ПРЕЦЕДЕНТНЫЕ ОНИМЫ-НЕОЛОГИЗМЫ: КУЩЕВСКАЯ И ЦАПКИ

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    29-Mar-2017

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<ul><li><p> 1(35)'2011 </p><p> 162</p><p> 8127:81373.2 </p><p> 100.3 16.21.27 10.02.19 </p><p>. . </p><p>, </p><p> -: </p><p>E. A. Nakhimova </p><p>Ekaterinburg, Russia </p><p>PRECEDENT ONYMS-NEOLOGISMS: </p><p>KUSHCHEVSKAYA AND TSAPKI . -</p><p> -</p><p> -</p><p> () -</p><p> (). -</p><p> -</p><p> , -</p><p>, </p><p> . </p><p> , -</p><p> . </p><p>Abstract. After the sensational murder at stanitsa </p><p>Kushchevskaya its name and the surname of the leader of </p><p>the criminal group began to be used as common nouns to </p><p>denote unnatural union of government and criminals </p><p>(Kushchevskaya) and impudent criminals (tsapki). Such </p><p>secondary meanings are typical of Russian political com-</p><p>munication, they are constantly updating, but most of them </p><p>are quickly removed from active usage. In a couple of </p><p>years this images do not cause such emotional response of </p><p>the readers as before, they become vague and need addi-</p><p>tional explanation. </p><p> : , </p><p> , , , -</p><p>, , , , -</p><p>, -</p><p>. </p><p>Key words: political communication; metaphor in </p><p>Mass Media; urbonyms; anthroponyms; Kushchevskaya; </p><p>Tsapok; tsapki; proper name; common noun; historical </p><p>dynamics of political metaphors. </p><p> : -</p><p>, , . </p><p> : -</p><p> (). </p><p>About the author: Nakhimova Elena Anatolievna, </p><p>Candidate of Philology, Doctoral Student. </p><p>Place of employment: Ural State Pedagogical Univer-</p><p>sity (Ekaterinburg). </p><p> : 620017, . , . , . 26. </p><p>e-mail: v.nakhimov@rambler.ru. </p><p> , , , - . - - , , - - [ 2010]. , -, - -, - I . </p><p> , - , -, , , - , -, , . [ 2010]. </p><p> - ( - , -, - , - ), . -, () - (), - . </p><p> - , - . - - - , , - , . </p><p> . () 1794 ., -</p><p> ( 82 11-04-00327 : -</p><p> ). </p><p> . ., 2011 </p></li><li><p> 2. </p><p> 163</p><p>. . - 73 . , . </p><p> . - - , - - . : , . </p><p> . , 5 2010 . 12 , -. , . - , , - , - . - , , -. </p><p> , - - , , , 2002 . </p><p> 2010 - . , - - , - , - ( 2010 ). </p><p> -: , , , - , , -, , . . . , , : , - [rus.ruvr.ru/2010.12.16]. - , : , ? , </p><p> , , ? -, ? , ? [rus.ruvr.ru/ 2010.12.16]. . . - , , . -, -, - , . </p><p> , ( -, ) . , -, - , , - , - . - , . </p><p> 1997 , - , -, - , -. -. , - (kprf.debesi.ru). -, (KP.RU -). - , -. , - (. , . // - . 24.12.2010). </p><p> - - , - , , - . .: </p><p> : - . - , , , ( - . 16.12.2010). , , - (lenta.ru/news). - . - , (- . 22.12.2010). </p><p> , - - - , , , </p></li><li><p> 1(35)'2011 </p><p> 164</p><p> . () - - , . , - , - , - . - - . .: </p><p> . , . (eg.ru/daily/crime). , - (livejournal.com). - . , , -, (K-kiselev.leavejournal). -, - , -. , ? ? (pzrk.ru). </p><p>, - - - . , , - ( ). - - , -. - - - . </p><p>, () ( , . ) (. ) . </p><p>1. () - 90- . - , - - . </p><p>2. () - 90- . , - . () - . </p><p>3. () ( - ). </p><p> , . . . </p><p>4. - , 5 2010 - , - () ( - ). </p><p>5. () 2010 . - ( - ), . . . </p><p>, - ( ) - . </p><p>1. () , - ( 90- . ). </p><p>2. () 90- . - , () . </p><p>3. () - 5 2010 . . - () - . </p><p>4. () , - 2010 . -. () . </p><p>5. (-) 2010 . - -. - , - - . </p><p>6. (-) 2010 . ( - ). - - - , -</p></li><li><p> 2. </p><p> 165</p><p> , . - -. </p><p> , - - () - , 2010 . - - . - - (). - . </p><p> - . - , , -. - - , , , . - -, - . - , - . . [ 2005] . . [ 2010]. - () (-), , - . </p><p> -- -. - , , - . - , , . . </p><p> 2007 - -. -. , - - (. // . 714.10. 2010). </p><p> -, - -: </p><p> - - . -, - ( ), - . - -: , . - - -, , , . -, () () - , , - . </p><p> , - --. </p><p> - , -, -, - , - [ 2003: 56; - 2010: 126]. , . , - . , - , -, , , , . - , , - . </p><p> - , - , - , -, : </p><p> - - ( ); </p><p> - ; </p><p> , - ; </p><p> ; </p></li><li><p> 1(35)'2011 </p><p> 166</p><p> , . </p><p> . . -</p><p>: // </p><p>. 2010. 2 (32). </p><p> . . -</p><p> -</p><p> // -</p><p> . 2010. 4 (34). </p><p> . . -</p><p> , </p><p> : . . . . -</p><p>. , 2005. </p><p> . . -</p><p>, : . . . </p><p>. . , 2010. </p><p> . . </p><p> - -</p><p> // . 2003. 2. </p><p> . . . . </p></li></ul>

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