ПРАВОВОЕ РЕГУЛИРОВАНИЕ ОБЯЗАННОСТЕЙ РЕБЕНКА В ЗАРУБЕЖНЫХ СТРАНАХ В НОВОЕ И НОВЕЙШЕЕ ВРЕМЯ

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<ul><li><p> 4 (24), 2012 . </p><p> 3</p><p> 342.4 </p><p>. . </p><p> . , . - . : , , , , , , . Abstract. The article represents short excursus to the history of the legal rules regu-lating duties of a child in foreign countries during an epoch of the New and The Newest time. The author investigates texts of statutory acts and on their basis con-cludes a legal status of children during the studied periods of time. Key words: child, minor, duties, legal status, laws of the New time, laws of the Newest time, foreign law. </p><p> - . , - , , - . XVII . XVIII . , - . , , - () -. : ( - ), - , .. , - . </p><p> - , - , - - : , . - , -</p></li><li><p> . </p><p> 4</p><p> - . </p><p> . XIX . : - 1804 . 21 , ( ) 1896 ., - . </p><p> , - , . - () , XIX . - . - , 1803 . , - 9 13 - , 18 -. - , , , , - [1, . 569]. 1842 . . 1847 . , 14 18 - . </p><p> , - . , 1810 . - : 16 - , 16 21 , . </p><p>, , - . </p><p> - - . - -, XIX . - ( (, ) .). </p><p> - , -</p></li><li><p> 4 (24), 2012 . </p><p> 5</p><p> , . , 1804 . IX , - [2, . 179]. : ( 18 ), - ( , , -) 16 - , . </p><p> , ( , 1810 ., -). - - , , , - ( 1810 ., , , - , , - , ). </p><p> , . , - . ( ), , , , , , - . </p><p> , - , - - , . -: -. - - , - , , </p></li><li><p> . </p><p> 6</p><p> . - , , , , . </p><p> - - . , , - . : - , (, - , - ). : - , - , - , , , - . </p><p> , , - , - . , 18 ( , , , -, .), 2021 (20 , , -, , ; 21 , , , , -, - ). </p><p> , , . 1945 . (). - : 1924 ., - 1959 . - 20 1989 . - .: 1924 . - , 1959 . - , - . 1989 ., , - . </p><p> , , . 1950 . - . 46- </p></li><li><p> 4 (24), 2012 . </p><p> 7</p><p> . , . , , - - , - , . , - , , - - [3, . 52]. - , . - , 18 , , - . </p><p> -, , ( ), . . </p><p> , , . , - 11.08.1919 . - 18- . 1944 . 5 16 ( ). - , - - . </p><p> . , , , , . - - , , - . ( ), -. , , , , , 1970 . - . </p><p> - , , </p></li><li><p> . </p><p> 8</p><p>. 19 1981 . , , -, , - , - [4, . 241242]. </p><p> , , - , . - - , , , - . </p><p> 1. : . / . . </p><p>. . . . . . . 2- ., . . : -, 2001. . 2. 712 . </p><p>2. / . . . . . . . : , 2007. . 2. 520 . </p><p>3. , . . / . . // - . 2006. 4. . 5157. </p><p>4. , . . : . / . . . . : -, 2002. 480 . </p><p> , , , </p><p>Kapitonova Elena Anatolyevna Candidate of juridical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of criminal law, Penza State University </p><p>E-mail: e-kapitonova@yandex.ru </p><p> 342.4 </p><p>, . . -</p><p> / . . // . . . 2012. 4 (24). . 38. </p></li></ul>

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