Повышение эффективности систем теплоснабжения

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В странах Центральной и Восточной Европы и республиках бывшего Советского Союза

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  • JOINT UNDP / WORLD BANKENERGY SECTOR MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMME (ESMAP)

    PURPOSE

    The Joint UNDP/World Bank Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme(ESMAP) is a special global technical assistance program run as part of the World Bank'sEnergy, Mining and Telecommunications Department. ESMAP provides advice togovernments on sustainable energy development. Established with the support of UNDPand bilateral official donors in 1983, it focuses on the role of energy in the developmentprocess with the objective of contributing to poverty alleviation, improving living conditionsand preserving the environment in developing countries and transition economies.ESMAP centers its interventions on three priority areas: sector reform and restructuring;access to modern energy for the poorest; and promotion of sustainable energy practices.GOVERNANCE AND OPERATIONS

    ESMAP is governed by a Consultative Group (ESMAP CG) composed of representativesof the UNDP and World Bank, other donors, and development experts from regionsbenefiting from ESMAP's assistance. The ESMAP CG is chaired by a World Bank VicePresident, and advised by a Technical Advisory Group (TAG) of four independent energyexperts that reviews the Programme's strategic agenda, its work plan, and itsachievements. ESMAP relies on a cadre of engineers, energy planners, and economistsfrom the World Bank to conduct its activities under the guidance of the Manager ofESMAP, responsible for administering the Programme.

    FUNDING

    ESMAP is a cooperative effort supported over the years by the World Bank, the UNDPand other United Nations agencies, the European Union, the Organization of AmericanStates (OAS), the Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE), and public and privatedonors from countries including Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Finland,France, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal,Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America.

    FURTHER INFORMATION

    An up-to-date listing of completed ESMAP projects is appended to this report. For furtherinformation, a copy of the ESMAP Annual Report, or copies of project reports, contact:

    ESMAPc/o Energy and Water

    The World Bank1818 H Street, NW

    Washington, DC 20433U.S.A.

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  • Copyright 2001The International Bank for Reconstructionand Development/THE WORLD BANK1818 H Street, N.W.Washington, D.C. 20433, U.S.A.

    All rights reservedManufactured in the United States of AmericaFirst printing August 2000

    ESMAP Reports are published to communicate the results of theESMAP's work to the development community with the least possibledelay. The typescript of the paper therefore has not been prepared inaccordance with the procedures appropriate to formal documents.Some sources cited in this paper may be informal documents that arenot readily available.

    The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in thispaper are entirely those of the author(s) and should not be attributed inany manner to the World Bank, or its affiliated organizations, or tomembers of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries theyrepresent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the dataincluded in this publication and accepts no responsibility whatsoeverfor any consequence of their use. The Boundaries, colors,denominations, other information shown on any map in this volume donot imply on the part of the World Bank Group any judgement on thelegal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of suchboundaries.

    The material in this publication is copyrighted. Requests forpermission to reproduce portions of it should be sent to the ESMAPManager at the address shown in the copyright notice above. ESMAPencourages dissemination of its work and will normally givepermission promptly and, when the reproduction is for noncommercialpurposes, without asking a fee.

  • "ESMAP Values your Feedback

    If you have found this report useful, or would like toprovide comments on our reports and services, please

    log on to our website at www.esmap.org and leaveyour feedback. In this way we can better understandour audience's needs and improve the quality of our

    knowledge products. Thank you.

    ESMAP Management"

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