РЕГИОНАЛЬНАЯ ГЕОЛОГИЯ И ТЕКТОНИКА КОЛЬСКОГО РЕГИОНА: КРАТКИЙ ОБЗОР, НОВЫЕ ПОДХОДЫ И РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ

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  • 13

    551.24 (470.21) : ,

    .. , .. , .. , .. , ..

    , . . , .

    : , , , , , , .

    . - , , , . , , ( , ) . , , . , .

    -, - [13]. [4]. , , - [58]. , , , , , . , , 3.5 [56]. - , .. .. 1980 . [9].

    , "Mente et maleo", ,

  • 14

    . , [1012] , , , -- () [13], 3 . - () , (Sm-Nd [1416]). , , - . (.. ), . , , , , , .. - , , .. [1718]. , .. .. 1996 . [19].

    , , , . , , (2.32.5 [3, 8, 20]), , , , , (1.92.0 [2123]). , - , 2.0 , [2426]. 1.92.0 , ( ) [2223, 27]). , , .

    , 2.12.5 , , , 1.92.0 , . , , - -- [2829]. , , - , , , . . , - , . , , - [23, 27].

    [3031].

  • 15

    (- ). [17], - . ( ) (. [32]).

    , . , , , , . , , - , , , . , . , . 1 : 500 000 1990- . [19]. , .

    , , - , [3335]. .

    (-3), 6842 - 12262 - , -. . - ( ), ~ 45% , (~ 20%). . , , ( ) -3 2798 12, 2804 16, 2810 10 2830 8 [36], ~ 30 . -3 , .

    - , - . , - , . . 2921 12 , tNd(DM) 2.863.02 . - , [37], [38].

    , - , - [39].

  • 16

    , - (~ 2.79 ) (~ 2.74 ). (2.472.41 ) , . (16501800 , 1750 30 ) , . , 0.260.33 .

    -

    - . 1986 . , [40]. Sm-Nd , () [11, 40]. , [4142] , .

    - () - 1 . , " " , Al2O3 (123 > 14.5%) Na2 2. 1 : , 25 (0.070.15), (Y, Nb, Zr, i) (Cr, Ni), (mg# = 0.190.33), Sr/Y (74124). - 1 (tNd(DM) = 2.872.97 ) 3.1 () ( 3.2 ).

    , 3 ( ), , , , - 1 [40]. 2807 10 ( [10]), 2814 4 ( [42]). 1, 3 (mg# = 0.240.39), CO, MgO, 25, Zr, r, Ti, , , Ba Rb. 3 ((La/Sm)N = 11.114.6) ((Gd/Yb)N = 5.86.3), (Eu/Eu*= 0.920.96). 3 (tNd(DM) = 2.812.91 , Nd(t) +1.8 + 2.6) 3.1 , .. .

    - 8, . 1 3. 2708 4 [42]. 8 (mg# = 0.170.27), Rb, Ba, Y, Nb, Ta, U, Th, Sr, Zr, Ti. 8 : (La/Yb)N = 45.0966.28, (La/Sm)N = 8.610.1, (Gd/Yb)N = 2.693.52, (Eu/Eu* = 0.490.53). 8 (tNd(DM) = 2.92.97 ; Nd(2708) 0.73 + 0.61) ( 1) . , - , : 2.7 .

  • 17

    [4344].

    - , Sm-Nd - [41] : 1) ; 2) 2.82 2.81 ; 3) , 3.1 , tNd(DM), - , , ; 4) 143Nd/144Nd Nd(t), ( +0.5 +0.34) .

    - , [45], . - 2.8 , 50 130 . .

    1.5 , . . - , , , , , , , . , , , , , , CaO/Al2O3, . [4, 46]. . , , . , .

    -

    - - -- . (U-Pb-) 2736 11 [47]. Sm-Nd - 2.862.91 . Nd(2736) +0.68 0.27, , , ( ) [48]. -, - , , . , () , , [49]. , , -.

  • 18

    , 1930- . (. [22]). - - . , , , - [78, 50]. - . (- ) [5153]. - - (- ).

    . - . ( 20 ), -- , . 8 2 . , , . [51]. , , , [52]. , , , , , c , 3050 .

    , , , [5051]. , () , X Z 25. () . . , ( sc- -, ). , , . .

    . , , . -, -- 50 . . , - , . - . , , .

    , .. -.

    -12-05-00878- -6

    : - .

  • 19

    1. .. . - (, , ) / .. , .. , .. . .: , 1982. 280 . 2. .. . - / .. , .. , .. . .: , 1985. 329 . 3. .. . , / .. , .. , .. . : . , 1995. 258 . 4. .. . / .. , .. , .. , .. . : . , 2002. 359 . 5. .. . / .. , .. , .. . // - . .: , 1971. . 141150. 6. .., .. . .: . 1983. 93 . 7. .. . - 1 : 500 000 / .. , .. , .. . : . , 1994. 96 . 8. Mitrofanov F.P. et al. Geology of the Kola Peninsula / F.P. Mitrofanov, V.I. Pozhilenko , V.F. Smolkin et al. Apatity: KSC RAS, 1995. 145 p. 9. .. . / .. , .. , .. . .: , 1981. 272 . 10. Balashov Yu.A., Mitrofanov F.P., Balagansky V.V. New geochronological data on Archaean rocks of the Kola Peninsula // Correlation of Precambrian Formations in the KolaKarelian Region and Finland. Apatity: KSC RAS, 1992. P. 1334. 11. Daly J.S., Mitrofanov F.P., Morozova L.N. Late Archaean Sm-Nd model ages from the Voche-Lambina area: implications for the age distribution of Archaean crust in the Kola Peninsula, Russia // Precambrian Res. 1993. Vol. 64. P. 189195. 12. Timmerman M.J., Daly J.S. Sm-Nd evidence for late Archaean crust formation in the Lapland-Kola Mobile Belt, Kola Peninsula, Russia and Norway // Precambrian Res. 1995. Vol. 72. P. 97107. 13. , / . .. . .: , 1983. 488 c. 14. . . - 207Pb/206Pb Sm-Nd / . , . , .. . // . 1999. T. 366. 5. . 664668. 15. .. . 3600 - (U-Pb, SHRIMP-II) / .. , .. , .. . // . 2005. . 402. 1. . 8286. 16. .. . / .. , .. , .. // . 2011. . 440, 6. . 800805. 17. .. . - / .. , .. , .. // : . .: , 1998. . II. . 9295. 18. .. . - / .. , .. , .. // , . : . , 2002. . 165166. 19. (- ). 1 : 500 000 / . . .. . : , 1996. 20. .. . .: , 2004. 174 . 21. Daly J.S., Balagansky V.V., Timmerman M.J. et al. Ion microprobe UPb zircon geochronology and isotopic evidence supporting a trans-crustal suture in the Lapland Kola Orogen, northern Fennoscandian Shield // Precambrian Res. 2001. Vol. 105, 24. P. 289314. 22. .., .. // . .: , 2005. . 124175. 23. Daly J.S., Balagansky V.V. Timmerman M.J., Whitehouse M.J. The Lapland-Kola Orogen: Palaeoproterozoic collision and accretion of the northern Fennoscandian lithosphere // European Lithosphere Dynamics. Geological Society, London, Memoirs, 32. 2006. P. 579598. 24. Berthelsen A., Marker M. Tectonics of the Kola collision suture and adjacent Archaean and Early Proterozoic terrains in the northeastern region of the Baltic Shield // Tectonophysics. 1986. Vol. 126. P. 3155. 25. .. . 1. // . 1993. 1. . 3956. 26. Melezhik V.A., Sturt B.A. General geology and evolutionary history of the early Proterozoic PolmakPasvikPechengaImandra/VarzugaUst'-Ponoy Greenstone Belt in the northeastern Baltic Shield // Earth-Sci. Rev. 1994. Vol. 36. P. 205241. 27. .. . - / .. , .. , .. // : . .: . , 2006. . 142155. 28. Mitrofanov F.P. Evolution and metallogeny of the Lapland-Belomorian-Kola collision. 29th International Geological Congress Abstracts Vol. I. Kyoto. 1992. P. 193. 29. .. . : , , / .., .., .. . // . 1997. . 7. . 3. . 518. 30. .. . // .., .., .. . // . 2004. . 12, 6. . 609631. 31. Mints M.V., Belousova E.A., Konilov A.N. et al. Mesoarchean subduction processes: 2.87 Ga eclogites from the Kola Peninsula, Russia // Geology. 2010. Vol. 38, 8. P. 739742. 32. .. . : . , 2010. 144 . 33. Cristensen N.I., Mooney W.D. Seismic velocity structure and composition of the continental crust: a global view // Journal of Geophysical Res. 1995. Vol. 100 (B7). P. 97619788. 34. Rudnick R.L., Fountain D.M. Nature and composition of the continental crust: a lower crust perspective // Rev. Geophys. 1995. Vol. 33, 3. P. 267309. 35. : - / . .. , .. . : . , 1998. . I. 237 . 36. .. . / .. , .. , .. . //

  • 20

    . .: . .. , 2009. . 2. . 266268. 37. .., - .. : . .: , 1988. 384 . 38. Rudnick R.L., Gao S. Composition of the continental crust // The Crust. Treatise on Geochemistry. Oxford: Elsevier-Pergamon. 2003. Vol. 3. P. 164. 39. .., .., .., .. ( ) // . 2009. . 424, 5. . 676681. 40. - / . .. , .. . : . , 1991. 196 . 41. .. . ( -) / .., .., .. . // . 2012. . 442, 2. . 215218. 42. .., .., .. - ( -) // . 2011. 6. . 1426. 43. .., .., .., .. // . 2000. . 374, 2. . 238241. 44. .. . / .., .., .. .// . 2007. . 414, 5. . 663666. 45. .., .. // . .: , 2005. C. 209214. 46. .., .. // , . .: , 2010. C. 275279. 47. .. . -- - ( ) / .. , .. , .. // , , - . : . . . 306310. 48. .. -- - ( ) // -: . : . , 2009. . 8996. 49. .., .. // , . .: , 2010. C. 215219. 50. .. . / .. , .. , .. . .: , 1980. 238 . 51. .., .., .. , : ? // . 2011. 2. . 3248. 52. .. . ( , - ) / .. , .. , .. // : . : . , 2011. . 5255. 53. .. . ( , - ) / .. , .. , .. // : . : . , 2011. . 8890. ..-.., . .; e-mail: balagan@geoksc.apatity.ru. ..-.., ; e-mail: vetrin@geoksc.apatity.ru. ; e-mail: morozova@geoksc.apatity.ru. ; e-mail: mudruksergey@mail.ru. ..-.., ; e-mail: pozhil@geoksc.apatity.ru.

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