ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ СИСТЕМЫ ВЫСШЕГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ США

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<ul><li><p>952010 1 </p><p> , , ( . . .. , ). -mail: My-post25@yandex.ru</p><p> .., 2010</p><p> 1 -, : http://www.news.harvard.edu/guide/intro/index.html ( : 10.11.2009); http://www.yale.edu/about/history.html ( : 10.11.2009); http://www.stanford.edu/about/history/ ( : 10.11.2009); http://www.wm.edu/about/history/ ( : 10.11.2009); http://historian.vassar.edu/chronology/1792_1860.html ( : 10.11.2009); http://www.uchicago.edu/about/history.shtml ( : 10.11.2009).</p><p> 378:001.891(73)</p><p>. . </p><p> , . - . : , , , . </p><p>The developing factors of the USA educational system. YANA YU. MIKHAYLOVA (Maritime State University named after G.I. Nevelskoy, Vladivostok).</p><p>The article deals with the development of the American educational system. The historical traditions of the higher education of the USA, the role of public and private higher schools in the formation of the American educational system are studied. Key words: education in the USA, State universities, private universities, American colleges.</p><p> -, , . .. -, - - . - . , -, , [1, . 144]. </p><p> -, . - . - , . </p><p> , - , - - 1. XVII . - , - , , . - - - 600 . . XII . , XV . , . , - , (, , -). , (, ). - . </p></li><li><p> 1 201096</p><p> - - . , . , - . , -, . - -. , . , 1636 ., 1693 . ( ) 1701 . - ( ) [5, . 9]. 400 - , - . , - . 1642 . - , , - , , - . , 1783 ., : (-), (), (-), (-), (-) (-).</p><p> -. , - , , - . -, , - (Liberal Arts Colleges). </p><p> , - , - . - . . 100 : 35 , 18 -, , [4, . 17]. 1707 . -, ( -, ) - . , -</p><p> , , .</p><p> . -, - . , .</p><p> - () , , [2].</p><p> XVIII . . - . - , ( ), . , , - ( ) . . XVIII - -. , -, , . , , -. , , . . . - , , , , - [5, . 10]. - .</p><p> - . 4 1776 . - . 11 1789 . 26 1788 . . . -. 1789 . . - - . . - , . - - . , </p></li><li><p>2010 1 97</p><p>.. </p><p> [5, . 10].</p><p> XIX . - - , , , - . , , -. 1800 . , 1820 . . . . - 1865 . , . , , . - 1814 . - : - [2].</p><p> 1862 . - . , , . . - , . - : - , . - .</p><p> 1869 . - , - . , ( ) -. - -. . , 3,5 . - . , </p><p> -, , , . - , ( ) [5, . 10]. </p><p> XIX . , . . , - , - . . . . - , , , [4, . 18]. ( , -). , - - . </p><p> , -, - , . , , - . , , , - .</p><p> , , . </p><p> 1821 . . 1832 . -. 1861 . - . - . 1861 . 21 - - . , , , , , , , - . . - </p></li><li><p> 1 201098</p><p> , -. 1892 . 30 . 1882 . 20 - [2].</p><p> XIXXX . . -, , ( - , - ). , . - , , , . XX . 500 . . </p><p> XX , -. ( ). , - . , - , . , . - - . XX . </p><p>, , - - : , , , , . [5, . 10].</p><p> - 1944 ., -, , . , , . - . , </p><p> 600 . . 1955 . -, . . 30% , 10% . , -, - , . , . </p><p> . - - . - - , , [5, . 12].</p><p> - -. . . 1960- , - , , .. - . , . - . : - , - . , - , . 80- - , . , , 16,7%. , - - [5, . 12].</p><p> - , 1972 ., . -, , - ,</p></li><li><p>2010 1 99</p><p>.. </p><p> [2].</p><p> XXI . - . , , -. -, , 1990- . , -. - , 2002/03 . - 1,2%. (4,6%). , - 2% 1,2% . </p><p> - , . 28% 20012005 . [2] - - , , - . , , , - . </p><p> , - XX ., - . , - , - - , -, . - - XX . . - </p><p>( , ); ; ; , - , ; ; - - ; - [3, . 93]. </p><p> - , - . - , - . , - -, , , . </p><p> 1. .. -</p><p> // 1986. .: , 1986. 144 .</p><p> 2. .. . // .URL: http://www.oecdcentre.hse.ru/mate-rial/OECD_USA_2005 ( : 11.01.2010).</p><p> 3. .., .., .. // . 2004. 3. . 93-95.</p><p> 4. .., .. - - (..: - ) // . . . -. 2000. 16. . 15-19. </p><p> 5. .., .. // : .-. . .: , 2005. 200 . </p></li></ul>