Хилл Кристофер Английская Библия и революция XVII века

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XVII . , , , XVII ., , , . , , , , , .

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  • XVII

    1997

  • 63.3

    ALLEN LANE

    THE PENGUIN PRESS, 1993

    . XVII . .: , 1998. 490 .

    XVII . , , , XVII ., , , . , , , , -, -

    ISBN 5-201-00493-8 63.3

    0503010000 2 . 45 (03) - 98

    ., 1998 , 1998 .., , 1998

  • 5

    I. 1. II. 2. 1640 3. , 1640-1660 4. 5. , 6. , 7. ; 8. III. 9. 10. , 11. : 12. 13. 14. 15. IV. 16. 17. , V.

  • 6 18. 19. 20. -

  • 7

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    . 1603 . , . , , , , , , . , , - . , , , . -, ; - , - . , - , . , - . - , , - , , . . ; , , .

    , , , . , , , , - . , - , , - .

    , , - XVII . , , 1640- , - 34 1970-71 . - . , - .

  • 8 - .

    , - , -. , XVI XVII . ", , ", - (21.27); .

    , . - , , . , , , , -, , , , - , , , , . , , .., . . . , , , - .. . , - , - , , . " : XVII .", , , -, .

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  • 9

    . , , , , ; .

    XVII . - . , , . , , , , , -1. - : , - . , , , , , , . ; - .

    ..

    6 1992 .

    1 . - . .

  • 10

    : A.V. Authorized Version of the Bible BMW John Bunyan. Miscellaneous Works (Oxford U.P., 13 vols., 1976 ) CSPD Calendar of State Papers, Domestic DNB Dictionary of National Biography EHR English Historical Review FS Fast Sermons to Parliament, November 1640 April 1653 (ed. Robin Jeffs, Cornmarket Press, 34 vols.,1970-71) HMS Historical Manuscript Commission Millersville Papers delivered at the 1991 Millersville University Conference on Puritanism in Old and New England MCPW Complete Prose Works of John Milton (Yale U.P., 1953-82) MER C.Hill, Milton and the English Revolution (1977) Offor The Works of John Bunyan (ed. G.Offor, 3 vols., 1860) OED Oxford English Dictionary P.and P. Past and Present PL Milton, Paradise Lost PP Bunyan, The Pilgrims Progress PR Milton, Paradise Regained Sabine Works of Gerrard Winstanley (ed. G.H.Sabine, Cornell U.P., 1941) TRDM Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic (1971) TRHS Transactions of the Royal Historical Society U.P. University Press

  • 11

    ,

    VIII XVII . - , . - XVI XVII . 1509-47 VIII, . 1526-34 . 1529-36 . 1547-53 VI, . . 1553-8 I, , II . , . 1558-1603 I, . . 1560 . 1563 . 1567-8 , , . 1568 . 1575-83 , . 1583-1604 , . 1587 , , . 1588 . 1589-90 . 1603-25 : VI I. 1604-10 , . 5 1605 . 1610-33 , . 1611 .

  • 121618-48 . 1624 -. 1628 . 1629-40 I. . 1633-45 , . 1634-9 . 1638 . 1639-40 . - 1640 . 1640- 1653 . 1641 . 1641 . 1641 . 1642-5 . 1643 . 1645 . 1645 . 1646 I . 1646 . 1647 . 1648 . 1648 ; - -.

    1649 I. 1649-60 . 1649 . 1649 . 1650-51 . 1650 . 1651 1652-4 . 1652 . 1653 . - 1653 . 1653-

  • 13 1658 , -. 1655 . . 1658- 1659 , -. 1659 . 1660 II, . . . . 1661 . 1672 . 1678-81 : , , . . 1685 II, . . 1688-9 II III, , 1689-1702. 1689 . 1695 . 1707 .

  • I

  • 2

    1.

    -

    ( ) ... , , .

    William Tyndale. The Obedience of a Christian Man (1528), in Doctrinal Treatises (ed. H. Walter, Parker Soc., Cambridge U.P., 1848), p. 163

    : . , ; , , , , ... ; , . , . . ?

    Christopher Harvey. Complete Poems (ed. A.B.Grosart, 1874), pp.19-21

    1640 .

    : , , , . ...

    .. , I c 3. . ..1

    1 -

    .

  • 3

    I

    , - - , - XVI XVII . : - , 2. , , --, - . ; .

    , , - , , . , . - , , . , . XVII .: - , , - , , - .

    - , , . -, . , . - , , , - . , . , , , . . .

    2 Negley Harte, In Memory of F.J.Fisher, in Fisher, London and the

    English Economy, 1500-1700 (ed. P.J. Corfield and N.B. Harte, 1990), p.28.

  • 4

    . - ; - . , - ; , XVII .3, - . - . -, -, . , , ; . , ; -.

    . , , - , , . - , - - , - . , , , , . . - , [] , ? . ? - , .

    . - , , . , . , . , , , . ,

    3 R. Lane Fox. The Unauthorized Version: Truth and Fiction in the Bible

    (1991), p. 96.

  • 5

    , 4. - . , - , - ; - .

    , . - , , - , - , , , . , , - , , , .

    VIII, , , - . , - , . XVII . - , - , . ! - , - . , - , . , - ; , , -.

    XVII , , -. , -

    4 Selections from Luthers Table Talk (trans. H.Bell, 1892), p. 133; Lu-

    ther and Erasmus: Free Will and Salvation (ed. E.G.Rupp and others, 1969), p. 129.

  • 6 , , , , -. XVII . , . . , , ; , , .

    , , , - -; , De Doctrina Christiana ( ), . , , , , - -, , . , .

    5, , . 150 . 1825 . , , . XVII . . ; XVIII . . . . XVII .

    II

    , , XI IV . -. . , , , . - , , -

    5 .

  • 7

    , , 6. , - - . XVII . - - : . ; , , - . . , , , -. , .

    , - . - , , , -. 7, - . XVII , 8- , , , , , . - , , 8. , - , - , . - ; - , , - .

    6 Hakewill, An Apologie or Declaration of the Power and Providence of

    God in the Government of the World (3rd., revised, ed., 1635), p. 316. - 1627 . . , 16.

    7 . The Word Revolution A Nation of Change and Novelty: Radical Politics, Religion and Literature in Seventeenth-century England (1990).

    8 , , . Bridget Hill, The Re-publican Virago: The Life and Times of Catharine Macaulay, Historian (Ox-ford U.P., 1992). .

  • 8

    - 1640- 1650- , - , , - , . - . , , , -. , . - . , .

    1258 ., - III. - - 9. . 1801 . - 10. , 1386 . -. -. - , 1380-. IV, , - ; , - V , -. , , , : -, . 11.

    , , - , 1349 .; , , . , , , , . - ,

    9 Basil Cottle. The Triumph of

    English, 1350-1400 (1969), p. 15. 10 Ellis. Specimens of the Early English Poets, I, pp. 76-81. 11 IV. II, 2; Cottle, Op. cit., pp. 17-22.

  • 9

    , 12. , , - . - , . : - - -. . , 15 100 , - XVI . XVII .13 1527 . , VII , ... - , , . VIII . , - VII, , . , - , ?14

    - . , VIII: , 15. , , - , , - .16

    - -

    12 Cottle, op. cit., pp. 23-4, 169, 221; . Anne Hudson, The Premature

    Reformation: Wycliffite Texts and Lollard History (Oxford U.P., 1988), . . 2.

    13 Cottle, op. cit., pp. 222, 226, 267. 14 Rastell, An Abridgement of the Statutes, . The Thought and Cul-

    ture of the English Renaissance: An Anthology of Tudor Prose. 1481-1555 (ed. E.M. Nugent, Cambridge U.P., 1956), pp. 173-5.

    15 Foxe. Acts and Monuments (ed. J. Pratt, n.d.), III, pp. 718-21; . IV, pp. 252-3. . W.Haller, Foxes Book of Martyrs and the Elect Na-tion (1963), p. 180.

    16 Beard, Antichrist, the Pope of Rome (1625), pp. 181-2.

  • 10

    , . , , , 17. - VIII . . , , , , - . , , .

    - 18. ; 19. XV - . , , - , , , , . , -, , , , 20.

    , XVI ., , , . -, , , -, , 21.

    , , - : - , - , , -

    17 Preston, Life Eternall (4th ed., 1634), pp. 10-13; [Robinson] John the

    Baptist, precursor of Christ Jesus; Or, a necessity for liberty of conscience (1644), p. 74.

    18 Ann Hudson, op. cit., p. 4. 19 M.Keen, Wyclif, the Bible and Transubstatiation in Wyclif in his

    times (ed. A.Kenny, Oxford U.P., 1986), pp.3-4. 20 Bale, The Image of Both Churches (1550) in Select Works (Parker

    Soc., 1849), p. 536. 21 . The Bible in its Ancient and English Versions (ed. H. Wheeler

    Robinson, Oxford U.P., 1940), p. 156.

  • 11

    22. - 1549 ., - : , , 23. -, , -, ; - 1582 ., , , , , 24.

    , ; , , - . , - 25. - , , 26. VIII , , , . ( -), , , . , , XVII . - , , , -, 27.

    -. 3 .

    22 Tyndale, Preface to The Five Books of Moses (1530), in Doctrinal

    Treatises, pp. 393-4. 23 F. Rose-Troup, The Western Rebellion of 1549 (1913), p. 221; .

    Foxe, op cit., IV, pp. 225, 239, VI, pp. 723-4. 24 , . Records of the

    English Bible (ed. A.W. Pollard, Oxford U.P., 1911), p. 302. 25 . Elizabeth Eisenstein, The Printing Press as an agent of change

    (Cambridge U.P., 1979), passim; S. Greenblatt. Renaissance Self-Fashioning: From More to Shakespeare (1980), Chapter II; Joseph Martin, Religious Radicals in Tudor England (1989), passim.

    26 Martin, op. cit., pp. 71-3, . . 27 Baxter, The Poor Husbandmans Advocate to Rich Racking Landlords

    (ed. F.J. Powicke, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, 10, 1926), p. 182.

  • 12

    7-18 28. . , . , -: , , . , , -: , -, . , - . .

    , . , - , , : - . , - , - , . - , : (1621) -, . ... , - . , , 29.

    , -. , - 1641 .: - , , , , , -, , .. 30.

    - 1641 .

    . , ,

    28 D.Zaret, The Heavenly Contract: Ideology and Organization in Pre-

    Revolutionary Puritanism (Chicago U.P., 1985), p. 35. 29 Eisenstein, op. cit., pp. 404-19. ,

    . 30 Ibid., p. 305.

  • 13

    , , . - , , , - - , . , -, . - , , 31. - , - , .

    , , , . - (1605) , - , , : , - 32. (1612) , -, . , - . , , . indices expurgatorii (- . . .) , , - , , 33.

    - - -.

    , : - 1520-1580. ,

    31 Ibid., I, pp. 401-2, p.568; Joan Simon, Education and Society in Tudor

    England (Cambridge U.P., 1966), pp. 56-8. 32 1640 ., . 16. . John

    Jewel, An Apology of the Church of England (Parker Soc., 1848), pp. 86-90; 1564 .

    33 James, op. cit. (Parker Soc., 1843), pp. 1-74, 233-315, 327. . Wil-liam Whitaker, A Disputation on Holy Scripture against the Papists (Parker Soc., 1849), passim. 1588 .

  • 14

    , , - -, , , [sic], . , , . , , -, , 34. , , - , , , , , -, , -. , . , - , - , - . - . - -, .

    III

    . , -, 35 - , , , , . , , . , [] 36.

    . , I, [ ] , . , , -

    34 Brenner, op. cit., in History Workshop Journal 27 (1989), pp. 32-3; .

    Eisenstein, op. cit., I, pp. 362-3. 35 Eisenstein, op. cit., I, pp. 66-7. 36 Jewel, op. cit., pp. 92-3.

  • 15

    37. 1643 . , , . , , - - 38. , -, , - , ... - , . , , [ ] ... ... , ... - ( - ), 39.

    - - 40. : , ; , 41. [] , , , , , , -42. , , 43.

    , .

    -. . 1530 . , , , ,

    37 Joseph Hall, Works (Oxford U.P., 1837-9), VII, pp. 90, 102. 38 Cheynell, The Rise, Growth and Danger of Socinianism, .

    H.J.McLachlan, Socinianism in Seventeenth-Century England (Oxford U.P., 1951), pp. 106-7.

    39 Marvell, The Rehearsal Transprosd (ed. D.I. Smith, Oxford U.P., 1971), pp. 4-5; 1672 .

    40 Homilies (Oxford U.P., 1802), pp. 507-8. 41 Jewel, A Defence of the Apology of the Church of England (1567), in

    Works (Parker Soc., 1848), III, p. 22. 42 MCHW, II, p. 527. 43 Jewel, Works, III, pp. 93,173.

  • 16 44. VIII 1546 ., , , 45. , , 46. - ?

    VI - . - , . , , - . , - , -. . , - - , 47. , . , , - . , - , , , (1554) - . - -, . ; , - 48.

    , -

    44 More, Dialogue against Luther and Tyndale, quoted in Thought and

    Culture of the English Renaissance, p. 441. 45 . H. Wheeler Robinson, The Bible in its Ancient and English

    Versions (Oxford U.P., 1940), p. 180. 46 .

    , . 47 Martin, op. cit., pp. 4-5,112-13; . Miles Hogarth: Artisan and

    Aspiring Author in Sixteenth-Century England, Renaissance Quarterly, XXXIV (1981), passim.

    48 . Martin, Religious Radicals, p. 115.

  • 17

    (1566), , 49.

    - . , - . , - , ... . , 12- , - , 50. - ; , , , - . - , - , - 51. I -, 52. , 1640 ., , , , , - 53. , - . , , - ; - , , 54.

    49 . David No...

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