НОВЫЕ ИНФОРМАЦИОННО-КОММУНИКАЦИОННЫЕ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ В РОССИЙСКОЙ АКАДЕМИЧЕСКОЙ НАУКЕ: ИСТОРИЯ И РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ

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    e-mail: elena-mirskaya@mail.ru

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  • 127SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 2010. Volume 1. No. 1

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  • 129SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 2010. Volume 1. No. 1

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  • 131SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 2010. Volume 1. No. 1

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  • 133SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 2010. Volume 1. No. 1

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  • 134 . 2010. 1. 1

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  • 135SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 2010. Volume 1. No. 1

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  • 137SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 2010. Volume 1. No. 1

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    3 Transforming European Science through Information and Communication Technologies: Challenges and Opportunities of Digital Age. Luxemburg: European Commission. 1999. 90 .. Note 168, p.5758

  • 138 . 2010. 1. 1

    , , , . - - . , - (8590 %), 2002 ., . -, , - .

    , , - , .. , , , - , . , - - : , - , - . - , , , - .

    :Atkins D. E. Opportunities for Science Collaboration and Knowledge Networks // The report at

    the conference, IIASA, Austria, 1999.Lerch I. A. Organizing International Scientifi c Collaboration: a Simple Analysis of Telecommu-

    nication // The report at the same conference, IIASA, Austria, 1999.Mairisse J. Towards Design of a Survey on Organisational Change and the Use of ICTs in Sci-

    ence. The report at the conference Digital collaboration technologies, the organisation of scientifi c work and the economics of knowledge access, IIASA, Austria, 1999.

    Matzat U. Social Networks and Cooperation in Electronic Communities / Ed. B. Wellman R ksuniversitet Groningen, Netherlands (http: // dissertations.ub.urug.nl/faculties/ppsw/2001/matzat).

    Transforming European Science through Information and Communication Technologies: Challenges and Opportunities of Digital Age. Luxemburg: European Commission. 1999. 90 .. Note 168.

    Walsh J. P., Bayma T. Computer Networks and Scientifi c Work // Social Studies of Science. 1996. Vol. 26. P. 661703.

    . . // . 2003. 1. . 211218.

    . . // . 2003. 3. . 90104.

  • 139SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 2010. Volume 1. No. 1

    . . - - // . - / . . . . .: URSS, 2009. . 323344.

    . . - // . 2000. 3. . 4860.

    . ., . . -, // '96. .: -, 1997. . 3548.

    . ., . . // . 1998. 3. C. 203213.

    New ITs in Russian Academy science: history and results

    ELENA Z. MIRSKAYA

    Institute for the History of Science and Technologynamed after Sergey I. Vavilov, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

    e-mail: elena-mirskaya@mail.ru

    The continuously increasing use of modern information-communication technologies (ICTs) in science essentially expands the opportunities for scientists to access relevant scientifi c information and operative with professional communication that represent major elements in the process of manufacturing new knowledge. The utility of ICTs for science have never caused doubts, however, the effi ciency of innovations in scientifi c activity have no real proofs.

    In the paper, the process of assimilating ICTs in the Russian academic community is analyzed along with the dynamic parameters describing not only the level of ICT use, but also their infl uence on professional work and the effi ciency of scientists. The occurrence and action of this new com-municative factor in domestic science is considered on the basis of empirical longitudinal data from sociological research, which was led by elite institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1995, 1998, and 2001/02. Each of three survey projects covered more than 300 respondents with a detailed questionnaire. Comparison of the results of the 1998 and 2001/02 years has evidently shown the essentially positive infl uence of ICT use on the effi ciency of scientifi c activity. For the fi rst time quantitative acknowledgement of the increase in professional success of scientists applying modern ICTs is accepted.

    Keywords: scientifi c information, professional communication, scientifi c activity, information and communication technologies

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