ПОВЫШЕНИЕ НАДЕЖНОСТИ ФУНКЦИОНИРОВАНИЯ ОБЪЕКТОВ ЭНЕРГЕТИКИ, УПРАВЛЯЕМЫХ ОПЕРАТОРОМ

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<ul><li><p> 002.52:681.3.016</p><p> , </p><p>.. , .. , .. </p><p> Email: belova_tatyana@bk.ru</p><p> , , . , , , . , , . , . .</p><p> : , , , , .</p><p> . , 50 % , . , [1].</p><p> , , . , , , .</p><p> . , </p><p> , , .</p><p> . , , () , () . , , .</p><p> [2]:</p><p>(1)1 1 1 1 1 1= + + ,k k k k k k kY A Y B U F </p><p>91</p></li><li><p> Y, U, , () ; , , F , ; k . Y , U , .</p><p> [2]:</p><p>(2)</p><p> Z, N ; C(k,k) ; m, , : , ; . (, ) .</p><p> : 1) , , ; 2) .</p><p> .</p><p> . , , () [3, 4]. , , (). , , .</p><p> : </p><p> ;</p><p> ;</p><p> ;</p><p> (, ) ;</p><p> ;</p><p> ( ), , ;</p><p> , , , ;</p><p> , ;</p><p> . </p><p> , :</p><p>(3)</p><p> gY , , . (1).</p><p> :</p><p>(4)</p><p> Z , . (2).</p><p> (3) (4) gY, Z . U, , .</p><p> (4) [5].</p><p> , . :</p><p>(5), 1, ,k k k k kZ C Y N k K </p><p> ,( , ) , 1, ,k k k k k k kZ C Y N Z k K </p><p>1 1 1 1 1 1 , 1 ,k k k k k k k Y kY A Y B U F g </p><p>( ) , , ,k k k k k kZ C , Y N k 1 K </p><p> . 2013. . 323. 4</p><p>92</p></li><li><p> k0 , . k2Qk, Q . k:1. k[0,] .</p><p> k2Qk , , .</p><p>2. k=k(s), s=1,2S. , k(s)2Qk, s=1,S</p><p>. , k(s) s :</p><p>(6)</p><p>(7)</p><p> s . ( ) .</p><p>3. k=i, i=1,2; 1=1, 2&gt;&gt;1. k=1 . k=2 .</p><p> , , </p><p>(8)</p><p> k , . k , , , , , .</p><p> (8), </p><p>(9)</p><p> . :</p><p>(10)</p><p> , . , </p><p> .</p><p> , , .</p><p>. (). ; ; ; ; ; ; , , , , ; ; ; . </p><p> (1) (2) (3) (4) . . (1) (3) (5)(10) Y (3). (2) (4) (9), (10). (1) (2) (3) (4) , .</p><p>. , . (5)(10), , . , . , . , . (3) C(k,k) (4) </p><p>( ) ( ) , 1, .s sk k k k kZ C Y N k K </p><p>11 , ,k k kt t </p><p>, 1, ,k k k k kZ C Y N k K </p><p>( ) ( ) , 1, ,s sk k k kZ C Y N k K </p><p>( ) ( ) ,s sk k k k kZ C Y N </p><p>93</p></li><li><p> . , , </p><p> [6].</p><p> , 120800352.</p><p> . 2013. . 323. 4</p><p>94</p><p> 1. .., .. </p><p> . , . .: , 2008. 84 .</p><p>2. .., .., .. . .: , 1993. 272 .</p><p>3. .. // XXI . 2010. 3. . 1416.</p><p>4. .., .., .., .. </p><p> // . 1997. 1. . 1216.</p><p>5. .., .., .. // . 2009. 12. . 3234.</p><p>6. .. // . 2009. 2. . 1519.</p><p> 15.07.2013 .</p><p>REFERENCES1. Kontuzorov F.F., Petrov D.V. Klassifikatsiya i kratkaya kharak</p><p>teristika chrezvychaynykh situatsiy. Osnovy zashchity naseleniyai territoriy ot ChS tekhnogennogo, prirodnogo i ekologicheskogokharaktera (Classification and brief characteristic of emergencies. Bases of protecting population and territories against technogenic, natural and ecological emergencies). Saint Petersburg,SPbGUITMO, 2008. 84 p.</p><p>2. Kazakov I.E., Artemyev V.M., Bukhalev V.A. Analiz sistemsluchaynoy struktury (Analysis of random structure systems).Moscow, Nauka, 1993. 272 p.</p><p>3. Kunaev M.A. Atomnaya strategiya XXI vek, 2010. 3, pp. 1416.4. Artemova S.V., Muromtsev D.Yu., Ushanev S.B., Cher</p><p>nyshov N.G. Informatsionnye tekhnologii v proektirovanii i proizvodstve, 1997. 1, pp. 1216.</p><p>5. Selivanova Z.M., Horub H.H., Ibrahim I.A. Avtomatizatsiya i sovremennye tekhnologii, 2009. 12, pp. 3234.</p><p>6. Pavlov V.I. Radiotekhnika, 2009. 2, pp. 1519.</p><p>UDC 002.52:681.3.016</p><p>INCREASE OF RELIABILITY OF OPERATOR/CONTROLLED POWER OBJECT FUNCTIONING</p><p>V.I. Pavlov, T.V. Aksenova, V.V. Aksenov</p><p>Tambov State Technical University</p><p>When controlling power objects operators face difficult situations of uncertainty and contradictions in instrument readings, release ofdisplayed indications out of admissible value limit. The purpose of the paper consists in increasing reliability of automated power objectsfunctioning applying the information system of operator activity support. The authors have developed the approach to operator activity information support in uncertainty. The matter of the approach consists in forming the models of changing phase coordinates and thecontrol action by the object applied in the information support system. When indefiniteness occur during the object control the operator heuristic abilities are offered to be used to correct a certain part of a database, the model bases in cases when the operator managesto find quickly the way to solve the uncertainty accepted for practice. The approach developed reduces the operator mental load, increases his noise stability and capacity at occurrence of adverse psychological factors. The paper introduces the appropriateness of onlinecorrection of a database of information decisionsupport system.</p><p>Key words:Operator activity, uncertainty, object state model, measurement model, correction of the information system.</p></li></ul>

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