ИСТОРИЯ КАК ПРЕДМЕТ БОГОСЛОВИЯ

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  • 30

    I: . 2012. . 6 (44). . 3040

    . .

    , - XX . - , -. , : - . .

    . XVI ., , , - , , , , , , , - . De locis theologicis ( )1, - , .

    : 1) , 2) , 3) , 4) ( , , ), 5) ( ), 6) ( ), 7) ( ) , 8) (), 9) -, 10) . , , . ( ).

    , - , , , . -

    1 Melchiorus Cano. De locis Theologicis libri duodecim. Salmantica, 1563.

  • . . .

    31

    . - - XX . - , XIXXX .

    , , - . , , - : , -, , , . , Geschichte Historie , - . , , , , - - , , , , .

    , XIX XX . . , - , . , . . -. -, , . , , (Verstndniss) (Erklrung), . , , - , , - . - .

    - - XX . - . : , . , , . . . - , , , , - . , -

  • :

    32

    , 2. . 3, . 4, . 5, . 6, . 7. , - - , , , , , , , , . XX . - , . , .

    - - : , , - ? , : , - , .

    , 30- . . - . , - 8. - , , - (), (-), ().

    2 .: Lundstrm G. The Kingdom of God in the Teaching of Jesus. A History of Interpretation from the Last Decades of the XIX century to the Present Day / J. Bulman, trans. L., 1963.

    3 . . ., 1994; . - // . XX . ., 2009. . 2145.

    4 Bultmann D. R. History and Eschatology. Edinburg, 1958.5 Niebuhr R. Faith and History. N. Y., 1949.6 Culmann O. Christ et le temps. Temps et Histoire dans le christianisme primitif. Neuchtel,

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    Gttingen, 1979. S. 2278.8 . . // .

    : . ., 2000.

  • . . .

    33

    : - , - , , : , , , , ( ), .

    , , , . - , - , - . . , - , - , 9.

    , XIXXX ., . - , , . . , , , , . . - : - , -. , , , , 10.

    , , - , , - . . - . - . - , ,

    9 . : . ., 2004. . 24.10 Lwith K. Histoire et Salut. Les prsupposs thologiques de la philosophie de lhistoire. P.,

    2002. . 21. : Meaning in History: The Theological Implications of the Philosophy of History. Chicago, 1949.

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    , 11. , - , 12.

    -, , , , - . , . , - , , , 13. , , , , - -. , -: , , .

    , . - - .-. . - , - , . , . , - , 14, , . : , , , 15. -. : [ ] - 16. : , , , . , , 17. - , , .

    , , -, , - -, . , -

    11 Lwith K. Op. cit. . 22.12 Ibid. . 25.13 Ibid. . 41.14 Marrou H.-I. Thologie de lhistoire. P., 2006. . 62. 15 Ibid. . 33.16 Ibid. . 6768.17 Ibid. . 68.

  • . . .

    35

    . , , - . , . - , , , .

    18, . 19, 20, . . 21 ( ) , . , . - , . - , , -, . , , , , -, .

    1930- . , , - , - . - , , - : ( ), - ( ) ( ). . : , , - : , 22. , - , ( ) .

    18 . . . ., 1992.19 Fessard G. Le Mystre de la Societ. Recherches sur le sens de lhistoire. Bruxelles, 1997; Idem.

    De lactualit historique. Bruges, 1960 T. 1.20 . // : (20102011). .,

    2011. . 364382; Danilou J. Essai sur le mystre de lhistoire. P., 2011.21 . . . ., 2006; . . -

    . ., 2001.22 . . 107.

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    . , . , - .

    (18971978) 15 1940 ., , . - Cit nouvelle ( ) , , 23. , - , , , . , , , - . .

    : ( ), ( ) ( - ). : -. , , . . . , - . , , - , (. ), .

    ? : , - , 24. - , (grille), . - . , , , , . , ,

    23 c.: Fessard G. Du sens de lhistoire // Idem. De lactualit histori-que P. 7794.

    24 Ibid. . 88.

  • . . .

    37

    . , - , , XX . .

    , , - : , , , 25. - . , - 1830- ., , - , -, , : - 26. , . - , . - : , , . , (1947), -, , 27. , - , - . . .

    - . - , , , , . , . , , -. . - terminus ante quem, terminus post quem. , - , -

    25 Danilou J. Essai sur le mystre de lhistoire. P., 2011. . 82.26 . (. : Philsophies of History: from Enlighten-

    ment to Postmodernity / R. M. Burns, H. Rayment-Pickard, int., ed. Oxford, 2000. P. 93).27 .: . . 364382: -

    . - . , .

  • :

    38

    - 28, - .

    - . , , , , - , , . . - 29. , , 30 .

    - . , , - , - . : - -, , 31. , . .

    , : , - , , . , -. . , , - .

    . - XX . 32, - . 33. , , , . -

    28 . . . . 118119.29 . . 126127. 30 . . 127.31 . . 123124.32 C., : / . , . , 2003.33 .

    . , , XX .

  • . . .

    39

    , 34. , - , -, , , - , - 35. , - .

    : , , , - , , , , - 36. , -, , - , -, . : , , , 37. , - , , - , - , , , : , , , - -, 38. -, : - ,

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    35 , 1925 .: . . - // . 30- . . , 1925. . 521541 ( .: Florovsky G. Types of Historical Interpretation // Readings in Russian Philosophical Thought. Philosophy of History / L. J. Shein, ed. Waterloo, 1977. P. 89108).

    36 . . - // . -. . ., 2005. . 692.

    37 . . 695.38 . C. 706.

  • :

    , .

    , , . - , - . - -, , . - . - , , . , - . , , XX . - .

    : , , - .

    HISTORY AS AN OBJECT OF THEOLOGYP. MIKHAYLOV(St Tikhons University)

    This article presents a panoramic view of the ideas posited by Roman Catholic and Orthodox theologians of the twentieth century regarding history from a theological point of view and as they were propounded during discussions of philosophy and history. The author wishes to shed light on one of the more knotty problems of the relationship between theology and history, understood as a novel type of theological refl ection the relationship between sacred and profane history. After deep refl ection on these questions, one is able to defi ne how theologians are to view history and precisely the way God and man interact throughout it.

    Keywords: philosophy of history, theology of history, sacred and profane history.

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