Достоевский и литература путешествий

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  • Russian Literature XL VII (2000) 93-109 North-Holland

    www. elsevier.nl/locate/mslit

    )~OCTOEBCKIdffI I4 JIHTEPATYPA 1TYTEH_IECTBIdffI

    H3-IbH IIOMEPAEn W,B

    )~OCToeac~m~ noanaKoMnnCa C EBpOHO~ neToM 1862 roRa, ~o Bpeun rtepBo~ cBoe~ Hoe3~K~t 3a rpaHmay. Ero BneqaTnenna n neran B OCHOBy co3~IariHO~ HM nocne ao3Bpamenua Ha po~nuy, 3nMO~ 1862-1863 rosa , Knnrn oneproB, KOTOpylo OH Ha3BaJI 31ZMHl.te 3amemtcu o aemnux ene~tam~enunx. ~

    To, qTO ~OCTOeBCKH~ He 6Stn B E~pone ao 1862 roaa, coaceM He 3rIaqHT, qTO OH He 3nan EBpom, I. ABTOp cnpamHBaeT B Haqa~e oqepKoB:

    KoMy ri3 Bcex nac pyccKrlx (TO eCTh qnTaromnx XOTb mypnam, l) EBpo- na ne rt3BeeTna BjIBoe 6ore, rue, qeM Poccna? BnBoe ~ 3necb rlocTa~n~i n3 yqTnBOCTn, a HaaepHoe, ~ ~eCaTL pa3. (V, 46) 2

    1-Io~[o~Ha.q HO3HIIHII OTHIO)IB He HOBa. OHa 6LIna xapaKTepHa H ~IYlH I(apaM3HHa, HyTelIIeCTBOBaBUleFO C KHHFOH B pyKax H Ha6J~o)IaBmero B 3ana~Ho~ EBpone TO, qTO yxe 3HaKOMO eMy riO OHHCaHHaM nyreBo21HTeae~, H3 nHTepaTypnsrx HCTOqHHKOB H TeaTpa~BHBIX HOCTaHOBOK. I'IyTetIIeCT- BeHHHK y KapaM3HHa nepecTaeT 6BITb HeocBe~OMJmHHbIM H BceMy H3- yMnammnMCa HpOCTaXOM, ~Ia nero POCCHa - 3TO EBpona, a pyccKne -- eBpone~ttbI, HO3TOMy nyTemecTBae, cKo~ee, CTaHOBHTCZ BO3MO)I(HOCTBIO yBH~leTI, TO, qTO xopomo 3Haemb 3apaitee. BOT noqeMy BoHpoc, Kar MOrJIO CnOXHTLCa MnenHe 0 TOM, r)Ie qeaoBeK HnKOr~a He 6~a, He ) IonxeH Hac nn y~mBnaTL, HH o3a~aqnBaTL: BneqaT~eana H BblBO~I ~OCTOeBCKOrO 06 Oco6eHHOCTaX 3aHa~Hofi aHBnSm3atmH cKna~BiBanHcB He TOnSKO HO~ Bo3~efiCTBrleM o6me~ aTMocdt3ep~,I eBponen3HpOBaHHO~ pOCCH~CKOfi atrIanU, B 3HaqHTeYlBHOH Mepe OHH omIpaaHc~, Ha yxe cnoxuBmymca r TOMy Bpe- MeHH AOBOJI~,HO 3HaqHTeJIr~HylO rto 06~,eMy nuTepaTypy pyCCKHX 3arpaHaq-

    0304-3479/00/$ - see front matter ~ 2000 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. PIE S0304-3479(00)00035-1

  • 94 ttm, a IIo~epam4ea

    HbIX nyTemeCTBIfi, rIpeRcTaBzIenayto HMeHaMH Kar JIHTepaTOpOB Ipe~mecT- By~omero noKoaeIna - KapaM3HHa, qb FJIIHKH, qbOHBI3IHa, TaK H CoBpe- MeHHIKOB nlcaTe~n - B. ]30TrIna, E. Typ, H. HOBIUKOrO, M. MIxa~noBa, H. ILIearynoBa, An. Fplrop~eBa, 17. AtHeHKoBa, Fepueta i ~pyr lx . 4 Korea ~OCTOeBCKH~ c03~aBaJ/ CBOI oqepKH, OH, HeCOMHeHHO, yqHTr~IBa.rt y~re c~o- g iBmyrocn Ao Hero Tpa~I]~IIO, qTO caeAyeT 13 npaMb~x yHOMIHaHH~ B TeK- CTe rtpOI3Be~eHH~ KapaM3HHa H t~)OHBIBIHa.

    OnepKn ~OCTOeBCKOrO B ~raHpOBOM OTtOmeHrm npIMI, ma~OT r nITe- paType IyTemecTBn~ co CBO~CTBeHHbBJI e~ aTpI6yTaMI. 3~ecb MLI Haxo- )IIM ~IanornalpoaaHHbI~ MOHO~Or aBTopa-nyTemeCTBeHHIKa, o6pamaro- meroc~ K ~pyBI, nM I naMeKaJomero Ha KaKIe-TO 13aeCTHbIe TOn~KO eMy I y3KOMy rpyry nocBnmeHH~rX nponcmecTBan i nltta. Hp l 3TOM I;IJiJIIO31n HHTHMHOCTI II03BOJIneT aBTopy noaHee H CBO6OAHee BBIpa3HTB CBOI qyBCTBa I/I, NTO HeMaJIOBaTKHO, CIOCOgCTByeT nocTenenHofi TpaIcqbopMaJ_IIH peanL- HOFO IyTeIJ/eCTBeHHIKa B repon JiiTepaTypHoro ipoi3Be~eHin, ~HBy~ero H ~e~CTBylOIl~ero HO 3aKOHaM 3TOFO IIpOII3Be~eHIn. Tar co3~aeTcn 06pa3 aB- Topa-nyTemecT~eHngra, cKpeHznmmI~ O6BIqHO necTp~ I ~IOBOZ~HO pa3- HopoaH~ MaTepnaa ~ cBoeo6paanym ClCTe~y nnTepaTypnoro nyTemecT- BIn, r~e co~era~oTcn aneMenT~ pean~aoro nyTemecTBnn c nyTemecTBneM Boo6pa~KeHIZ, T. e. c BOCIIOMHHaHInMI, paccy~eHIZMi , ~gplqeCKnMI OTCTylIJIeHInMI I T. A.5 I COBMeii~aeTcn "B CaMO~ JIerKO~ qbopMe caMoe 6oraToe n 3aMaHqIBOe cozepgaHIe" (qepH~imeBcrI~ 1948: 222): ICTOp~n

    qblaocoqbI~, o6mecT~o~e~eHie i nOagTara, napo)lln I qben~eTOH. B 33 eCT~ I Tpa~uttnOnHOe Ipe~llcao~ne, coaepxcamee or~eT aBTopa

    Ha HaCTO~HHBBIe HpOC~,6bI ~pyBe~ nocropee OHICaTB CBOr~ 3arpaHiqHr~ie BI eqaTJieHIn, I CeTOBaHIn Ha TO, qTO IyTeLUeCTBeHHIKy "oco~eltto Heqero paccKaB~maT~" (V, 46) no nplnnHe KpaTKocpoqHOCTH I 6ecnop~oq~OCTI MapmpyTa noe3)~rl, ~t B~ipa~reHie 6onBal te onpaaaaT~ O~I~aHI~ ~pyBe~- qiTaTene~, nMe~omHx IpnB~,IqnyIo Ann ~iHTepaTypr~i lyTemeCTBIff qbyHK~/H~O a~pecawoB, CKpt,ITb~X nepcoHa~efi, ~ KOTOpBN o6pameta peq~, asTopa.

    O)~HaKO "3aMeTKH" f~OCTOeBCKOFO BO MttOFOM OTJIIIqaK)TCR OT yTBep- )IIBIIIHXCSI qbOpM "ImCeM" ii "3anlcoK" pycc~ix IIyTemeCTBeHHIKOB 3a FpaHILIe~. )~lpy3bn-qHTaTeJII B HHX He HBJIHtOTCH JIIIIIB IIaCCHBHBIMH cny- iIiaTeIinMi, OHH MOFNT FOBOpHTB, OCTaHaBJIHBaTB, iiepe6nBaTB paccra~mra, Ha qTO yI

  • ~ocmoeac~u~ u numepamypa nymeutecmauft 95

    ~rlCJlOBrlg' MbI Haxo~rlM cTpeMJIeHHHe OTOfTH OT qyBCTBrlTeYI1,HIOCTH nyre- meCTBeHHHKa I(apaM3rlHa. B Heft ~OCTOeBCKH~ Ilapo~rlpyeT clIeHy r13 17uce.~ pyccnoeo nymeutecmeenHutca, r~e I(apaM3HH BIIOJIrle cep1,e3rlo FOBOpHT O CBOe~ FOTOBrlOCTrl BCTaT1, Ha KoJIeHH nepe~ pe~rlCKrlM BO~OIIa~OM rl H3- BrlHt~CIT1,Cg 3a TO, qTO "iia~eHHe PeilHa HHe c~eJIaJIo" B HeM "CrlJII~HOFO BiieqaT- nerlrla":

    5I HaeylaaCjia.ltc~l - 14 FOTOB ~blJI Ha KoJIeH~X H3B14H~ITbC~:I rlepe~ Pe14HOM B TOM~ qTO Bqepa FOBOpHJI g 0 rla~eH1414 ero C TaKHM HeyBa~KeHHeM. (1984: 113)

    )I(e3iaHrle iiy'remecTBeHHrlKa 113 33 ripocHTb IIpOIIIeHHHa nO TO~ me CaMO~ IIpI, IqI, IHe y KeJIt, HCKOFO co6opa HHqTO 6onee, qeM IlapO~H~I, 061,1- i'p1,iBatOlIIa.q C.rlOBa KapaM3rlI-Ia. B OCHOBe 3TO~ IlapO~HI.,I .lle~rlT H3Haqa.ri1,Ha.q 3a,/IaI-IrlOCT1, Ha B1,Ipa;~KeHrle CO6CTBeHHOFO MHeHrlJ~, Ha IIOrlCK co(ScTBeI-IHOFO HyTH, He 3aBI.ICRIIIeFo Hrl OT KaKHX, ~Iaxe CaMI~IX HeHpepeKaeMl:,IX, aBTO- prlTeTOB:

    [...] ~I 6blJlO XOTeJI "Ha KOJIerlJlX npocHTb y Hero [KeSlbHCKOrO c060pa] HporaleHH,q" 3a TO, qTO He HOCTHF B I~epBbIfi pa3 ero KpaCOTy, TOqb-B- TOqb KaK KapaM3HH, C TaKOIO ~Ke lAeJIblO CTaHOBHBI/JHHCg Ha KoJIeHH nepe~ peHHCKHM BOjIOFIa]IOM. no TeM He MeHee B 3TOT NepBl, I~ pas co 'op MHe BOBCe He noHpaB14JICg: MHe IIOKa3aJIOCb, 3TO TOJIbKO Kpy- ~KeBO, Kpy~KeBO H O~IHO TOJIbKO Kpy~KeBO, ra~aHTepe~Hag Bemmm BpO- ~e rlpecc-nanbe Ha IIHCbMeHI-IhII4 CTOJI~ ca,'KeH B CeMbJleCgT BblGOTOIO. (v, 48)

    ~OCTOeBCKHfi IIpH 3TOM He TOJIBKO C03HaTeYiBHO HCKa>KaeT (~aKT, KO- TOp1,II~ Haxo~HT y KapaM3HHa -- nyTelIIeCTBeHHHK KapaM3rlHa He CTaHOBHJICR Ha KoJIeHH, HO "FOTOB 6BLrl" c~eJIaTI, 3TO, -- HO H HaMepeHHO BbI6ttpacT dpopMy coc~araTe~bHoro HaKnOHeHHa: "a 6bi2IO XOTeSI', TeM CaMBIM IIO~- qO.pKrlBaJ{ Hepea.rlbHOCTB OCylIIeCTB.IIeHH.q ,2IeHCTBHR.

    H eczlrI 33 rl He aapymaioT Tpa~mmlrl xaHpa pyCCKOf nrlTepaTyp1,i IIyTemeCTBrlf, TO, rl 3TO BIIOJIHe ClIpaBe~I)-IrlBO, 3HaMeHylOT CO60f OTXO~ OT ee xapaKTepH1,IX OC06erlHOCTe~, IlprlqrlHO~ qeMy cBoeo6pasrle nrl~mOCTrl ~OCTOeBCKOrO, KOTOp1,Ifi 6I, I21 ~OBOa1,HO neo61,Inr11,IM ~na pyccKoro nyTe- IIIeCTBeHHrlKOM, Ilpe3rlpaBIIIrlM "O61,IKHOBerlHylO, Ka3eHHylO MaHepy OCMa- TprlBaT1, no nyTeBO~mTemo pa3HLie 3rlaMeHIrlTLIe MecTa" (CTpaxoB 1964: 299). 6 CTpaXOB )lanee BCnOMrlHaeT:

    Ero [~OCTOeBCKOrO] He 3aHrlMaJIH Oco6eHHO H14 npHpo~a, HH 14CTO- pHqecKrte IIaM~ITHHKH, H14 npori3Be~eHHa 14CKyCCTBa, 3a HCK.rIIOqeHHeM pa3Be CaMblX Be~I14I~IX; Bce ero BH14MaH14e 6bmo ycTpeMneHO Ha mo~Iefi,

  • 96 PI:tba l-Io~epam4ee

    H OH CXBaTBIBayl TOYlBKO HX npnpo~y n xapaxTepbi, za pa3Be o6mee srmqaTyleHrte ynnqHOfi mrt3nrt. (1964: 299)

    BOT noqeMy MBI He Haxo~HM B 33 HH onncanrm pa3Ba.rIHH pO~OBOrO 3aMKa OCHOBaTe~Iel~ HMIIepaTopCKOFO ~OMa aBCTpH~cKHx Fa6c6yproB HYlH npeKpacHr, rx nyroB ]3epHCKOrO raHToaa B IIIBe~aapHH, ra~ y KapaM3Hna, HH Kpaco~IrIO~ 3K3OTHqecKo~ KoppH~BI, KaK B l IucbMax U3 Hcnanuu BOTKHHa. C~e~yeT OTMeTHT~, ~TO ~n~ )20CTOeBC~OrO BOO6me 6~o xapa~TepHo non- ne~mee 6e3pa3nHqrte r KapTHHaM npnpo;au, roTopsie He Tpora~H n He BOJIHOB82IH ero. B 9TOM OTHOmeHHH HHTepecHO Ha6J~io~eHHe BpaHreY~:

    OH BecB 6MYl norylo~eH I43yqeHHeM qeyloBeKa, co BCeMH ero )IO- CTOHHCTBaMH, cyla~OCT~IMH H cTpaCT~IMH. Bce ocTaylsHoe ~BIYlO ~YI$I nero BropocTeneunb~M. OH C ncsyCCTBOM ~eylnsoro aHaroMa oTMeqan Mane~mne n~rn6~ ~ytun ~enoBeqecsofi [...]. (1964: 259)

    ]~a~c onHcaHne HpaBOB, ~yXOBHOfi )KH3HH 3ana~a 6bmo nO~IqnHeHO y ~OCTOeBCKOrO He CTOnbKO 3THOrpaqbrIqCCKOfi, CKOnbKO HHO~, HO6OqHO~, Ka3a:Iocs 6sI, 2[:Lq nywemecwBenrlrlI

  • /5(ocmoe,c~uft u aumepamypa nymeu~ecmeuft 97

    KJItOqeHH~I, XOT~I gbl OHO H He ]IOCTaB.rI~IJIO eMy 6OJ~bmO~ cJIanbl, H He cnpaBaanca 6~i c H3BeCTHblMrI aaTopnTeTaMn, UT06 npoBepaT~ CBOn aOBO)I~I. (V, 49)

    TaKrlM o6paBoM, 33 - aTO "TOaLKO co6cTBeHrll~ie, HO rlcKpeHHrle rla- 6mo~IeHHa" (V, 49; B qeM, BIIpOqeM, MI, I HMeeM IIO3IHOe IlpaBo yCOMHHTBC$I, qTO H 6y~eT noKaBaHo ~Imlee) ~OCTOeBCKOFO, Ilprtqei 3TO He cKpylIyne3Hl~Ifi OTqeT 0 BH)~eHHOM~ a IIOCTaHOBKa BoIIpOCOB H IIOHCK OTBeTOB I-Ia HHX B cTpeMIleHtttt COCTaBHTI, H3 Bcero BHjIeHHOFO e~IHHOe ttenoe, HeKylO 06IKylO, CHHTeTHHeCKylO nanopaMy 3aiIa/IHO~ XZI,I3HH, 3a KOTOpO~ IIpoCMaTpHBaJIaCB 6BI )KH3HB POCCHH. OTClO~a MblCJIH 0 IlepcneKTHBe BIIeqaTJIeHn~, O TOM 6y~ymeM, qTO oxrI~aeT Poccmo, 06ycJIoarlBUlrle Kax

  • 98 Haba 17o~tepamtee

    0 TOM, qTO Poccn~ ~IOYI>KHa Ha~TH CBOe MeCTO B ~IBH)KeHHH EBponr,I no HyTH KyYlbTypHorO nporpecca, TO B 33 MBI Haxo)IHM pa3BHTHe Ur,ICyie~ 0 pa3yinqnH EBpOIIr,I H POCCHH, CB~t3aHHOe C "IIOtlBeHHHqeCKO~" TeopHe~ ~OCTOeBCKOFO, BO3HHKme~ ~0 ero IIOe3)IKH 3a rpaHHIIy n He~ByCMr,ICYIeHHO Br,Ipa~KeHHO~ B 'O6~aByieHnrI 0 IIO~nHcre Ha xypHa2I "BpeMz" Ha 1861 ro~' rI 'PaRe CTaTe~ O pyCCKO~ yinTepaType'.

    r io Mr,ICYIH ~OCTOeBCKOFO, eBpolie~eKa~ I~HBHYIH3alIH~I CoBeplIIHYIa B PoccmI "BeC~ CBO~ Kpyr" (xv ln , 49), PoccHa rlepexHyia ee, nprmzB OT Hee Bee TO, qTO cyie~OBa.IIO, H TeHepb Mo~KeT CBO60~HO o6paTHTI~C~I K pO)IHOI~ HoqBe:

    3 r Hac CO3Ha.riH, qTO I~HBHJIH3aI~H~ TOJIIaKO HpHBHOCHT HOBbI~I 3fleMeHT B HapO~HylO HaIIIy )KH3HIa, HHCKO.IIIaKO He IIOBpe~HB e~, HHCKOJIIaKO He yr~IOHrtB ee c Hopma.rIbHO~ ~OpOFH, a, HanpOTnB, pacmrlprm Ham Kpy- ro3op, yaCS~B HaM a~e CaMHM rtamn ttean rt aaBa~ SaM noBoe opyxne ~ 6y~ymnx rlO;IBrtroB. (XVIII, 49)

    O6pa3 aBwopa-IIyTemecTBeHHHKa B 33 U B yiHTepaType IIyTemeCTBH~I B ILeJIOM JtBJDIeTCJt 3epKaYlr,HMM oTpa)KeHHeM 06IIIeCTBeHHOH CHTyalIHII, cy- meCTBylOIIie~ Ha MOMeHT na lmcamla HpOH3Be)IeHH~, onpe~eyieHHoro HCTO- pnqecroro ypoBna B xa3aa napo~a. B TO Bpeua raK o6pa3 aBTopa y Ka- paM3rlna pa3~lBOen, on O~rtoBpeMeHno H pyccrrt~, n eBponeelI, caoeo6pa3- Hr,I~ rpax~aHHu Mrtpa: "Bce napo~)noe UnqTO nepe~ ~eaoee~tecKum. FYIaBHoe ~leyio 6r,ITS a~9~)b~U, a He CYIaBaHaMH" (1984: 254), HyTemecTBeHHHK ~O- CTOeBCKOrO TOYILKO H TOYIr,KO pyccKH~. 9TO 6r,Iyi0 CBa3aHO C oco3namteu HCra~qHTeyiLHOCTH TO~ anoxH, B ~OTOpy~ ~KHYI aBTOp 33: C npo6yx~IeHneu HaIIItOHa.rlr,HO~ :~KH3HH H HatIayiOM pemerma KpecTr,aHCKOrO Borlpoca. OTUeHa KpeiiocTnoro npaBa, no MblCYIn iirlcaTeyia, 6y~ew CHOCO6CTBOBaTr, iipHo6meHmo "Bcero Beyirlroro pyccroro Hapo~a Ko BCeM 3YIeMeHTaM [...] Teryme~ XrI3HH" (XVIII, 35). ~OeTOeBCKH~ npe~yra~iBayi Heroe rlCKmO~rt- Teyir, Hoe ilpe~Ha3HaqeHHe pyccKofi HalIrm, oco6Ia~ "o6II~eqenoBeqecKrI~" rlprlMlapHTeyir,Hr,I~ xapaKTep ee )Ie~Teyir,HOCTH B EBpone. ~yi~ Hero PoccrI~ - 9TO He EBpona, a pyccKrle He MOFyT 6r,ITl~ espone~ilauu, IIOTOMy qTO pyccrHe y6e~HyiHcr, HaKOHeI~, qTO ~IBYIJIIOTCJ{ OT~eyir,HOH CaMO6I~ITHO~ Ha- I~HOHflJ-Ir,HOCTBIO H "He B COCTOJ:IHHH BTHCHyTr, ce6a B O~Hy I, I3 3ana~Inr,IX ~opM ~H31-1H, BI~DKHTr,IX H Bl, lpa6oTaHI-Ir,IX EBpOHOIO H3 CO6CTBeHHr,IX CBOHX HaI~HOHa.rlI~Hr,IX HaqaJI, HaM qy~K~r,IX 14 IIpOTHBOIIOYIO)KHI,IX" (XVl I I , 36). 17o ineHnlO ~OCTOeBCKOrO, 3a~aqa pyCCKHX -- CosseTS, ce6e HOBylO qbopMy )KH3HH, B3~tTylO H3 pyccro~ nOqBSL "n3 napo~Horo ~yxa H Hapo~Inl, IX HatlarI ' ' (XVIII, 36). Toyisro OCO3HaB ce6a ~ar OT~le~r,Hy~O HalmonaJIr,HOCT~, pyc- CKHe CMOFyT OCMr,ICYlHTb CBOe 6yaymee 3HaqeHHe "B BeyiHKO~ ceMr,e Bcex Hapo~os" (XVIII, 37).

  • f(ocmoeac~:uft u numepamypa nymeutecmeu~ 99

    Tax, OCHOBBIBarlcB Ha CBOHX MHOFOJIeTHttX Ha6~IIO~IeHItRX HapO~IHO~ ~KrI3arI, pyccKoro HalIHOHaJIBHOFO xapaKTepa 14 pa3)~CMb~X 06 rlCTOprlqecK~ix 3aKOItOMepHocT~tX pa3BHTH~I qe~ioBeqecKoro o6mecTBa, IlttcaTeab npItXO)IItT K y6e~KaeHrlIO o ry6~ITeJII~HOCT~I 14 6eclIepClIeKTrlBHOCTtt ~ pyccKoro Ha- podia 3a!IajIHOH ILHBHIIH3alLHH H K Bepe B TO, qTO POCCHa CMOXCeT yKa3aTB qei ioBeqecTBy e~HHCTBeHHO BO3MOX~HBIH BBIXO)I I43 TylIitKa Hepa3pemHMBiX

    COIIHaJIBHBIX H HalIHOHaYIBHBIX IIpOTHBopeqtl~I, B KOTOpOM OKa3aJICR ~yp- mya3H~i~ Map.

    K Haqany 1860-x ro~IOB )IOCTOeBC~n~, n ne TO~O OH o~nn, c~mTan, qTO o6a ImKna o6noBaeHrla qe~oBeqecTBa - B nepB~Ie Bera xpacTnaHCTBOM, CMeHtIBIIIItM pyxHyBmrI~ aHTHHttbI~ PriM, a 3aTeM -- BenrlKO~ rI )IByMR c~Ie~IylomrlirI 3a oe~ ~paHIIy3CKrlMH peBo~IIOllrI.qMrI, KOTOpl~Ie Ilpom~Ia B CBOeM HCTOpItqeCKOM pa3BttTItH 3alia~Ha~l EBpona, Hn K qeMy He IIpHBeJIIt. TaKoao 6~IO o6mee BneqaTaenne, cKna~iBaBmeeca y pyCCKO~ M~ICaame~ HHTe3IJIHFeHIItlH B pe3y~I~TaTe Ha6Iito)IeHtt~l 3a pa3BIITHeM 06IKeCTBeHHO- IIO3IHTHqeCKO~ CttTyaKHH B POCCnH H Ha 3ana~Ie:

    3anaaHaa EBporIa H Pocc14a B 3T14 ~leC~Tb neT Kam 6y~lTO noMelaan14cb poJI~iM14: TaM pa3JieTeJIHCb B npax yBJ1eKaBtu14e Hac npemae I'yMaHHbIe ywonH14, 14 peaKtU~ BO BCeM TOp)KeCTBOBaYla, a 32~eCb Haq14HaJIO ocy- 1J_~eCTBJI~ITbCR M14OFOe, O qeM MbI MeqTaJIH, H FOTOBHJI14gb peqbopMbi, 06HOBJIJtBIIIHe pyccKy~o )K143Hb H nopoxglaBmHe HOBble Ha~tem~I~,I. (M14atOKOB 1964: 196) 7

    Ilprln~iTylO B HaqaJie oqepKOB no3y ]~0CTOeBCKOrO, ~IJI~ KOTOpO~I xa- paKTepHo HelIpe~B3~lTOe OTHOIIIeHtle K 3ana~y rlnrI, KaK Ha3BaJI ero A. Xo- M~IKOB, "gTpaHe CBJ/TI~IX qy~Iec", He cJIe~IyeT IlprlnrlMaTb 3a qHCTytO MOneTy. ~OCTOeBCKtt~ I lameT B rnaBe 'BMeCTO Ilpe~rlCnOBrla':

    [...] MapmpyT MO~ a COCTaBma ce6e 3apaHee ettte B FleTep6ypre. 3a rpannuefi a ne 6bin nn pa3y; pBaaca s Tyjla uyrb He C Moero nepBoro geTCTBa, e~e TOF~la, Korea B ~lOJIrne 314MHHe Beqepa, 3a HeyMenneM rpaMoTe, cJiymaJl, pa3HH~i pOT I4 3aM14pa.q OT BOCTOpra I4 y~Kaca, KaK po~mTea14 q14Tan14 Ha con rpa)a~cm14~ pOMaHbl PagKn14qb, OT KOTOphlx a nOTOM 6pearm Bo cne B a14xopaztKe. BbIpBanCa S HaKonett 3a rpaHmty copoKa JleT OT polly, H, yx pa3yMeeTcsi, MHe XOTeJIOCb He TO.rlbKO KaK MO)KHO 6oJiee OCMOTpeTb, HO game Bee OCMOTpeTb, Hel-lpeMel-IHO Bce, HeCMOTpS 14a cpoK. K TOMy xe xaa~14oKpOBHO Bbl6rtpaTb MeCTa a 6b~a pemuTenbHO He B COCTOIIH14H. FOCIIOj~14~ CKO.rII~KO ~I o)I~l~aJl OT 3TOFO nyTemecTB14al (V, 46)

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