ПОВЫШЕНИЕ ЭНЕРГОЭФФЕКТИВНОСТИ ТЕРМИЧЕСКОЙ КОНВЕРСИИ ДРЕВЕСНОЙ БИОМАССЫ

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<ul><li><p> 1. </p><p> 2020 . 1234 28 2003 // . [20042010]. : 06.10.2005. URL:http://www.minprom.gov.ru/docs/strateg/1 ( :24.10.2011).</p><p>2. // . [20032011]. : 24.10.2011.URL: http://www.gazprom.ru/strategy/ energetics/ ( : 24.10.2011).</p><p>3. . // [19982011]. : 24.10.2011. URL: http://tomsk.gov.ru/ru/tomsk_region/ ( : 24.10.2011).</p><p>4. .., .. . : , 1975. 108 .</p><p>5. .. .. .. . .: , 1962. 303 .</p><p>6. : . 2375414 .. 2008135644/04; . 02.09.08; . 10.12.09.</p><p>7. .. . : .., 1995. 88 .</p><p>8. .., .. // : . XVII . . . , . 3 . . 3. : , 2012. . 189190.</p><p>9. .., .., .. // :. II . . : , 2011. . 222225.</p><p> 20.02.2012 .</p><p> . 2012. . 320. 4</p><p>22</p><p> [1], </p><p> , , , , , [2, 3] . , , [1]. , ( ) [25], , (, ).</p><p> , , . , , . [6, 7], .</p><p> [2], , . </p><p> 662.76</p><p>.. , .. , . </p><p> E%mail: marisha@tpu.ru</p><p> 600 . , ( ), () () . % . % , , % .</p><p> : , , , , , , .Key words:Slow pyrolysis, woody biomass, thermal decomposition, rate of heating carbonaceous material, biofuel, biogas.</p></li><li><p> . , . , , [6, 7], . , , 600 ( ) ( ) . L L3, . , , 10 50 .1 .</p><p> 600 .</p><p> : Leucaena leucocephala, Eucalyptuscamaldulensis, Acacia mangium willd, Jatropha curcasLinn, Acacia auriculaeformis, Pinus sibirica( ). , . . , .</p><p> [6, 7] . ( 15 0,5 ) , 3 110 . . : , , . </p><p> (, , ). . 10 50 C.1 ( 250 600 C). .</p><p>, 250 600 C 75,2 29,5 % Leucaena leucocephala; 75,6 29 % Eucalyptus camaldulensis; 77,2 33 % Acacia mangium willd; 64 31,5 % Jatropha curcas linn; 83,2 o 30,5 % Acacia auriculaeformis; 82 27 % . 10 50 C.1 25 %. , , , [2]. , 5 5 %.</p><p> 42 46,5 % 50 1 44 46,5 % Leucaena leucocephala, 42 46 % Eucalyptus camaldulensis, 41,5 42,5 % Acacia mangiumwilld, 33,5 33,51 % Jatropha curcas linn, 41 o 42,5 % Acacia auriculaeformis; 44 46 % ( 600 ). Jatropha curcas linn . .</p><p> 21 32,5 %(10 C.1) 2435 % (50 C.1) (). .</p><p> . ( , , , , .) </p><p>23</p></li><li><p> . , , ( ). , ( Leucaena leucocephala) , . .</p><p> , 10 50 C.1 . , </p><p> . . . , , .</p><p>. Leucaena Leucocepphala T 10 C.1, %</p><p>T, C</p><p> 250 19,001,99 75,002,19 6,000,45</p><p>300 26,001,56 60,001,95 14,000,86350 38,001,88 46,001,95 16,000,65</p><p>400 40,001,73 42,001,78 18,000,73450 43,001,60 35,501,57 21,500,95</p><p>500 44,001,56 33,501,54 22,500,92550 45,001,65 31,001,64 24,000,98</p><p>600 46,001,68 29,001,55 25,001,01</p><p> . 2012. . 320. 4</p><p>24</p><p>. </p><p>Leucaena leucocephala Eucalyptus camaldulensis </p><p> Acacia mangium willd Jatropha curcas linn </p><p> Acacia auriculaeformis Pinus sibirica </p></li><li><p> . , , 3540 % .</p><p> , , , . , .. . .</p><p> , . </p><p> .</p><p>1. </p><p> .</p><p>2. , 250 600 32,555 %.</p><p>3. , 10 50 C.1 25 %.</p><p>4. . , , 3540 %.</p><p>25</p><p> 1. .., .., .. </p><p> . .: , 1987. 224 .</p><p>2. .., .. // . 2005. . 27. 4. . 91100.</p><p>3. Bridgwater A.V. The Status of Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass in Europe //Proc. of the 10th European Bioenergy Conference. Wurzburg, Germany, 811 June 1998. Carmen, 1998. P. 268271.</p><p>4. Bridgwater A.V., Peacockeg V.C. Fast pyrolysis for biomass // Renewable and sustainable Energy Reviews. 2000. 4. P. 173.</p><p>5. Bramer E.A., Holthuis M.R., Brem G. Development of a cyclonereactor with internal particle filter for the flash pyrolysis of bio</p><p>mass // Proc. of the II World Biomass Conf. Rome. Italy,1014 May 2004. Mhnich: ETAFlorence and WIP, 2004. P. 963966.</p><p>6. .., . // . 2011. 1. . 125129.</p><p>7. .., . // . 2011. . 25. 7. C. 101104.</p><p> 20.02.2012 .</p></li></ul>

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