Молчанов АА Таинственные письмена первых европейцев (М.,1980)

  • Published on
    14-Mar-2016

  • View
    255

  • Download
    12

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

(.,1980)

Transcript

  • ,s9

    ffiffiSs,Orut \-d %{3+t6?

    *rl@

    'ffiK-@[F'w ?-#qfi

    l''?ggp'fld

  • WoilD'

    AnA[EMnff HAyIC CCCPGeprr([a ucropnr unponofi rynbrypm)

    A. A. MOJIIIAHOB

    TAI,IHCTBEHHbIETIITCbMEHA

    IIEPBhD(

    {i.8 Ha9 e

    usRllEJEqTEo i,savnatr Uggm&.t960

  • Rl 76 Mo:rtlaaoB A. A. TarurerBeEnhre rrlrebueua trepBLrxerpoueftqen.- M.: Hayna, 1980, f tg o. c sn.

    I(sura uocsffuleEa yrrtrKaJrrnoMy rratrrrruuny ApeB-net urcrMesuocrE ocrpoBa ltptrr, 6nrsmero Konnr6enbrleBpotreicKoft qtrBEJIEBar\8tr,-(Decrcnouy AncRy. Ae-rop trptrBoAtrr ApeBEerpeqecRtre cRasaEufl KpErcRoforrFftJIA, OCBeUIael SCTOpUIo E peBynBTaTLr apxeonorErre-cnofo aayqerur Hprra, rronaaBrBaer Ea aonfiperEbrx rrpr-Mgpax nerogbr AenrqabpoBrttr ApeBErlx nricrueuuocrefi,paccaaEbrBaeT o EoaEtrKEoBeEtrn E paaBtrTtrE caMblx paE-EEx cncreM trEclMa sa repptr?opuu Eapourr.

    MoJrqasoa A- A.- rtanFAar trcropuqecrux E&5lr(, ctr@-qtranEcr B o6JIaoTE 4emu{pornu ApeBErrx trucbMeEEo-crei, aBrop pEAa pa6or uo aroft reMaruKe.

    a-t

    Orsercrncssbrft pe4arrop

    AoKrop ftrnonorcrecKtrx EayE upo{eccopO. C. ruIIPOKOB

    O ll,r4arc,nrcrno tlfaynar, 1980 r.osortlttuuru

    "ffi56-80 IIn

  • Iaasa IHAYIIHAfl CEHCAq}IN

    II IPEBHITE IIPEIAHIIfl

    ltaaauocr, Etrqro Ee trpeABeqaJro roro, qro aror AeEb cranercroJrb Ba'fiHoft 4atoi B ucropuu uayrleEtrfi trpomnoro EapoAa,crofiBmero y rconar6eur enpoueftcxoi qraunusaqnu. B nersuficeBon 1908 r. urarbsscnaa apxeonorrrrecftan aficneAuqtrff,c cepegusbr 80-rogos upe$'rgyqero croJlertrff pa6orarmar rroxsofi qacru rpeqecftoro ocrpoBa ltpur, Bena pacxonfttr qap- 'cnoro gBopqa Ea aftponone n)eBEero ropoAa (Decra. lI aor ae-trepoM 3 uronn Jlyupmu fleprre, uccnepyfl nynrrypnnfi cnofiB oAEoM us noAco6uhrx ABopqoBblx troMerr{euufi, o6napyxnnBMecTe c ra6ruunoft, ucrucausofi urlBecrnblM ylfie ror[aItptrTcKuM nusefturru rrucbMolr

    -

    Tar EaBbIBaeMErM ndsefr-uuu A, BaueqareJrburrt o6paaeq EeBeAoMofi gorone uzcr-UEEEOCTtr.

    9ro 6rrn ne6onrmofi tro paBMepaM Aucr{ trB xopomo o6oxt-xeusofi rJruuhr, nlresmsft ntraMerp 15,8-16;5cM E roJrn{nry1,6-2,1 cu. C(popuosansbrfi or pyrtu 6ea uouoqu ronqapno-ro npyra, oH trMeJr i[oduy reoMerpurrecnr He coBceu rrpaBunl-uyro. C o6eux cropos ero tronpf,IBana rogo6uo upurryAnuBoMyyBopy cnupanbEo rrAyqafi EaAtrucb, cocraBJreEEaff trg MEorr{e-cTBa axnypaTEo HaEeceEEbrx Ea aepaMuqecffylo noBepxEocTbptrcynorrubrx ananoB. 3safin 'aru o6se4unsJrucb B rpylrtrEl,Bbr[eJreEEbIe rrpfiMoyroJrbEbrME paMr{aMr uJru, TosEeo, B8-nilroqeeubre B orAenbsbre ssefrfiE. IIoA uocneAuuMu BEaftaMuB Er(oropbrx rpyuuax EMeJracb cTpaEEag nocas qepTa, EaIIo-MuuaBmaff BupaMy- oco6rrfi gsaqon uugnftcnoro cJroroBorotrEcbMa. Boraran ApeBuocrsMtr BeMJrs }tpura troAapuna trccJle-IoBareJrsM sonrrfi yurranbsbrfi natrsrsun E o4roBpeuerr-Eo Bala,qana trM oqepelsyro 3araAfiy, trplflleM noKa caMyrorpyAHyro.(Decrcnufi Auca cpasy me rropoAnJr Maccy BorrpocoB. lI uep-rrtu 6rrn, Koneqso, Botrpoc o ero trponcxorftAeuun. Cuequa-JISQTFI qlo!4a49-. TQJIQPEL s?A,TeM' rAe 6hlJIo Mecro nal'oroBJleEuflraEEcrBeEEoro .4rrcKa: Ea olyoT,, agrpplg gng. 3a

    .

    ero_,9P04e;,l .i.- l .,,

    3

  • \F-

    JraMtr? flcro 6ulo roJrBr(o oAuo: EcxoAff trB EMeBrrruxcff nuo-Menry ero o6napyrfienufi B pactropmr(eudu yuenarx AaEEhrxse trpuxoAEJlocb coMEeBaTbcff, JrO ATOT rraMfiTEtrK B trptrE-qurre BrroJrue Mor rrosBurbcfi Ea ltpure.

    Anrrsnare aBropbr coxpaurura cBeAeEEE o uorSrveft npzr-cnoft 4epmaBe qapn Muuoca, ctrJre ee {lora, KqrAa-ro 6eapaa-[eJrbuo rocrroAcrBoBaqmero B BoAax Bocrosuoro Cpenuaetr-EOMOpb.E, O MyAPOM gaKOEOAaTeJrhCrBe npur.EE, trocJryxrrrB-IrreM, B rracruocrtr,-o6paaqou Anfi BanoEoAarenbcrBa oAuoroxB caubrx EBBecrulrx rocyAapcrB flpennefi fpeqzr I rurcnqe-neTtr{ Ao H. a.- trpocJraBneunoft Cuaprrr

    ' Ifo cnosaM Iepd4ora, Muuoc, ycrauoBnBBJra4brqecrBo na SreftcxoM Mope, ub4uuurn csoefi nnacru eroMEOrOqtrCJreEEbIe OCrpoBa, troHopeHEbre HtrrTeJrr{ noropbrx nptr-uytt4ilrsr 6uru cnyiuru rpe6{auu na 6rrcrpo*o4"r" xp"t-cxrx lopa6Jrax, u BareM coBepluuJr noxoA o ganenyro Czqu-ruro. Bennqaftmrfi ApeBuerpeqecnuft ncroptrft (Dynu4u4 co-o6qaer, qro Ha Muorrx EB BaBoeBausrrx MusocoM ocrpoBaxoBrntr ocEoBaEbI r(oJroEtrE ltptrTflE, IIprqeM y[IpaBJreHtre rdMq6rrno nopyueuo qapbHr,TM cbrgoBB.flM, -a gnr o6eioe.rem.s 6ea-otracgocru Mopcftrrx ropronrrx uyrefi BeJracb aHrrrusax 6opt-oa c trpoqBeTaBmEM AO TOIO trtrparCTBOM.

    Iny6ono BpeaaBrrrzecn B EapoAuyro traMffrb aJrJrtrEoB npeA-craBJreEE I o MoryqecTBe BJra[brn Hpura rr orAeJrbubre onr{Bo-Abr cJromubrx tr paanoo6pasnilx BaatrMoorromesufi ux c o6u-TaTeJrfi Mtr rpeqecfi oro MaTepmta, ErrorAa ApymecTBe EHbrx_ uJrrtAatr{e poAcrBeEEBrx, a trEorAa E peafio npaxge6urrx, orpaarr-JIUCb BO MHOTtrX trepeAaBaBrrruxcfi tr3 rroltoJreEEg B noKoJreEtreucroptuecxux rpe4auufix E cruxorBopullx aur.lecnux cfiaaa-HUfiX.

    Cre4yrorrtng crporu trocBffr"l ltpury B (OAEccee)) re-suamsbrfi fouep:

    Ocrpon ecrr ltpur trocpeAr BuroqBeruoro lropx, upexpacrufr,Tyuurrft, orBcrofiy o6rsrnft BoAaMtr, nroAbMtr aao6unrnnt;Tau 4enxaocro oEE FopoAoB EaceJrxror BeJruKEx.'Paasue dnsrmarcr raM.EB6rIrE: TaM EaxoAtrrtrr axelu,C uepoorueueauot uopo4ofr norscrserrlrx r(prrf,E; nEIoEhrTan o6nraror, AoDufiIu fiyApaBrre, [JreME treJracroB,B ropo4e ltsocce lfiEByqrx. Muaoc yspaBnen uM B To Epelrr,B germuaeruo paa o6rqarcb c BeJrunuM 3esecoM.,.B Apyrofi 6eccuepruoft roueponcxofi troeMe

    -

  • Tau, cpe4u rptarcrnr Apy?auu, BoaBslmae?cr, 6ory uogo6aufi,I4gorueuet, s upu seu rIpeABoABrenE fipsrffE roJltrffTcs'..Itpzrar me ll4oueuefr upeABoAaJI, araMesnrxfi rouefrrqun;B ltaocce ,r(uBylrltrx uyxeft, B ynpeuneruoi otesaMu lopraue,JIuKr sacen.Enmux, Muuer, E rpa[ 6etonalreurrrft Jlurtacr,Purafr o6urupsnfi n (Dect, tuuorolloAEhle, cJraBnbre rpaAhltII 4pyfux, EaceJlsloqux ltplrta crorpaAuoro eeMJrn,Brra upe4ao4areneu tr{4ouegei, auanerztnfi noueft qur...

    Msoruu xopomo gEaRoMBr ApeBuerpeqecfiue Mn{bI, cloE(e-Tr;r r(orophrx recEo cBsaaEbl c ftprrou n. Bor rEJIolfieEEbIeB(parrle EeftoTopble Eau6onee tronynflpEble n3 Eux.

    [4a 6oros trepBbIM trpaBureneM uupa 6nrn Vpan. On 6unro6em4eu tr cBeprEyr co6crBeuubrM cEIEoM Kponou. ltpon,olacarrcb 6rtrr raHxte cBeprEyrbrM oAEuM EB co6crBenlrbrx

    , chrEoBefir cran noEtuparb troApgA oAsoro 3a [pyftrM Bcex poEt-AaBErixcfi y sero geteft. ItorEa oqepeAb Aolrrna Ao mecroroEB trrlx, 3euca, MaTb ero Pes noAsecna uyrfiy BMecro EoBo-polfiAesEoro cbrEa aaaepuyrrri B treJreEnu fiaMeEb, noro-prrfi u 6r,rn upornoqeu Ee troAoapeBaBmnM o6Masa ltposoM.

    3enc, noaunsmuftcfr. Ha cBer s oAEoft ua ropulrx uerqep EaItprare, 6rra Bcr(opMJIeE sgecB MoJIonoM uygecuofi noanAuanrer (cnouauunfi for Aruanreu, oE Ete (por Eso6trnuffD,cnoco6nrrft [arb Bce, qlo Etr rro]r(eJraemb, BomeJI B noroBop-$y), socuuraq Mecrubruu nuu$auu I! xpeqaMu-HyperaMu.Ecrz unaAegeq EatrtrEaJr rlJraxarb B cBoeM raftuou y6emuqe,aypersr, trocroffEEo oxpaEfiBmue B troJlEoM BoopyrfieEutr BxoAI treqepy, sro6br Barnymurb ero rrJras, ygap.finu RottbffMu Brqurbr. Korga Serc rupoc, oE oAoJIeJr n ynopuofi 6opr6e cBoero?fiecronoro orqa tr, craB qapeM 6oror, IroAenEJr c 6parlrrrau rna-AbrqecrBo EaA MUpOM: eMy_CaMoMy BMeCTe O sepXonnofit''racrln Aocranocb se6o, Ilocefi4ouy

    -

    uope, Illyrouy -

    troAseMEOe qapcrBo.IloJrro6us olnarr(Abr $uurnuficnyro qapeBuy Erpouy ( Rpes-

    nflfl crpaua (DuHultug pactroJlaranacb Ea BocrorlgoM uo6e-pelnbe Cpe4uaeuuoro Mopfi, B ocEoBHoM Ea reppuropuu EEr-HertrEeio Jhnaua), Sesc snrrcs n seft n o6paae trpeftpacuoro6rrna, xorAa oua trpunna-c troApyrauu ua 6eper uopn. Ilpenr-r

    .(peouue ur$rr ltpura B croJlb 6orsmolr $orrvecrBe coxpaEEJIEcbB traMgTE rpefioB eqe B SJlnEEtrcTEtreofiylo agoxy, qTo yqesf,re-ME-iforparfu III-II BB. ffo rr.e. uocosrqalrtr uu o6mnprne trootreAoaa-uEff. B qacrsocrE,.fi ororf,y BpeMeEs or-Eocffrcrl Ee coxpaEEDnlgecff,fi corr{aJreusro, Tpaxraru

  • &ftJ

    Pro. l' EEpoBa, trJrHByqar Ea 6brne Ea ocrpoB ltprr. PucyHon ra Baae

    cruBmucB fipacorofr Ir HporHuM EpaBoM ?nuBoTgoror MupEoyJrerruerocfl y ee Eot, qapeBEa AoBeprruBo ycenacb eMy Hacrrrrny. Blpyr 6rrn scHosuJr Ea soru E, crpeMrJraa 6pocrnmrcrB Mope,6nctpo trorrlhrJl or 6eperon (Dnuunur Ea satraA.

    Bcnope oun [oorl{rJltr ocrpoBa ltpur. 34ecr Eqpora pogu'ra or Sesca rpex cbrnoBefi, Mnuoca, Capne,qona u Pagalrauta,r(otopblx BoctruraJl naH co6crseuurrx gereft troBeJIETeJIb nptr-rnu Acrepufi (n geftcrntrreJrbuocrtr (acrepuoc)), rITo {o-rperle-cftu sEarrur , 6rrn atrureroM Toro rte Sesca saItpure). IIo uuesu xe Erpourr' craBrtrefr npurcnoftqapuqeft'6mna gaasaua oAEa IrB Tpex'Iacreft cBera, EaBecrEhrx [peB-EuM fpenau, n Horopoft ,{turtr ouu caMu r{_-fioropaff JIe)riaJIar saui4y or'Asuu u fi ceBepy or Aippuxu. TtorAa 6pErra art-pocnE u Bosuy'Icanu, BoBsrIfIIree Me:*(Ay ttEMntcofiepEtrltecTBotrepepocno B ornplrrJno rofiry. B_ atofi 6oprle uo6egnreneus!,iim6n Mnnoc, a uo6exAesnrre Capuegou u Pagauaur 6rr:rrESrEaEhr c oorpoBa., ilocne .clrepru qapn Acrepqn MEEoc cran trpaBtrreJleultpura. llonysurr BJracrb EaA npsrrnaxn euy uouorJlo yraQP-x-Aen"e, qro 6oru uor5rr BbrlroJrEtrrb nn6yro ero upocr6y. ?Ite-nas Aoxasarb aro, os craJr MonETb EnagErry ltopr Ilocefigona6

  • Blrcnarb trB tryutrEhr Bo[ 6brfia, o6erqaa rrptrEecru aareu 6rrnaeuy B tr{eproy. Ho xor4a 6rur uo.EBnJlcfi, Mruocy craJlo }r(aJrbpaccraBarbcfl c HrrM, u oE IroAMerrIrJr ero trpu meprBotrpEEo-menrrn ApyrrrM ?r(uBorE6rM..3a ero paarueBaEurrft lfoceft4onEacJraJr ua csoero 6nrxa 6erueucrso. IloaAsee ((Itpurcftoro6rrna> cyMeJr olonerb senrsafimufi repoft ApeBnerpeqecnoli

    . urfrororln lepaxn (cegruoft ila ero ABena4qartr ssaMenurblxuoAsuros).

    Munoc He roJrbno BaxBaruJr BJIacrb ua ltpute. On yctano-BrrJr Mopcnoe roclloAcrBo HaA sceM Bocrouurru Cpe4tra.eMrro-uopreu. Euy uo4uruuJllrcb troqrlr Bce ocrpoBa Sreficnorornropn. Co cBotrM $nororu oH ocaAtrJr y'opo4 Merapbr Ea B