تقرير لجنة القانون الدولي في الأمم المتحدة أغسطس 2011

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01/66/A / - / / - ) ( (01/66/A ) 01/66/A )01/66/A( / - / / - / ) ( . . (... ) . . 4558-1520 NSSI 01/66/A 119092 119070 91236-11.EG )A( iii - ..................................................................... - ...................................................... - .................................................... - - ...................................... - - ...................................................... - - ..................................... - ............................................................ - .................................................... - - ................................. - - ............... - - ............ - - ..................................................... - - ................................ - - ..............(eraciduj tua ereded tua) - ............................................... - ......................................... - - .................................................... - - .................................................. - - ............................................................ - - .................................. - - .................... - - .................................... () - .............................. () - ......................................................... - ......................................................... ............................................... - 01/66/A vi 91236-11.EG - - ..................................... - ............................... - .............................(1.ddA/01/66/A ) - ................................................... - - ............................................................ - - .................................. - ...................................................... - .............................................. - - .................. - ........................................... - ........................... - ...................................................... ..................................................................... .............................................................................. ............................................ ............................................................ ............................................. ............................................................ .................................. ....................................................... - ................. ............................................................ ............ ............................................................ ..................... ............................................................ ................................... - ............................................................ 01/66/A 91236-11.EG v .............................. ............................................................ ........................... ............................................................ ............................. ............................................................ .... ............................................................ ........................................... - ............................................................ ........................................... ............................................................ ....................... ............................................................ ................................... ............................................................ ..................................... ............................................................ ... - ............................................................ ............ ............................................................ ........... ............................................................ ................................... ............................................................ ........................................................... ............................................................ ................. ............................................................ ..................................................... ............................................................ 01/66/A iv 91236-11.EG ...................................... - ............................................................ ............................................................ ............................................................ .................................................. ............................................................ ..................................................... ............................................................ ...................................................... ............................................................ ........................................................ ............................................................ ..................................................... ............................................................ ............................................ ............................................................ ......................... ............................................................ .............................................. ............................................................ ....................................................... - ............................. ............................................................ .............................................. ............................................................ ............................................... ............................................................ .............................................................. ............................................................ .......................................... ............................................................ .......................... ............................................................ 01/66/A 91236-11.EG iiv ........................................................ - ....................................................... ............................................................ ............................................................... ............................................................ .......................................................... ............................................................ ........................................................... ............................................................ ............................................................ ............................................................ .................................................. ............................................................ ......................................... ............................................................ - ............................................... ........................................... ............................................................ ........ ............................................................ ............................................... ............................................................ .................................. - ................. ............................................................ ..................... ............................................................ ................................................... ............................................................ ................................. ............................................................ ............................ ............................................................ 01/66/A iiiv 91236-11.EG ........ ............................................................ ......................................... ............................................................ .................................................. ............................................................ ..................................................... - ................................... ............................................................ ............................................................. ............................................................ ............................... ............................................................ .............................................. ............................................................ ........................... ............................................................ ................................................ ............................................................ ................................................... ............................................................ .............................. ............................................................ ...................................................... ............................................................ ...................................................... ............................................................ ............................................ ............................................................ 01/66/A 91236-11.EG xi ......... ............................................................ ................................................. ............................................................ ...................................................... ............................................................ ......................................................................... ............................................................ ................................................... ............................................................ ..................... ............................................................ ................................................... ............................................................ ................................................ ............................................................ - ........................................ - - ............................................................ - - .................................. - ...................................................... - - .............................................. - - ....... - ........................................... - ......................... - .................................................................... ............................................................ ............................................................ .......................................................... ............................................................ 01/66/A x 91236-11.EG .............................................................................. ............................... - ............................................................ ......................................................... ............................................................ ........................................ ............................................................ .............................. ............................................................ ......................................................... ............................................................ .......................... ............................................................ ................................ - .................................. ............................................................ .......... ............................................................ .............. ............................................................ ........................................ ............................................................ ........ ............................................................ ................. ............................................................ ........................................................................ .................... ............................................................ .......................................... ............................................................ ................................................ ............................................................ 01/66/A 91236-11.EG ix .......................... ............................................................ ....................... ............................................................ .............. ............................................................ - ............................ - - ............................................................ - - .................................. - - .............................. - - ...................... - - ........................................ () - .................. () - ........................................ () - ....................................... () - ............................. - - ................... - - ........................................ () .............................................. () - ................................... () - ................................... () () - .................................... - ............................. - - .............................................................. - - ............................................................ - - .................................... - - - .............................................. - ............................................... - - ...................................... () - ................. () - ....................... () - ............................. - 01/66/A iix 91236-11.EG - ........................................ - - ............................................................ - - .................................. - - .............................. - - .................... - - ............................. - - - ................................ ........................................... - - ................................ ...................... ............................................................ ................................................... ............................................................ .................................................... ............................................................ ................................................ ............................................................ ........................... ............................................................ ........................ ............................................................ - .......................)eraciduj tua ereded tua( - - ............................................................ - - .................................. - - .............................. - - ............................................. - - ...................................... () - ....................... : () : () - ................................... : () - ................................... ..................................... () - ............................. - 01/66/A 91236-11.EG iiix - ........................................................ - ............................................................ - - .................................... - - ..................................... - - ................................. - - ............................. ................................... () .................................................. () ............ () ...... () ................................ () ............. () .................................... () ...................................... () ....................................... () - ................................................. - - ............................................................ - - .................................. - - ..................................... - - ............................................ - - .......................................... - - .................... - - ................ - - .......................................... - ................................. () ...................................... () - ......................................... () ........................................ () - ..................... () ....................................... () - .......................................... () - ............................. () ... () - ...................... () 01/66/A vix 91236-11.EG - ................................... - / - / - .............................................. ..................................................... - ........................... - - ................................................. - ........................................... - ................ () () - .............................................. - ............................. () () ............................. ..................... () ....................................... () - ..................... - - ......................................... - - ......................................... - - ............... - ...................................... - .............. - - ...................................... - .............................................................. - .......................................................................... - .................................................................... - ......................................... - ................................................................. - 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 1 - / / / . / . - : - () () () ( ) . () () . () . () . () ( ) () () () () () () - () . () - () () () 01/66/A 2 91236-11.EG () . . () ( ) () () . () () () () () . () . ( ) () - / -/ . ( ) ( ) . - / - : () : () . : () . : () : ( ) . : 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 3 - .() () - . () . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .( ) . . - / - : . . : () . . . () . () - . . . . . . . .( ) . . . . . . : () . . . ( ) . () - . . . . . . - . . . . .( ) . . __________ . . . . . () .. . . . . . - . . . () .. . . 01/66/A 4 91236-11.EG . () . . : () . . . . . ( ). . . . . - . . - . . . . . .( ) . . . . : () . ( ) - . (). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - . . . . .( ) . . . - - / - : - . : () . ( ) . () . . . . . . . . . . . .( ) . . . . ( ) . : () . . . . . . . . . . . - . . . - . . . . . .. . . . .( ) . . . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 5 . . : () . . () . . - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : - ( ) . . : () . . . . . . . . - . . . . . - . . . . . . (. ) . . : () . . () . . . . . . . . . . . . . - . . . . . - . . . . . . . . . . . . .( ) . . . - - . . . . . - 01/66/A 6 91236-11.EG - / - : . - . - . - . - . - .)eraciduj tua ereded tua( - . - . - . - . - . - . - . - . - . - 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 7 " " - (746/4.NC/A) (1.ddA/746/4.NC/A) . (.1.ddA 936/4.NC/A( )) -(. ) . - . . - (. ) " " - . - (046/4.NC/A) ( ) 01/66/A 8 91236-11.EG . ( 1.ddA 736/4.NC/A) ( 1.ddA 636/4.NC/A) (. ) " " - ) ( . ) - (( ) (. ) " - ( 646/4.NC/A) ( 136/4.NC/A) " . . (. ) " " -. ( 246/4.NC/A) ( 2.ddA/526/4.NC/A) (.1.ddA 826/4.NC/A 406/4.NC/A) ) - ) ( (. " " (.) 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 9 - . (. ) " " - (1.rroC 346/4.NC/A) . . - () (. ) "(eraciduj tua ereded tua) " - ( 846/4.NC/A) (. ) " " - . . - . (. ) 01/66/A 01 91236-11.EG " " - . (. ) . - . ) - (. " " : " " " " ". (- )" " " .(- ) - . (. ) ) - (. - / / / / (. ) 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 11 - - ( ) ( ) ) - ( - - ( 646/4.NC/A 136/4.NC/A 106/4.NC/A) . . . ( 646/4.NC/A) - " " - : . - - . 01/66/A 21 91236-11.EG - - . . - . (eraciduj tua ereded tua) - - - - " " - " "" " ( )( ()) ) () (. " " " " . . __________ () () . (01/56/A) 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 31 - - . . - - . () () () () () . . - . . __________ ... (01/35/A) () () . ( ) 01/66/A 41 91236-11.EG - () - ()" " .() () () - () " " . () / / / . / () . () . / . / .() __________ . / / () . )01/94/A( () .2.rroC 1.rroC 074/4.NC/A () . )01/05/A( () . ( ) ... () . / () . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 51 ( ) - () () () . () / . () / . () ( ) - () () () .() () - ( ) __________ .1.ddA 774/4.NC/A () . )01/15/A( () . )01/25/A( () 4.ddA 1.rroC 3.ddA 1.rroC 2.ddA 1.ddA 1.rroC 194/4.NC/A) () 805/4.NC/A) (994/4.NC/A) (1.rroC 6.ddA 5.ddA 1.rroC (3.ddA 1.ddA 815/4.NC/A) (4.ddA 1.ddA (1.ddA 535/4.NC/A) (3.ddA 1.ddA 625/4.NC/A) (2.ddA 1.rroC 1.ddA 1.rroC 855/4.NC/A) (445/4.NC/A) (485/4.NC/A) (475/4.NC/A) (2.ddA 1.ddA 416/4.NC/A) (006/4.NC/A) (.1.ddA 626/4.NC/A) (2.ddA 1.ddA 426/4.NC/A) .685/4.NC/A () .616/4.NC/A () () . (01/95/A) 01/66/A 61 91236-11.EG .() / - 746/4.NC/A) - ( 1.ddA / 936/4.NC/A) (.1.ddA / - - .()() . / - . ( 977.L/4.NC/A) - / (. 746/4.NC/A) / .1.ddA/746/4.NC/A)) / - __________ . (01/56/A ) () . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 71 ( : ) () (397.L/4.NC/A) (.597.L/4.NC/A) - / / . - - - (.1.ddA/01/66/A) - . - . - () ( 746/4.NC/A) - ( 1.ddA/746/4.NC/A) . " " - " " (. 1.ddA/535/4.NC/A) . 01/66/A 81 91236-11.EG . - - . . . . () __________ () :(746/4.NC/A) - - 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 91 . . - . . . .() __________ - - - - - - - . :(1.ddA/746/4.NC/A) () 01/66/A 02 91236-11.EG - () . () - . () . () - __________ - - . - . - - . - . . . - . - . (.1.ddA/746/4.NC/A) () . () . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 12. () . - .() - / - . - / - : : - __________ . () . () 01/66/A 22 91236-11.EG " " - " " .() '' . '' . '' . . '' .() '' . - / - : " __________ () . (.tni.eoc.www) () . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 32 ". - - - . - - " " - . - . -- . -- 01/66/A 42 91236-11.EG . -- . -- . -- . -- . - " " . -- . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 52 - . -- . -- . -- . . - - . - . - ) .( 01/66/A 62 91236-11.EG -- . -- . -- - . - . - " " -- . -- - - . -- . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 72 - -- : . -- : . - . - - -- . -- . 01/66/A 82 91236-11.EG -- - : () () . - : () () () () . -- - . - . -- - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 92 - . -- - : '' '' . - . - . . -- - . - : () . () - -- 01/66/A 03 91236-11.EG . . -- . -- . -- . - . -- . -- .-- -- : 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 13 () . () -- . . - -- . -- . -- - . - . -- -- - . -- .-- -- -- 01/66/A 23 91236-11.EG -- . -- . -- . - -- . -- . -- - . - . -- - : 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 33 () () . - : () () () . -- - . - . -- .-- -- -- -- - . - . 01/66/A 43 91236-11.EG -- . -- : () () . -- - . - . -- - . . - . -- . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 53 - -- " " . -- . -- : '' '' . -- . -- . -- . -- . 01/66/A 63 91236-11.EG -- -- -- -- -- -- . -- . -- . -- -- . -- . -- . -- - -- . -- . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 73 -- -- -- -- . -- . -- . -- . -- - . - . -- . -- - .-- - . 01/66/A 83 91236-11.EG - -- .-- -- .-- -- . -- . -- -- -- -- -- -- . -- . -- -- . -- . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 93 -- : . -- . - . - . -- -- . . -- -- . . -- . - -- " " . 01/66/A 04 91236-11.EG -- " " . -- " " - . - .-- - -- . -- . -- . -- -- -- -- -- -- . -- . - 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 14 -- -- - . -- . - - : () () ()( ) () . -- : () () . () -- " " - . -- . 01/66/A 24 91236-11.EG -- . -- . --- . . --- . --- . --- . . --- . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 34 --- . --- : '' '' . - : . -- - . - . -- . 01/66/A 44 91236-11.EG -- . -- . -- . - -- . -- . -- . - -- . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 54 -- : - - . - . -- .--- - - . - - . -- - . - . 01/66/A 64 91236-11.EG -- . -- .-- -- - -- -- - . -- - . - . -- . -- - 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 74 . - . . - . . -- . . -- . - . -- .-- 01/66/A 84 91236-11.EG -- -- . -- . -- -- . -- .-- -- - . - . - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 94 - . -- - .-- - . . -- . - -- . -- . -- - . - . 01/66/A 05 91236-11.EG - -- . -- - . - . -- - . - . - . - . - . - -- . - 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 15 . - . -- -- . -- . - - -- - . - .- ( ) ( ) ( ) - (.) " " - . 01/66/A 25 91236-11.EG -- -- - . - . - . . - ( ) ( ) ( ) .- (.) -- . -- -- -- -- . -- - 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 35 : () () . - : () () () . - ( ) . - . -- : () 01/66/A 45 91236-11.EG () . -- -- -- . -- : () () () . - -- -- . -- - . - -- -- . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 55 -- -- -- . -- -- -- : () () . -- - . - . - .-- -- -- . - -- 01/66/A 65 91236-11.EG . -- - . - . -- -- -- . - - . - . - - . . - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 75 () " " : - - - - __________ . 746/4.NC/A () 01/66/A 85 91236-11.EG - - - - - - : - . - (1.ddA/01/66/A) - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 95 - " ( ) - " . .() () " " . .() ( ) - () () .() __________ 1.rroC( )01/75/A ( ) " ( ) .- ) " / .( )01/55/A( / / . (01/55/A ) ". " / .- 1.rroC( )01/75/A ( ) . () ( )355/4.NC/A ( )145/4.NC/A ( )235/4.NC/A () )795/4.NC/A ( )385/4.NC/A ( )2 1.ddA 465/4.NC/A (. )016/4.NC/A( ) () 1.rroC( )01/75/A ( )01/85/A( . 395/4.NC/A 285/4.NC/A 1.ddA 865/4.NC/A 655/4.NC/A 745/4.NC/A 545/4.NC/A .906/4.NC/A 1.ddA 01/66/A 06 91236-11.EG () - . () . - - 636/4.NC/A) ()046/4.NC/A (.1.ddA 736/4.NC/A) (1.ddA - . / / / . . / )877.L/4.NC/A( - / (. - ) / - (. - ) - . - / - : __________ . )01/46/A( () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 16 () . () - / - : " ". - - . - - . - . 01/66/A 26 91236-11.EG " " () . " " () " " () " " () . . : () . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 36 . - . . - . . . 01/66/A 46 91236-11.EG - . - . . - . - . - . - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 56 - . : () . () : () . () : () () . 01/66/A 66 91236-11.EG - . - . - . . . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 76 . - . - : () () () . - . - . : - () . () 01/66/A 86 91236-11.EG - . : - () () . - : () () . - : () . () . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 96 : () . () . . : () . () 01/66/A 07 91236-11.EG - . - . - . - . - . - . . : 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 17 () . () - . - . - . - . - . - . . - . . 01/66/A 27 91236-11.EG - . - . - . - . - . - . - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 37 : () () : '' '' . - . : - () . () - . 01/66/A 47 91236-11.EG - . : () () . . - . - . : - () () . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 57 - . - . - . - : () () . - . . 01/66/A 67 91236-11.EG - . - . - . - . - : () () () . - . : - () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 77 () () () . - : () () . . : - () () . () - . - : () () . 01/66/A 87 91236-11.EG - . . . - : () . () - . - : () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 97 . () - . : () () . - . - . - : () . () - . 01/66/A 08 91236-11.EG . . . . . . - - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 18 ( " . (. " ) . . . . ( . . : . . . ( . . . . ( . . . 01/66/A 28 91236-11.EG . ( . . . . . . . . ( . . . ( . "(. )" . . ( ) . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 38 . ( (. ) . (. ) . . . ( ) . . ( ( ) . . . . . . . - . - . 01/66/A 48 91236-11.EG ( . . . . " " ( . . ( . . . . ( . . . . () . . ( __________ .- ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 58 . . . . ( . : [ ] " .()" . ( . () . ( . " " . . __________ . () .- () 01/66/A 68 91236-11.EG . () . " . ()" . ()" " . . ()" " . . ( . . ( . " . ()" . __________ . ( ) . ( ) . ( ) . ( ( ) . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 78 " " () . " " () " " () " " () . ( ) " " ( . . . ( ( ) . () / ( " " " ()" __________ .() 133 .p ,5511 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU ( ) / () ( ) ( ()) )61/76.FNOC/A( 3 .p ,6491 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU / () .51/921.FNOC/A / 01/66/A 88 91236-11.EG . . / .() . . . " " " " . " " . . ( . . . () ". " . .()() () __________ : (. ) () " ... ". (. ) ( ) / ( ) .317-5002/snoitacilbup/ne/gro.nedron.www//:ptth: VI traP dna III traP ,)de dr3( snoitazinagrO latnemnrevoG lanoitanretnI ,).de( eelsaeP .J.A ( ) .304983 .pp ,)9791 ,ffohjiN :nodnoL/notsoB/eugaH ehT( newueeL nav .M dna sremrehcS .G.H ,snamjiooK .H.P ,sraawuaL .H.P ,nyetpaK .G.J.P ( ) .a.2.3.K.II ,)4891 ,ffohjiN :eugaH ehT( noitargetnI dna noitazinagrO lanoitanretnI ,pmakmooB 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 98 " " ( . . . . ( () () .() ". " ( : " ". . .() ( . . . __________ . () .gro.ncui.www//:ptth ( ). ( ) .52014201 .pp ,)1991( 73 .lov ,lanoitanretnI tiorD ed sianarF eriaunnA / () 94 .lov ,elivic aizitsuiG " 3131 .p ta 9031 .p ,I ,)9991( ". 01/66/A 09 91236-11.EG . / : " .()" : " .()" . ( () ". " . ( . ()" " __________ .73 .arap ,0998 .pp ,0891 stropeR .J.C.I ( ) .52 .arap ,87 .p ,6991 stropeR .J.C.I ( ) .581 .p ,9491 stropeR .J.C.I ( ) " " . . ( ) ( ) " " .544 .p ,)6991( II-66 .lov ,lanoitanretnI tiorD ed tutitsnIl ed eriaunnA 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 19 " " " ". . ( ) ( . : " .()" . " " . () . " ( ) ( . " . .() () ( . .() " " __________ .52 .arap ,87 .p ,6991 ,stropeR .J.C.I ( ) ( ) . .gro.ivj.www//:ptth . () . / () . / ( ) . ( ) .ff 42 .p ,)6791 ,ffohjiN :nodnoL/notsoB/eugaH ehT( V traP ,eelsaeP .J.A : 01/66/A 29 91236-11.EG ( ) ( () () - - () . ( . . . . () " " ( . () ( ) " """ " __________ ( ) . sremrehcS .G.H ,snamjiooK .H.P ,sraawuaL .H.R ,nyetpaK .G.J.P B.I-A.I .slov ot tnemelppuS ).sde( pmakmooB newueeL nav .M dna .a.3.1.B.I .lppus )7991 ,ffohjiN :nodnoL/notsoB/eugaH ehT( ( ()) ( ) . " " " " .a.7.1.B.I .lppus " ( ) " "" " " " .G.H ,snamjiooK .H.P ,sraawuaL .H.R ,nyetpaK .G.J.P". " " ehT( ,B.I .lov ).sde( pmakmooB newueeL nav .M dna sremrehcS .a.3.2.B.I ,)2891 ,ffohjiN :nodnoL/notsoB/eugaH" " " ( ) . 51/921.FNOC/A ( ) ". 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 39 ". . " ". . () . ( ) " " ( . " - - .() ( . : " .()" " " ( . . . [". ] " ( ) ( . __________ . () . - 736/4.NC/A () .081 .p ,9491 stropeR .J.C.I () 01/66/A 49 91236-11.EG " " () . ( " " . ( ) . ". " ( ) (. " . ( ) . " " ( ) ( . : " " " . ()" . ( . . ( ) " " __________ ( ) () : . . . . ". " .771 .p ,9491 stropeR .J.C.I () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 59 ( " " . " " ( . . "" " ( " (.) . . ( . () . . : __________ . ( ) () .- ( )- 01/66/A 69 91236-11.EG - " - .()( ]...[" ) ( ) ( ". " " " ( . : "]...[ . " .()" ( . " .()" (. ) ( . . . (. __________ . 983/15/A () .66 .arap ,98-88 .pp ,9991 ,stropeR .J.C.I ( ) . ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 79 . . : () . () ( . . . " " . ( . . : / " .()" . ( . . . . __________ .73 .arap ,09-98 .pp ,0891 ,stropeR .J.C.I () 01/66/A 89 91236-11.EG . ( . . . ( . " " . . . ( . . ( . ( 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 99 . . . ( . () . . ( () . . . : " .()" . ( . . . ( . . __________ . () . ( ) () .085 .p ta 793 .p ,3381 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU () 01/66/A 001 91236-11.EG . ( . . () . . () . . ( . . - . . - __________ . ( ) () / ( ) () " ]...[". 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 101 () ( () ". " . . ( ()"" " " . . : " " " . ()" . " : " " - - .()" : .()" " __________ . ( ) () . () ". "" " () . . . 771 .p ta 471 .p ,9491 stropeR .J.C.I () .84 .arap ,491 .p ,9891 stropeR .J.C.I () . ( ) () 01/66/A 201 91236-11.EG ( : "]...[ .()" . " " . (( ) . : / " .()" ( . . ( . . " ( " . . __________ 84.arap ,98-88 .pp ,9991 stropeR .J.C.I () enu " selbatupmi tnos ,elarng elgr nE : () te erutan etuot ed te gnar tuot ed senagro ses ed snoissimo te setca sel elanoitanretni noitasinagro 57.16 BPV ". .secnetpmoc sruel ed ecicrexel snad stnega ses ed . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 301 ( " . ()" : . ". ". ( ". " . (. ()" " . . . ( ) " " . ( . () . __________ ( ( ( ) () . . () . () 01/66/A 401 91236-11.EG . ( ) . . ( . . . . . .() . ( " " "" . . ( . __________ . () . (196/94/A) 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 501 . " . ()" . . ( . .()" " . () " ". " .()" . " " ( . () . - . - __________ (. 769/15/A )599/05/A () . 61.RS/46/6.C/A () . ( ) () . ( () . () 01/66/A 601 91236-11.EG ( . : " .()" () . () () " " " .() " ( .() . :() " __________ / () . - 545/4.NC/A ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU) () ,885 .lov ) (3 .p ,565 .lov ) )191.p ,535 lov ,seireS (.391 .p ,465 .lov ) ( 741 .p ,585 .lov ) (391 .p .581-481 .pp ,)0891( koobraeY lacidiruJ snoitaN detinU () (983/15/A) () . . - 1 .ddA/736/4.NC/A () . ( () .342 .p ,399 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU ()A/66/10 107 GE.11-63219 ")(. . ( )( . : __________ )( United Nations, Juridical Yearbook (1994), p. 450. )( J.-P. Ritter, La protection diplomatique lgard dune organisation internationale, Annuaire Franais de Droit International, vol. 8 (1962), p. 427 at p. 442; R. Simmonds, Legal Problems Arising from the United Nations Military Operations (The Hague: Nijhoff, 1968), p. 229; B. Amrallah, The International Responsibility of the United Nations for Activities Carried Out by U.N. Peace-Keeping Forces, Revue Egyptienne de Droit International, vol. 32 (1976), p. 57 at pp. 62-63 and 7379; E. Butkiewicz, The Premises of International Responsibility of Inter-Governmental Organizations, Polish Yearbook of International Law, vol. 11 (19811982), p. 117 at pp. 123125 and 134135; M. Prez Gonzlez, Les organisations internationales et le droit de la responsabilit, Revue gnrale de Droit international public, vol. 99 (1988), p. 63 at p. 83; M. Hirsch, The Responsibility of International Organizations toward Third Parties (Dordrecht/London: Nijhoff, 1995), pp. 6467; C.F. Amerasinghe, Principles of the Institutional Law of International Organizations, 2nd ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp. 401403; P. Klein, La Responsabilit des Organisations Internationales dans les Ordres Juridiques Internes et en Droit des Gens (Bruxelles: Bruylant/Editions de lUniversit de Bruxelles, 1998), pp. 379380; I. Scobbie, International Organizations and International Relations in R.J. Dupuy (ed.), A Handbook of International Organizations, 2nd ed. (Dordrecht/Boston/London: Nijhoff, 1998), p. 891; C. Pitschas, Die vlkerrechtliche Verantwortlichkeit der europischen Gemeinschaften und ihrer Mitgliedstaaten (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 2001), p. 51; J.-M. Sorel, La responsabilit des Nations Unies dans les oprations de maintien de la paix, International Law Forum, vol. 3 (2001), p. 127 at p. 129. Some authors refer to effective control, some others to operational control. The latter concept was used also by M. Bothe, Streitkrfte internationaler Organisationen (Kln/Berlin: Heymanns Verlag, 1968), p. 87. Difficulties in drawing a line between operational and organizational control were underlined by L. Condorelli, Le statut des forces de lONU et le droit international humanitaire, Rivista di Diritto Internazionale, vol. 78 (1995), p. 881 at pp. 887-888. The Committee on Accountability of International Organizations of the International Law Association referred to a criterion of effective control (operational command and control), International Law Association, Report of the Seventy-First Conference, Berlin (2004), p. 200. 01/66/A 801 91236-11.EG " . .()" " / .()" " " ( : " ]...[ . . .()" . . __________ . 356/4991/S () eht nI .83 .arap ,srehto dna etatS naigleB .v srehto dna ariznilugN-anamihsekuM () ed non te euqigleB al ed edigl suos esirp noisicd enu" :sdaer egassap detouq eht hcnerF lanigiro ".RIMANUl . 983/15/A () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 901 ( () ) ( ) (. . " " " .()" " " () " ] . ()"[ "" " " () __________ dna 10/21417 .oN snoitacilppa fo ytilibissimda eht no 7002 yaM 2 fo )rebmahC dnarG( noisiceD () .10/66187 .oN . () . () . ( ) ( ) eht dna noissimmoC waL lanoitanretnI eht :noitubirtta elpitlum gnissessaeR ,lleB .A .C:. ,scitiloP dna waL lanoitanretnI fo lanruoJ ytisrevinU kroY weN ,noisiced itamaraS dna imarheB lanruoJ naciremA ,eton ,odnaplalliV .S dna inizzuB .P.G ,ceniviL-uaedoB .P ;105 .p ,)0102( 24 .lov stiaf sel ruop tilibasnopseR ,nielK .P ;923823 .pp ta 323 .p ,)8002( 201 .lov ,waL lanoitanretnI fo enneporue ruoC al ed elrtnoc ed riovuop ud eudnet te xiap ed snoitarpod erdac el snad simmoc eriaunnA ,itamaraS te imarheB trral rus seuqitirc snoitardisnoc seuqleuq :emmohl ed stiord sed sed tilibasnopseR ,egnargaL .hP ;55 .p ta 34 .p ,)7002( 35 .lov ,lanoitanretnI tiorD ed sianarF euveR ,seinU snoitaN sed etrahC al ed IIV ertipahc ud noitacilppa ne silpmocca setca ruop statE seL ,reilavehC-ylaL .C ;5949 .pp ta 58 .p ,)8002( 211 .lov ,cilbuP lanoitanretnI tiorD ed elarnG ed stiord sed enneporue noitnevnoC al te seinU snoitaN sed selivic te seriatilim snoitarpo ,nesraL .M.K ;446246 .pp ta 726 .p ,)7002( 04 .lov ,lanoitanretnI tiorD ed egleB euveR ,emmohl ,tseT lortnoC dna ytirohtuA etamitlU ehT :snoitarepO ecaeP ni tcudnoC fo noitubirttA ehT ,oenisseM .F ;225125 .pp ta 905 .p ,)8002( 91 .lov ,waL lanoitanretnI fo lanruoJ naeporuE-NU ot tcudnoC fo noitubirttA :waL lanoitanretnI cilbuP dna addeJ-lA ni sdroL fo esuoHA/66/10 GE.11-63219 110 / :" ")(. ( )( )( . )( . ( )( . " __________ Authorized Forces and the Power of the Security Council to Displace Human Rights, Netherlands International Law Review, vol. 56 (2009), p. 35 at pp. 3943; M. Milanovi and T. Papi, As Bad as It Gets: The European Court of Human Rights Behrami and Saramati Decision and General International Law, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, vol. 58 (2009), p. 267 at pp. 283286; A. Orakhelashvili, note, American Journal of International Law, vol. 102 (2008), p. 337 at p. 341; P. Palchetti, Azioni di forze istituite o autorizzate dalle Nazioni Unite davanti alla Corte europea dei diritti delluomo: i casi Behrami e Saramati, Rivista di Diritto Internazionale, vol. 90 (2007), p. 681 at pp. 689690; A. Sari, Jurisdiction and International Responsibility in Peace Support Operations: The Behrami and Saramati Cases, Human Rights Law Review, vol. 8 (2008), p. 151 at p. 164; L.-A. Sicilianos, L(ir)responsabilit des forces multilatrales?, in L. Boisson de Chazournes and M. Kohen, eds. International Law and the Quest for its Implementation; Liber Amicorum Vera Gowlland-Debbas, (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2010), p. 95 at pp. 98106; and H. Strydom, " The Responsibility of International Organisations for Conduct Arising out of Armed Conflict Situations" South African Yearbook of International Law, vol. 34 (2009), p. 101 at pp. 116-120. ) ( S/2008/354 . )( / /. ) ( / /. ) ( / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / /. ) ( Decision of 12 December 2007, R (on the application of Al-Jedda) (FC) v. Secretary of State for Defence. 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 111 [ ] [ ] .()" . . () " . ()" . ( . ( ) " .() . ()" . () (. .() __________ . () (. )- ()- ( ) ( ) ( - ) - . .65 .arap ,tni.eoc.rhce.pksmic//:ptth ,1102 yluJ 7 ,)rebmahC dnarG( tnemgduJ () " . () [ ] (. " ) . () . .8.4 .arap ,1761-60 AZ AH/516562 .on esac ,8002 rebmetpeS 01 fo tnemgduJ ( ) .ln.kaarpsthcer.nekeoz//:ptth: 01/66/A 211 91236-11.EG " " " " . ()" .()" . ) " . ( " .() ( : " . .()]...[" __________ .- ( ) .-- ( ) truoC ehT .9.5 dna 8.5 .sarap yllaicepse ,ln.kaarpsthcer.nekeoz//:ptth ,1102 yluJ 5 fo tnemgduJ ( ) a gnivig nehW .smitciv eht fo lavomer eht tneverp ot elba neeb dah sdnalrehteN eht taht deugra eht ,tneverp ot ytiliba eht osla edulcni ot sa os lortnoc evitceffe fo tpecnoc eht ot gninaem ediw evitceffE fo dradnatS eht gnitalsnarT ,muabnennaD .T yb nekat hcaorppa eht dewollof truoC rof denoitroppA eB dluohS ytilibaiL woH :ytilibatnuoccA evitceffE fo metsyS a otni lortnoC snoitaN detinU sa stnegnitnoC spoorT etatS rebmeM yb sthgiR namuH fo snoitaloiV truoC ehT .751 .p ta 311 .p ,)0102( 15 .lov ,weiveR waL lanoitanretnI dravraH ,srepeekecaeP detinU eht dna nigiro fo etatS eht ot tcudnoc fo noitubirtta laud a fo ytilibissop eht deredisnoc detinU ni ytilibisnopseR lanoitanretnI " ,kceL .C yb detacovda neeb dah noitulos sihT .snoitaN fo noitubirttA eht dna stnemegnarrA lortnoC dna dnammoC :snoitarepO gnipeekecaeP snoitaN .463-263 .pp ta 643 .p ,)9002( 01 .lov ,waL lanoitanretnI fo lanruoJ enruobleM ,"tcudnoC .781 .p ,)1791( koobraeY lacidiruJ snoitaN detinU () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 311 ( . " . ()" : " .()" . . ( . () . ( . ( ) . __________ .)/ne/tni.ohw.www//:ptth( / () / () . 545/4.NC/A () : . ]...[ "]...[ ". .52 .arap ,87 .p ,6991 stropeR .J.C.I 01/66/A 411 91236-11.EG ( ) . . . ( . () " " ". " ( ". " . " . ()" .()" " ( . . . ( : __________ . ( ) () . ( () : nitraM stroC .M.J () dadilibasnopseR us ed ovisergorP ollorraseD y nicacifidoC :selanoicanretnI senoicazinagrO saL .322-112 .pp ,)8002 ,alliveS :acilbP nicartsinimdA ed zuladnA otutitsnI( lanoicanretnI 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 511 " . . .()" . . ( .() . : "]...[ .()" __________ .861 .p ,2691 stropeR .J.C.I () : () " ) (". ) () (. .66 .arap ,98 .p ,9991 stropeR .J.C.I () 01/66/A 611 91236-11.EG - - . ( : " . .()" ( . : " ]...[ " " / ]...[ " " " " . ]...[ .()" __________ . 545/4.NC/A () .003 .p ,)6891( koobraeY lacidiruJ snoitaN detinU () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 711 " " . " " () . ( . " .()" . " [ ] " ( . " " . . ( () . __________ " " () / .502 .p ,)9791( koobraeY lacidiruJ snoitaN detinU. () . - 1.ddA/736/4.NC/A . ( ) () 01/66/A 811 91236-11.EG. ()" " . ( . - " : . " " .()" (. . " ". " . ()" " " " . ()" : . () " "" " " " "" "" " . " " . ()" __________ . ( () . () / () . TP-2-49-TI . () . () . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 911 " .()" ( . . . ( . . . ". " " ( ". . . ( . () . __________ . . ( ) " ". . 37RA-2-49-TI / .- ( ) () 01/66/A 021 91236-11.EG - . - . ( "." " " () " " ( . " " () " ". ( . ( " ( ) ". . . ( . . __________ . () . ( () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 121 . () . () . () . (. " " " __________ : " " () erodallaB .G dna )2691 ,madeC :avodaP( ilanoizanretni inoinU elled onretni ottirid lI ,avelceD .M ed eimdacAl ed sruoc sed lieuceR ,selanoitanretni snoitasinagro sed enretni tiord eL ,ireillaP 1 .p ,)II-9691( 721 .lov ,eyaH aL ed lanoitanretni tiord .de ht7 ,)hniD couQ neyugN( cilbup lanoitanretni tiorD ,telleP .A dna reilliaD .775675 .pp ,)2002 ,.J.D.G.L :siraP( sed noitasinagrOl ed enretni tiord eL ,unaenascoF .L : () eL ,reihaC .P ,ff 513 .p ,)7591( 3 .lov ,lanoitanretnI tiorD ed sianarF eriaunnA ,seinU snoitaN .lov ,cilbup lanoitanretni tiord ed elarng euveR ,selanoitanretni snoitasinagro sed enretni tiord euqidiruj tilannosrep al tnanrecnoc snoitseuq sellevuoN ,sirebraB .A.J dna ff 365 .p ,)3691( 76 ehT " ,nroblA .hC ;522222 .pp ta 541 .p ,)I-3891( 971 .lov ,... sruoc sed lieuceR ,elanoitanretni hcraeseR LICA ,"ytilibisnopseR lanoitanretnI fo waL eht dna snoitazinagrO lanoitanretnI fo seluR . .ln.tcejorpserahs.www ,)seireS SERAHS( 30-1102 .N repaP hcierebsgnudnewnA dnu noitakifilauQ ,tdrahnreB .R : rf tfahcslleseG nehcstueD red ethcireB ,nenoitasinagrO relanoitanretni sthceR nenretni sed . 7 .p ,)3791( 21 .lov ,thcerreklV ( ) () .v atsoC. ). . . : (.L.E.N.E ". ". .pp ta 7211 .p ,4691 ,stropeR ecitsuJ fo truoC naeporuE ,4691 yluJ 51 fo tnemgduJ ,46/6 esaC .)noitide hcnerF( 95118511 01/66/A 221 91236-11.EG () : ". ( ) " . . () () .()" ( ) " .()" ( . . . " " ( . . ( . ( ) . . __________ .9888 .sarap ,0102 stropeR .J.C.I () (. ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 321 . . ( " () ". ( . . . . . . () . " " " " __________ ( ( ) () . . ( ) () : " ( ) ". 01/66/A 421 91236-11.EG - . - . - . . ". " " " () - . - . . () ". "" " __________ . () . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 521 ( () . " " . ()( ) . . . . ( . . ( . . . __________ . () .024 .arap ,051 .p ,7002 stropeR .J.C.I () 01/66/A 621 91236-11.EG ( . () .: () () . . () () . . . . () . " .()" : () . () ( __________ .831 .p ,46 .lov ,stropeR dna snoisiceD ,78/85231 .oN noitacilppA ,0991 yraurbeF 9 fo noisiceD () .161 .p ,V-6991 ,stropeR RHCE ,6991 rebmevoN 51 fo tnemgduJ () .152 .p ,I-9991 ,stropeR RHCE ,9991 yraurbeF 81 fo tnemgduJ () .133 .p ,VI-4002 ,stropeR RHCE ,4002 hcraM 01 fo noisiceD () .701 .p ,IV-5002 ,stropeR RHCE ,5002 enuJ 03 fo tnemgduj dna 1002 rebmetpeS 31 fo noisiceD () / / () (. ) )04/24/A( .- ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 721 . () . ( . . ( " . ". " .()" ( " . () . () " " ( " ". . ( . / __________ " () () ". . ( )( ) . - (.) ( ) () (.) () . () 01/66/A 821 91236-11.EG . : " . ]...[ " " . ]...[ .()" : () . () ( () . . __________ .moc.semityn.www / " " () .- ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 921 " " " " . " ( ". ( ) ( : " .()" . ( " " . " " ()" " ()" . ()" . __________ . () . . uo NATOl ed tilibasnopseR .seticilli setca sleutnevd tilibatupmiL lageL A :ytinummoC lanoitanretnI eht dna ovosoK ,).de( tahcsumoT .C ni ,serbmem statE sed .991 .p ta 391 .p ,)2002 ,lanoitanretnI waL rewulK :eugaH ehT( tnemssessA . ( ( ) () . ( () . () 01/66/A 031 91236-11.EG . ( . : . . ( )( ) ( " " " ". . . : () () . ( . . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 131 ( () . " " . ". " ( . . ". " ( . : " . .()" ( . . . . - . __________ . () . ( () 01/66/A 231 91236-11.EG - . - . ( : . "]...[ .()"" ( : "]...[ .()" ( . " " ( . . ( . . __________ . 22.RS/95/6.C/A () . - 655/4.NC/A () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 331 . . ( . . . : [ "] [.] ) [. ] ( "" .()" ( . : "]...[ .()" . ( . . __________ . ( ) () . 22.RS/95/6.C/A () 01/66/A 431 91236-11.EG . . "" ( . . ( . . ( ". " . . ( . ( . : / "]...[ . .()" ( . __________ .)4991( 929/SER/S " " . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 531 ( . . . " " ( . . ( . . . . 01/66/A 631 91236-11.EG . " " . () " ". . . " " ( () . . () . ( . . . . __________ . ( ) () . () (. () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 731 . ( . . . ( " () . ()" " ". .()" " ( . () . () / .() __________ . () (. () (. - () / () . / () . (576/94/A) () / PSFC/346/5002 .(31 .p ,432 L ,5002 rebmetpeS 01 ,noinU naeporuE eht fo lanruoJ laiciffO) 01/66/A 831 91236-11.EG. ( . ( " ". " ()" . . . . (" " . " " " . " . ( ) (. ()" " " " : "]...[ __________ ( ( ) () . (. () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 931 . .()" ( . " ( " " " " . . ()" : " .()" " " . . ( . . __________ (. () " (): ". ` ` ]...[ (565/95/A) . .983 .p ta 883 .p ,)6991( 43 .lov ,waL lanoitanretnI fo koobraeY naidanaC () 01/66/A 041 91236-11.EG .() ( . - . - : () () () . - . ( . __________ ( ) () / " "" : ". :RIDINU( yrutneC ts12 eht rof adnegA nA .acirfA tseW ni ecaeP rof noitarepooC ,).de( issiyA .A .721 .p ,)1002 ,aveneG 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 141 . ( . . . () . ( . . . . . ( . " " ]...[ " ". __________ . ( ) () 01/66/A 241 91236-11.EG . " " ( " " . . . ( . . . ( . - . : - () . () ( ]...[ " 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 341 . ()" . ( . . ( . : " . .()" . ( . () : __________ . () .133 .p ta 523 .p ,1961 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU () . () . 01/66/A 441 91236-11.EG " .()" . ( : . " .()" . (" " "." " " " " - . : - __________ . / () . stnemegduj/snoisiced_senoisiced/mdabirt/gro.sao.www//:ptth : / " . . (. - 545/4.NC/A ". ) . / () .lanubirt/hsilgne/cilbup/gro.oli.www//:ptth: 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 541 () () . ( " . ()" " () .()" ( . . ( . () ]...[ " .()" ( . . __________ . ( ) () (. () (. () . () (. ( ) () 01/66/A 641 91236-11.EG (" " " " "." " " - : () () . - : () . () ( . () : . ( . NREC N.R.O.T __________ . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 741 . : . "]...[ . .()" : ( "]...[ .()" () () .() () () ( . __________ . / () .lanubirt/hsilgne/cilbup/gro.oli.www//:ptth: / () (. - 655/4.NC/A ) / () (. - 655/4.NC/A ) / () (. - 655/4/.NC/A ) / () (. - 655/4.NC/A ) / () (. - 865/4.NC/A ) . - - 1.ddA/736/4.NC/A () 01/66/A 841 91236-11.EG . . . : . ( ()) ( ( ()) . . ( ()) ( ( ()) . (()) (" " . " " " " . ( " " - - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 941 " .()" ( " . ()" ( ): ) .() " " ( ( . . " " ( ". " " " : () . () ( . () __________ . ( ) () (. ) () .46 .arap ,23 .p ,6002 stropeR .J.C.I () . ( ) () 01/66/A 051 91236-11.EG () . . . ( . . ( . ( . .() ( ) ( . ( ) . ( ) . __________ () " (/) - . ". . ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 151 . . " " () . ". " . ( . : .() ( . . . __________ . () .51/921.FNOC/A () 01/66/A 251 91236-11.EG. ( . . ( . () ." " " " : () . () ( . . ( . . . ( . . . ( . __________ . ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 351 . . ( . . ( " " () ." " - . - . ( . . " ( ". riakcilC zlaW " .()" " " __________ . () . 90/36-C / () 01/66/A 451 91236-11.EG ( . . . . . . ( . . . ( . ( . .() ( . . .() __________ 1.ddA/736/4.NC/A . () . - - . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 551 ( " " " " () . - . - . ( . . " " " " : () . ( () " ." ( . . . __________ . ( ) () . () .51/921.FNOC/A () 01/66/A 651 91236-11.EG . ( . " " . . ( ) . ( . . . - . - . ( . . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 751 . ( . . . . ( . () ( () . . ( . . () . __________ . ( ) () . () " / / () ". : 01/66/A 851 91236-11.EG . ( . () . . ( . ": " / " . .()" : () __________ . ( ) () 545/4.NC/A ) 72/22.MOC/VOG () (. . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 951 () . ( . ( () . . ". " " " - . - . . ( . : " .()" __________ . ( ) () ;741 .p ,585 .lov ;3 .p ,565 .lov ;391 .p ,465 .lov ;991 .p ,535 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU () .791 .p ,885 .lov dna 01/66/A 061 91236-11.EG () .() ( . / : " . . ()" ( () . ( " " () ". " __________ :niaM ma trufknarF( nenoitasinagrO relanoitanretnI gnutfaH eiD ,hcabnelamhcS .K () .123-413 .pp ta ,)4002 ,gnaL reteP tiekhciltrowtnareV ehcilthcerreklv eiD ,rehtniG .K: () .pp ,)9691 ,regnirpS :kroY weN/neiW( netaatsttirD rebnegeg nenoitasinagrO relanoitanretnI .761-661 . 14 .p ,5691 ,koobraeY lacidiruJ snoitaN detinU () reirvf 02 ud tnahT U-kaapS sdrocca seL ,nomlaS .A.J.J: .784 dna 384 .pp ta ,864 .p ,)5691( 11 .lov ,lanoitanretni tiord ed sianarf eriaunnA ,5691 .66 .arap ,98-88 .pp ,9991 stropeR .J.C.I () . ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 161 - . - . - . ( . . : ( " . .()" / ( : . " . .()" ( : __________ . (945/45/A) : / ( ) .mth.adnawr_msgs/gsso/sweN/gro.nu.www () 01/66/A 261 91236-11.EG " .()" / .() ( . . ( . . . . ( " " () ". " - . . - . __________ .mth.2sekatsiM-ovosoK/ovosok/ku.ca.ewu.sse.www//:ptth () /50/9991/renimaxehsiri/ei.mct.sevihcra//:ptth ,esenihC eht ot ygolopa OTAN seussi redeorhcS () .mth.daehf/31 . ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 361 . () . . . (. () : " . . " " " ( . .() ( . . . " " ( . __________ . () . () . nielK .P () 01/66/A 461 91236-11.EG . . . - . - . ( . . . ( () . () __________ . )01/16/A( () (. )41.RS/16/6.C/A" " ()( ) ) (- )41.RS/16/6.C/A ( )31.RS/16/6.C/A ( ) ( ) (- ( ) ( ) ( )61.RS/16/6.C/A ( )51.RS/16/6.C/A " (. )91.RS/16/6.C/A (. )41.RS/16/6.C/A" " ( )31.RS/16/6.C/A )51.RS/46/6.C/A ". 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 561 . () . ( . . . . . ( . ( . () . : . " __________( ) ( ) ( )61.RS/46/6.C/A ( ( - - )636/4.NC/A ( - - )636/4.NC/A . )1.ddA/636/4.NC/A( ( )61.RS/46/6.C/A " ". . - - 285/4.NC/A () (. - - )736/4.NC/A" " ) () ( )41.RS/16/6.C/A ( )31.RS/16/6.C/A( (. )51.RS/16/6.C/A ( ) ( ) (.154 .p ,)6991( II-66 .lov ,lanoitanretnI tiorD ed tutitsnI'l ed eriaunnA" ) " 01/66/A 661 91236-11.EG [ ] .()(" ) - . - . ( . () . . . . ( " " . () ". " __________ .802 .p ,2691 stropeR .J.C.I () . ( ) () . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 761 - . - . - . ( . () " " " . " () ( . () . () __________ . () . )01/16/A( ()( ) () 41.RS/16/6.C/A) ( ) ( )31.RS/16/6.C/A ( ) (- ) ( 51.RS/16/6.C/A) ( ) ( ) ( 81.RS/16/6.C/A) ( 61.RS/16/6.C/A) ( (. 91.RS/16/6.C/A)( ) () 41.RS/16/6.C/A) ( ) ( 31.RS/16/6.C/A) ) ( ) ( ) ( ( 51.RS/16/6.C/A) ( ) ( (. 81.RS/16/6.C/A) 01/66/A 861 91236-11.EG : ( " .()" .()" " ( . . . ( . ( " " " : . ()" " .()" __________ . - - 285/4.NC/A () " . () .( )" .202-002 .pp ,4002 stropeR .J.C.I ( () . 202.p ,4002 stropeR .J.C.I ( () (. ) . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 961 ( . " ( ) . ()" " : ". .()" " ( . . . ( . () . . . ( . __________ . / ( ) () () .p ,)2991( 13 .lov ,slairetaM lageL lanoitanretnI / .7841 .p ta ,5841 .- ( ) () 01/66/A 071 91236-11.EG ( ) . () . : () () : '' '' . ( . . ( ) ( : () . . () . __________ . ( () . ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 171 . ( . . . " . ()" " . ()" : .() ( ) ( . () " () __________ .581-481 .pp ,9491 stropeR .J.C.I () . 1.veR/7/1991/62.CA/S () "-" " () .- 6/2002/62.CA/S . ( ) () .( () 01/66/A 271 91236-11.EG .() ( . . . . () " ( " "" . . - " " "" . " ( ) ( " . : . - . : - __________ .( () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 371 () . () ( . () . . . ( " " . " ( " . " " ( . - . - . __________ . () 01/66/A 471 91236-11.EG ( . () . . . ( " " " . ()"]...[ . () . ( . ": .()" . (. " .()" __________ . () . (01/16/A ) () () " : )93 .arap ,7002 stropeR .J.C.I " (.fdp.65831/301/selif/tekcod/gro.jic-jci.www//:ptth . (01/16/A ) () .681 .p ,9491 stropeR .J.C.I () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 571 . ( . ( ) () " " .() ( . . . . . " . ()" __________ lacoL fo noitsuahxE fo eluR eht fo noitacilppA ehT ,edadnirT odanaC .A.A () ;65-64 .pp ,)3891 ,sserP ytisrevinU egdirbmaC :egdirbmaC( waL lanoitanretnI ni seidemeR egdirbmaC :egdirbmaC( .de dn2 ,waL lanoitanretnI ni seidemeR lacoL ,ehgnisaremA .F.C ittirid e inretni isrocir ied otnemiruasE ,ihcsezzaM ollisiP .R ;57-46 .pp ,)4002 ,sserP ytisrevinU . )4002 ,illehcippaiG :oniroT( inamu . " " ehgnisaremA .F.C: () snoitcidiruj te sruocer ed seiov sed tnemesiup ,euqitamolpid noitcetorP neveohreV.J :sellexurB( nomlaS naeJ streffo segnalM tiord ud riovuop ,riovuop ud tiorD senneporue .7151 .p ta 1151 .p ,)7002 ,tnalyurB .481 .p ,9491 stropeR .J.C.I () 545/4.NC/A / " " () . 01/66/A 671 91236-11.EG . ( " . () (seidemer lacol" ) . ( " __________ : ( ) el rus snoitavresbO ,rehcssiV eD .P554-454 .pp ta ,724 .p rettiR .P-.J ,seinU snoitaN sed noitasinagrOl ed tilibasnopser al ed epicnirp ud ervueo ne esim al te tnemednof 471 .p ta ,561 .p ,)3691( 04 .lov ,rapmoc tiord ed te lanoitanretnI tiorD ed euveR .L 76 .p ta ,75 .p hallarmA .B 832 .p sdnommiS .R fo koobraeY namreG ,snagrO latnemnrevogretnI fo stcA tsniagA noitcetorP citamolpiD ,hcilmarG .M.N & sremrehcS .G.H ;)ylevitatnet erom( 893 .p ta ,683 .p ,)4891( 72 .lov ,waL lanoitanretnI .P8611-7611 .pp ,)5991 ,ffohjiN :eugaH ehT( .de dr3 ,waL lanoitutitsnI lanoitanretnI ,rekkolB tsniaga seidemeR ,snelleW .K 052 .p sahcstiP .C ff 435 .p nielK .G ;76-66 .pp ,)2002 ,sserP ytisrevinU egdirbmaC :egdirbmaC( snoitazinagrO lanoitanretnI fo ytilibisnopseR eht fo txetnoC eht ni seidemeR lacoL fo noitsuahxE fo eluR ehT ,regnillahT ff 104 .p ,)8002( 77 .lov ,waL lanoitanretnI fo lanruoJ cidroN ,snoitazinagrO lanoitanretnI " " ,)nilreB( ecnerefnoC tsriF-ytneveS eht fo tropeR ,snoitazinagrO lanoitanretnI fo ytilibatnuoccA ( notelgaE) .312 .p ,4002 " waL eht dna snoitazinagrO lanoitanretnI ,notelgaE .C " 593 .p ta ,323 .p ,)I-0591( 67 .lov ,sruoc sed lieuceR ,ytilibisnopseR fo " fo waL eht dna seidemeR lacoL fo noitsuahxE ,edadnirT odanaC .A.A " 75 .lov ,seuqitamolpiD secneicS ed te lanoitanretnI tiorD ed euveR ,snoitazinagrO lanoitanretnI .M zelznoG zerP 801 .p ta ,18 .p ,)9791( ehgnisaremA .F.C .17 .p ta ,36 .p " " " . : " ,nosnikyD :dirdaM( sadinU senoicaN ed lanoicanretni dadilibasnopser aL ,zednnreF sacaV .F .041-931 .pp ,)2002 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 771 . " () . ( " " . . ( "" . ( . . : () () . ( " " "" () (.)( ) " " __________ . (01/16/A ) () . ( ) () 01/66/A 871 91236-11.EG ( . . . . ( )( ) (. " " " " " . ()" . () . ( . " ( )( ) ( " . . __________ . ( () .51/921.FNOC/A () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 971 . ( . () : . ( . . . ( . ]...[ " " " . .()"[...] ( . . ( . __________ . ( ) () .681-481 .pp ,9491 stropeR .J.C.I () 01/66/A 081 91236-11.EG - . - . : - () () . ( . . . ": .() () ( __________ ,)4991( stropeR ecitsuJ fo truoC naeporuE - /613-C 19 / () (. )166-066-I .pp ta ,326-I .p . ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 181 . . ."]...[ " ( . ((. )( ) " " ( ) ." " - . - . - . - : () () . 01/66/A 281 91236-11.EG - . ( . () . " . " . ( " " " . " ( ) " " . " " ( . " " . () . ( . . ( . . __________ . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 381 " " . ( . ( ) . . " - - .()" ( . ( . . () __________ .- - 395/4.NC/A () ( ) snoitcnas te senneporue stuanummoC ,nnamrelhE .D-.C: ,)5-4891( 81 .lov ,lanoitanretnI tiord ed egleB euveR ,neveohreV .J esnopr enu - selanoitanretni cimonocE dna snoitazinagrO lanoitanretnI yb snoitcnaS ,nielK .E ;501-401 .pp ta ,69 .p eeporue tinumoC ,vaD .A ;011 .p ta ,101 .p ,)2991( 03 .lov ,sthcerreklV sed vihcrA ,seitinummoC lekitrA ,tahcsumoT .C ;.ff 694 .p ,)3991 ,enevoJ :ilopaN( ilanoizanretni ehcimonoce inoiznas e ,gartreV-GE/-UE muz ratnemmoK ,).sde( nnamrelhE .D.C ,gniseihT .J ,nebeorG red nav .H :ni ,012 ff 104 .p nielK .P ;92-82 .pp ,5 .lov ,)7991 ,somoN :nedaB-nedaB( noitide ht5 senoicazinagro sal ed lanoicanretni dadilibasnopser al a nicamixorpa anU ,sorienA yeR .A stuanummoC ,neveohreV .J: . selanoicanretni ,)5-4891( 81 .lov ,lanoitanretnI tiorD ed egleB euveR ,selanoitanretni snoitcnas te senneporue sed elanoitanretni tuanummoC al ed noitapicitrap aL ,amrutS .P dna ,09-98 .pp ta ,97 .p ,)3991( 663 .oN ,enneporue noinUl ed te nummoC hcraM ud euveR ,selanoitanretni snoitcnas " ,ittehclaP .P . 852 .p ta ,052 .p ,snoitagilbO senmO agrE fo sehcaerB ot noinU naeporuE eht yb snoitcaeR ,ittehclaP " :eugaH ehT( snoitaleR lanoitanretnI ni rotcA na sa noinU naeporuE ehT ,).de( orazzinnaC .E :ni ylno eb ot sraeppa ytinummoC eht fo elor eht ,622 .p ta ,912 .p ,)2002 ,lanoitanretnI waL rewulK .setatS rebmeM sti ot dewo era taht sthgir gnitnemelpmi fo taht 01/66/A 481 91236-11.EG . . ( . . . . / . ()" " " . ()". . . ( " . . " . . . () ( __________ .1 .p ,221 L 0002 yaM 41 ,seitinummoC naeporuE eht fo lanruoJ laiciffO () naeporuE eht fo lanruoJ laiciffO / PSFC/731/1102 () .35.p ,85 L / noinU ( 81.RS/26/6.C/A) () ( 91.RS/26/6.C/A) ( 81.RS/26/6.C/A) ( 02.RS/26/6.C/A) ( 91.RS26/6.C/A) (. 12.RS/26/6.C/A) ( 12.RS/26/6.C/A). ( - - 636/4.NC/A) ( 51.RS/46/6.C/A) . 12.RS/26/6.C/A) ( 12.RS/26/6.C/A) ( 12.RS/26/6.C/A) (. 91.RS/26/6.C/A) ( 12.RS/26/6.C/A) ( 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 581 . () .() ( [ ] " . ()" [ ] - . - ( . . ) " ( ( ) " . . __________ (01/26/A ) () ": . . ". (- - 395/4.NC/A) () ( ) ( ) 395/4.NC/A) (. - 1.ddA/395/4.NC/A) (.- - .gro.solti.www: / () 01/66/A 681 91236-11.EG . ( . . " . " . . ( . - . - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 781 - . - . ( . . . . ( " [ ] " .()" . () " " .()" ( .() __________ . - 906/4.NC/A () . - 906/4.NC/A () . - - 736/4.NC/A () ( 81.RS/26/6.C/A) ( ) "( " 91.RS/26/6.C/A) 12.RS/26/6.C/A) ( 02.RS/26/6.C/A) ( 91.RS/26/6.C/A) (. 12.RS/26/6.C/A) ( )01/26/A( (.) 01/66/A 881 91236-11.EG . ( . - : ." " " ( ) (. ) ) (. ... .()" ( . () . ( . . . . ( . __________ . 001 eton ,32.6 .arap ,0002 yluJ 71 ,R/561SD/TW () . . tilibasnopser al ed tiord el te CMOl ed nies ua sdnerffid sed tnemelgr eL ,erffaseL .H .164-454 .pp ,)7002 ,ecnedurpsiruJ ed te tiorD ed elarnG eiriarbiL :siraP( elanoitanretni . ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 981 . . . - : () () () . - . . ( . " . - - .()" " ( [ ] __________ . - 906/4.NC/A () 01/66/A 091 91236-11.EG . () .()" .() ( . . ( . . . ( . ( " " . " " . . ( . : . ]...[ " . [ ] __________ . - 906/4.NC/A () " . () (. 795/4.NC/A) " : () ". " stropeR .J.C.I ,tpygE dna OHW eht neewteb 1591 hcraM 52 fo tnemeergA eht fo noitaterpretnI .34 .arap ,39 .p ,0891 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 191 .()" . (. () . ( . : - () () () () . - : () () . __________ dnarG .v ytinummoC cimonocE naeporuE eht fo noissimmoC ,4691 rebmevoN 31 fo tnemgduJ () fo truoC naeporuE ,36/19 dna 36/09 sesac denioj ,muigleB fo modgniK dna gruobmexuL fo yhcuD .)noitide hcnerF( 1021 .p ,)4691( stropeR ecitsuJ . ( () 01/66/A 291 91236-11.EG ( . () . . . . ( ) ( " . " . () . () . " " . " " . . ( ) ( " " ". " . __________ . ( ) () (. () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 391 . ( . () " - .()" ]...[ " ( ]...[ " " . ()" " ' ' " . ()" . ( . . . ( . __________ . () .58 .arap ,65 .p 7991 stropeR .J.C.I () (. ( ) () (. () 01/66/A 491 91236-11.EG .() . : - () () . () - . - : () () . () . . ( . () . . __________ " ( 12.RS/26/6.C/A) () ". . ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 591 ( . . . ( . . . () . . ( . ( .() __________ () "" (. ) . ( ) () 01/66/A 691 91236-11.EG . ( . . () " " ( . " " " . ()" . . " . () __________ . () . () () / . naeporuE eht fo lanruoJ laiciffO". " .92 dna 1 .pp ,221 L 0002 yaM 41 ,seitinummoC 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 791 " . ( . " .()" ]...[ ( . . . . ( . . ( . . ( . __________ . ( ) () 01/66/A 891 91236-11.EG . . . . - : () . () - . ( . .() ( . () . ( ( ) . . ( ) __________ . () .161 .p ,927 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 991 . ( . . . . . ( . . . ( " " " " . - : () . () - . ( 01/66/A 002 91236-11.EG . .() ( . . . ( )( ) ( . . ( . ( "" . : () () . __________ . ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 102 ( . . . () . ( . . . ( . . ( "" . - . - . . ( __________ . () 01/66/A 202 91236-11.EG . . . ( . ()"" . .() ( . : . " . .()" __________ . ( () " ( ) ()": . " II-66 .lov ,lanoitanretnI tiorD ed tutitsnI'l ed eriaunnA". ]...[ .544 .p ,)6991( . 76 .arap ,014 .p ,I-9991 ,stropeR RHCE / ( ) .arap ,214 .p( " " . )37 izzagaR .M ni ,"snoitazinagrO lanoitanretnI fo stcA eht rof setatS fo ytilibisnopseR ehT" ,eilnworB .I :notsoB/nedieL( rethcahcS racsO fo yromem ni syassE .yadoT ytilibisnopseR lanoitanretnI ,).de( " 163 .p ta 553 .p ,)5002 ,ffohjiN ". 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 302 . . ( . : " : ]...[. .()]...[" ( . . " " .()" " __________ ottiriD id atsiviR ,"UNOlled tivitta rep elanoizanretni tilibasnopser alluS" ,esalB iD .A 971 .p hcsriH .M ,672-572 .pp ta 072 .p ,)4791( 75 .lov ,elanoizanretni .P :ni ,sdnaS .P ;923 .p ,)5991( I-66 .lov ,lanoitanretnI tiorD ed tutitsnI'l ed eriaunnA ni ,kenameZ .K ,llewxaM & teewS :nodnoL( snoitutitsnI lanoitanretnI fo waL sttewoB ,).sde( nielK .P dna sdnaS srewoP ngierevoS fo esicrexE rieht dna snoitazinagrO lanoitanretnI ,ihsooraS .D ;425 .p ,)1002 fo esiR eht dna sthgiR namuH" ,rettuhcS eD .O ;46 .p )5002( ,sserP ytisrevinU drofxO :drofxO( lanoitanretnI fo waL eht ni selacS gnidilS fo cigoL ehT :snoitasinagrO sthgiR namuH namuH rof ytilibatnuoccA ,).sde( tdimhcS .P dna simS.S ,smerB .E ,sretuoW .J ni ,"ytilibisnopseR .15.p ,)0102 ,aitnesretnI :dnaltroP/drofxO/prewtnA( snoitasinagrO lanoitanretnI yb snoitaloiV sthgiR . 451 .arap ,851-751 .pp ,IV-5002 ,stropeR RHCE / ( ) " " . / / () .fdp.eilati_c_inirapsag_21509002/fdp/ue.hdtr.www: . 01/66/A 402 91236-11.EG ( . . . . . . . ( . . ( . . ( . . . (. . . - : () . () - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 502 . ( . . () ( . . . ( . : . ) " ( ) ( ( ) . ()" (. : . " __________ " () ()": ". " .544 .p ,)6991( II-66 .lov ,lanoitanretnI tiorD ed tutitsnI'l ed eriaunnA . 655/4.NC/A () 01/66/A 602 91236-11.EG - - .()" " : " " .()" ( : " .()" ( . (. ) . __________ dna edarT fo tnemtrapeD .v .dtL .oC & nostaW enialcaM / () ni ,srehtO dna yrtsudnI dna edarT fo tnemtrapeD .v .dtL )enaL gnicniM( renyaR .H.J ;yrtsudnI .901 .p ,08 .lov ,RLI dna .dtL puorG gniknaB dnalaeZ weN & ailartsuA / () dna .dtL gnidarT lateM detamaglamA ;srehtO 32 dna ailartsuA fo htlaewnommoC .v srehtO .v .dtL .oC & nostaW enialcaM ;srehtO dna yrtsudnI dna edarT fo tnemtrapeD .v srehtO ni ,licnuoC niT lanoitanretnI .v .dtL .oC & nostaW enialcaM ;yrtsudnI dna edarT fo tnemtrapeD .576 .p ,)0991( 92 .lov ,MLI . 544 .p ,)6991( II-66 .lov ,lanoitanretni tiorD ed tutitsnI'l ed eriaunnA( ) () ( : ") ( ) ( ) ". 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 702 . . ( . ()" " . . () . () ". " ( ) ( ) ( . .() __________ dna edarT fo tnemtrapeD .v .dtL .oC & nostaW enialcaM / () ni ,srehtO dna yrtsudnI dna edarT fo tnemtrapeD .v .dtL )enaL gnicniM( renyaR .H.J ;yrtsudnI .271 .p ,08 .lov ,RLI ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU. () .133 .p ,5511 .lov ,seireS: () " ". . ,4991 ,stropeR ecitsuJ fo truoC naeporuE 19/723-C / .52 .arap ,4763-I .p ta 1463-I.p lanoitanretnI fo setatS rebmeM fo seitraP drihT ot ytilibaiL" ,ehgnisaremA .F.C ( ) waL evitarapmoC dna lanoitanretnI ,"tnedecerP lacidiruJ dna elpicnirP ,ecitcarP :snoitazinagrO " " " 082 .p ta 952 .p ,)1991( 04 .lov ,ylretrauQ ( ) ( ) nielK .P ". 015-905 .pp . 01/66/A 802 91236-11.EG sretpocileH dnaltseW ( . : " .()" . ( . () . . ". " ( ( )) ( . . " ( ) . ()" . ()( ) ( . . . ( . . __________ secneuqesnoC lageL ehT" ,sniggiH .R / () sdrawot snoitagilbO riehT fo snoitazinagrO lanoitanretnI yb tnemlifluF-noN fo setatS rebmeM rof ,)5991( I-66 .lov ,lanoitanretnI tiorD ed tutitsnI'l ed eriaunnA ,"tropeR lanoisivorP :seitraP drihT .393 .p ta 373 .p . 21.RS/06/6.C/A () . ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 902 . . .() . ( " ". . ( . () . [ ] " " " .()" " " ( . . __________ ( ) / () . " " . ( ) () (.( () 01/66/A 012 91236-11.EG " " . . . " " ( ". " ( ) (. ) . . ( . . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 112 . ( : ( ) . " .()" . ( : . " ]...[ .() ( - : " __________ dna repjiuK .J.P: 12.RS/95/6.C/A () eht dna ytinummoC naeporuE ehT :ytilibisnopseR lanoitanretnI gnirolpxE rehtruF ,atrivisaaP .E waL snoitazinagrO lanoitanretnI ,snoitazinagrO lanoitanretnI fo ytilibisnopseR no tcejorP sCLI lanoitanretnI fo ytilibisnopseR ,nomlaT .S yb ,721 .p ta ,111 .p ,)4002( 1 .lov ,weiveR ,).de( izzagaR .M ni ,?tnemtaerT laicepS eriuqeR ytinummoC naeporuE eht seoD :snoitazinagrO :notsoB/nedieL( rethcahcS racsO fo yromem ni syassE :yadoT ytilibisnopseR lanoitanretnI naeporuE eht tsniaga gnitagitiL" retsiemffoH .F 414-214 .pp ta ,504 .p ,)5002 ,ffohjiN sunitraM lanoitanretni no selcitra tfard s'CLI eht rednu sdnopser ohw :setatS rebmem sti dna noinU 12 .lov ,waL lanoitanretnI fo lanruoJ naeporuE ."?snoitazinagro lanoitanretni fo ytilibisnopser .327 .p ,)0102( ,46 .lov ,stropeR dna snoisiceD / / () .831 .p 01/66/A 212 91236-11.EG .()" . ( . . . : " . ()" : / " . .()" ( - - " . " __________ lacihpargoeG dna skramedarT fo noitcetorP - seitinummoC naeporuE ,tropeR lenaP OTW () - CE( setatS detinU eht yb tnialpmoC - sffutsdooF dna stcudorP larutlucirgA rof snoitacidnI .arap ,5002 lirpA 02 no detpoda ,R/471SD/TW ,))SU( snoitacidnI lacihpargoeG dna skramedarT . 527.7 eht gnitceffA serusaeM - seitinummoC naeporuE no troper lenap eht ,seitinummoC naeporuE R/392SD/TW dna R/292SD/TW ,R/192SD/TW ,stcudorP hcetoiB fo gnitekraM dna lavorppA .- / "." / () .731 .arap ,251 .p ,IV - 5002 ,stropeR RHCE () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 312 : . " .()" ( . () ". : " ( . . . . . () ( __________ ./ / () . ( ) () . () 01/66/A 412 91236-11.EG . . ( - - . . ". " . ( . ()" " . . ( . . . __________ . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 512 ( . . . ( . " " () . () " ." ( " " . . () . __________ . () () ) .621 .p ,51 .p ,2991 ,stropeR .J.C.I ( () fo waL eht dna waL snoitaN detinU neewteb pihsnoitalerretnI ehT ,sraawuaL .H.R . .ff 4061 .p ,)4891-3891( 28 .lov ,weiveR waL nagihciM ,snoitazinagrO lanoitanretnI rehtO 01/66/A 612 91236-11.EG . () . ( . __________ lanoitanretnI eht fo noitutitsnoC sa retrahC snoitaN detinU ehT ,rednebssaF .B () 906 .p ta ,925 .p ,)8991( 63 .lov ,waL lanoitansnarT fo lanruoJ aibmuloC ,ytinummoC ". " 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 712 - ()() - " " . ( ) - 1.rroC 075/4.NC/A 255/4.NC/A) () ( 1.rroC 985/4.NC/A 1.rroC 875/4.NC/A 055/4.NC/A" ) : " () . (1.rroC . () -. . () - .() __________ / () . )01/95/A( / / " () . . " . )01/55/A( . / / . . )01/26/A( () .- )01/36/A( . )01/46/A( () 01/66/A 812 91236-11.EG () - ( 1.ddA 726/4.NC/A) (. 1.ddA 226/4.NC/A) . - 1.rroC 777.L/4.NC/A) - / ()(( ) . / - . - . - () / - : () . () __________ / () .546/4.NC/A . () .446/4.NC/A 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 912 - / - : " ". - . - - - . . : 01/66/A 022 91236-11.EG " " () " " () . : () . () . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 122 : () () . . - . - . - . 01/66/A 222 91236-11.EG - . - . - . - . . : () () . () : () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 322 () . - . - . . ( -) . . . 01/66/A 422 91236-11.EG ( ) ( : ) . ( ) () () () () () () () () () () () . () - - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 522 . ( ()"( )" . () . . ( " " (: ) . () () . __________ .133 .p ,5511 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU () () () . . . ... . . 01/66/A 622 91236-11.EG " . " " ( ) ( ) " . . ( . () .() ( . ( . ( ) . __________ 91.RS/16/6.C/A () 81.RS/06/6.C/A () () .226/4.NC/A () 12.RS36/6.C/A () : () " - : () . () - ". 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 722 " " " ". ( ) . " : ( " " . "" . " . . . " " . " " . . " " . : " " () 01/66/A 822 91236-11.EG " " () . . ( ( ()) " " ( ) ( " ". ( . . . ( . " " ( ) ( " " () __________ 27A-1-49-TI ( ) . / "ELUD" . 30_leh_5891/Enoituloser/Eidi/gro.lii-idi.www//:ptth "... ". " " : - / " " " ". . 30_leh_5891/Esnoituloser/Eidi/gro.lii-idi.www//:ptth ". " 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 922 . . ( . " . " . . . ( . () . . : " - . - ". ( . () __________ egdirbmaC ,.de ht4 egdirbmaC raW fo stceffE lageL ehT ,sttaW .D.A dna riaNcM .D .A () .3-2 .pp ,6691 ,sserP ytisrevinU .- () 01/66/A 032 91236-11.EG ( . " " " . " . . . " " . " " ( . " " " " ( ". " . . . . . . . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 132 . . : () . () . ( . : . . . . . () ( " . . __________ : () " ". 01/66/A 232 91236-11.EG . ()" : " : . ()" ) - - " ( .()" . . " "" ()" . ( )" " : " .()" ( ) : " . : __________ ,ytilartueN dna raW ,setupsiD ,II .lov ,waL lanoitanretnI smiehneppO ,).de( thcapretuaL .H () .203 .p ,)8491 ,namgnoL ,nodnoL( .796 .p ,1691 ,nodneralC ,drofxO seitaerT fo waL ehT ,riaNcM .D .A () waL ehT ,sggirB .H osla ees ;9 dna 8 .pp ,)I( 16 .lov ,lanoitanretni tiord ed tutitsnIl ed eriaunnA () .839 .p ,3591 ,snoS & snevetS :nodnoL .de dn2 snoitaN fo .807 .p ta ,196 .p ,3 .lov ,sesaC waL lanoitanretnI hsitirB ,7181 rebmeceD 51 () .464 ).taehW 8( .S.U 12 ,84 .p ta ,14 .p ,91 .lov ,)CLIA( sesaC waL lanoitanretnI naciremA () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 332 . " " .()" . " "" " " . ()" .() " " ( . ( )( ) ( . ( . ( . __________ .3525 .pp ta ,94 .p ,91 .lov ,.dibI () ,91 .lov ,CLIA ,nellA .v kralC ;172 .oN ,1 .lov ,)RLI( stropeR waL lanoitanretnI ,sehguH .v thceT () .07 .p fo tsegiD launnA ,5291 yaM 32 ,thciregshcieR namreG ,esac ytaerT laicremmoC namreG-naissuR () lanubirT ,orraM .v ossoR osla eeS .133 .oN ,6291-5291 )DA( sesaC waL lanoitanretnI cilbuP ed ruoC ,ecnarF ,itteneM .v issuB dna ,401 .oN ,5491-3491 ,.dibi ,5491 yraunaJ 81 ,essarG ed livic .301 .oN ,5491-3491 ,.dibi ,3491 rebmevoN 5 ,)elivic erbmahC( noitassac 01/66/A 432 91236-11.EG . ( . . . . " " ( . . ( . . ( . )" . "( . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 532 ( " " . . . ( . . - . . . " " . (. . . : () () . . ( . . 01/66/A 632 91236-11.EG . . ( ( ) . () . ...". : " ( ): ( ) - . ( )( ) . ( ) ( . . . . ( ) ( ) : . . ( " . " 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 732 . : . ( . ( . . ( ) " " . . . - . - . 01/66/A 832 91236-11.EG ( . . ( . " " . ( " " . . ( . ... : " . ()" . : "... . . . .()" " " " " ( . __________ . ( )seitaerT fo waL ehT ,riaNcM () .903 .p ,)II-8491( 37 .lov , sruoC sed lieuceR ,"seitaerT ecaeP eht fo sesualC lacidiruJ ehT" () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 932 . ( . . - . - . - . - . - . . ( . . ( . . 01/66/A 042 91236-11.EG . . : ( . . . . . . (. . . "(. " )"" " " . ( : -" . - ". 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 142 ( (. ) (. ) . ( . . . ( ) . ( . . . . : ( . : [ ] " 01/66/A 242 91236-11.EG .()" : () () . () . ( " " . . ( . ( ) ( ) " ( " . : __________ dna truoC eht fo noitcidsiruJ ,augaraciN tsniaga dna ni seitivitcA yratilimaraP dna yratiliM ( ) ,293.p ,4891 stropeR .J.C.I ,4891 rebmevoN 62 fo tnemgduJ ,noitacilppA eht fo ytilibissimdA stropeR .J.C.I 37 .arap .891 .p ta ,9691 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 342 " .()" ( ) ( ) - - ( )) . ( ))( (. : () () . . ( . . __________ () / - / / 7.V.86.E ) 062.L/1.C/93.FNOC/A . ) / - / / - / . 5.V.07.E 01/66/A 442 91236-11.EG ( " . " . (. - . )" ( "( . - . - . ( ) ( ) ( . : ( . . " " . . . / 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 542 . . ( . : - - . ( ) . . . . ( . ( () . . __________ : () " ". 01/66/A 642 91236-11.EG ( . . . . : . .() ( - . . . ( . . ( -) . __________ ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU / () .782 .p ,57 .lov dna ,531 .p ,57.lov .58.p ,57.lov ,13.p ,57 .lov ,seireS 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 742 ( . () . " " ( . - - . . ( . . . : . . . . " " ( . __________ : ()( -) " ". 01/66/A 842 91236-11.EG ( . ( . . ( . . . () " " . ( . . .() __________ : () " ". () (.- 286.L/4.NC/A) 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 942 ( . . " " ( . " ". " " . . ( . . . ( ) ( : ) . ( ) ( " " . " . . " 01/66/A 052 91236-11.EG . ( . () () () () () () () () () () () . () ( . " " ( ) . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 152 ( . . ( ) ( . . . . . . ( . . . . . . . () ( . 01/66/A 252 91236-11.EG " .() . ( . .() " ()..." : " __________ .407 .p ,1691 ( ) seitaerT fo waL ehT ,riaNcM () ) " ( . . . . . / . ". / ( ) ..173 .p ,3791 ,ffohtjiS ,nedyeL ,evitcepsreP lacirotsiH ni waL lanoitanretnI ,ljizreV .W.H eht fo waL snoitaleR ngieroF ,drihT ,waL eht fo tnemetatseR ,etutitsnI waL naciremA () .)7891( )e( 633 .arap ,setatS detinU 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 352 ) ".() ( ( . . . () ( . . ( . ": . .()" ( : ( etatsE sreyeM )( ) " .()" . __________ fo esU ro taerhT eht fo ytilageL( ) () . 6991 stropeR .J.C.I ,6991 yluJ 8 fo noinipO yrosivdA ,snopaeW raelcuN ,0191 rebmetpeS 7 fo drawa ,)setatS detinU ,niatirB taerG( esac seirehsiF tsaoC citnaltA htroN () .181 .p ta ,761 .p ,IX .lov ,)AAIRNU( sdrawA lartibrA lanoitanretnI fo stropeR ,snoitaN detinU .506-585 .pp ,7691 ,B2 .lov ,waL lanoitanretnI fo tsegiD hsitirB ,yrraP .C osla eeS .831.p ta 331 .p ,91 .lov ,8691-3871 CLIA () 01/66/A 452 91236-11.EG (nodraeR .v reniM .ler xe etatS)( ) . . () . (. . . ( . . . : " . ()" ( . . . . ( ( ) . () . __________ .832 .p ta ,231 .oN ,2491-9191 DA 911 .p ta ,711 .p () .307 .p ( )seitaert fo wal eht riaNcM () . ( etatsE s'reyeM er nI) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 552 .() " ( ) ( ) .() ..." . () : ( " . . . . . . .()" . () "" ( " . .()" __________ fo )sdroceR laiciffO[ ] ( () . (97 .p ,ecnerefnoC eht fo stnemucoD ,seitaerT fo waL eht no ecnerefnoC snoitaN detinU eht . . 6491 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU () .327 .p ( )seitaert fo wal eht riaNcM () .- (1.rroC dna 055/4.NC/A ) () .394 .p ,4991 ,shtrowrettuB ,nodnoL ,.de ht11 ,waL lanoitanretnI sekratS ,reraehS .A.I () 01/66/A 652 91236-11.EG / ( : . " . . / . ".()... / ( : ... ... " . . __________ waL llenroC ,ydutS evitarapmoC A :seitaerT fo ytidilaV eht dna raW nredoM ,knaR .R () .443-343 .pp ta ,123 .p ,3591-2591 ,83 .lov ,ylretrauQ 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 752 . . . . . .()" __________ seitaerT ecaeP eht fo sesualC lacidiruJ ehT ,eciruamztiF . (). II .lov ,waL lanoitanretnI s'miehneppO )de( thcapretuaL .H 903-803 .pp( ) .603-403.pp ( ) : " . . ) ( . . ." 01/66/A 852 91236-11.EG () () () ( . . . ( . . . seirtsudnI thgiL lacinahceM hsittocS .v tropminisaM .())6791( .dtL ( . . () " ( .() / (. ) .() __________ .- () . () .- cilbup lanoitanretni tiord ed essius eriotrepR () .465 .p ta 955 .p ,47 .lov ,RLI () .3 .p ,7812 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU () / ( ) () / ( ) . / ( ) 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 952 . () . ( . . : . . ( . . ( . - - . . () ( " . __________ ( ) ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU / 711 .p ,9232 .lov ,seireS 752 .p ,1642 .lov / / / ( ) .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU / .731 .p ,8712 01/66/A 062 91236-11.EG " . () " " . .()" " () . : " " ( . / . - ( - (setatS detinU .v htunraK( ) ). (: ) " .()" __________ ( ) ocsicnarF naS fo ytnuoC dna ytiC .v llenworB () .834 .p ,4591 RLI ,4591 enuJ 12 ,tcirtsiD tsriF . " " () .p ,6 .t dna ,243 .oN ,361 .p ,1 .t ,2 .ceS ,A seireS ,muitneg siruj setnoF () ,5291 yaM 32 ,thciregshcieR namreG ,esac ytaerT laicremmoC namreG naissuR eht ;87 .oN ,173 .133 .oN ,6291-5291 DA .45 .p ta ,94 .p ,91 .lov ,8691-3871 CLIA () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 162 ( . " " .() ( (nottuS .v nottuS) . " " . .() ( ". " ( )awakarA ozneZ etrap xE / . [ ] " " ". ". .() )sehguH .v thceT( ( . / . __________ ,kroY weN fo tcirtsiD nretseW eht rof truoC tcirtsiD ,htunraK .v niwdooG .ler xe setatS detinU () dr3 ,slaeppA fo truoC tiucriC ,setatS detinU .v sseldnaCcM ;11 .oN ,7491 DA ,7491 rebmevoN 82 .363 .oN ,8291-7291 DA ,8291 hcraM 9 ,tiucriC .863-763 .pp ta ,263 .p ,4 .lov ,CLIB ,0381 yluJ 92 ,yrecnahC fo truoC () .48 .p ,91 .lov ,8691-3871 CLIA ,ainavlysnneP fo tcirtsiD nretsaE ,truoC tcirtsiD () 01/66/A 262 91236-11.EG () .() )nodraeR .v reniM .ler xe etatS( ( . . () () / )nellA .v kralC(( ) . / " . " " -" -" " ( ) (. ) ( ) " . .() ". . ( " " ( itteneM .v issuB ) . / . . ( ) : __________ .84 p ta yllaicepse ,14 .p ,91 .lov ,8691-3871 CLIA ,3281 ,truoC emerpuS setatS detinU () .59 .p ,91 .lov ,8691-3871 CLIA () .221 .p ta ,711 .p () .972 .oN ,0391-9291 DA ,9291 yraunaJ 01 ,aksarbeN fo truoC emerpuS ,skcorB .v sooG () tcirtsiD ,kralC .v knalB osla eeS .97-87 ,.qes te 47 ,37 .pp ta ,07 .p ,91 .lov ,8691-3871 CLIA () .341 .oN ,8491 DA ,8491 tsuguA 21 ,ainavlysnneP fo tcirtsiD nretsaE ,truoC 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 362 " - .()" - ( orraM .v ossoR ) ( : " " . " [ ] . . )...( .()" (idlaniR .v arevoL) ( . / .() ( ) ( dnamyeS .v letrA) .() / ( . () (/ . __________ .503-403 .pp ta ,301 .oN ,5491-3491 DA / () .703 .p ta ,401 .oN ,5491-3491 DA / () .031 .oN ,9491 DA / () .331 .oN ,8491 DA / () .995 .p ,3591 RLI ,3591 hcraM 11 ,noitassac ed ruoC ,snecrA strosnoC .v onibmaG () 01/66/A 462 91236-11.EG .() ( . . (ingacS .v TAMAC) () . . () . . () . () ( ) . () ( .() ( . . " " __________ .651 .oN ,1591 RLI ,0591 yluJ 82 ,siraP fo laeppA fo truoC ,inibarraB er nI () .)ecnarF( regA fo laeppA fo truoC () .99 .oN ,6491 DA / () .31 .oN ,2591 RLI ,2591 yraunaJ 81 ,madrettoR fo truoC tcirtsiD ,knaB ehcstueD .v otaveG () fo truoC tcirtsiD ,tsroB ned nav .v muzreH ;331 .oN ,9491 DA ,0591 yluJ 62 ,esac tsoC ytiruceS () .009 .p ,5591 RLI ,5591 yraurbeF 71 ,dnomreoR .231 .oN ,9491 DA ,laeppA fo truoC elleC ,9491 rebmetpeS 42 ,esac diA lageL () .811 .oN ,2591 RLI ,2591 yraunaJ 03 ,ecitsuJ fo truoC hgiH ,gruobmexuL ,ittoZ illeD .v oirevliS () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 562 . ()( ) ( / . - () . ( () . .() ( . (dtL seirtsudnI thgiL lacinahceM hsittocS .v tropminisaM) . / " . / ) . ()" ( __________ .183 .p ta ,921 .oN ,9491 DA ,8491 lirpA 2 ,nelhmretU er nI () .551 .oN ,1591 RLI ,1591 yaM 7 ,odiaG evV .v tenroC stE () ,ii-ixx .loV ,7691 elanoizanretni ottiriD ,5691 rebmetpeS 3 ,noitassac fo truoC ,hcilciM .v .M.P () .221 .p 73 .p ,5691 ,ii-xix .loV ,elanoitanretni ottiriD ,3691 lirpA 22 ,laeppA fo truoC emoR ,CM .v ZSL () fo truoC: ,naliM ;181 .p ,4691,ii-iiivx .loV,dibi ,reyeM nnahoJ teicoS .v onagiR ,2691 yaM 9 ,noitassaC .lov ,.elanoitanretni ottirid id atsiviR ,idracsiV illF .v oripahS ,4691 yaM 91 ,laeppA fo truoC .682 .p ,5691 ,IIILX .955 .p ,47 .lov ,RLI / () 01/66/A 662 91236-11.EG . .(tenroC( ) )( ) ( . ( " " . () ( . . . (: ) . " ." .() ( . . ( : " . " __________ .122-912 .pp ,)II( 16 .lov ,lanoitanretni tiord ed tutitsnIl ed eriaunnA () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 762 ". . " . " .()" ( .() . " . " . ( ) . . ( . . . __________ (. ) (1.rroC dna 055/4.NC/A ) () ,egdirbmaC ,waL nairatinamuH dna sthgiR namuH lanoitanretnI ,tsovrP neR () .672-742 .pp ,2002 ,sserP ytisrevinU egdirbmaC 01/66/A 862 91236-11.EG () ( .() . ( .() ( : -" . . . - . . . . : __________ egdirbmaC ,egdirbmaC ,.de dn2 ,waL latnemnorivnE lanoitanretnI fo selpicnirP ,sdnaS eppilihP () eht dna waL lanoitanretnI ,elyoB nalA dna einriB aicirtaP ;613703 .pp ,3002 ,sserP ytisrevinU ,reilennaB-dralloM .K ;802502 .pp ,9002 ,sserP ytisrevinU drofxO ,drofxO ,.de dr3 ,tnemnorivnE .1002 ,enodeP ,siraP ,mra tilfnoc ed spmet ne tnemennorivnel ed noitcetorp aL .- (1.rroC dna 055/4.NC/A ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 962 . . - [ ] . . .()" ( .() () ( . . . ( : " . . .()" __________ .13-92 .sarap ta ,622 .p ,6991 stropeR .J.C.I / () yrosivdA snopaeW raelcuN eht gnirehpiceD ?waL raelcnU ,snopaeW raelcuN ,ednakA .D () .481 dna 381 .pp ,)7991( 86 .lov ,LIBYB ,truoC lanoitanretnI eht fo noinipO .613 .p ( )"seitaerT ecael fo sesualc lacidnuJ eht" eciruamztiF () 01/66/A 072 91236-11.EG ( .() ( . ()( ) ()( ) ()() ()() ()(( )) .()() . ( : ()() . " ." ( : ()() " ." . ( __________ cilacovretnI ot drager ralucitrap htiw ,syawretaW lanoitanretnI fo waL ehT ,retxaB .R .R () .502 .p ,4691 ,sserP ytisrevinU dravraH :ssaM ,egdirbmaC ,slanaC .321 .p ,3.oN tnemelppuS ,waL lanoitanretnI fo lanruoJ naciremA () .142 ,122 .pp ,62 .lov ,seireS ytaerT snoitaN fo eugaeL () .)9191( 211 .lov ,srepaP etatS ngieroF dna hsitirB () .312 .p ,371 .lov ,seireS ytaerT snoitaN fo eugaeL () .2201 .p ,7791 ,63 .lov ,MLI () . () .16 .p ta ,73 .p ,7 .lov ,seireS ytaerT snoitaN fo eugaeL () . / / () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 172 () ( . . . ( . .() .() ( .() ( . . __________ () . (01/36/A ) . / / seitaerT fo noitalipmoC .waL lanoitanretnI ni retawgnuorG ,melhceM dna ihcruB () .5002 ,)OCSENU/OAF( ,stnemurtsnI lageL rehtO dna . () 01/66/A 272 91236-11.EG () " () ( . " . () . ( ( . . () . . ( () . () ( . . () __________ ( () . - 581 .p ,9491 stropeR .J.C.I () 73 .arap ,37 .p ,0891 stropeR .J.C.I / )" "( raelcuN fo etatS a yb esU eht fo ytilageL .52 .arap ,66 .p ,6991 stropeR .J.C.I ,tcilfnoC demrA ni snopaeW )" () .552-991 .pp ,II-16 .lov ,lanoitanretni tiord ed tutitsnI'l ed eriaunnA"( (.) () ,eugaH ehT ,setatS detinU eht fo seitaerT no II raW dlroW fo tceffE lageL ,erytnIcM .H.S () .027 .p ,)evoba 193 etontoof( seitaerT fo waL eht ,riaNcM dna ;68-47 .pp ,8591 ,ffohjiN sunitraM ,kroY weN ,2491-0291 ,ecitsuJ lanoitanretnI fo truoC tnenamreP ehT ,nosduH .O.M osla eeS .3491 ,nallimcaM 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 372 . ( . ( )) (. ( ) ". " ( ( ) ( ) (. () . ( . . " " .() . : " : ()" ()" __________ citamolpiD no noitnevnoC anneiV eht no yratnemmoC A ,waL citamolpiD ,azneD neeliE () .981 .p ,8002 ,sserP ytisrevinU drofxO ,drofxO ,.de dr3 ,snoitaleR 01/66/A 472 91236-11.EG ()" ". . () ( : . " . . . ) (. .()" ( . " " .() ( . __________ ehT :stnemeergA lanoitanretnI fo ecnamrofreP eht dna sisirC , ,niknihC .C.C () ,771 .p ,2891-1891 ,7 .lov ,redrO cilbuP dlroW fo lanruoJ elaY ,evitcepsreP ni raW fo kaerbtuO (.1.rroC dna 055/4.NC/A)63 .araP , 591-491 .pp ta .68 .arap ,04 .p ta 3 .p ,0891 stropeR .J.C.I () . ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 572 .() . " . " .() . ( (. ). ( .()" " ) ( . ( / . . . " ". .() __________ .111 .p )1991 ,sserP nodneralC :drofxO( ,de dn2 ,waL ralusnoC ,eeL .T ekuL () . ( ) niknihC .C () . (1.rroC dna 055/4.NC/A) . ( ) 0891 ,stropeR .J.C.I () 4591 RLI / ,ocsicnarF naS fo ytnuoC dna ytiC .v llenworB () . 01/66/A 672 91236-11.EG - () - " " . () . .() () - (. 106/4.NC/A) (. 1.rroC 695/4.NC/A) .()() ( ) - - . (136/4.NC/A) / . /(. 646/4.NC/A) - . / __________ ) / () (. (01/26/A ) / / . ) () (. 01/16/A ) . 01/26/A() () (01/46/A ) () . (01/56/A ) 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 772 - - () - - (eanosrep enoitar) (eairetam )enoitar) .() - . () . () . - . . . . __________ .106/4.NC/A () . 136/4.NC/A () . - () 173 d3 .F 255 )5551-80 .oN( () na rof tseuqer eht gninrecnoc noisiceD ,modgniK detinU ,truoC setartsigaM retsnimtseW .vehcabroG liahkiM rof tnarraw tserra 01/66/A 872 91236-11.EG - . . - . . - ()(tnarraW tserrA) . () . . - . - . . __________ .J.C.I ,tnemgduJ( ) / () .3 .p ,2002 stropeR lautuM fo snoitseuQ niatreC () .771 .p ,8002 stropeR .J.C.I ,tnemgduJ ,)ecnarF .v ituobijD( srettaM lanimirC ni ecnatsissA 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 972 ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ()""( " ( ") ( ) . . . () . .() - . . . . . . - . __________ . 136/4.NC/A () . () .v stnalleppA ,.la te sahleB halladaaS ilA ,aibmoloC fo tcirtsiD eht rof truoC tcirtsiD setatS detinU () .F 664 ,6002 rebmeceD 41 ,eelleppA ,learsI ecnegilletnI ymrA fo daeH remrof ,nola'aY ehsoM stnalleppA ,.la te sahleB ,tiucriC aibmuloC fo tcirtsiD eht rof slaeppA fo truoC dna ;721 d2 .ppuS . 9721 d3.F 515 ,8002 yraurbeF 51 ,nola'aY ehsoM .v . . 01/66/A 082 91236-11.EG - () - . - . . . . - - . . . . - . . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 182 . . -. . . . . - . . . . () . - . . . . 01/66/A 282 91236-11.EG - . - - . - . . - . . . - . . . - . . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 382 - . . . - . . . . " " . " " " " . - . . . . . . () __________ () -: " -. . ]...[". 01/66/A 482 91236-11.EG - . . . () . . - .() . () . . . () . - __________ ehT .v inasdA-lA fo esaC ,1002 rebmevoN 12 fo tnemgduJ sthgiR namuH fo truoC naeporuE () .)79/36753 .oN ppA( modgniK detinU )rebmevoN 02 ,madretsmA fhsthcereG- () (.0002 ,etartsigaM yraidnepitS natiloporteM teertS woB .v anigeR () .)1 .oN( etragU tehconiP etrap xe 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 582 . () . . () . () . - - - . . - . . - . " " " " __________ . 136/4.NC/A () ( ) / () .3 .p ,2002 stropeR .J.C.I ,tnemgduJ . - () 01/66/A 682 91236-11.EG . . . . . () - . . () . () - . . () . - . . __________ () . - (.) 136/4.NC/A () (.) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 782 . . . - . - . - - )646/4.NC/A( . . . - laicepS a fo ssecorP lageL morf ytinummI ot gnitaleR ecnereffiD " " sthgiR namuH no noissimmoC eht fo ruetroppaR . 01/66/A 882 91236-11.EG . - . - . - . . . - - - . . . - . . . - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 982 . - . . - . - " " ( ) . . . - . . - . . . " " - . . 01/66/A 092 91236-11.EG - . . - " " . . . - . - . . - () - . - . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 192 . -. . - . . . . . () - . . . . () - . . 01/66/A 292 91236-11.EG . - - . - . . . - . - . . . . . - . . - . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 392 - . . . - . - . . " . ()" . - "" . __________ .- ... () 01/66/A 492 91236-11.EG " " . - " " . - . " " . " " "" . . . . . - . - . . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 592 () - . - . "" . - . ( ) . . " " . . - . . - 01/66/A 692 91236-11.EG . ( ) . - . . . - . () - . - . - . . - - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 792 - . . - . . . . - . . . . - . - . - 01/66/A 892 91236-11.EG . . . . . - . . . . " " . - . . - . . . - . - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 992 - . . . . . . . - . . - . - . . - . - . 01/66/A 003 91236-11.EG - " ( ) - " / . () . / () - .() ( 455/4.NC/A) () -(. 1.rroC 565/4.NC/A) ( 1.rroC 375/4.NC/A) . () () - (185/4.NC/A 1.rroC 375/4.NC/A) .() () ( 495/4.NC/A) - . __________. (01/95/A ) () () ) " " ( (01/35/A ) (. (01/55/A ) )( ) / (. ) . / . (01/06/A ) () . (01/16/A ) () . (01/26/A ) () . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 103 . () .() ( ) - (. .rroC 116/4.NC/A) (. 716/4.NC/A) (. 816/4.NC/A) .() ( ) - (716/4.NC/A) (. 1.ddA 526/4.NC/A) () () ()- - (526/4.NC/A) ()- (1.ddA/526/4.NC/A) . __________ . (01/36/A ) () ( : ) () ( ) . . (01/46/A ) () (01/56/A ) () . . () . () . () 01/66/A 203 91236-11.EG - - (2.ddA/526/4.NC/A) / . / ( 246/4.NC/A) . () / - - - - - - - () .() / - .() / - . - ( 2.ddA/526/4.NC/A) - . . __________ .1.ddA 826/4.NC/A 406/4.NC/A () . () . () . 246/4.NC/A () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 303 ()- - . . - ( 1.ddA/526/4.NC/A ) . - . - : - " . - " . () - . __________ : - () . - - . - . : - () . - - . - . 01/66/A 403 91236-11.EG - () ()- . . . - ) . ( - . ()- . . - . __________ : - () . : - () . : - () - . - [ ] - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 503 . ()- . - ()- . - . () - . () " - " .() __________ : - () - . - () [ ] . : - () . (. 2.ddA/526/4.NC/A ) () () : ( 01/56/A) ] [. 01/66/A 603 91236-11.EG ( 246/4.NC/A) - . - " " / / - - . - : () . . - . - () - . . . . __________ ( ) () . / 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 703 . - . . . - . . . - - . -. . - ". " . 01/66/A 803 91236-11.EG () - - . " . . " . . " " - . " " . " " . . . " " - . . . . . - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 903 . - . - - . . -. . . . . - . - - . . " " . . . 01/66/A 013 91236-11.EG - ." " " " - - . - . . - - . . . . . - - . . . " " - . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 113 . . - - " " . . " " . . - - " . " . . - - . . . - - " " " . " . . - . . . - - . 01/66/A 213 91236-11.EG - - . () - - . - " " . - . . - - . () - . - . - . . . () __________ . (01/16/A ) () . / / . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 313 . . - . " " . . - . . () . . - . . - - __________ . () 01/66/A 413 91236-11.EG . . - . - - . () - . - . . - . - . __________ . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 513 - " () - - / " . . () - ( 895/4.NC/A) . . ( 3-1.ddA 095/4.NC/A) . - ( 1.rroC 516/4.NC/A) " " ( ) ( ) . (. ) . / - (.857.L/4.NC/A) 01/66/A 613 91236-11.EG () - . / ( 926/4.NC/A) . ( ) : (. ) ( ) / - (.677.L/4.NC/A) - - ( 1.rroC 346/4.NC/A) : . ) ( ) ( (. ) - . / / - -. / .()( - ) / __________ . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 713 / - (. - ) - - ( ) (926/4.NC/A) . . . ) - ( ) . () . () ) . . __________ : () . : () - . - . 01/66/A 813 91236-11.EG - () . (. lettaV ed remE) (. ) . . . . . . - - . . () __________ : () . () . - 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 913 () .() - ) (. . . . . " " - " . . " ". " " " - . . . . __________ .7013 50132013.RS/4.NC/A () .- () 01/66/A 023 91236-11.EG (. ) : - . ( ) . - . . . . - - . " " . " " ". " " " . . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 123 - . . / . - ". " " (895/4.NC/A) . . ()" " (776/36/A) . : / . ()" . ()( ) - . __________ . () (.) () . (01/46/A ) () 01/66/A 223 91236-11.EG - - .() - . . " " . . __________ () . (01/56/A ) . - 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 323 . . . . - . - . . 01/66/A 423 91236-11.EG . - . - - . - - . . . ( " " . . . ( . () / . .()" " __________ . 095/4.NC/A () . / / () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 523 . ( . ) . () ( . ()" " : ( )tetciP . () .()" " ( . . . " . ()" __________ () ) )13.p ,57 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU( / " "(. ,)esac lennahC ufroC( ainablA .v dnalerI nrehtroN dna niatirB taerG fo modgniK detinU () .22 .p ,9491 stropeR .J.C.I ,9491 lirpA 9 fo tnemgduJ hteitnewT eht yb demialcorP ssorC deR eht fo selpicnirP latnemadnuF ehT ,tetciP naeJ () tnanuD yrneH ,aveneG( yratnemmoC :5691 ,anneiV ,ssorC deR eht fo ecnerefnoC lanoitanretnI .gro.crci.www morf elbaliava osla ;72-12 .pp ,)9791 ,etutitsnI olsO feileR retsasiD ni stessA ecnefeD liviC dna yratiliM fo esU eht no senilediuG () airetirC knohnoM ehT ,elosrebE .M.J ;02 hpargarap ,7002 rebmevoN 1 no desiver ,senilediuG 1 .oN ,71 .lov ,ylretrauQ sthgiR namuH ,seicnegremE xelpmoC ni ecnatsissA nairatinamuH rof .691 .p ,)5991 yraurbeF( . () 01/66/A 623 91236-11.EG . . . . . : ( . . . . . " . ()" " . ()" . ( . __________ aveneG eht ot 7791 enuJ 8 fo slocotorP lanoitiddA eht no yratnemmoC ,.la te duolliP edualC () ,)7891 ,ssorC deR eht fo eettimmoC lanoitanretnI :aveneG( 9491 tsuguA 21 fo snoitnevnoC ,ssorC deR eht fo selpicnirP latnemadnuF eht fo noitamalcorP eht gnitic( 1082-0082 hpargarap dna ,)5691 anneiV ,ssorC deR eht fo ecnerefnoC lanoitanretnI ht02 eht fo XI noituloser yb detpoda lanoitanretnI hteitnewT eht yb demialcorP ssorC deR eht fo selpicnirP latnemadnuF ehT ,tetciP .15-33 .pp ,)165 etontoof ees( yratnemmoC :5691 ,anneiV ,ssorC deR eht fo ecnerefnoC snoitarepo ecnatsissa nairatinamuh rof senilediug lanoitanretni tfarD ,htimS-retsilAcaM reteP () ,waL lanoitanretnI dna waL cilbuP evitarapmoC rof etutitsnI kcnalP xaM :ynamreG ,grebledieH( .)a(6 hpargarap ,)1991 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 723 .() . " . ()" ) ( ) " .()"( ( " . " " " . " " " . " " ". " " " . " ( ) " " " ()" __________ ) () ( ) ( / 171.p ,999 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU .3.p ,399 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU () . / ( ) () . . ( ) () 01/66/A 823 91236-11.EG " .()" . . ( . . ( . " " ]...[ " ". () () () () () . . () ( ) __________ (. ) () .1 hpargarap ,01 elcitra ;shpargarap ralubmaerp ,171 .p ,999 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU () .1 .arap ,31 .tra ;shpargarap ralubmaerp ,3 .p ,399 .lov ,.dibI () .shpargarap ralubmaerp ,591 .p ,066 .lov ,.dibI () .shpargarap ralubmaerp ,31 .p ,9421 .lov ,.dibI () .hpargarap ralubmaerp ,58 .p ,5641 .lov ,.dibI () .04 dna 93 ;73 ;2 .arap ,82 ;1 .arap ,32 .stra ;shpargarap ralubmaerp ,3 .p ,7751 .lov ,.dibI () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 923 () () .() ( . " ]...[ " / . ()" .()" .()" " " " ( . " " " " . () . " " __________ ( ) ) () "(. " ( ) () " ) ( ) "( " ) " (. ( ) () " ) "(. ) () (. . / / () (. ) () . )01/56/A( () 01/66/A 033 91236-11.EG . .() () " ( . " . . () ". " " " ( . () () () " " . () . __________ ( ) ) ( ) () "(. " ,63 .oN ,seireS ytaerT ,setatS naciremA fo noitazinagrO ,sthgiR namuH no noitnevnoC naciremA () )2 hpargarap ,5 elcitra ,321 .p ,4411 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU "(. " )01/16/A( () . " ( ) ) () "(. " ) ( ) () "(. " ) 2.ddA/35/8991/4.NC/E () "(. () " ) / "(. 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 133 . . . . ( . . . " " ( " . ". . " " ( . . ( . . . 01/66/A 233 91236-11.EG " ( " . - . - . ( . . . () . () " / .()" __________ )" () )" "( "(. () ) / ( -) . " " " " " ". " . ( ) " . ( )/ () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 333 ( . : " .()" . " " " . " " " . " " ". " " " . ( . " " . " " . " " " / . ()" " " . . __________ . ( ) ( ) II .lov ,.A.A.I.R / : yalpsid ot thgir evisulcxe eht sevlovni ,dias neeb ydaerla sah sa ,ytngierevos lairotirreT nihtiw tcetorp ot noitagilbo eht :ytud a yralloroc sa sah thgir sihT .etatS a fo seitivitca eht . setatS rehto fo sthgir eht yrotirret eht . ( )/ () 01/66/A 433 91236-11.EG ( . . . " ( " . () . () . " " ( . . . __________ : () )2 hpargarap ,3 elcitra ,751.p ,6922 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU( " "(. ) () )2 hpargarap ,3 elcitra ,751.p ,5002 seireS stnemucoD NAESA( / " "( ))a(3 elcitra ,331.p ,7541 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU " "(. 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 533 . ( . . . . . . . . . . ( . . () . ( __________ . 516/4.NC/A () 01/66/A 633 91236-11.EG . . " " . " " ( . " . " . . . . ( . . . () . () - ()" " __________ . 895/4.NC/A () . / ( ) () (.) ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 733 . ()" " : " . ()" : " ]...[ .()" " " . . ( . () () " " " " " __________ / (( ) ) () . . ( ) () ( ) () . 94/9.42/GEL/BAC () (.) / () . / 01/66/A 833 91236-11.EG ". : " .()" " " . . ( ) " . ()" . " " " " ( . : . " .()" / : __________ . () " ) ( ) () . ...". : . ( ) () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 933 " . ()" / / : " . . .()" " " ( ) " ( " " . ()" . . " " " " . . ( . . () " " " " ()" __________ (.) ( ) ( ) . ( )/ () . ( ) () . ( )( - ) () . () 01/66/A 043 91236-11.EG " ()" . ()" . " " ( . " . " . ( . . . . - . - - . __________ . () . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 143 . ( . . . ( . " / ()" " ()" " . ()" . ( " . ". __________ . ( )/ () () . ( ) ) () . ( 01/66/A 243 91236-11.EG " " " ". ( . . () . () . " / / .()" ( . () " " :() [ ] " .()" . " : " __________ . ( ) (): ( ) ( ) () " " " ". / / () . ( )/ .2.ddA/35/8991/4.NC/E () . 5002/95/A () . 2.ddA/35/8991/4.NC/E () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 343 ] " [ ()" " : " " . .()" . " " ( . ()/ ()/ : " ". __________ / () . : " ] ". . [ . ( ) () . ( )/ () . ( )/ () 01/66/A 443 91236-11.EG " .()" " " ( . . . . . . . ( . . () . . . " " (. . __________ ,2712 .lov ,seireS ytaerT ,snoitaN detinU () .)e( .arap ,3 .tra ,312 .p " ) ( ( )- ) () " " " " " " "(. 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 543 . . . " " ( . . 01/66/A 643 91236-11.EG )eraciduj tua ereded tua( - ( ) - "(eraciduj tua ereded tua) " .() ( ) ( ) - .() ( ) - ( )() . () . () .() __________ ) / () / (. (01/06/A) . / ( ) ) (.- (01/95/A) (. )306/4.NC/A ( )1.rroC 585/4.NC/A ( )175/4.NC/A () ) / () (. (01/36/A ) () . (01/46/A ) / () (01/56/A ) ) (.- 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 743 - - (. 846/4.NC/A) . / - - - - . - .() " " . " " - . . __________ ( ) ()( -) . / 01/66/A 843 91236-11.EG - ()( ) .() - . () () - . __________ (01/36/A ) () . 306/4.NC/A . : () - . - .(eraciduj tua ereded tua) ro etidartxE ot ytuD ehT :eraciduJ tuA eredeD tuA ,esiW .M drawdE dna inuoissaB firehC () lasrevinU ,lanoitanretnI ytsenmA ;)larudecorp/evitnatsbus( ,waL lanoitanretnI ni etucesorP ,)1002 rebmetpeS ,nodnoL( noitalsigel tnemelpmi dna tcane ot setatS fo ytud ehT :noitcidsiruJ ot noitagilbo ehT :noissimmoC waL lanoitanretnI ,lanoitanretnI ytsenmA ;)lacigolonorhc( erialC ;)lairotirret( ,)9002 yraurbeF ,nodnoL( )eraciduj tua ereded tua( etucesorp ro etidartxe waL lanoitanretnI ni esualC etucesorP ro etidartxE ehT :eraciduJ tuA ,eredeD tuA ,lehctiM laretalitluM( )9002 ,seidutS tnempoleveD dna lanoitanretnI fo etutitsnI etaudarG ehT ,aveneG( (seitaert noitidartxE/seitaert ( )036/4.NC/A) ( : ) ( ) ( ) ( ) . ( ) troppus dluohs ylbmessA lareneG NU ,noitcidsiruJ lasrevinU ,lanoitanretnI ytsenmA .( ))0102 ,nodnoL( ,loot ecitsuj lanoitanretni laitnesse siht (01/36/A ) () . 306/4.NC/A . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 943 .() - () . ) . ()( - . . - ) ( . __________ : () - . - . / 80/9002.RC () - (fdp.91151/441/selif/tekcod/gro.jic-jci.www) .(fdp.45051/441/selif/tekcod/gro jic - jci.www) 01/66/A 053 91236-11.EG - - . - ( : ) . () . ( ) ( ) ( ) - . () - . - () - . __________ () . : () - . - ] .[ - ( ) . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 153 . . - . . . . . . : () - . . - . . . 01/66/A 253 91236-11.EG . - " " . " - " . - . - . . " - " . " " - . . . : () . - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 353 - " . " . " " . . . . . - . "" " " . - " " : () - . - . - . . " " . 01/66/A 453 91236-11.EG . . . - . . . - . . -. " " . . . . . . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 553 - . . . () - . . . . . . - - . - - - . - . . . 01/66/A 653 91236-11.EG . " - " . . . - . . - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 753 - " () - " () . () . () . () .() - - . / - . ( ) .() __________ ) / () (. (01/36/A) / / . . .- (01/46/A ) ( ) .- (01/56/A) () . () 01/66/A 853 91236-11.EG - / / - . / - . . . : - " ": " " " " . . - ) ( ) ) ( . (. " " - : . - - ) 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 953 ( "" . . (. ) - . - . - () . . . . / - (. ) . " ". 01/66/A 063 91236-11.EG - - : () ( ) . () () : . ) : ( . : ) ( . () . : __________ ( ) atirB amriF ,80/683-C .- / nefaH-grubmaH tmalloztpuaH v HbmG ,0002 yluJ 12 ,tropeR ydoB etalleppA 5.12 elcitrA ,tfarcriA - lizarB: () .54 .arap ta ,WR/BA/64SD/TW 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 163 . () . . . . () . () ) ( . () . . __________ A seireS ,9891 yluJ 7 ,modgniK detinU eht .v gnireoS : : () ralusnoC no noitamrofnI ot thgiR ehT 78 .arap ,161 .on noinipO yrosivdA ,waL fo ssecorP eud eht fo seetnarauG eht fo krowemarF eht nI .ecnatsissA .85 .arap ,61 .oN A seireS ,9991 ,1 rebotcO fo 99/61-CO ,52 .on A seireS ,8791 yraunaJ 81 ,modgniK detinU eht .v dnalerI () 111 .arap ,99/15964 dna 99/72864 .son ,]CG[ yekruT .v voraksA dna voluktamaM ;932 .arap eht fo ecroF otni yrtnE eht no snoitavreseR fo tceffE ehT fo 28/2-CO noinipO yrosivdA ,)57 dna 47 .strA( sthgiR namuH no noitnevnoC naciremA .91 .arap ,2 .oN A seireS ,2891 ,42 rebmetpeS . ( )( ) () 01/66/A 263 91236-11.EG () ( )( ) . () () . )" ( " )" ()"( [ ] ( ) "( )" (. ) " " . ()( ) () . . () __________ ( ) ;81 .arap ,1622 RCE ]7791[ ,ilgiF & arioviR innavoiG .v loryaC ecnoeL ,77/25-C esaC: . uoisatsanA .P .S etrap xe ,dooF dna seirehsiF ,erutlucirgA fo retsiniM .v neeuQ ehT ,29/234-C esaC .05 dna 34 .sarap ,7803-I RCE ]4991[ ,srehto dna dtL )iruossiP( ,ydoB etalleppA eht fo tropeR ,II segareveB cilohoclA - napaJ: () .E noitceS ,R/BA/11SD/TW ,R/BA/01SD/TW ,R/BA/8SD/TW ,6991 rebotcO 4 tpmorP ,)aeniuG .v senidanerG eht dna tnecniV tniaS( esaC )1 .oN( "AGIAS" V/M ehT: ( ) gninrecnoc esaC 95-75 .sarap ,)7991 rebmeceD 4( 1 .oN esaC SOLTI )tnemgduJ( ,esaeleR .08 .arap ,6901 .p ,9991 stropeR .J.C.I ,)aibimaN .v anawstoB( dnalsI ududeS/ilikisaK yrotucolretnI ,aciremA fo setatS detinU ehT dna narI fo cilbupeR cimalsI ehT ()-narI( 9070122 LW 4002 ,4002 ,9 rebmetpeS ,)mialcretnuoC( TF-1B-38 LTI .oN drawA .431 dna 711-901 .sarap ,).birT.lC.S.U 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 363 . . ) (. ) ( . () () . . () . () () . . . () () . ( ) ( ) . __________ detinU eht .v .A ;58 ,67 ,25 ,79/30543 .on ,]CG[ yekruT .v arakyaB dna rimeD: () .X-2002 RHCE ,38 ,79/37353 .on ,modgniK . () .031 .arap ,R/BA/85SD/TW ,8991 rebotcO 21 ,ydoB etalleppA eht fo tropeR ,pmirhS - SU () . () gnirosnops setatS fo snoitagilbo dna seitilibisnopseR: () dettimbus noinipO yrosivdA rof tseuqeR( aerA eht ni seitivitca ot tcepser htiw seititne dna snosrep .112 dna 711 .sarap ,)1102 yraurbeF 1( 61 .oN esaC SOLTI )rebmahC setupsiD debaeS eht ot 01/66/A 463 91236-11.EG " " " " ( ) () . () . ( ) " " .() __________ .oN esaC( aciremA fo setatS detinU .v .cnI puorG FDA: () ,3002 yraunaJ 9 ,nevelE retpahC ATFAN rednU noitartibrA DISCI ,)1/00/)FA(BRA .771 .arapfdp.68561/noitazinagro/stnemucod/vog.etats.www//:ptth .IV-2002 RHCE ,19-48 .sarap ,59/75982 .on ,modgniK detinU eht .v niwdooG enitsirhC: ( ) 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 563 - " () - " .() . - ()() . . () () - - . . . / - . __________ ). / () (. (01/36/A ) / . . / / () ) (. - (01/46/A ) . / () (01/56/A ) ) (. - . 01/66/A 663 91236-11.EG - / / - . / - . . " - . " () " " . . () __________ () .- (01/56/A ) () (. ) 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 763 - . " () . " () ( ) () () . " " . - . . . . . - : . 01/66/A 863 91236-11.EG - () . ". " " - ( ) " . . . () . - () : __________. 901 .p ta 2591 stropeR .J.C.I ,2591 yluJ 22 ,)noitcejbo yranimilerP( esaC .oC liO nainarI-olgnA () ... . . - ( ) tnemtsevnI lanoitanretnI ni seussI no seireS ,tnemtaerT noitaN-deruovaF-tsoM ,DATCNU () ,91.D.II.01.E .on selaS ,1/0102/AI/EAID/DATCNU ,noitacilbuP snoitaN detinU( II stnemeergA .78-48.pp ,)0102 aveneG dna kroY weN ,71/70/BRA .oN esaC DISCI ,)TIB ylatI-cilbupeR enitnegrA( cilbupeR enitnegrA .v .A.p.S oligerpmI () noitca&HRsesaC=epyTtseuqer?telvreStnorF/DISCI/gro.knabdlrow.disci//:ptth .1102 enuJ 71 .901C=dIesac&emoH=morFqer&esaCweiv=laV 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 963 . () . -. . . . . A.p.S oligerpmI - " " . . . __________ . () 01/66/A 073 91236-11.EG - . . . - - . . . - . . . . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 173 - / - .() . - - " " / " : " )6/56/A( / / / - / . / - / - . / . : __________ . : ( ) . . () . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - . . . . . . . - . . (. ) . . 01/66/A 273 91236-11.EG () () () () . () - . : ( ) () () () [] ... .() - . (. ) - : () . () __________ ) ... )01/35/A(( ) () . ( 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 373 - : () () () . () - / - . . () / / . / - . / . () : / () - : '' '' '' __________. : () . () . . . . . . . . . . - . . . - . .( ) .. . . - ... () 01/66/A 473 91236-11.EG '' '' '' . () - . . () - . . - . . - . . . () - . __________ . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 573 () : - '' . '' '' '' . () () - . - . . - . __________ () . 01/66/A 673 91236-11.EG ) . .()( - . () - ) ( . () ( ) - . ) - . ( () () . - (: ) () . : () ( ) '' '' __________ . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 773 ) '' (. () . () ) - ( . . - . - - . () " () " [" ] . . " . -. . __________ .- ... () .- ... () 01/66/A 873 91236-11.EG - . / / - / / - . . )01/36/A( ( 01/46/A ) .()(01/56/A ) - . / . ( ) .() - . " .()" -. " __________ . (01/56/A ) ( ) . () .fdp.0102JIIB/jiib/ecitsujlanoitanretni/sfdp/scihte/ude.siednarb.www//:ptth () . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 973 " . ()" .()..". - . . - . .() - - - / / . () . __________ waL fo eluR ehT: - () ,weiveR waL seidutS labolG ytisrevinU notgnihsaW( evitcepsreP naisA nA - dlroW gnizilabolG a ni .fdp.adawo/2_8emuloV/seussI/RLSGUW/ude.ltsuw.wal//:ptth : 391 .p ,9002 )2(8.v . () . (01/56/A ) () )01/75/A( () )01/85/A( . - )01/95/A( )01/06/A( )01/26/A( )01/16/A( )01/36/A( )01/46/A( . )01/56/A( 01/66/A 083 91236-11.EG - - . . . . . . - - . () . - () - . . __________ ... ... () . (01/56/A ) 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 183 . () . () " - seriotaraprp xuavart . . . ()" . . . . - . . - . __________ ()... ... : . - / / . . )01/95/A( () 01/66/A 283 91236-11.EG () / ( ) - " ( ) ". / . .() - . . . . - . . . - . . . __________ . ... () . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 383 . () - . / . () - . . () - . () () . . - / - . / / / __________ ./cli/wal/gro.nu.www//:ptth () .mth.xednil/wal/gro.nu.www//:ptth: () 01/66/A 483 91236-11.EG -. ( ) / . - . - ()( ) - / / " " " " . ( 146/4.NC/A) ( 326/4.NC/A" ) " . - . . () . . __________ . (01/56/A ) () .)146/4.NC/A( () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 583 - / - () . . - . () / . . - / . () . . -. () / . . . / - __________ . () . () . () . () 01/66/A 683 91236-11.EG . . ()" " - - . - ./ - / - " " . . - . - . " " . . / - / - / __________ () " . . " 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 783 . . . () - . . - . . . ":. : - ": " ": " " ": " " : ": . . " ": : - " ": : " ": " : ." : __________ : () () () () . . () () () ( ) () . () () () . () . () . () . () ( ) . () . () (/) () () . (. ) ( ) . . / . 01/66/A 883 91236-11.EG - . " : ": . : : " " ": ": (" ) . " . ": ": - " " ": " ". : " - ( ) (. ) " - . " "" . . . . . - . . - ( ) . . . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 983 - . . (. / ) . - . - . . - . . 01/66/A 093 91236-11.EG - - - - - 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 193 ( ) . -. . ) (. ) ( . - . . . . . . . . - . . . . " " - 01/66/A 293 91236-11.EG . . . . . - . . () . ) - (: . . - : . . '' . . __________ yramotsuC lareneG fo noitamroF eht ot elbacilppA selpicnirP fo tnemetatS nodnoL ehT () lareneG fo noitamroF( 0002/61 noituloseR :yratnemmoc htiw ,waL lanoitanretnI waL lanoitanretnI eht yb 0002 yluJ 92 no detpoda ,)waL lanoitanretnI yramotsuC ,ecnerefnoC htniN-ytxiS eht fo tropeR ,noitaicossA waL lanoitanretnI ees :noitaicossA fo tnemetatS nodnoL ehT >629-229 .pp ,.dibi ees ,etabed yranelp eht roF .93 .P ,nodnoL eettimmoc eht fo noisseS gnikroW eht fo troper eht dna ,777-217 .pp ,.dibi ta si selpicnirP-877 .pp ,.dibi ta si 0002 ni dleh waL lanoitanretnI yramotsuC )lareneG( fo noitamroF no .lairetam deliated erom niatnoc stroper miretni xis seettimmoC ehT .097 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 393 : / '' ) ( . ) '' ()( . ( ) ) (. ( ) ) ( ) '' ( )( ) ( . '' . : . '' . '' __________ .38 .arap ,192 .p ,4891 stropeR .J.C.I ,eniaM fo fluG () 01/66/A 493 91236-11.EG - : . '' . (. ) ()( ) '' '' '' / __________ / () . ,0591 rof CLI eht fo tropeR( 473-763 .pp ,II .lov ,0591 CLI koobraeY ) ,)de ht7( noissimmoC waL lanoitanretnI eht fo kroW ehT )49-42 .saraP ,6131/A tnemucoD : . (2.III traP [ ] . : . . ( 6012 .p ,III .lov ,8991-9491 noissimmoC waL lanoitanretnI ehT ,sttaW .D.A) . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 593 '' '' '' . : - '' '' / '' ) ''(. - . A/66/10 GE.11-63219 396 Background Materials International Law Commission Ways and Means of Making the Evidence of Customary International Law more Readily Available: Preparatory work within the purview of the article 24 of the Statute of the International Law Commission, Memorandum submitted by the Secretary-General (A/CN.4/6 and Corr.1). Working Paper prepared by the Secretariat (A/CN.4/WP.9), reproduced in the Yearbook of the International Law Commission 1949-I, pp. 228-229. Article 24 of the Statute of the International Law Commission, Working Paper by Manley O. Hudson, Special Rapporteur (A/CN.4/16 and Add.1) (Yearbook of the International Law Commission 1950-II, pp. 24-33). Report of the International Law Commission on the work of its second session, paras. 24-94 (Yearbook of the International Law Commission 1950-II, pp. 367-74) (Part II, Ways and Means for Making the Evidence of Customary International Law More Readily Available). Case-Law Permanent Court of International Justice The Case of the S.S. Lotus (France v. Turkey), Collection of Judgements, Judgment Nr. 9 of 7 September 1927, P.C.I.J., Series A No. 10, p. 4 (pp. 18, 20-22 and 28). International Court of Justice Colombian-Peruvian Asylum case, Judgment of 20 November 1950, I.C.J. Reports 1950, p. 266 (pp. 276-278). Reservations to the Genocide Convention case, I.C.J. Reports 1951, p. 15. Fisheries case (United Kingdom v. Norway), Judgment of 18 December 1951, I.C.J. Reports 1951, p. 116 (pp. 131 and 138-139). Nottebohm Case (Liechtenstein v. Guatemala) (second phase), Judgment of 6 April 1955, I.C.J. Reports 1955, p. 4 (pp. 22-23). Case concerning Right of Passage over Indian Territory (Portugal v. India) (Merits), Judgment of 12 April 1960, I.C.J. Reports 1960, p. 6 (pp. 39-44). North Sea Continental Shelf (Federal Republic of Germany/Denmark; Federal Republic of Germany/Netherlands), Judgment, I.C.J. Reports 1969, p. 3 (paras. 60-83). Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary in the Gulf of Maine Area (Canada/United States of America), Judgment, I.C.J. Reports 1984, p. 246 (paras. 83, 90, 94, and 110-111). Continental Shelf (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya/Malta), Judgment, I. C.J. Reports 1985, p. 13 (paras. 26-34, 43-44 and 77). Military and Paramilitary Activities in und against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. United States of America), Merits, Judgment, I.C.J. Reports 1986, p. 14 (paras. 172-192, 201-209, 211 and 273). A/66/10 397 GE.11-63219 Frontier Dispute (Burkina Faso/Mali), Judgment of 22 December 1986 (Merits), I.C.J. Reports 1986, p. 554 (para. 21). Maritime Delimitation in the Area between Greenland and Jan Mayen (Denmark v. Norway), I.C.J. Reports 1993, p. 38 (para. 46). Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, Advisory Opinion, I.C.J. Reports 1996, p. 226 (paras. 64-73, 75, 79-82, 84, 96). Gabkovo-Nagymaros Project (Hungary v. Slovakia), Judgment, I.C.J. Reports 1997, p. 7. Maritime Delimitation and Territorial Questions between Qatar and Bahrain (Qatar/Bahrain), I.C.J.Reports 2001, p. 40. Arrest Warrant of 11 April 2000 (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Belgium), Judgment, I.C.J. Reports 2002, p. 3 (paras. 51-59). Case concerning the Dispute regarding Navigational and Related Rights (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua), Judgment of 13 July 2009, I.C.J. Reports 2009 (paras. 140-144), and Separate Opinion of Judge Seplveda-Amor (paras. 20-28). International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia Prosecutor v. Tadi, Appeals Chamber, Decision on the Defence Motion for Interlocutory Appeal on Jurisdiction, 2 October 1995 (esp. para. 99). Prosecutor v. Kupreskic et al. (Judgment), Trial Chamber, Judgment of 14 January 2000 (paras. 524-525, 527, 531-534 and 540). Arbitral Tribunals Strunski-Merg case, Italian-United States Conciliation Commission, Decision of 10 June 1955, ILR, 1955, pp. 443. Texaco-Calasiatic c. Gouvernement libyen, sentence arbitrale au fond du 19 janvier 1977, Journal de droit international (Clunet), vol. 104, 1977, p. 350 (paras. 59-60, 69 and 83-89). Case concerning the delimitation of the continental shelf between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the French Republic, Decision of 30 June 1977, RIAA, vol. XVIII, p. 3 (paras. 45-47). 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Taki, Opinio Juris and the Formation of Customary International Law, GYIL, vol. 51, 2008, pp. 417-446. I. Brownlie, Principles of Public International Law (7th ed.), OUP, 2008, pp. 6-12. F. Hoffmeister The Contribution of EU Practice to International Law in: M. Cremona (ed.) Developments in EU External Relations Law, OUP, 2008. T. Treves, Customary International Law, in R.Wolfrum (Ed.), The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, OUP, 2008, online edition, [www.mpepil.com], visited on 29 August 2009. P. Daillier, M. Forteau, A. Pellet, Droit international public (8th ed.), Paris, L.G.D.J., 2009, paras. 207-220. B. Schltter, Developments in Customary International Law: Theory and Practice of the International Court of Justice and the International ad hoc Tribunals for Rwanda and Yugoslavia, Brill, 2010. B. Lepard, Customary International Law: A New Theory with Practical Applications, CUP, 2010. B. Saul, Legislating from a Radical Hague: The United Nations Special Tribunal for Lebanon Invents an International Crime of Transnational Terrorism, Leiden Journal of International Law, vol. 24, 2011 pp. 677700. 01/66/A 204 91236-11.EG ( ) - ( ) - . . () . . . . - . ) ( " . ". __________ ,.de dr3 ,waL latnemnorivnE lanoitanretnI ,notlehS haniD & ssiK erdnaxelA () lanoitanretnI fo selpicnirP ,sdnaS eppilihP . 295-555 .pp ,4002 ,srehsilbuP lanoitansnarT ,einriB .W aicirtaP ;093-713 .pp ,3002 ,sserP ytisrevinU egdirbmaC ,.de dn2 ,waL latnemnorivnE drofxO ,.de dr3 ,tnemnorivnE eht dna waL lanoitanretnI ,llewegdeR enirehtaC & elyoB .E nalA ,ekleaZ doowruD & namzlaS semaJ ,retnuH divaD ;873-533 .pp ,8002 ,sserP ytisrevinU ,niqnaH euX ;337-835 .pp ,7002 ,sserP noitadnuoF ,yciloP dna waL latnemnorivnE lanoitanretnI .302-002 .pp ,3002 ,sserP ytisrevinU egdirbmaC ,waL lanoitanretnI ni egamaD yradnuobsnarT 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 304 - . - ( - )()retlemS liarT . . () ( - - ) . () " " . () / . ( - ) ) / __________ . )1491 fo drawA( ff 7091 .pp ,3 .lov ,sdrawA lartibrA lanoitanretnI fo stropeR () . " ( - ( )5.oN nogarD ykcuL) () eiD ,waL lanoitanretnI dna stseT bmoB negordyH ehT ,adO uregihS latnemnorivnE lanoitanretnI fo weiV lareneG A ,eidloG .E.F.L ;6591 ,35 .lov ,etrawsnedeirF pohskroW ,waL lanoitanretnI dna tnemnorivnE eht fo noitcetorP ehT ,.de ,ssiK .C.A ni ,waL .37-27 .pp ,5791 ,waL lanoitanretnI fo ymedacA eugaH ehT ,3791 )noitcidsiruJ( ;99 stropeR JCI 3791 )erusaeM miretnI( )ecnarF .v ailartsuA( esac stseT raelcuN () :531 stropeR JCI 3791 )serusaeM miretnI( )ecnarF .v dnalaeZ weN( ;352 stropeR JCI 4791 .754 stropeR JCI 4791 )noitcidsiruJ( " . () ". 01/66/A 404 91236-11.EG . ()( ( ) . ) ( ) ( . () / .() : - () ( ) () () () () () () () () (/) () () () __________ . - () 82 ,22 .sarap ,74/6002 ,sgnideecorp larO ,)yaugurU .v anitnegrA( esac slliM pluP: .43 & etalleppA eht fo tropeR ,enilosaG lanoitnevnoC dna detalumrofeR rof sdradnatS setatS detinU () OTW eht dna serusaeM laretalinU ,esaruM aynihS ;71-61 .pp ,8/250/TW ,6991 lirpA 92 ,ydoB ,edarT neerG dna snogarD naisA ,.sde ,ytsE .C leinaD & yaT .C.S nomiS ,tnemeltteS etupsiD .441-731 .pp ,6991 ,sserP cimedacA semiT/ () ( 5873 SIXEL .S.U 7002 ;8341 .tC .S 721 ;794 .S.U 945 ) . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 504 ()() ()() ()() () () (. ) - : . . () . __________ . () " () ... namuH eht no noitaralceD mlohkcotS ehT ,nhoS .L". .)2791( 324 lanruoJ waL lanoitanretnI dravraH 41 ,tnemnorivnE : " () ". " " () " " . . . " (. ) " : . . 01/66/A 604 91236-11.EG . - . () . . . - " ". . () . . . - . ) . __________ lanoitansnarT no waL cimonocE lanoitanretnI morf sevitcepsreP () .lov ,eyaH aL ed lanoitanretni tiord ed eimdacAl ed sruoc sed lieuceR ,seussI latnemnorivnE .134-382 .pp ,5991 ,352". " () " " " (. - " ) ( ) . ( ) 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 704 ) ( (. . - - . . ()" " " " - ( ,) : ( ) ( ,) ( ,) (. ,) ( ,) ) . : (. ) ( ( ) __________ .5002 ,sserP ytisrevinU drofxO ,noitide htneves ,yranoitciD srenraeL decnavdA drofxO () 01/66/A 804 91236-11.EG . -. " " ". " . ()" " .()" " ( ) __________ fo yranoitciD ecnerefeR snilloC ,reilloH maharG dna sebroF naeJ ,nostreboR nalA ,senoJ hteraG () .04.p ,0991 ,snilloC ,ecneicS latnemnorivnE ,9891 ,sserP ytisrevinU kroY weN ,noitide driht ,tnemnorivnE eht fo yranoitciD ,yballA leahciM () p..43 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 904 -. () . ( ) . () . ) (. . . (. - ) . . . ()" " . " " . - - () - . , __________ aidepolcycnE ,.de ,tdrahnreB floduR ni ,noitcetorP ,erehpsomtA ,reuahcolhcS negruJ-snaH () .092 .p ,7991 ,1 .lov ,waL lanoitanretnI cilbuP fo ( ) () . . () . . 265-655 .pp ,.de dr3 ,waL latnemnorivnE lanoitanretnI ,notlehS haniD dna ssiK erdnaxelA () .)etamilC dna erehpsotartS ,erehpsomtA ,21 retpahC( 01/66/A 014 91236-11.EG . - - . . : () - - . - . . . () - ) (. . ( ) . () - . . . ( ) - : ) 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 114 . ()( . . ( ) - : " " . (: ) - " " " " . . . (: ) - . . . . (: ) - . (: ) - . (: ) - : . __________ ,stpecnoC :erehpsomtA labolG eht fo noitcetorP eht dna waL lanoitanretnI ,elyoB .E nalA () waL lanoitanretnI ,.sde ,enotseerF divaD & llihcruhC niboR ,selpicnirP dna seirogetaC ,saerA nommoC ,ennurB attuJ osla eeS ;91-7 .pp ,1991 ,egnahC etamilC labolG dna nellE & ennurB attuJ ,yksnadoB leinaD ni ,nrecnoC nommoC dna ,egatireH nommoC .375-055 .pp ,7002 ,waL latnemnorivnE lanoitanretnI fo koobdnaH drofxO ,.sde ,yeH 01/66/A 214 91236-11.EG (: ) - . - - . . . . - " " . . " " . . - - . . . / / . A/66/10 413 GE.11-63219 1. Judicial Decisions Trail Smelter Arbitration (US v. UK), Reports of International Arbitral Awards, vol.3, pp. 1907 ff (Award of 1941). Nuclear Tests case (Australia v. France) (Interim Measure) 1973 ICJ Reports 99; (Jurisdiction) 1974 ICJ Reports 253; (New Zealand v. France) (Interim Measures) 1973 ICJ Reports 135: (Jurisdiction) 1974 ICJ Reports 457. Legality of the Use of Nuclear Weapons case, 1996 ICJ Reports 241. Pulp Mills case (Argentina v. Uruguay), 2010 ICJ Reports 75. Aerial Spraying of Herbicides case (Ecuador v. Columbia), pending before ICJ. United States Standards for Reformulated and Conventional Gasoline, Report of the Appellate Body, 29 April 1996, WT/052/8. Massachusetts v. EPA, U.S. Supreme Court decision of 2 April 2007 (549 U.S. 497; 127 S. Ct. 1438; 2007 U.S. LEXIS 3785). 2. Documents of International Organizations / Conferences relating to the Law of the Atmosphere International Conference on the Changing Atmosphere: Implications for Global Security, Conference Statement, Toronto, 27-30 June 1988, 18 Environmental Policy and Law, 1988, pp. 155, 187-189. Protection of the Atmosphere: Statement of the International Meeting of Legal and Policy Experts, Ottawa, February 22, 1989, American University Journal of International Law and Policy, 1989, pp. 529-542. Protection of the Atmosphere, Report of the Secretary-General, E/CN.17/2001/PC/12, 2 March 2001. One Atmosphere, Vancouver Declaration of the World Clean Air Congress, September 2010 (http://www.iuappa.com/newsletters/VancouverDeclaration.pdf). 3. Literature (1) Law of the Atmosphere (a) Books Frank Biermann, Saving the atmosphere : international law, developing countries and air pollution, 1995. Patricia W. Birnie, Alan E. Boyle & Catherine Redgewell, International Law and the Environment, 3rd ed., Oxford University Press, 2008, pp. 335-378. Daniel Bodansky, Jutta Brunne and Ellen Hey (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law, Oxford University Press, 2007 (Ian H. Rowlands, Atmosphere and Outer Space, pp. 315-336). Derek M. Elsom, Atmospheric Pollution: A Global Problem, 2nd ed., Wiley-Blackwell, 1992. A/66/10 GE.11-63219 414 Alexander Gillespie, Climate Change, Ozone Depletion and Air Pollution: Legal Commentaries within the Context of Science and Policy, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2005. 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Boyle, International Law and the Protection of the Global Atmosphere: Concepts, Categories and Principles, Robin Churchill & David Freestone, eds., International Law and Global Climate Change, 1991, pp.7-19. Ian Brownlie, Legal Status of Natural Resources in International Law, 162 Recueil des cours lAcadmie de droit international de La Haye, pp. 245-318 (1979). Jim Bruce, Law of the Air: A Conceptual Outline, 18 Environmental Policy and Law, 1988, p. 5. L.F.E. Goldie, A General View of International Environmental Law, in A.C. Kiss, ed., The Protection of the Environment and International Law, Workshop 1973, The Hague Academy of International Law, 1975, pp. 72-73. Gnther Handl, International Law and Protection of the Atmosphere, 83 Proceedings of the ASIL Annual Meeting 62, (1989). Gnther Handl, International Efforts to Protect the Global Atmosphere: A Case of Too Little, Too Late, 1 European Journal of International Law 250 (1990). John C. Hogan, Legal Terminology for the Upper Regions of the Atmosphere and for the Space Beyond the Atmosphere, 51 American Journal of International Law (1957), pp. 362-375. Alexandre Charles Kiss, La protection de l'atmosphre: un exemple de la mondialisation des problmes, 34 Annuaire franais de droit international 701 (1988). Janna Lehmann, A Comparative Analysis of the Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution, Ozone Layer Protection and Climate Change Regimes, in Michael Bothe and Eckard Rehbinder (eds.), Climate Change Policy, Eleven International Publishing, 2006, pp. 73-102. A/66/10 415 GE.11-63219 Shinya Murase, Perspectives from International Economic Law on Transnational Environmental Issues, Recueil des cours de lAcadmie de droit international de La Haye, vol. 253, 1995, pp. 283-431. Shinya Murase, Protection of the Atmosphere and International Lawmaking, European Law Faculty of Nova Gorica, ed., The Challenges of Contemporary International Law and International Relations (Festschrift for Prof. Dr. Ernest Petri), 2011 (forthcoming). F. Sherwood Rawland, Atmospheric Changes Caused by Human Activities: From Science to Regulation, 27 Ecology Law Quarterly 1261 (2001). Peter Sand, UNCED and the Development of International Environmental Law, Yearbook of International Environmental Law, vol. 3, 1992, pp. 3-17. Marvin S. Soroos, The thin blue line : preserving the atmosphere as a global commons, Environment, vol. 40(2) (1998), pp. 6-13, 32-35. Hans-Jurgen Schlochauer, Atmosphere, Protection, in Rudolf Bernhardt, ed., Encyclopedia of Public International Law, vol. 1, 1997, p. 290. L. Sohn, The Stockholm Declaration on the Human Environment, 14 Harvard International Law Journal 423 (1972). (2) Transboundary Air Pollution (a) Books Jutta Brunne, Acid Rain and Ozone Layer Depletion: International Law and Regulation, Transnational Publishers, 1988. John E. Carroll, Trans-boundary Air Quality Relations, University of Maine Press, 1990. Cees Flinterman, Barbara Kwiatkowska and Johan G. Lammers, eds., Transboundary air pollution : international legal aspects of the co-operation of states 1986. Irene H. van Lier, Acid Rain and International Law, Bunsel Environmental Consultants, 1981. P. N. Okowa, The Legal Framework for the Protection of the Environment against Transboundary Air Pollution : a Reflection on Customary and Treaty Law, Eleven, 2009. Phoebe N. Okowa, State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law, Oxford University Press, 2000. Philippe Sands, ed., Chernobyl: law and communication : transboundary nuclear air pollution : the legal materials, Grotius Publication, 1988. (b) Articles Nigel Bankes and J. O. Saunders, Acid Rain: Multilateral and Bilateral Approaches to Transboundary Pollution under International Law, 33 University of New Brunswick Law Journal 155 (1984). C. R. Bath, US-Mexico Experience in Managing Transboundary Air Resources: Problems, Prospects and Recommendations for the Future, 22 Natural Resources Journal 1197 (1982). Robin R. Churchill, G. Ktting and L. M. Warren, The 1994 UN ECE Sulphur Protocol, 7 Journal of Environmental Law 169 (1995). A/66/10 GE.11-63219 416 Amy A. Fraenkel, The Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution: Meeting the Challenge of International Cooperation, 30 Harvard International Law Journal 447 (1989). Scott A. Hajost, International Legal Implications of United States Policy on Acid Deposition, in Daniel Barstow Magraw (ed.), International Law and Pollution, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991, p. 344. J. G. Lammers, The European Approach to Acid Rain, in Daniel Barstow Magraw (ed.), International Law and Pollution, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991, p. 265. Pierre-Franois Mercure, Principes de droit international applicable au phnomnes des pluies acides, 21 Revue de droit de lUniversit de Sherbrooke 373 (1991). Phoebe N. Okowa, The Legacy of Trail Smelter in the Field of Transboundary Air Pollution, in Rebecca M. Bratspies and Russell A. Miller (eds.), Transboundary Harm in International Law: Lessons from the Trail Smelter Arbitration, Cambridge University Press, 2006. Marc Pallemaerts, International Legal Aspects of Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, 1 Hague Yearbook of International Law 189 (1988). Armin Rosencrantz, The ECE Convention of 1979 on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution, 75 American Journal of International Law 975 (1981). P. J. Sands, The Treaty Regime on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, in Ministere de l'Environnement & Environnement sans Frontire, France (d.), L'application renforce du droit international de l'environnement: harmonisation et dveloppement des procdures internationales de contrle, de sanction et de rglement des diffrends = Towards Strengthening Application of International Environmental Law: International Procedures of Control, Enforcement and Conflict Settlement: Harmonization and Advancement, Frison-Roche, 1999, pp. 74-78. Alan Khee-Jin Tan, Forest fires of Indonesia : State responsibility and international liability, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, vol. 48(4) (1999), pp. 826-855. Gregory S. Wetstone, Armin Rosencrantz and Sarah Foster, Acid Rain in Europe and North America: National Responses to an International Problem, Environmental Law Institute, 1983. G. S. Wetstone and A. Rosencrantz, Transboundary Air Pollution: The Search for an International Response, 8 Harvard Environmental Law Review 89 (1984). Jrgen Wettestad, Acid Lessons? Assessing and Explaining LRTAP Implementation and Effectiveness, IIASA Working Paper (WP-96-18), 1996. Jrgen Wettestad, Science, Politics and Institutional Design: Some Initial Notes on the Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution Regime, 4 Journal of Environment and Development 165 (1995). (3) Ozone Layer (a) Books Richard Elliot Benedick, Ozone Diplomacy, 2nd ed., Harvard University Press, 1998. United Nations Environment Programme, Handbook for the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, 5th ed., 2000. Osamu Yoshida, The International Legal Regime for the Protection of the Stratospheric Ozone Layer, Martinus Nijhoff, 2001. A/66/10 417 GE.11-63219 (b) Articles R. E. Benedick, The Montreal Ozone Treaty: Implications for Global Warming, 5 American University Journal of International Law and Policy 217 (1990). Duncan Brack, International Trade and the Montreal Protocol, The Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1996. Jutta Brunne, Acid Rain and Ozone Layer Depletion: International Law and Regulation, Transnational Publishers, 1988. David D. Caron, La Protection de la couche dozone stratosphrique et la structure de lactivit normative internationale en matire denvironment, 36 Annuaire franais de droit international 704 (1990). David D. Caron, Protection of Stratospheric Ozone Layer and the Structure of International Environmental Law-Making, 14 Hastings International and Comparative Law Review 755 (1991). Peter M. Haas, Banning Chlorofluorocarbons: Epistemic Community Efforts to Protect Stratospheric Ozone, 46 International Organization 187 (1991). John Warren Kindt and Samuel Pyeatt Menefee, The Vexing Problem of Ozone Depletion in International Environmental Law and Policy, 24 Texas International Law Journal 261 (1989). Martti Koskenniemi, Breach of Treaty or Non-Compliance? Reflections on the Enforcement of the Montreal Protocol, 3 Yearbook of International Environmental Law 123 (1992). Johan G. Lammers, Efforts to Develop a Protocol on Chlorofluorocarbons to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, 1 Hague Yearbook of International Law 255 (1988). Peter M. Lawrence, International Legal Regulation for Protection of the Ozone Layer: Some Problems of Implementation, 2 Journal of Environmental Law 17 (1990). Joel Mintz, Progress Toward a Healthy Sky: An Assessment of the London Amendments to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, 16 Yale Journal of International Law 571 (1991). James T. B. Tripp, The UNEP Montreal Protocol: Industrialized and Developing Countries Sharing the Responsibility for Protecting the Stratospheric Ozone Layer, 20 New York University Journal of International Law and Policy 733 (1988). (4) Climate Change (a) Books R. E. Benedick et al. (eds.), Greenhouse Warming: Negotiating a Global Regime, World Resources Institute, 1991. R. R. Churchill and D. Freestone (eds.), International Law and Global Climate Change, Graham & Trotman, 1991. IPCC, Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, 2007. Toru Iwama, ed., Policies and Laws on Global Warming: International and Comparative Analysis, Environmental Research Center, 1991. Roda Verheyen, Climate Change Damage and International Law: Prevention Duties and State Responsibility, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2005. A/66/10 GE.11-63219 418 (b) Articles Elizabeth P. Barratt-Brown et al., A Forum for Action on Global Warming: The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, 4 Colorado Journal of International Law and Policy 103 (1993). Daniel Bodansky, The United Nations Framework Climate Change Convention: A Commentary, 18 Yale Journal of International Law 451 (1993). Daniel Bodansky, Managing Climate Change, 3 Yearbook of International Environmental Law 60 (1992). Laurence Boisson de Chazournes, De Kyoto La Haye, en passant par Buenos Aires et Bonn: La rgulation de leffet de serre aux forceps, 1 Annuaire franais de relations internationales 709 (2000). D. D. Caron, When Law Makes Climate Change Worse: Rethinking the Law of Baselines in Light of a Rising Sea Level, 17 Ecology Law Quarterly 621 (1991). Peter G. G. Davies, Global Warming and the Kyoto Protocol, 47 International & Comparative Law Quarterly 446 (1998). Sean Fox, Responding to Climate Change: The Case for Unilateral Measures to Protect the Global Atmosphere, 84 Georgetown Law Journal 249 (1996). Duncan French, 1997 Kyoto Protocol to the 1992 UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, 10 Journal of Environmental Law 227 (1998). Japan Branch Committee on the Legal Principles relating to Climate Change, Preliminary Issues on the Methodology and Scope of the Work, Japanese Yearbook of International Law, vol. 52, 2009, pp. 500-537. International Law Association (ILA), Committee on the Legal Principles relating to Climate Change, First Report, 2010, pp. 37 ff. (Available at .) Ved P. Nanda, Global Warming and International Environmental Law: A Preliminary Inquiry, 30 Harvard International Law Journal 375 (1989). Philippe Joseph Sands, The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1 Review of European Community & International Environmental Law 270 (1992). Christopher D. Stone, Beyond Rio: Insuring Against Global Warming, 86 American Journal of International Law 445 (1992). Christina Voigt, State Responsibility for Climate Change Damages, 77 Nordic Journal of International Law 1 (2008). Durwood Zaelke and James Cameron, Global Warming and Climate Change: An Overview of International Legal Process, 5 American University Journal of International Law and Policy 248 (1990). 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 914 ( ) - . () " " " ". . . . . " ()" . . - .() " . __________ . () . () . / () 01/66/A 024 91236-11.EG ( ) ( : ) ." . () () . : " (. " ). " " - ". " . . : . -. . . . -. . . . __________ . / () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 124 . . . . . . . . . . . - . () ( ) 81/50/BRA ) () / (DISCI) . " ) () . ( " ) ( ( ) " (. " ) __________ : " ( ) ( ) . " : / () .fdp.noitcidsiruj-soluopossadraK/stnemucod/ac.civu.wal.ati//:ptth 01/66/A 224 91236-11.EG " (. " ) ) ( 722 AA .oN esaC ACP )82AA (822AA .oN esaC ACP) ) (. 622 AA .oN esaC ACP) ()( / " . (. " ) . - . . . . () . __________ ),9002 rebmevoN 03 fo ytilibissimdA dna noitcidsiruJ no sdrawA miretnI () .rf.noitartibra.www( ( ) () . .gro.nu.ytaertnu//:ptth 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 324 . " - [ ] ". . . - . . - . . " ". . - . . ( ") ( ) ". . A/66/10 GE.11-63219 424 - . . . - . Rudolf Bernhardt, Vlkerrechtliche Bindungen in den Vorstadien des Vertragsschlusses, Zeitschrift fr auslndisches ffentliches Recht und Vlkerrecht 18 (1957-8) 652-690. Horst-Gnther Krenzler, Die vorlufige Anwendung vlkerrechtlicher Vertrge (dissertation Heidelberg, 1963). Daniel Vignes, Une notion ambigu: la mise en application provisoire des traits, Annuaire franais de droit international 18 (1972) 181-199. Paolo Picone, Lapplicazione in via provvisoria degli accordi internazionali (Jovene, Napoli, 1973). Frank Montag, Vlkerrechtliche Vertrge mit vorlufigen Wirkungen (Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, 1985). Martin A. Rogoff, Barbara E. Gauditz, The Provisional Application of International Agreements, Maine Law Review 39 (1987) 29-81. Ren Lefeber, The Provisional Application of Treaties, in: Jan Klabbers, Ren Lefeber (eds), Essays on the Law of Treaties: A Collection of Essays in Honour of Bert Vierdag (Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, 1998) 81-95. Albane Geslin, La mise en application provisoire des traits (Pedone, Paris, 2005). Denise Mathy, Article 25, in: Olivier Corten, Pierre Klein (eds), Les Conventions de Vienne sur le droit des traits. Commentaire article par article (Bruylant, Bruxelles, 2006) 1047-1070. Mark E. Villiger, Commentary on the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden/Boston, 2009) 349-358. Mahnoush H. Arsanjani, W. Michael Reisman, Provisional Application of Treaties in International Law: The Energy Charter Treaty Awards, in: Enzo Cannizzaro (ed.), The Law of Treaties Beyond the Vienna Convention (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011) 85102. Denise Mathy, Article 25 (1969), in: Olivier Corten, Pierre Klein (eds.), The Vienna Conventions on the Law of Treaties: A Commentary (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011), 639654. 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 524 ( ) - - . . . . - . . . . . . - . 01/66/A 624 91236-11.EG (. ) . () () (. ) . . - . . . " " . . " " - . . . : . " " . - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 724 . " " . . . . . - - . : : () " " " ". "" " " . . . () . . . . 01/66/A 824 91236-11.EG . ". " () ". " . . () ) ( . . . . () ( ) . . . . . () . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 924 . . . ( siruj oinipo) " ". . () . . . . -. . : () . . . () . 01/66/A 034 91236-11.EG . " . " . - . . . . . . - . . . . . . . - . 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 134 . . . - - . . . . - . . - . . - . . . . A/66/10 GE.11-63219 432 Appendix I PRELIMINARY BIBLIOGRAPHY Abs, H., and Shawcross, H., The Proposed Convention to Protect Private Foreign Investment: A Roundtable: Comment on the Draft Convention by the Authors, Journal of Public Law, Vol. 9, p. 115 (1960). 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CME (Netherlands) v. The Czech Republic, UNCITRAL Partial Award of September 13, 2001. CMS Gas Transmission Company v. The Republic of Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/8, Award of May 12, 2005. Compaa de Aguas del Aconquija, S.A. & Compagnie Gnrale des Eaux (Vivendi) v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/97/3, Award of Nov. 21, 2000. Consortium RFCC v. Royaume du Maroc, ICSID Case No. ARB/00/6, Sentence Arbitrale of Dec. 22, 2003. DF Group Inc. v. United States, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/00/1, Final Award of Jan. 9, 2003. Electtronica Sicula Spa (ELSI) (United States of America v. Italy), International Court of Justice, Judgment of 10 July 1989, www.icj-cij.org. Eureko B.V. v. Republic of Poland, Partial Award of Aug. 19, 2005. GAMI Investments, Inc. v. The United Mexican States, UNCITRAL, Final Award of Nov. 15, 2004. International Thunderbird Gaming Corporation v. The United Mexican States, Arbitral Award of Jan. 26, 2006. Loewen Group, Inc. and Raymond L. Loewen v. United States, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/98/3, Final Award of June 26, 2003. Metalclad Corporation v. The United Mexican States, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/97/1, Award of Aug. 30, 2000. Middle East Cement Shipping and Handling Co S.A. v. Arab Republic of Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/99/6, Award of April 12, 2002. Mondev International Ltd. v. The United States of America, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/99/2, Award of Oct. 11, 2002. MTD Equity Sdn. Bhd. and MTD Chile S.A. v. Republic of Chile, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/7, Award of May 25, 2004. Noble Ventures, Inc. v. Romania, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/11, Final Award of Oct. 12, 2005. Occidental Exploration and Production Company v. The Republic of Ecuador, LCIA Case No. UN3467, Final Award of July 1, 2004. Pope & Talbot, UNCITRAL, Award in Respect of Damages of May 31, 2002. A/66/10 GE.11-63219 440 Robert Azinian, Kenneth Davitian, & Ellen Baca v. The United Mexican States, ICSID Case No. ARB (AF)/97/2, Final Award of Nov. 1, 1999. Ronald S. Lauder v. The Czech Republic, UNCITRAL, Award of Sept. 2, 2001. Saluka Investments BV v. The Czech Republic, UNCITRAL, Partial Award of Mar. 17, 2006. S.D. Myers, Inc. v. Government of Canada, UNCITRAL, Partial Award of Nov. 13, 2000. Tecnicas Medioambientales Tecmed S.A. v. The United Mexican States, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/00/2, Award of May 29, 2003. Waste Management, Inc. v. The United Mexican States, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/00/3, Award of 30 April 2004. Wena Hotels Ltd. v. Arab Republic of Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/98/4, Award of 8 Dec. 2000. 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 144 . - - . . . - . . ( ) . . .() __________ . ( ) () . 01/66/A 244 91236-11.EG () - - . . . . - . . - . . - . ( ) ( ) (. ) ()elpicnirp retlemS liarT ehT . (. ) () - . ( ) . __________ . . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 344 : " .()" : -" . . .". - - .() : " ." - - . .() . - - . __________ () (.) 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() 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 944 " " " () """ () " " () () .() - - . - . . . () . - - . . . . " __________ () - " () . . () 01/66/A 054 91236-11.EG . : . .()" - () . .() ( ) - . . ( ) - . . . - . __________ () . : : () .286.L/4.NC/A . () 01/66/A 91236-11.EG 154 - - . . : . ) ( (. ) . - .() - . . - . __________ ( ) () . ( ) A/66/10 GE.11-63219 452 APPENDIX I EXAMPLES OF RELEVANT TREATIES AND NON-TREATY PRACTISE 1. The laws of warfare and international criminal law (g) Treaties directly addressing the protection of the environment in relation to armed conflict (i) Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques (ENMOD) (1976) (ii) Additional Protocol I to the 1949 Geneva Conventions (1977), especially Article 35(3) and Article 55(1) (iii) Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (CCW) (1980), and its Protocol III on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Incendiary Weapons (1980) (iv) The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (1998), especially Articles 6, 7 and 8 (h) International humanitarian law and disarmament treaties that indirectly protect the environment in relation to armed conflict (i) Convention Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land (Hague Convention IV) (1907) (ii) Convention Respecting the Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers and Persons in Case of War on Land (Hague Convention V) (1907) (iii) Convention Concerning the Right and Duties of Neutral Powers in Naval War (Hague Convention XIII) (1907) (iv) The Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare (1925) (v) Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (Geneva Convention IV) (1949) (vi) Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (1954), and its Protocol I (1954) and Protocol II (1999) (vii) Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water (1963) (viii) Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (1968) (ix) Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (BWC) (1972) (x) Additional Protocol II to the 1949 Geneva Conventions (1977) (xi) Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction (CWC) (1993) A/66/10 453 GE.11-63219 (xii) Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (1996) (xiii) Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention) (1997) (xiv) Convention on Cluster Munitions (2008) (xv) Examples of special regimes (1) The Spitzbergen Treaty (1920) (2) The land Treaty (1921) (3) The Antarctic Treaty (1959) (4) Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco) (1967) (5) The South Pacific Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Treaty (Treaty of Rarotonga) (1985) (6) The African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty (Treaty of Pelindaba) (1996) (7) The Treaty of the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (Bangkok Treaty) (1995) (8) Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone (Treaty of Semipalatinsk) (2006) (i) General principles and rules of international humanitarian law of relevance to the protection of the environment in relation to armed conflict (i) The principle of distinction (ii) The rule of military necessity (iii) The principle of proportionality (iv) The principle of humanity (j) Other instruments related to the corpus of the law of warfare (i) The San Remo Manual on International Law Applicable to Armed Conflicts at Sea (1994) (ii) The Customary Law Rules by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) (2005) (iii) The Manual on International Law Applicable to Air and Missile Warfare by the Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research at Harvard University (HPCR) (2009) Numerous resolutions from UNGA addressing the question of protection of the environment in relation to armed conflict. They are not cited here. (k) Cases in courts and tribunals in which the issue of the protection of the environment in relation to armed conflict has been addressed (i) Case law of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) (1) Legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons, Advisory opinion 8 July 1996 A/66/10 GE.11-63219 454 (2) Legality of the use of force (Serbia and Montenegro v. NATO), Orders of 2 June 199924 (3) Case concerning armed activities on the territory of the Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Uganda), Judgment of 19 December 2005. Decisions of international tribunals such as the decision of the International Criminal Court (ICC) on the Prosecution's Application for a Warrant of Arrest against Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir of 4 March 2009, the second Decision of the ICC on the Prosecution's Application for a Warrant of Arrest of 12 July 2010 and decisions by the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC). 2. International environmental law (a) Multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) (i) MEAs that directly or indirectly provide for their application in relation to armed conflict: (1) Universal conventions: (a) International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil (OILPOL) (1954); (b) Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar Convention) (1971); (c) Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (World Heritage Convention) (1972); (d) Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London Convention) (1972); (e) International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) (1973), as amended by its Protocol I (1978); (f) Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) (1979); (g) United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) (1982); (h) United Nations Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses (1997). (2) Regional conventions include: (a) Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution (1976), amended and renamed Convention for the Protection of Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (1995); 24 On 30 June 1999 the Court delivered its orders in the following eight cases between Serbia and Montenegro and members of NATO: Serbia and Montenegro v. Belgium, Serbia and Montenegro v. Canada, Serbia and Montenegro v. France, Serbia and Montenegro v. Germany, Serbia and Montenegro v. Italy, Serbia and Montenegro v. Netherlands, Serbia and Montenegro v. Portugal and Serbia and Montenegro v. United Kingdom. A/66/10 455 GE.11-63219 (b) Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region (Cartagena Convention) (1983); (c) African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (Revised) (2003); (ii) Multilateral environmental agreements that specifically provide for suspension, derogation or termination in relation to armed conflict: (1) Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Resulting from Activities Dangerous to the Environment (1993) (2) Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy (1960) (3) Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (1963) (4) International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (1971) (iii) Multilateral environmental agreements that may be of relevance for the protection of the environment in relation to armed conflict: (1) Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident (1986) (2) Convention on Biological Diversity (1992) (3) Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (Basel Convention) (1989) (4) United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (1994) (b) Customary international environmental law as reflected in: (i) The Trail Smelter Principle (ii) Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Declaration) (1972) (iii) World Charter for Nature, UNGA Resolution 37/7 (1982) (iv) Declaration on Environment and Development (Rio Declaration) (1992) (v) Programme of Action for Sustainable Development (Agenda 21) (1992) (vi) UNGA Resolutions 47/37 Protection of the environment in times of armed conflict (1993) and 49/50 United Nations decade of international law (1995) (vii) World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002) (viii) UNEP Governing Council Decision 23/1/IV (2005) 3. Human rights law (a) Framework conventions (i) Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) (ii) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966) (iii) International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) (iv) Other instruments of international human rights law: (1) The Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (1979) (2) The Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) A/66/10 GE.11-63219 456 (3) Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention (1989) (4) Declaration on the right to development (1986) (5) Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2007) (6) UNGA Resolution XXIV 2542 Declaration on social progress and development (1969) (especially Articles 9 and 25) (7) UNGA Resolution 55/2, The United Nations Millennium Declaration (2000) (v) Regional conventions: (1) The European Convention on Human Rights (1950) (2) The American Convention on Human Rights (1969) (3) The African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights (1981) Appendix II Academic references cited in UNEPs report with updates25 Abascal, Christine Stockins. 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