ХИМИКО-ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКАЯ И ГИГИЕНИЧЕСКАЯ ОЦЕНКА ВОДЫ ПРИРОДНОГО ПАРКА «НЕЖЕГОЛЬ»

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<ul><li><p> . 2011. 21 (116). 17 </p><p> ______________________________________________________________ </p><p>75 </p><p> 613.31: 543.3 (048.8) </p><p>- </p><p>.. </p><p>.. </p><p>.. </p><p>.. </p><p>, 308015 , . , 85 </p><p>E-mail: peristaya@bsu.edu.ru </p><p> 14 . , -. - , - . - , - , - . </p><p> : , , -</p><p> , , . </p><p> 21 - . . -, . (, ) - , [1]. -, - - ( , ). . </p><p> - , . , -, 1800 , 78% - . [2]. </p><p> -, . [3]. </p><p> , (-, , ..), . </p><p> - . ( -), . - [4], - ( -, ). - , ( ) ( ). </p><p> - . </p></li><li><p> . 2011. 21 (116). 17 ________________________________________________________________________________ </p><p>76 </p><p> , </p><p> ( 471 ) . , , , -, -</p><p>- - [5-8]. - . (- -) [5]. - - , - - (III). - F- . ( - - ) [9-12]. </p><p> . 1 </p><p> . - - [13] [14]. </p><p> -, - - ( = 7.42) - -, - - () (). </p><p> - - . </p><p> - - - (, -, , - ). -</p><p> , , -, , . - - CaCO3. (Ca2+) - . - , - . 1 2+/3. - [15]. - . - () , [16, 17]. </p><p> 1 </p><p> - </p><p> - </p><p> 7.42 6.5-8.5 6.5-8.5 , / 6.6 - - 2+, / 102.0 - 180 Mg2+, / 16.2 - 40 HCO3-, / 191.9 - - SO42-, / 175.6 500 100 Cl-, / 32.7 350 300 F-, / 0.34 1.5 0.05 I-, / 0.03 - - NO3-, / 1.17 45 40 Fe (), / 0.17 0.3 0.05 Cu, / 0.12 1.0 0.005 Cr (III), / 0.001 0.5 0.07 Cr (VI), / 0.006 0.05 0.02 </p></li><li><p> . 2011. 21 (116). 17 </p><p> ______________________________________________________________ </p><p>77 </p><p> , (102.0 /) - - . </p><p> . - , . , . , , [15, 16]. </p><p> (16.2 /) - , . - - . </p><p> , ( 80%) - , . , . - - . 30 500 /. - [15, 16, 17]. </p><p> - 191.9 /. - . </p><p>- , . - - - ( ) . - . - [18, 19]. </p><p> , - . - (175,6 /) -. - - . . </p><p>- . - , . - , , [18, 19]. </p><p> , - (32.7 /) - . - - , . </p><p> - (, ) - - . . - ( -, , ), - . - F- - [AlF6]3-, [FeF4]-, [FeF5]2-, [FeF6]3-, [CrF6]3-, [TiF6]2-. - </p></li><li><p> . 2011. 21 (116). 17 ________________________________________________________________________________ </p><p>78 </p><p> , . - 0.05 1.9 /3, - 0.05 0.54 /3, CaF2 [18]. - . - ( , 2 ). . - , , [19]. </p><p> , - (0.34 /) - - . 7 . </p><p> - , . - . , , - [20]. - , . 1-74 /3, 0-65 /3 [19]. . - - . </p><p> - 0.03 /. - </p><p> . -- ( - 50 /), , - [18]. </p><p> , - 1,17 /, . </p><p> , - . , , . , -, , -. , , . - Fe(II), Fe(III) - . ( ) Fe(II) Fe(III), , , Fe(OH)3. F(II), Fe(III) [Fe(OH)2]+, [Fe2(OH)2]4+, [Fe2(OH)3]3+, [Fe(OH)3]- , --. , . - , - [21]. </p><p> , (0.17 /) - , , . </p></li><li><p> . 2011. 21 (116). 17 </p><p> ______________________________________________________________ </p><p>79 </p><p> 2 30 /3. Cu (II). Cu (I) Cu2O, Cu2S, CuCl. - - , - [16]. , -, , , -. , [15]. </p><p> , (1 /). , - , - . </p><p> , - Cr+6 Cr+3. Cr+6 - Cr+3, -. - , . 2.53 Cr+6 [22]. - Cr+6 , Cr+3 pH. </p><p> . , - 2010 , , 0.007 /. - Cr+6 0.006 /, Cr+3 0.001 /, - - . </p><p> - , 10 . 1999 . : . ( ) 0.12 /, . ( ) 0.22 /, , 2010 . [23]. </p><p> Cr+6 Cr+3 , - : KCr(SO4)2 * 12 H2O, K2Cr2O7 - Na2Cr2O7, . </p><p> 2 -</p><p> . - () [24], [25]. </p><p> -. , - (=7.38) - . (7.44) . </p><p> (7.7 /) - . . (0.4 /) , , (</p></li><li><p> . 2011. 21 (116). 17 ________________________________________________________________________________ </p><p>80 </p><p> 2 </p><p> -</p><p> , </p><p> - - </p><p>- </p><p>-- </p><p> 7.38 7.44 6-9 6.5-8.5 - </p><p>, / 7.7 0.4 7.0 7.0 1.5-7.0 1.5-7.0 2+, / 149.0 7.0 - 130 25-80 25-130 Mg2+, / 3.0 0.6 - 65 5-50 5-65 HCO3-, / 306.3 221.4 - 400 30-400 30-400 SO42-, / 0.40 54.2 500 250 150 - </p><p>Cl-, / 28.4 32.7 350 250 150 - </p><p>F-, / 0.48 1.53 1.5 1.5 0.6-1.2 0.5-1.5 I-, / 0.05 0.132 0.125 0.125 0.04-0.06 0.01-0.125 NO3-, / 0.77 0.47 45 20 5 - Fe (), / 0.20 0.03 0.3 0.3 0.3 - Cu, / 0.47 0.06 1.0 1.0 1.0 - Cr (III), / 0.009 0.006 0.5 0.5 - - Cr (VI), / 0.003 - 0.05 0.05 0.03 - </p><p> , </p><p> ( Ca2+, Mg2+ Na+) ( HCO3-, Cl- SO42-). </p><p> , . (7.0 /) (0.6 /) - . - , - [26]. </p><p> , , - . - , . HCO3- , [27]. - - 150 300 /3, 150 900 /3. </p><p> - . , 306.3 / 221.4 /. - , . </p><p>, -, . - ( -), ( ) ( ). , -. , , . - , , </p></li><li><p> . 2011. 21 (116). 17 </p><p> ______________________________________________________________ </p><p>81 </p><p> . , - , . - . SO42- - . - - CaSO4, MgSO4 [27]. </p><p> - - . , 0.40 /. - (54.2 /) - . - . </p><p> , - , . , , , . - , [27]. . , 250 /3 . </p><p> - (28.4 /) (32.7 /) . - . </p><p> - -. - </p><p> 0.3 4.6 /3. - - ( 4 /). - ( 1.5 /3) , (). . - ( 0.01 /3) , - [28]. </p><p> - 0.1 3 /. , ( ) - [29]. , , , , , . , - -, , -, I3- [30]. </p><p> (- --) . - - - - [29]. - . </p><p> - (1.53 /) - - -, , - . , , - ( , ), - ( , , AquaFuture) [31]. </p><p> , - (0.132 /) , -</p></li><li><p> . 2011. 21 (116). 17 ________________________________________________________________________________ </p><p>82 </p><p> (0.05 /). , - 0.005 0.02 /, - [29]. </p><p> - . </p><p>- . , ( 25 100 /3 ), . - ( , -, 200 /3 - ) , - . , [32]. </p><p> - . </p><p> , - , [33, 34]. - (II III), (III) (VI). </p><p> , - . . - pH - - 1 . - , Fe(HCO3)2. - (FeCO3), (FeSO4) (FeS) - . (Fe2(SO4)3) . </p><p> , (II), . 70 [30]. [35, 36]. </p><p> , () -, . 25 . [26]. (3 /) - - . [25, 26, 33, 37]. -, -. </p><p> n10 n102 /3. Cr (III) ; - Cr (VI) . Cr (VI) CrO42-, Cr (VI) Cr (III), - . . , - . [37]. , (VI) [22]. </p><p> , - - . (VI) . </p></li><li><p> . 2011. 21 (116). 17 </p><p> ______________________________________________________________ </p><p>83 </p><p> : </p><p> , 14 - . </p><p> - , - . </p><p> - . </p><p> - , . </p><p>1. . .. , , - - , 25.11.2005. http://www.mnr.gov.ru/news/detail.php?ID=14308&amp;sphrase_id=17105 </p><p>2. .. // . 1999. 4. . 86-92. 3. -</p><p> 2007-2010 : - 21 2006 . 56 . </p><p>4. . // . 2010. 5(608). .3. 5. . .: . - , 2001. 698 . 6. 23268.3-78 , - -</p><p> . -, 1978. 7. 4389-72 . -</p><p>, 1974. 8. 23268.17-78 , - -</p><p> . -, 1978. 9. 18826-73 . , 1974. 10. 4011-72 . </p><p>, 1974. 11. 4388-72 . </p><p>, 1974. 12. 52962-2008 . (VI) </p><p>, 2008. 13. 2.1.5.1315-03 () </p><p> - - . ,2003. </p><p>14. " - : - , - ". , 1999. </p><p>15. ./ . .. -. .: , 1977. </p><p>16. . I-IV : . . / . .. . .: ,1988. 432 . </p><p>17. ./ . .. . -.: , 1988. 18. : -</p><p> / . .. . .: , -, 2010. 192 . 19. .., .. .- .: ,1988. 20. .. : . - .: ,1989. 21. . V-VIII : . </p><p>./ . .. . .: "",1989 22. / . .. .- .: , </p><p>2005. 512 . </p></li><li><p> . 2011. 21 (116). 17 ________________________________________________________________________________ </p><p>84 </p><p>23. .., .., .., .. - // VI - - - XXI (10-12 2000 .). , 2000. .19-23. </p><p>24. 2.1.4. 1074-01 . . . , 2002 . </p><p> 25. 2.1.4. 1116-02 . , . . , 2002. </p><p>26. . . ; . .. . .: , 2000. 560 . </p><p>27. .., .. (, ). .: , 1977. 240 . </p><p>28. .., .., .., .., .., - .. . . .: , -, 2003. 80 . </p><p>29. - .., .., .., .. - // . . 2010. 11, 9 (80). .124-130. </p><p>30. : , , / .. , .. , .. , .. .- .: , 1991. 496 . </p><p>31. .., .., .. - - // II - , -. , 2011. . 311-315. </p><p>32. / . .. , 1983. </p><p>33. .. . 2- . .: ; . - , 2007. 295 . </p><p>34. .., .., .. . .: , 1998. 287 . </p><p>35. - .., .. .. // . . 2008. 6, 3(43). .140-146. </p><p>36. - .., .., .., .. // . . 2008. .7, 7(47). .66-70. </p><p>37. . . . / . . , . . .: , 1993. 368 . </p><p>CHEMICAL AND ECOLOGICAL AS WELL AS HYGIENIC ESTIMATION OF WATER </p><p>OF THE NATURAL PARK NEZHEGOL </p><p>L.F. Peristaya, I.V. Indina </p><p>V.A.Peristy, Ju.N.Kozyreva </p><p>Belgorod StateNational Research University </p><p>Pobedy St., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russia </p><p>E-mail: peristaya@bsu.edu.ru </p><p>The investigation of chemical composition of river and drinking water from the natural park Nezhegol on 14 indicators has been car-ried out. It is found that the ecological state of the river Nezhegol is sa-tisfactory. As for total hardness running water exceeds hygienic re-quirements, but other values correspond to quality requirements for drinking water. Mineral water from the well-room surpasses in fineness running water on the most part of indicators, as for fluoride ions con-tent it can compete with some mineral waters, produced in the Belgo-rod region. </p><p> Key words: river water, drinking water, cationic-anionic composi-</p><p>tion, main microelements, safety indicators. </p></li></ul>