1801 . (1754-1826)

11 : -

. ,1803 .C O Hmnkm, n, k - 12: - 133. 14

-

15

: - " ","4 "163- - 1 - 2 -

17

- - :18 1895 - - 1896 -

19

1897- 1896 - !20

J. J. Thomson (1856-1940)21.. 1897 ""/"" -22 :23 - ( ) ""? 24 32125

RutherfordErnest (1871-1937),Lord of Nelson 1909 . . - 26: -

27 - :28

29 !30

1911 .3110-10 10-15 32 !:33 , 34

? 35

.

36

. 1.

2. nEm > En

3. m V r = n hm - ,V - ,r - ,n - 1, 2, 3, ...m V r = n h

. ?

En=220418nhmee21nE= n = 156,138204-==hme1Ee n = 1! rn=r1 n2

() () ()()() ()48 6562,10 6562,08 4860,80 4860,74 4340,1 4340,0 4101,2 4101,3 abgd49 . . . 4 , 50n, l, m, s ,, 52 ,, 53"" . , 1925 .

n = 1

= 53