ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ БОЛЬШИХ ДИАМЕТРОВ КОСВЕННЫМИ МЕТОДАМИ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ. ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ РАЗВИТИЯ СРЕДСТВ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ

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<ul><li><p>2014, 14, 2 111</p><p> - . - , . </p><p> - , - 1 . -, - , - . , , - 0,1 , 0,5 . </p><p> 30 % - [1]. , , . . - 0,5 , 1,5 . </p><p> , - , . - . </p><p> . </p><p> (. 1) . </p><p> . 1. : - ( ); ( ); ; ; ; OXYZ -; d(Td) ; h(d) ; l - X; ; 1 ; 2 ; 3 ; 4 ; 5 </p><p> 531.7 </p><p> . .. </p><p> . . </p><p> : , , , - . </p></li><li><p>.. </p><p> . , , 112 </p><p> . . . </p><p> : - 1 4 (. 1, ). - d - h , - h d - . </p><p> (. 1, ). - d - nh , . </p><p> (. 2) . - . </p><p> - , - . </p><p> I II IS , (1) I I ( -); II II ( - ); IS . </p><p> - h . - l. </p><p> . 2. h(d) </p><p> -</p><p> ( ) (- ). - (820 1250 ) [25]. </p><p> (. 3): h = 30 ; 2 = 350 . </p></li><li><p> . </p><p>2014, 14, 2 113</p><p> - . </p><p> . 3. : OXYZ -; d ; h ; pd pr ; 2l ; 2 1, 2 ; 3 ; 4 ; 5 </p><p> : </p><p>2 2( )h f d r r a 2 20,5 0,25h d d a , (1) , , ; </p><p> 2( ) 2a f d rh h 2a dh h . (2) </p><p> - : </p><p>2 2 2 2( ) 0,5 0,25 4 0,25hS h d d d a d d a . -</p><p> [68]: (0,02 0,053) /hS . -</p><p> 2,5 . [9]: </p><p>2 2( ) 2aS a d dh h h dh h . : (0,08 0,1) /aS . , -</p><p> . , </p><p> . , . </p><p> , , . </p></li><li><p>.. </p><p> . , , 114 </p><p> 1. 8.05181. . , </p><p> 500 . .: - , 1982. 12 . 2. 2464281. . </p><p>. . .: - , 1992. 68 . 3. 2464381. . </p><p>. . .: - , 1981. 14 . 4. 2534689. . -</p><p>. , . .: - , 1989. 68 . </p><p>5. 2534789. . -. . .: - , 1989. 53 . </p><p>6. 32 058-97. 1520 . </p><p>7. /3429. , , - . </p><p>8. /329. , 1520 . </p><p>9. .. : . / .. , .. . : - , 2008. 76 . </p><p> , - -</p><p> , ( ) (. ); SlinkinSA@niitkd.ru. </p><p> 18 2013 . </p><p>Bulletin of the South Ural State University Series Computer Technologies, Automatic Control, Radio Electronics </p><p>2014, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 111115 </p><p>MEASUREMENT OF LARGE DIAMETERS BY INDIRECT METHODS. MEASUREMENT TOOLS DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS S.A. Slinkin, Scientific and Research Institute of Technology, Control and Diagnosis of Railway Transport, Omsk, Russian Federation, SlinkinSA@niitkd.ru </p><p>In the article one of indirect methods of large diameters measuring for the example of wheelset is considered. A method of increasing the sensitivity of the transducer is pro-vided and a comparative analysis of the both methods was done. </p><p>Keywords: wheelset, diameter, indirect measurements, measurement tools. </p><p>References </p><p>1. GOST 8.05181. Gosudarstvennaya sistema obespecheniya edinstva izmereniy. Pogreshnosti, dopuskaemye pri izmerenii lineynykh razmerov do 500 mm [State System for Ensuring the Uniformity of Measurements. Error Allowed when Measuring Linear Sizes up to 500 mm]. Moscow, Publ. House of Standards, 1982. 12 p. </p><p>2. GOST 2464281. Osnovnye normy vzaimozamenyaemosti. Dopuski, formy i raspolozheniya po-vrekhnostey. Osnovnue terminy i opredeleniya [Basic Norms of Interchangeability. Tolerances of Form and Position. Basic Terms and Definitions]. Moscow, Publ. House of Standards, 1992. 68 p. </p></li><li><p> . </p><p>2014, 14, 2 115</p><p>3. GOST 2464381. Osnovnye normy vzaimozamenyaemosti. Dopuski, formy i raspolozheniya po-vrekhnostey.Chislovye znacheniya [Basic Norms of Interchangeability. Approvals of Form and Position. Numeric Values]. Moscow, Publ. House of Standards, 1981. 14 p. </p><p>4. GOST 2534689. Osnovnye normy vzaimozamenyaemosti. Edinaya sistema dopuskov i posadok. Polya dopuskov i rekomendyemye posadki [Basic Norms of Interchangeability. Unified System of To-lerances and Fits. General Provisions, Series of Tolerances and Fundamental Deviations]. Moscow, Publ. House of Standards, 1989. 68 p. </p><p>5. GOST 2534789. Osnovnye normy vzaimozamenyaemosti. Edinaya sistema dopuskov i posadok. Polya dopuskov i rekomendyemye posadki [Basic Norms of Interchangeability. Unified System of To-lerances and Fits. Tolerances and Recommended Fit]. Moscow, Publ. House of Standards, 1989. 53 p. </p><p>6. RD 32 CV 058-97.Metodika vypolneniya izmerenii pri osvidetelstvovanii kolesnykh par vagonov [Methods of Measurement on the Inspection of Railcars Wheel Pairs Gauge of 1520 mm]. </p><p>7. CV/3429. Instruktsiya po osmotru, osvidetelstvovaniyu, remontu i formirovanii vagonnykh ko-lesnukh par [Instructions for inspection, repair and formation of wagon wheelsets]. 1977. </p><p>8. CT/329. Instruktsiya po formirovaniyu, remontu i soderzhaniyu kolesnukh par tyagovogo pod-vizhnogo sostava zheleznykh dorog kolen 1520 mm [Instructions for the Formation and Repair of Rolling Stock Wheel Pairs Gauge of 1520 mm]. </p><p>9. Glukhov V.I., Slinkin S.A. Raschet pogresnostey tsifrovogo pribora dlya izmereniya bolshykh diametrov koles kosvennym metodom [Digital Device Errors Calculation for Wheels Large Diameter Measuring by Indirect Method: Tutorial]. Omsk, Omsk State Technical University Publ., 2008. 76 p. </p><p> Received 18 December 2013 </p></li></ul>

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