Эффективные методы контроля некротического энтерита и дисбактериозов  у птицы

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<p> PowerPoint</p> <p> !</p> <p>Source : Ferket, P.3 :</p> <p> 2003: 600 1000 2006: 900 1000 1000 </p> <p>11-30 / 80% / 2003 2006 . (+ 60 %) 2006, 96% , !!! </p> <p> : Eimeria Acervulina, Eimeria Maxima: , , , : , , , , </p> <p> : 15-30 </p> <p>10-12 : , 15-18 : , ( )20-22 : 32-35 : </p> <p> Clostridium perfringens (log10 / )7.145.48 4.57.9 (mol/ )8.8811.71 7382 : ? : , : : , , : , . </p> <p> 1 . 2 2011 . 2011 .14 SalmonellaE.ColiClostridium1 ()++++++-2 ( + )+++++++3 + (.2)++++++++4 +++++++++ </p> <p> 2. H+ + COOH-pH </p> <p> 3. = </p> <p> 3. </p> <p>MCFAMCFA </p> <p> (Salmonella, Clostridium, E. Coli, Campylobacter,)</p> <p> c 4. - Salmonella sp. </p> <p> 5. Ca, </p> <p> : , 2006 = : / : :/ </p> <p> / -/ - : : @ GIT FLORA level@ ANIMALlevel 19-22: Clostridium perfringens 20: 8 23-25: () 30% . , (Anouk et al., 2007) (Lanckriet et al., 2007) 23 24 254/95/96/91/93/93/9%15/2755.56 %7/2725.93 % 45 % </p> <p> (m)18551926 (m)480a304c/4.04a6.53c+ 66 % (m)644752 (m)228a197ab/2.94a3.91b+ 33 % 42 ILVO- BELGIUM - 1 () 24: 37: : 1 719 </p> <p> 2 ( ) </p> <p> 3 () 27-30: 33-35: .oli : 1 656 </p> <p> 4 ( ) 30-33: 35-36: : 925 </p> <p> 1 + 3 ()3 375 61000 1 : 0.055 </p> <p> 2 + 4 ( )925 (37 300 ) 61700 1 : 0.015 : 1 185 1 : 0.019 : 0.034 1 - (%) 994097602250a2440b+8.4% ()5555 2.39a2.12b-12.7% - (2009) 5008 , () :0.3 % 0.15 % 0,2 % 2 </p> <p> (2009) 1 80.40077.200 ()36.038.6 , ()18842109 (//)52.354.74.6 % 1500 1.6331.5872.8 % %3.824.09 %1.881.49 277.8282.9 (eurocent/b)2.631.91 5 (2009) 1 80.00080.700 ()31.833.4 , ()16511779 (//)52.053.22.3 % 1500 1.6461.5992.9 % %3.033.43 %0.530.64 289.1295.0 (eurocent/b)1.951.81 3 - 2010 4002 5800 , :0.3 % 0.15 % 0,2 % </p> <p> - 2010 ()21682232 ()38593984 1.781.78 2 1.7381.727864 . : 9 / 32 1 3 : ( / ) + (0.3% , 0.15% and 0.2% ) 10 </p> <p>ILVO (2010) (2010) 10 ()25622678 2627 (/)64.6267.5966.29 (/)107.66114.18108.201.671.681.63 : 0.094/ 1 . : :</p> <p> : : </p> <p> 3 / 1,5 / 1 1,5 / 2 2 / </p> <p> !42Grafiek1010041075004406202001624672468412020038011124293903300528370165102504501100210470175</p> <p>0-10 11-20 21-30 &gt;31 Treatments/1000 birds</p> <p>EntDataNr of Broilers per country (Mil)Necrotic EnteritisNecrotic EnteritisNecrotic EnteritisNecrotic EnteritisNecrotic EnteritisNecrotic EnteritisGraphics Table (Cost/tretament)Value %Value/1000 birds (Euro)Cost/treatment 1000 birds (Euro)Treatments/1000 birdsTotal Market Value (Euro)TotalValue/1000 birds (Euro)TylanGen TylosineAmoxycillinPenicillineOxy + DoxyLincomy/specToltrazurilTMPS/SulphaOtherTylanGen TylosineAmoxycillinPenicillineOxy + DoxyLincomy/specToltrazurilTMPS/SulphaOtherNecrotic EnteritisClostridial EnteritisDysbacteriosesCoccidioses0-10 11-20 21-30 &gt;31 0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 days0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 daysTotalBelgium0%0%100%0%0%0%0%0%0%Belgium0.000.000.020.000.000.000.000.000.000.02Belgium2.28Belgium2.280.003.971.76Belgium125Belgium0010010Belgium002,85102,851Belgium0.000.000.020.000.02France56%0%26%0%0%0%0%0%18%France0.440.000.200.000.000.000.000.000.140.78France7.82France7.824.243.548.02France775France0405010100France0179,798345,75580,871606,424France0.000.230.450.100.78Germany13%12%11%53%0%0%0%0%11%Germany0.010.010.010.040.000.000.000.000.010.08Germany2.88Germany2.882.732.522.15Germany460Germany2176429Germany96018,2399,5079,73638,442Germany0.000.040.020.020.08Italy37%1%59%0%3%0%0%0%0%Italy0.150.000.240.000.010.000.000.000.000.41Italy8.24Italy8.244.873.269.56Italy360Italy010103050Italy020,77122,792104,686148,249Italy0.000.060.060.290.41Netherlands0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%Netherlands0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00Netherlands0.00Netherlands0.007.784.378.48Netherlands325Netherlands00000Netherlands00000Netherlands0.000.000.000.000.00Portugal27%0%16%0%57%0%0%0%0%Portugal2.710.001.610.005.730.000.000.000.0010.05Portugal10.00Portugal10.000.000.004.65Portugal100Portugal05203201651005Portugal0655,554201,457148,1231,005,134Portugal0.006.562.011.4810.05Spain1%0%79%0%20%0%0%0%0%Spain0.000.000.330.000.080.000.000.000.000.42Spain6.97Spain6.976.706.137.30Spain570Spain00501060Spain00195,63842,859238,497Spain0.000.000.340.080.42UK0%0%100%0%0%0%0%0%0%UK0.000.000.690.000.000.000.000.000.000.69UK4.55UK4.557.965.312.78UK800UK070802152UK0249,850292,03210,947552,829UK0.000.310.370.010.69Total3515Clostridial EnteritisClostridial EnteritisClostridial EnteritisClostridial EnteritisClostridial EnteritisClostridial EnteritisValue %Value/1000 birds (Euro)Cost/treatment (Euro)Treatments/1000 birdsTotal Market Value (Euro)Value/1000 birds (Euro)TylanGen TylosineAmoxycillinPenicillineOxy + DoxyLincomy/specToltrazurilTMPS/SulphaOtherTylanGen TylosineAmoxycillinPenicillineOxy + DoxyLincomy/specToltrazurilTMPS/SulphaOther0-10 11-20 21-30 &gt;31 0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 days0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 daysBelgium0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%Belgium0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00Belgium0.000000000000Belgium0.000.000.000.000.00France54%0%15%0%0%0%0%0%31%France0.370.000.100.000.000.000.000.000.210.68France4.24001501016000475,43850,178525,616France0.000.000.610.060.68Germany15%13%12%48%1%0%0%0%11%Germany0.140.120.110.450.010.000.000.000.100.94Germany2.73351801003034514,506174,096171,78172,529432,912Germany0.030.380.370.160.94Italy69%0%31%0%0%0%0%0%0%Italy1.050.000.470.000.000.000.000.000.001.53Italy4.870502604314027,854510,50611,764550,124Italy0.000.081.420.031.53Netherlands0%25%69%0%0%0%0%6%0%Netherlands0.000.130.360.000.000.000.000.030.000.52Netherlands7.78434020673,9722,22585,42177,714169,332Netherlands0.010.010.260.240.52Portugal0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%Portugal0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00Portugal0.000000000000Portugal0.000.000.000.000.00Spain2%0%42%0%53%0%0%0%2%Spain0.050.001.070.001.350.000.000.000.052.52Spain6.700150200303800434,159919,41597,8731,451,447Spain0.000.761.610.172.55UK0%0%100%0%0%0%0%0%0%UK0.000.000.320.000.000.000.000.000.000.32UK7.96010102040021,41948,075185,103254,597UK0.000.030.060.230.32DysbacteriosesDysbacteriosesDysbacteriosesDysbacteriosesDysbacteriosesDysbacteriosesValue %Value/1000 birds (Euro)Cost/treatment (Euro)Treatments/1000 birdsTotal Market Value (Euro)Value/1000 birds (Euro)TylanGen TylosineAmoxycillinPenicillineOxy + DoxyLincomy/specToltrazurilTMPS/SulphaOtherTylanGen TylosineAmoxycillinPenicillineOxy + DoxyLincomy/specToltrazurilTMPS/SulphaOther0-10 11-20 21-30 &gt;31 0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 days0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 daysBelgium100%0%100%0%0%0%0%0%0%Belgium4.170.004.170.000.000.000.000.000.008.33Belgium3.970100250700105008,86071,276440,550520,686Belgium0.000.070.573.524.17France56%0%23%0%2%1%0%0%18%France1.510.000.620.000.050.030.000.000.482.69France3.5403603001007600598,588891,218595,3952,085,201France0.000.771.150.772.69Germany15%14%12%47%2%0%0%0%10%Germany0.220.200.170.680.030.000.000.000.151.45Germany2.521252601405057559,435247,398240,494120,060667,387Germany0.130.540.520.261.45Italy37%7%52%7%7%7%7%1%10%Italy0.480.090.680.090.090.090.090.010.131.76Italy3.26120140806040040,48297,018170,316162,343470,159Italy0.110.270.470.451.31Netherlands60%9%21%9%4%9%9%6%1%Netherlands1.690.250.590.250.110.250.250.170.033.61Netherlands4.3720263003006465,41129,799405,920475,811916,941Netherlands0.020.091.251.462.82Portugal0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%Portugal0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00Portugal0.000000000000Portugal0.000.000.000.000.00Spain9%0%59%0%28%0%0%0%4%Spain0.170.001.120.000.530.000.000.000.081.90Spain6.1310100150503102,657212,699689,386177,6201,082,362Spain0.000.371.210.311.90UK7%0%93%0%0%0%0%0%0%UK0.150.002.020.000.000.000.000.000.002.18UK5.310701901504100168,937717,584854,6281,741,149UK0.000.210.901.072.18CoccidiosesCoccidiosesCoccidiosesCoccidiosesCoccidiosesCoccidiosesValue %Value/1000 birds (Euro)Cost/treatment (Euro)Treatments/1000 birdsTotal Market Value (Euro)Value/1000 birds (Euro)TylanGen TylosineAmoxycillinPenicillineOxy + DoxyLincomy/specToltrazurilTMPS/SulphaOtherTylanGen TylosineAmoxycillinPenicillineOxy + DoxyLincomy/specToltrazurilTMPS/SulphaOther0-10 11-20 21-30 &gt;31 0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 days0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 daysBelgium0%0%0%0%0%0%0%100%0%Belgium0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.350.000.35Belgium1.760015050200Belgium0028,33915,72744,066Belgium0.000.000.230.130.35France0%0%0%0%0%0%38%1%62%France0.000.000.000.000.000.000.730.021.191.94France8.0204012080240France0237,642754,534498,8951,491,071France0.000.310.970.641.92Germany0%0%0%0%0%0%0%100%0%Germany0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.020.000.02Germany2.150100010Germany09,867009,867Germany0.000.020.000.000.02Italy0%0%0%0%0%0%27%0%73%Italy0.000.000.000.000.000.000.120.000.330.45Italy9.5600301747Italy0092,36869,447161,815Italy0.000.000.260.190.45Netherlands9%11%0%0%0%0%0%80%0%Netherlands0.050.060.000.000.000.000.000.410.000.51Netherlands8.4800501060Netherlands00128,47936,948165,427Netherlands0.000.000.400.110.51Portugal0%0%0%0%0%0%4%96%0%Portugal0.000.000.000.000.000.000.010.260.000.27Portugal4.650850058Portugal013,48713,487026,974Portugal0.000.130.130.000.27Spain0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%100%Spain0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.510.51Spain7.3000502070Spain00169,167122,184291,351Spain0.000.000.300.210.51UK0%0%80%0%0%0%8%12%0%UK0.000.000.560.000.000.000.060.080.000.70UK2.780601903253UK0179,274356,26127,197562,732UK0.000.220.450.030.70Enteritis (Gram+ and Cox)Enteritis (Gram+ and Cox)Enteritis (Gram+ and Cox)Enteritis (Gram+ and Cox)Value/1000 birds (Euro)TylanGen TylosineAmoxycillinPenicillineOxy + DoxyLincomy/specToltrazurilTMPS/SulphaOtherTreatments/1000 birdsTotal Market Value (Euro)Value/1000 birds (Euro)Belgium4.170.004.190.000.000.000.000.350.008.710-10 11-20 21-30 &gt;31 0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 daysTotal0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 daysTotalFrance2.310.000.920.000.050.030.730.022.036.0901004107501,260Belgium08,860102,466456,277567,603Belgium0.000.070.823.654.54Germany0.370.340.301.180.040.000.000.020.262.5004406202001,260France01,016,0282,466,9451,225,3394,708,312France0.001.313.181.586.08Italy1.690.101.400.090.100.090.210.010.464.1516246724684959Germany74,901449,600421,782202,3251,148,608Germany0.160.980.920.442.50Netherlands1.740.440.950.250.110.250.250.610.034.64120200380111811Italy40,482145,643795,982348,2401,330,347Italy0.110.402.210.973.70Portugal2.710.001.610.005.730.000.010.260.0010.322429390330773Netherlands9,38332,024619,820590,4731,251,700Netherlands0.030.091.721.643.48Spain0.230.002.520.001.960.000.000.000.645.3505283701651,063Portugal0669,041214,944148,1231,032,108Portugal0.006.692.151.4810.32UK0.150.003.600.000.000.000.060.080.003.8910250450110820Spain2,657646,8581,973,606440,5363,063,657Spain0.011.805.481.228.510210470175855UK0619,4801,413,9521,077,8753,111,307UK0.001.723.932.998.64Neonatal ColiNeonatal ColiNeonatal ColiNeonatal ColiNeonatal ColiValue %Value/1000 birds (Euro)Treatments/1000 birdsTotal Market Value (Euro)Value/1000 birds (Euro)LincospectinEnrofloxacinTMPSAmoxycillineFlumequineApramycinColistineOtherLincospectinEnrofloxacinTMPSAmoxycillineFlumequineApramycinColistineOther0-10 daysTotal0-10 days0-10 daysBelgium0%99%0%0%0%0%0%1%Belgium0.000.520.000.000.000.000.000.010.52100100Belgium65,34365,343Belgium0.520.52France1%69%8%18%0%0%0%4%France0.010.360.040.090.000.000.000.020.52300300France400,499400,499France0.520.52Germany14%30%41%3%0%0%9%2%Germany0.030.060.080.010.000.000.020.000.19200200Germany89,03089,030Germany0.190.19Italy0%46%0%15%3%0%16%19%Italy0.000.100.000.030.010.000.030.040.22150150Italy78,41978,419Italy0.220.22Netherlands37%7%56%0%1%0%0%0%Netherlands0.110.020.170.000.000.000.000.000.31300300Netherlands99,54699,546Netherlands0.310.31Portugal0%1%88%0%5%5%0%0%Portugal0.000.043.520.000.200.200.000.003.96520520Portugal399,889399,889Portugal4.004.00Spain0%94%0%3%0%0%3%0%Spain0.000.190.000.010.000.000.010.000.21100100Spain117,484117,484Spain0.210.21UK38%30%0%0%0%16%0%16%UK1.301.030.000.000.000.550.000.553.43730730UK2,741,3702,741,370UK3.433.43</p> <p>EntpGraphicsTreatments/1000 birdsValue/1000 birds (Euro)Antibiotic Value/1000 birds (Euro)Cost/treatment/1000 birds (Euro)</p> <p>EntpGraphics00100040501021764010103000000520320165005010070802</p> <p>0-10 11-20 21-30 &gt;31 Treatments/1000 birdsNecrotic Enteritis</p> <p>Sheet3000000150103518010030050260443402000000150200300101020</p> <p>0-10 11-20 21-30 &gt;31 Treatments/1000 birdsClostridial Enteritis</p> <p>Sheet1 (2)01002507000360300100125260140501201408060202630030000001010015050070190150</p> <p>0-10 11-20 21-30 &gt;31 Treatments/1000 birdsDysbacterioses</p> <p>Sheet2 (2)00150500401208001000003017005010085000050200601903</p> <p>0-10 11-20 21-30 &gt;31 Tretaments/1000 birdsCoccidioses</p> <p>Sheet3 (2)010041075004406202001624672468412020038011124293903300528370165102504501100210470175</p> <p>0-10 11-20 21-30 &gt;31 Treatments/1000 birdsEnteritis (Gram+ and Cox)</p> <p>000.022808000.23199741940.44613548390.10434967740.00208695650.039650.02066739130.021165217400.05769722220.06331111110.2907944444000006.555542.014571.48123000.34322456140.075191228100.31231250.365040.01368375</p> <p>0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 daysEuro/1000 birdsNecrotic Enteritis</p> <p>0000000.61346838710.06474580650.03153478260.37846956520.37343695650.157671739100.07737222221.41807222220.03267777780.01222153850.00684615380.26283384620.23912000000.76168245611.61300877190.171707017500.026773750.060093750.23137875</p> <p>0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 daysEuro/1000 birdsClostridial Enteritis</p> <p>00.070880.5702083.524400.77237161291.14995870970.76825161290.12920652170.53782173910.52281304350.2610.112450.26949444440.47310.45095277780.01664923080.09168923081.24898461541.464033846200000.00466140350.37315614041.20944912280.311614035100.211171250.896981.068285</p> <p>0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 daysEuro/1000 birdsDysbacterioses</p> <p>000.2267120.12581600.30663483870.97359225810.643735483900.0214500000.25657777780.1929083333000.395320.113686153800.134870.134870000.29678421050.214357894700.22409250.445326250.03399625</p> <p>0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 daysEuro/1000 birdsCoccidioses</p> <p>00.070880.8197283.65021601.3110038713.18315483871.58108258060.16282826090.97739130430.91691739130.43983695650.112450.40456388892.21106111110.96733333330.02606388890.08895555561.72172222221.640202777806.690412.149441.481230.00738055561.79682777785.48223888891.223711111101.72077777783.92764444442.9940972222</p> <p>0-10 days11-20 days21-30days&gt;31 daysEuroe/1000 birdsEnteritis (Gram+ and Cox)</p> <p>000.0228080000000.438190245200.203445471000000.14084686450.01086404350.01002834780.00919265220.044291869600000.00919265220.15236702780.00411802780.242963638900.012354083300000000000002.713861801.608214405.729263800000.004184157900.330548473700.0836831...</p>