НАЗВАНИЯ НАСЕЛЕННЫХ МЕСТ ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНОГО ОБОНЕЖЬЯ В КОНТЕКСТЕ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ КУЛЬТУРНОГО ЛАНДШАФТА

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  • 191

    - , - .

    - , ( - ). XVIXVIII . - - - .

    , - ( . . ), - -

    . XVIXVII ., , , - - .

    : - - ( - - ), - - .

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    A. I. Sobolev. NAMES OF SETTLEMENTS IN SOUTH-EASTERN OBONEZHJE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE FORMATION

    Obonezhje has for centuries been a zone of contacts between the Baltic-Finnic and the Slavic population, and at earlier stages in the history the pre-Baltic-Finnic and the Baltic-Finnic groups. Settlement names of this historic-cultural region are a source portraying the ethnic/language situation, and reflect, among other things, the types of settlement in the area (reclaiming the cultural landscape).

    K e y w o r d s : toponimy, anthroponimy, ethnic history.

  • 192

    , - - - , [ , 2002. . 182].

    , VII . . - ( -V, -I .) [ , 1997. . 18]. , , - .

    - - , - - ( II . .), - , . . I . . . [ , 2011].

    - - - :

    - (- , 1563 . [ , 1930. . 219], . ): . siid, sijd (*sijte) [ , 2002. . 268];

    - ( . , . . () ( - - - XX ., - - ); , . . (); , . (), . -, . . [ 1905. 2525, 2526, 2533, 2177]): . *eke , [ , 2004. . 100]. , - - . *ke , - [ , 2003. . 100], - - . ster, sieter, sievter, str - (. . . . , [ , 2007. . 159]).

    - - ( ) - , - -l. - - . -l- XXIII .

    -/- [ , 1994, C. 75, 122].

    , - XVII XIX ., - :

    , (): < . *Hong(oi)l: . *Hong(oi) + -l, . hong ( , -), ). .: . - , , - , 1628 . [ , 1850];

    , () [, . 27, .3, . . 74/664, . 16 .]: < . *Hbjoil: . *Hbjoi + -l, . hbj , . - *Hbjoi . . . [ -, 1994. . 87].

    XIIXIII . -- ( ) . . . - .

    - : (IXXII .) - -V ( . . ) [ -, 1997. . 38]. , , . . - . , .

    - - -- , , , - . :

    - ( , ): . kodi , . kodi , , . kota , -, , , . koda , . goatte , ;

    - ( , , ): . pert, . pertti, . pRRt ;

    - ( [, . 24, . 5, . . 3/33, 21 .], , , ): . riha , ;

    - ( [, . 24, . 5, . . 3/33, 23 .], ): - - *sato, . *sado , [ , 2002. 49];

    - ( [ ], ): . *kond , . kondu

  • 193

    ; ; - [ , 1994. . 59].

    - , - / - < ., ., . hebo, . hbo :

    , () [ ] < *. Hebologad, loga , , ;

    ( ), , (). . Hebonem ( ).

    . - - ( ), , , - - :

    , . () [ 1905. . 134], , . . (- < . lidn ). - (XIIXIV .), XVI . [ , 1930. . 189].

    , . () [ 1905. . 166], , . . . XVI . [ , 1930. . 195196].

    , , - - ( ) - (. , ) (. , ) - , (. - : [ , 2010]).

    - - , 1563 . - 187 ( 1 2,16 ) [ , 1962]. - - , - , , , , - , , , , , , . , . , .

    XVIIXVIII . -.

    ( ) - . , , , .

    . -: - - . , , . , . XVIII . - .

    1905 . 250, - 9 [ 1905].

    - .

    XX . (. . ).

    (- ) - - ( ), - , -:

    , . [ 1905. . 136] (), : . , 1563 . [ -, 1930. C. 190], , . [ 1905. . 132] (), : . , 1563 . [ , 1930. . 191]. - Reboi < . reboi .

    , . [ 1905. . 130] (), : (XVIII .), . -, : , 1583 . [ , 1993. . 250]. - . . Teroi ( -).

    - XVI . , , , , , , - .

    , - XVI ., . . . -, - - . , - , , : . , . - , . ( -) () [ 1873].

    , XVI ., . - ( )

  • 194

    , - , - - ( ), , , : . (- ) ( ) (), . ( ) - ().

    XVI .: . , . [ -, 1930. C. 189190], .

    - , - , . - ( ) [ 1873. . 51] (). , , - , 1583 . [ , 1993. . 252]. XIX . -, , , - .

    , - ( ).

    . , - , , , , , -. , , , - .

    . , - - : , , . XIX . 2 : , .

    , - -, :

    , - < , , - ;

    , . () < . *selg [ , 1994. . 51] - , - , , - , [ , 2003. . 289293]. , ;

    , . () < . *Kivhaum, kivi haumeh , .

    , .

    - - :

    . , 1563 . [ , 1930. . 188] () < ., . kl , [ , 1994. . 104];

    , . [ 1873. . 58] () < , . honuz .

    , - ( ) , , . . - , . 1873 . - 22 , - : (), - () .

    - - : 8, 5, 4, 2, 1 [ 1873]. , , - , - - .

    - (), . - (), (, ), - () [ 1873], -, - [ , 1988. . 261], - XV . [ .: , 2010. . 192195].

    XIX . XX . , - : ( , ); ( , ); - ,

  • 195

    ( - , .); - ( , ; - , ); - ( [ 1905. . 136], ; , ); , ( -, , - ); ( , ) ( : [ 1873], : [ , 1988]).

    , - - - ( ) . - - - ( ) -, , , - -, - .

    -, -, , - . -, , - - .

    , . . - , , , , - .

    , , - ( ), ( , ), - ( , ).

    . . . . . . .

    : : :

    . . - - XVIXVII .: . .: - , 1962. 290 .

    . . // -: . . 1. : , - , 1997. . 1142.

    . . . . II. : - . -, 2004. 369 .

    . . - . . III. : - . -, 2007. 300 .

    . . . .: , 1994.

    . . : - . : , 2002. 356 .

    . . : - - - - . .: , 203. 540 .

    ( ).

    ( - ).

    : 1873 . : - , 1879. 235 . ( 1873).

    . . - . 1582/1583 . // - XVIXVII . . . III. -; , 1993. . 35341.

    1496 1563 . .: - , 1930. 268 .

    . . - - - - // : . . 4. - : - , 2010. . 185252.

    . . // - -2011. VI - . : , 2011. . 502504.

  • 196

    1905 . : - , 1907. 326 . ( 1905).

    136 137 [16281628]

    // . - . 1850. 4445.

    . . - : . -: .-. . -, 1988. 269 .

    :

    () . . . , 17,, , 163002,. : kroikoi@yandex.ru .: +79095524555

    Sobolev, AntonPhD StudentNorthern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V . LomonosovSevernaya Dvina Emb. 17, Arkhangelsk, Russia; 163002e-mail: kroikoi@yandex.rutel.: +79095524555

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