РАСПРЕДЕЛЕНИЕ ЗООПЛАНКТОНА В ПОВЕРХНОСТНОМ СЛОЕ ШЕКСНИНСКОГО ВОДОХРАНИЛИЩА

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<ul><li><p>124</p><p> . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 124130.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 124130.</p><p> 574.583(285.2):591</p><p>. . 18</p><p> . . . </p><p> , - 2007 . 71 . - , . , - . (164 . ./3 1,06 /3), (124 . ./3 1,60 /3) (185 . ./3 1,36 /3). (17 . ./3 0,10 /3) (10 . ./3 0,06 /3). - - , , - ( Brachionus). , - , .</p><p>. . . . . </p><p> , - 2007 . 71 . - , . - , - . (164 . ./3 1,06 /3), (124 . ./3 1,60 /3) - (185 . ./3 1,36 /3). (17 . ./3 0,10 /3) (10 . ./3 0,06 /3). , , ( Brachionus). , -- , .</p><p>V. N. StolbunovaInstitute of Biology of Inland Waters, Russian Academy of Sciences</p><p>ZOOPLANKTON DISTRIBUTION IN THE SUPERFICIAL LAYEROF THE SHEKSNA RESERVOIR</p><p>The results of the studies of zooplankton collected in the superficial layer in different parts of theSheksna Reservoir at the beginning of the August 2007 are presented. A total of 71 species have beenrecorded among which crustaceans prevail in the number of species, abundance and biomass. Zooplankton</p><p>18 . . , 2012</p></li><li><p>125</p><p>is distributed unevenly in the surface layer; the maximum density and biomass are recorded in the north-eastern part of the Lake Beloye 164 000 ind/m3 and 1.06 g/m3, in the Sizma extension 124 000 ind/m3 and1.60 g/m3 and in the near-dam reach - 185 000 ind/m3 and 1.36 g/m3, respectively. The minimum values arerecorded near the mouths of rivers Kovzha Belozerskaya (17 000 ind/m3 and 0.10 g/m3) and Kema(10 000 ind/m3 and 0.06 g/m3). Because of high concentration of fine-dispersed mineral suspended matter thewater transparency decreases significantly. The water is polluted with the oil products and the rotifers of thegenus Brachionus indicators of polluted water are dominated in the plankton. Zooplankton in the surfacelayer where blue-green algae are in mass differs from deeper horizons in lower abundance and biomass.</p><p> , , </p><p> . , - [8; 9; 14; 16].</p><p> , , . - [15; 17]. [1013]. - , - , , . - , - .</p><p> - [2]. , - . 1970- - . . . . , . . . . [5] - : , , , . - . [3]. [1; 4]. , , - . .</p><p> - 2007 .</p><p> .</p><p> 19631964 . 1669 2, 167 , 3,9 , 17,0 [7]. - : ( - . ), . . . - . 2 . 73 % - , 27 %. , , , </p></li><li><p>126</p><p> 6 . -. - -, . - . . - , - . (2,5 %) 2 (20,9 %). , , , -. . , . , . , . . - [6].</p><p> , 813 2007 21 , , . - . (01 ) - , 50 64 . 4 % . . , -, , , , - (N) ().</p><p> :+20,3+22,7 , - 70140 . - . . - . ( 10,9 /). . - 7,6 /.</p><p> 71 , Rotifera 25,Copepoda 10, Cladocera 36. , - , - (. 1).</p><p> 1 </p><p>Rotifera 9 (43) 19 (35) 14 (30) 25 (35)Copepoda 3 (14) 7 (13) 8 (17) 10 (14)Cladocera 9 (43) 28 (52) 25 (53) 36 (51)</p><p> 21 54 47 71</p><p>: % .</p><p> . (30) - . - Thermocyclops oithonoides (Sars, 1863) . Diaphanosoma brachyurum (Lievin, 1848), Chydorus</p></li><li><p>127</p><p>sphaericus (O. F. Mller, 1785), C. ovalis Kurz, 1874, Bosmina coregoni (Baird, 1857),B. longispina Leydig, 1860, Daphnia cucullata Sars, 1862, - Alona rectangul Sars, 1862, A. quadrangularis (O. F. Mller, 1785),Acroperus harpae (Baird, 1837), Disparalona rostrata (Koch, 1841), Rhynchotalona falcata(Sars, 1862), Pleuroxus truncatus (O. F. Mller, 1785), P. striatus Schoedler, 1863,Ceriodaphnia pulchella Sars, 1862, Sida crystallina (O. F. Mller, 1776) . - Euchlanis dilatata Ehrenberg, 1832, Polyarthra major Burckhardt,1900, P. vulgaris Carlin, 1943, Synchaeta pectinata Ehrenberg, 1832 .</p><p> (. 1). : Brachionus diversicornis homoceros (Wierzejski, 1891), B. d. di-versicornis (Daday, 1883), B. quadridentatus brevispinus Ehrenberg, 1832, B. angularis bidensPlate, 1886. Thermocyclops oithonoides, Diaphanosoma brachyurum,Bosmina longirostris (O. F. Mller, 1785), Alona rectangula Disparalona rostrata.</p><p> . , -, Euchlanis dilatata, Polyarthra vulgaris, P. major, - Thermocyclops oithonoides. - Alona, Rhynchotalona, Monospilus, Acroperus, Pleuroxus, Chydorus. - : Keratella quadrata(O. F. Mller, 1786), Asplanchna priodonta Gosse, 1850, Kellicottia longispina (Kellicott,1879), Conochilus unicornis Rousselet, 1892, Polyarthra vulgaris, Eudiaptomus gracilis(Sars, 1863), Arctodiaptomus laticeps Sars, 1863, Mesocyclops leuckarti (Claus, 1857),Daphnia galeata Sars, 1864, D. cucullata, Bosmina coregoni, B. c. gibbera (Schoedler,1866), Limnosida frontosa Sars, 1862, Leptodora kindtii (Focke, 1844), Bythotrepheslongimanus Leydig, 1860.</p><p> , -, 2,933,09 2,573,37, . 2,663,46 2,643,85, 1,863,69 2,163,51. - . - (. 2).</p><p> 2 ()</p><p> N 3,01 0,08 2,97 0,12 2,84 0,25 2,92 0,11 2,97 0,40 3,15 0,19 2,83 0,19 3,00 0,12</p><p>: N .</p><p> - (. 3). - (. 4). Rotifera </p></li><li><p>128</p><p> , Brachionusdiversicornis, (B. d. homoceros B. d. diversicornis), - 84 % . Copepoda - Thermocyclops ( 74 % Crustacea). Cladocera, Diaphanosoma, Bosmina, Disparalona.</p><p> 3 </p><p>, ../3 13 463 5*56 2191 10*</p><p>85 25125 19*</p><p>62 15101 10*</p><p>, /3 0,08 0,020,48 0,18*0,35 0,131,69 0,18*</p><p>0,75 0,251,42 0,21*</p><p>0,48 0,131,48 0,14*</p><p>: , 01 , ; * - , . . ( ).</p><p> 4 (%) </p><p>Rotifera 43402710</p><p>164</p><p>212</p><p>238</p><p>Copepoda 41436467</p><p>7758</p><p>5648</p><p>5451</p><p>Cladocera 1617923</p><p>738</p><p>2350</p><p>2341</p><p>: % , % .</p><p> . (. . 3). . - (164 . ./3 1,06 /3). - Thermocyclops oithonoides Mesocyclops leuckarti (86 % Crustacea). Copepoda - . Cladocera - Chydorus, - . Diaphanosoma, Disparalona, Rhynchotalona,Ceriodaphnia, Alona, Daphnia, Bosmina. . - , - -, Euchlanis dilatata.</p><p> - (. . 3). - Crustacea(. 4). Copepoda Eudiaptomus gracilis, Arctodiapto-mus laticeps, Mesocyclops leuckarti, Cladocera Daphnia cucullata, D. galeata, Bosminacoregoni, B. c. gibbera, Limnosida frontosa, Leptodora kintii, Bythotrephes longimanus.</p></li><li><p>129</p><p> . Conochilus, Polyarthra, Keratella,Kellicottia, Asplanchna. - . (124 . ./3 1,60 /3), . (185 . ./3 0,71 /3) (87 . ./3 1,36 /3).</p><p> , 1,6 3,0 (. . 3).</p><p> 71 23 . - . 2007 . Brachionus diversicornis. , . . - - . Crustacea. , - , -.</p><p> 1. . . / . . , . . // -</p><p> . : - , 2002. . 120146.2. . . // . </p><p> . 1966. . 12 (15). . 6874.3. . . - -</p><p> // . . 1982. . 43 (46). . 90103.4. . . 1987 </p><p>2001 . / . . , . . // . . 2006. . 33, 5. . 615629.5. . . / . . , . . , . . // </p><p> - . . : , 1981. . 2. . 7799.6. . : -</p><p>, 2002. 368 .7. . : - , 2001. 427 .8. Alfonso G. Does lake age affect zooplankton diversity in Mediterranean lakes and reservoirs? A case</p><p>study from southern Italy / G. Alfonso, G. Belmonte, F. Marrone // Hydrobiologia. 2010. Vol. 653, N 1. P. 149164.</p><p>9. Apfelebaum S. I. Restoring ecological health to your land / S. I. Apfelebaum, A. W. Haney. Washington: Island Press, 2010. 264 p.</p><p>10. Biodiversity and community structure of zooplankton in the Subbasin of Rio Poxim, Sergipe, Brazil(doi: 10.4136/ambi-agua. 194) (Portuguese) / A. P. S. Pereira, A. N. do Vasco, F. B. Britto et al. // Am-biente &amp; Agua An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Science. 2011. Vol. 6, N 2. P. 191205.</p><p>11. Brito S. L. Zooplankton as an indicator of trophic conditions in two large reservoirs in Brazil /S. L. Brito, P. M. Maia-Barbosa, R. M. Pinto-Coelho // Lakes &amp; Reservoirs: Research &amp;Management. 2011. Vol. 16, is. 4. P. 253264.</p></li><li><p>130</p><p>12. Edward J. B. Physico-chemical parameters and plankton community of Egbe reservoir, Ekiti State,Nigeria / J. B. Edward, A. A. A. Ugwumba // Research Journal of Biological Sciences. 2010. Vol. 5, is. 5. P. 356367.</p><p>13. Gagneten A. M. Effects of contamination by heavy metals and eutrophication on zooplankton, andtheir possible effects on the trophic webs of freshwater aquatic ecosystems // Eutrophication: auses,Consequences and Control. Springer, Netherlands, 2011. P. 211223.</p><p>14. Influence of anomalous high water temperatures on the development of the plankton community inthe Middle Volga reservoirs in summer 2010 / A. I. Kopylov, V. I. Lazareva, N. M. Mineeva et al. //Doklady Biological Sciences. 2012. Vol. 442, N. 1. P. 1113.</p><p>15. Kryutchkova N. M. The role of zooplankton on the self-purification in water bodies //Hydrobiologia. 1968. Vol. 31, N 34. P. 585595.</p><p>16. Tilahnn Derib Asfaw Optimal short-term cascade reservoirs operation using genetic algorithm /Tilahnn Derib Asfaw, Saied Saiedi // Asian Journal of Appliad Sciences. 2011. Vol. 4, N 3. P. 297305.</p><p>17. Zooplankton community structure within various macrophyte stands of a small water body in relationto seasonal changes in water level / N. Kuczynska-Kippen, B. Nagengast, S. Celewicz-Goldyn,M. Klimko // Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies. 2009. Vol. 38, N 3. P. 125133.</p><p> 09.03.2012</p><p> . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 312.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 312. . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 312.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 312. . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 312.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 312. . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 312.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 312. . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 312.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 312. . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 312.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 312. . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 312.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 312. . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 312.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 312. . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 312.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 312. 574.472 + 58.051</p><p> . . Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 1322. Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 1322. 579.61:616-078</p><p> . . Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 2327.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 2327. 504.4:632.2(262.54)</p><p> Interdepartmental Laboratory of the Azov Sea Basin Ecosystems Monitoring of Tavria State Agrotechnology University and Odessa Branch of the Institute of Biology of Southern SeasInterdepartmental Laboratory of the Azov Sea Basin Ecosystems Monitoring of Tavria State Agrotechnology University and Odessa Branch of the Institute of Biology of Southern SeasInterdepartmental Laboratory of the Azov Sea Basin Ecosystems Monitoring of Tavria State Agrotechnology University and Odessa Branch of the Institute of Biology of Southern SeasInterdepartmental Laboratory of the Azov Sea Basin Ecosystems Monitoring of Tavria State Agrotechnology University and Odessa Branch of the Institute of Biology of Southern SeasInterdepartmental Laboratory of the Azov Sea Basin Ecosystems Monitoring of Tavria State Agrotechnology University and Odessa Branch of the Institute of Biology of Southern Seas . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 2833.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 2833. 574.587:282.243.7.05(285.2)</p><p> . . . i i i. I. I. I. I. Mechnikov Odessa National UniversityI. I. Mechnikov Odessa National UniversityI. I. Mechnikov Odessa National UniversityI. I. Mechnikov Odessa National UniversityI. I. Mechnikov Odessa National University . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 3442. Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 3442. 582.251.62</p><p> . . Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National UniversityTaras Shevchenko Kyiv National UniversityTaras Shevchenko Kyiv National UniversityTaras Shevchenko Kyiv National UniversityTaras Shevchenko Kyiv National University . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 4347.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 4347. 582.475.4.630*182:581.321.2</p><p> Nikitsky Botanical Garden National Scientific CenterNikitsky Botanical Garden National Scientific CenterNikitsky Botanical Garden National Scientific CenterNikitsky Botanical Garden National Scientific CenterNikitsky Botanical Garden National Scientific Center . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 4854.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 4854. 595.762.12:574.43</p><p> . . Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 5559.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 5559. 579.6:628.1</p><p> . . Oles Honchar Dniepropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dniepropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dniepropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dniepropetrovsk National UniversityOles Honchar Dniepropetrovsk National University . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 6065.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 6065. 574.51+574.474</p><p> . . Chernivtsi National UniversityChernivtsi National UniversityChernivtsi National UniversityChernivtsi National UniversityChernivtsi National University . . . 2012. . 20, . 1. . 6677.Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 1. P. 6677. 574+504.54:581.524</p><p>1 , . 2 . 1 , . 2 . 1National University of Life and Environmental Science of Ukraine, Kyiv2les Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University1National University of Life and Environmental Science of Ukraine, Kyiv2les Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University1National University of Life and Environmental Science of Ukraine, Kyiv2les Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University1National University of Life and Environmental Science of Ukraine, Kyiv2les Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University1National University of Life and Environmental Scien...</p></li></ul>

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