РАСПРЕДЕЛЕНИЕ И ЧИСЛЕННОСТЬ ЧАЙКОВЫХ ПТИЦ В МАЛОЗЕМЕЛЬСКОЙ ТУНДРЕ

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<ul><li><p>84</p><p>. </p><p> , , , </p><p> 598.243.8:591.9(1-924.81)</p><p> , - , . 140 , . . 8 </p><p> - XIX . [14] 30- .XX . [5] -</p><p> - .</p><p> , , . 15 </p><p> . - . 16 10 2000 . - ( . - ), 60 </p><p>. 2001 2004 . - . . 2002 . - , 2003 . - .</p><p> - (Larus canus) . </p><p> , -</p></li><li><p>85</p><p> .., .. ...</p><p> - (. 1). - - , - , - . , , . - - (Carex aquatilis) (Comarumpalustre), -- . . -</p><p> , - .</p><p> ( 70 ) , . [6], . [8].</p><p> - : </p><p>. 1. (Larus canus) : 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 </p></li><li><p>86</p><p>. </p><p>. 0,11 1 2, 1,04 [6]. . 8,3 10 . - . - 2800 .</p><p> (Larus argentatus) - , - - . (. 2). -</p><p> - . - , - ( . ).</p><p> -. - , - , , -</p><p>. 2. (Larus argentatus) :1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 </p></li><li><p>87</p><p> .., .. ...</p><p> , - - - (Larus hyperboreus) - (Branta leucopsis), -.</p><p> -. . (2000 .) 320 , - 2,3 10 . (2002 .) 707 [11], - 247 . - (240 ) - 1500 . . 2001 . 41 , 2004 . 161 , - 318 699 . (2001 .) (3,43 10 ) ( 15 - 10 ) . . - - 0,25 4,9 1 2.</p><p> . [10]. - - . - ( ) , . . ( ).</p><p> (Larus hyperboreus) (. 3), -</p><p>- . -, - - ( ). 80- . XX . . ( ) - [11], 2002 . -. . (2000, 2002 .) - .</p><p> (2003 .) 2000 , 350 . . 2001 . 300 , 86 , 2004 . 250 40 . .</p><p> (Sterna paradisaea) - - , - (510 ) - (. 4). --. [12], . (46 ), (1020 ) (70 ). - , . 1975 . 1530 [13]. 2002 . . ( ) 22 .</p><p> . (2001 .) 3,6 - 10 . ( 2002 .) . . (2001 .) 0,17 10 , 12,7, </p></li><li><p>88</p><p>. </p><p>. 3. (Larus hyperboreus) : 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 - , 5 , 6 , 7 </p><p> 0,45 1,00 1 2 . - - ( 300 ), . - ( 200 ) . ( 30 ).</p><p> (Sterna hirundo) - . , , ,. 342 , - 5 . </p><p> ( 200 ) - . .</p><p> (Larus minutus) - . 30- . . [5]. - . , 500 [13]. . - ( 100 ) . .</p></li><li><p>89</p><p> .., .. ...</p><p> (Larus ridibundus) - . . -.</p><p> - (Rissa tridactyla). (410 ) . 28 2003 . .</p><p> (Stercorarius pomarinus) - [14]. ( 15 ) . (-</p><p> ) - .</p><p> (Stercorariusparasiticus) - , (-) [15]. - . - 0,1 1 2 [16], . 0,3, 1,1 [17].</p><p> ( 300 ) </p><p>. 4. (Sterna paradisaea) :1 , 2 , 3 -, 4 </p></li><li><p>90</p><p>. </p><p> - . , .</p><p> - (Stercorarius longicaudus) - --. - , - -- - -</p><p> --- .</p><p> - . 0,6 1 2[16], . 0,3, - 0,1. 0,7 10 [17].</p><p> , .</p><p> - -. - . - , , - , , . - - (). -- , ,, - , . - - (- ).</p><p> - -- ( , ), - (-</p><p>, -), - ( , ) ( , ). - , . - - . , - . - - -, - .</p><p> ( , . .). - . , . - - . .</p></li><li><p>91</p><p> .., .. ...</p><p>1. Seebhom H., Brown J.A.H. Notes on the birds of the Lower Pechora // Ibis. Separ. 1876. P. 190.2. Seebhom H. Siberia in Europe. A visit to the valley of the Pechora, in North-East Russia. L., 1880.3. Brown J.A.H. Sketch of the ornithology of the Lower Pechora // Proc. Nat. Hist. Soc. of Glasgow. 1876.</p><p>January 25th. P. 4456.4. Brown J.A.H. On the distribution of birds in North Russia // Ann. a. Mag. Natur. Hist. 1877. Vol. 19. 112.</p><p>Ser. 4th. P. 277290.5. .. // . . - . .</p><p>. 1933. . 42. . 2. . 214242.6. .. // -</p><p>: . . IX . , 2002. . 103.7. .. ( . ) // . /</p><p> . . - . - . -, 2004. 175. . 4654.</p><p>8. .., .., .. // . . . -. 2003. . 12. 248. . 14501457.</p><p>9. .. // : . , 2003. . 155156.</p><p>10. .. - // . / -. . 1957. . 6. . 5115.</p><p>11. .., .. () // -. 1987. . 22. . 148155.</p><p>12. .. // . / . . . ., 1951. . 7.C. 1589.13. .. 2000 . // -</p><p> : VIII . . , 2002. . 293114. .. // -. . ., 1999. . I.</p><p>. 2. . 57.15. .. - // </p><p> - . , 1982. . 2939.16. .., .., .. // . . .</p><p>-. 2000. 115. . 182317. .., .. ( ) // . .</p><p>. -. 2002. . 11. 195. . 771788.</p><p>Nakul Gleb, Mineev YuryDISTRIBUTION AND QUANTITY OF GULLS IN THE MALOZEMELSKAYA TUNDRA</p><p>The article is devoted to the results of the study of modern distribution and bounds of nest habitatsof gulls in the Malozemelskaya tundra, which main reproduction areas are bound to definite ecotopes.The quantity and density of species are determined, their main migratory passages are traced. Thereasons for modern distribution of gulls in the Malozemelskaya are discussed.</p><p> .., </p></li></ul>