ПОНЯТИЙНО-ТЕОРЕТИЧЕСКИЙ АСПЕКТ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ ЯЗЫКОВОГО СУБСТАНДАРТА

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<ul><li><p>261</p><p> 5 (17) / 2013</p><p> . . - / . . // . 2013. 5 (17) : . . 26100.</p><p> 811.161.1276</p><p>- </p><p>. . </p><p> - . , , , , . , , . - . - , - .</p><p> : ; ; ; ; .</p><p> , , , . , , . , , - . </p><p> - , - - , , , , , </p></li><li><p> . 2013 5 (17): </p><p>262</p><p> , -. , , .</p><p> - . - . . [, 2009]. </p><p> . . . . - : - , - , ( .) [, 1999, . 28]. - , , , , (. . - .) [ , . 190]. , - , . . - . . .</p><p> . . : - , , - , , ( .) [, 2008, . 56]; - - , , - ( ., .) [ , . 215]; - , -, , , . [ , . 537].</p><p> . . , , -:</p><p> , , - , -</p></li><li><p>263</p><p> 5 (17) / 2013</p><p> ; - [, 1998, . 43]; </p><p> , - (. ), (. . 19 .), (. ) - ( .); - : , - [, 1998, . 151];</p><p> [, 1998, . 461]. </p><p> . . -, . -, , --, . . ( , [, 1966, . 53]), [ , . 148]). . . [ , . 419].</p><p>. -, slang ( ) - , 1800- ( ). - , , , , [Spears, </p></li><li><p> . 2013 5 (17): </p><p>264</p><p>1981, . VII]1. , . - .</p><p> , . - 30- , . . , - , . - , .</p><p>. . : , - - . , , - : , , -, - . , - - [, 2004, . 7]. - , . . , - , , - , ( ) -</p><p>1 Slang was not originally a label for individual words. It was a term for British criminals' jargon, which was called cant or, in the jargon itself, flash or slang Slang originally referred to the patter of criminals, the entire semisecret idiom and vocabulary of the British underworld. By the 1800s slang was used outside of the underworld to label cant or cant-like words which crept into the speech of otherwise honest citizens. Like any of the habits of the lower classes, the use of slang was unwelcome in the company of ladies and gentlemen. There is no sure test for deciding when an expression is slang or something else. From the point of view of standard English, slang is an intruder. Over the years the term slang has broadened to embrace all sorts of verbal intruders such as jargon, colloquialisms, dialect, and just plain vulgar words. Although in its original sense slang referred only to criminal jargon, in its expanded sense it can include any nonstandard or unpleasant word or phrase [Spears, 1981, . VII].</p></li><li><p>265</p><p> 5 (17) / 2013</p><p> , , , . [ ]. - , , , , - - [ ].</p><p>. -, , , , - , , - , , , - - [-, 1993].</p><p>. . , . - , , . : , - - . -, - , . . , - (, . .) (-, . .), -, [-, 1992, . 94].</p></li><li><p> . 2013 5 (17): </p><p>266</p><p>. . - , - , , - , - [, 2001]. </p><p> - . . - , , : ) -, ) , ) - -, ) / : ) ( ), ) , , ) , ) , ) , ) , ) -- / , ) - [, 2009].</p><p>. . - : 1) -, 2) , 3) , 4) -. , : 1) , ) , ) ) , 2) , - ) ) -, 3) / . -, - - pe, , - , [, 2005]. </p></li><li><p>267</p><p> 5 (17) / 2013</p><p> , - , , -. : -, , , , , - - . - , , , , - , . , - , , - , -, - , . , , , - .</p><p> , - - , , , - , , - . , - . - - , , , - [ ., 2012].</p><p> , - , . , , - , </p></li><li><p> . 2013 5 (17): </p><p>268</p><p>, . , , - . </p><p> - . , . </p><p>1. . . / . . -. : , 1966. 608 .</p><p>2. . . XX (5070- ) / . . . : , 2009. 356 .</p><p>3. . . : 35 / . . . : , 2008. 704 .</p><p>4. . . - : - / . . . , 2001. 311 .</p><p>5. - . , , [ ] / . - // . , 1993. 2. . 1531. : http://www.philology.ru/linguistics2/koester-93.htm.</p><p>6. . . : - / . . . , 2005. 50 .</p><p>7. . . / . . -, . . // - -. : . - 2012. - 25 (284). - . 2731.</p><p>8. . . : 80000 - / . . , . . . : -, 1999. 944 .</p><p>9. . . - : : - : 10.02.20 [ ] / . . . , 2009. 389 . // - . : http://cheloveknauka.com/problemy-substandartnoy-leksikografii-angliyskogo-i-russkogo-yazykov-teoreticheskiy-i-prikladnoy-aspekty#ixzz2ShzheH00.</p></li><li><p>269</p><p> 5 (17) / 2013</p><p>10. . . / . . . - : , 2004. 762 .</p><p>11. . . - , / . . // . 1992. 3. . 94105.</p><p>12. : / . . . . . 2- . : . , 1998. 685 .</p><p>13. Spears R. A. Slang and Euphemism : A dictionary of oaths, curses, insults, sexual slang and metaphor, racial slurs, drug talk, homosexual lingo, and related matters / R. A. Spears. New York : Jonathan David Publishers, 1981. XXVIII, 448 p. </p><p> . ., 2013</p><p>Conceptual and Theoretical Aspects of Language Substandard Study</p><p>E. Kalugina</p><p>The article addresses the issues of studying substandard subsystems of the language. Different points of view on the content of concepts denoted by the terms jargon, argot, slang, substandard are mentioned. The author presents the results of the analysis of definitions given in dictionaries and glossaries of linguistic terms. The substandard term definition is offered. The necessity of further studying this phenomenon which is a means of subcultural values manifestation is emphasized.</p><p>Key words: substandard; jargon; argot; slang; subculture.</p><p> , , - , (), kalugina.elena2009@yandex.ru.</p><p>Kalugina, E., PhD in Philology, Head of Department of Foreign Languages and Cross-cultural Communication, Stavropol State Agrarian University (Stav-ropol), kalugina.elena2009@yandex.ru.</p></li></ul>