РОЛЬ ЭНТОМОФАГОВ В СНИЖЕНИИ ЧИСЛЕННОСТИ ЯБЛОННОГО ЦВЕТОЕДА

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<ul><li><p> . 2011. 3 (98). 14 </p><p>_______________________________________________________________ </p><p>84 </p><p> [632.937:632.768.12]:634.11 </p><p> .. .. . .. , , 62483, ., -, / -1 </p><p>E-mail: innazabrodina@yahoo.com </p><p> - . - . Pteromalidae (Habrocytus grandis Walk.). - . </p><p> : , , , </p><p>. </p><p> , , - . , - - [1, 2, 3, 4]. </p><p> [5]. </p><p> , , , - ( - , ) [6, 7]. </p><p> - - , [7]. </p><p> - , , , , [8, 9]. </p><p> .. , [10], - . Habrocytus grandis Walk (. Pteromalidae), Tetrastichys pospjelovi Kurd, Syrrhizus delusorius Frst. (. Braconidae), Scambus annulatus Kiis., S. pomorum Ratz. (. Ichneumonidae). </p><p> . </p><p> - Syrrhizus delusorius Frst. (. Braconidae). - Habrocytus grandis Walk., Scambus annulatus Kiis. [11]. </p><p> - Habrocytus grandis Walk., Scambus annulatus Kiis. 100, Scambus caloba-tus Grav. Bracon intercessor Nees. [12]. </p><p> [13], Scambus annulatus Kiis., S. calobatus Grav., S. pomorum Ratz. </p><p> [14, 15] Syrrhizus delusorius Frst. Scambus pomorum Ratz. Syrrhizus delusorius Frst. </p><p> Carabidae Staphylinidae, [1]. </p></li><li><p> . 2011. 3 (98). 14 </p><p>______________________________________________________________ </p><p>85 </p><p> (Passer do-mesticus L., Passer montanus L.), - [16, 17]. </p><p> , , (Parus mayor L.) [3]. </p><p> 20072009 - , - . .. . </p><p> , , - . </p><p> , . 2007 , : , , . 20082009 - , : , , , . </p><p> -, , . - . .. .. . </p><p> Hymenoptera: Scambus annulatus Kiss., Scambus planatus Htg. (. Ichneumoni-dae), Triaspis pallipes Nees. (. Braconidae), Habrocytus grandis Walk. (. Pteromali-dae) [18]. </p><p> , 23 2007 ., 24 (. 1). - 29 30 . - 482 532 ., . 31 1 81 94 ., . </p><p> . 1. - , </p><p>2007 . </p><p>3</p><p>66</p><p>106</p><p>198</p><p>296</p><p>482</p><p>532</p><p>118</p><p>7244</p><p>162045</p><p>81 94</p><p>3850</p><p>100</p><p>200</p><p>300</p><p>400</p><p>500</p><p>600</p><p>24</p><p>25</p><p>26</p><p>27</p><p>28</p><p>29</p><p>30</p><p>31</p><p>01</p><p>04</p><p>07</p><p>, </p><p>.</p><p>2007 2007 </p></li><li><p> . 2011. 3 (98). 14 </p><p>_______________________________________________________________ </p><p>86 </p><p>43</p><p>218</p><p>430</p><p>690</p><p>1023</p><p>327</p><p>86</p><p>38 21 12 2455</p><p>92 84 86</p><p>0</p><p>200</p><p>400</p><p>600</p><p>800</p><p>1000</p><p>1200</p><p>28 29 30 01 02 05 06 07 08 09 10 </p><p>, </p><p>.</p><p>2009 2009 </p><p>. 2. - , </p><p>2008 . </p><p> 2008 17 -, 25 (. 2). </p><p> . 2 , 26 27 1787 805 ., 59.1% 26.7% . - 28, 29 30 - 57, 92 71 ., 70.3% . </p><p> 2009 26 , 28 . 1, 2 690 1023 ., 24.5 36.3% (. 3). 810 92, 84 86 ., 65.0% . </p><p>. 3. - </p><p> -, 2009 . </p><p> , </p><p> 2007 : 606 ., - 694 ., 633 . (. . 1). -, 29 7 : : Ichneumonidae 5 ., Braconidae 6 ., Pteromalidae 58 .; : Ichneumonidae 21 ., Braconidae 6 ., Pteromalidae 81 .; : Ichneumonidae 2 ., Braconidae 10 ., Pteromalidae 94 . </p><p>216</p><p>1787</p><p>805</p><p>61 65 33 24 16 817 3157 92 71 29 11 5 80</p><p>200</p><p>400</p><p>600</p><p>800</p><p>1000</p><p>1200</p><p>1400</p><p>1600</p><p>1800</p><p>2000</p><p>25 26 27 28 29 30 01</p><p>03</p><p>05</p><p>09</p><p>, </p><p>.</p><p>2008 2008 </p></li><li><p> . 2011. 3 (98). 14 </p><p>______________________________________________________________ </p><p>87 </p><p> Pteromalidae 233 . 7,8%, Ich-neumonidae 28 . (0.9%), Braconidae 22 . (0.7%). </p><p> 2008 , : 761 ., 829 ., 705 ., 728 . (. . 1). , 26 , : Ichneumonidae 3 ., Bra-conidae 1 ., Pteromalidae 58 .; Ichneumonidae 1 ., Braconidae 1 ., Pteromalidae 54 .; Ichneu-monidae 7 ., Braconidae 2 ., Pteromalidae 97 .; Ichneu-monidae 1 ., Braconidae 4 ., Pteromalidae 84 . Pteromalidae 293 ., 7.3% . . Ich-neumonidae 12 . (0.3%), . Braconidae 8 . (0.2%). </p><p> 1 , 20072009 . </p><p> , . </p><p>2007 . 2008 . 2009 . 3 </p><p>Ichneumonidae 1 3 4 Braconidae 1 2 3 Pteromalidae 54 67 121 </p><p>Anthonomus pomorum L. 829 709 1538 Ichneumonidae 5 3 5 13 Braconidae 6 1 1 8 Pteromalidae 58 58 59 175 </p><p>Anthonomus pomorum L. 606 761 738 2105 Ichneumonidae 21 7 4 32 Braconidae 6 2 1 9 Pteromalidae 81 97 156 334 </p><p>Anthonomus pomorum L. 694 705 656 2055 Ichneumonidae 2 1 0 3 Braconidae 10 4 0 14 Pteromalidae 94 84 105 283 </p><p>Anthonomus pomorum L. 633 728 717 2078 </p><p> 2009 : 738 ., </p><p> 709 ., 656 ., 717 . (. . 1). : - Ichneumonidae 5 ., Braconidae 1 ., Pteromalidae 59 .; - Ichneumonidae 3 ., Braconidae 2 ., Pteromalidae 67 .; Ichneumonidae 4 ., Braconidae 1 ., Pteromalidae 156 . Pteromalidae 105 . Pteromalidae 387 ., 9.7% - . Ichneumonidae 12 . (0.3%), Braconidae 4 . (0.1%). </p><p> - Pteromalidae (Habrocytus grandis Walk.) 82.3 96.0% (. 4), Braconidae 1.0 7.8%. </p><p> - , . - , . </p><p> - . .. - , 16.6 26.1% (. 5). - 7.810.1%. </p></li><li><p> . 2011. 3 (98). 14 </p><p>_______________________________________________________________ </p><p>88 </p><p>. 4. - -</p><p> , 20072009 . </p><p>. 5. - -</p><p> -, -</p><p> , 20072009 . </p><p> - 2008 (. 6), - 24.4 %, - 2007 , 35.6 % . . 6. -</p><p>, 20072009 . </p><p>9,9</p><p>3,8 3</p><p>7,8</p><p>2,6 1</p><p>82,3</p><p>93,696</p><p>0</p><p>20</p><p>40</p><p>60</p><p>80</p><p>100</p><p>120</p><p>2007 2008 2009</p><p>%</p><p>Ichneumonidae Braconidae Pteromalidae</p><p>9,47,8</p><p>10,1</p><p>26,1</p><p>16,6</p><p>19,4</p><p>0</p><p>5</p><p>10</p><p>15</p><p>20</p><p>25</p><p>30</p><p>2007 2008 2009</p><p>%</p><p>64,4</p><p>75,670,5</p><p>35,6</p><p>24,4</p><p>29,5</p><p>0</p><p>10</p><p>20</p><p>30</p><p>40</p><p>50</p><p>60</p><p>70</p><p>80</p><p>2007 2008 2009</p><p>%</p></li><li><p> . 2011. 3 (98). 14 </p><p>______________________________________________________________ </p><p>89 </p><p> , : , (Forficula auricularia L.), (Orius specias), (Coccinellidae). </p><p> - . .. . 4 : Sambus annulatus Kiss., Sambus planatus Htg. (. Ichneumonidae), Triaspis pallipes Nees. (. Braconidae), Habrocytus grandis Walk. (. Pteromalidae). </p><p> Habrocytus grandis Walk. (. Pteromalidae), - Braconidae. </p><p> - 20.2 %, 9.1 %. </p><p>1. . . // . . 2004. . 2. . 108116. </p><p>2. .., .., .. . : , 1982. 256 . </p><p>3. - / .., .., - .. . .: . , 1992. 276 . </p><p>4. Hull L.A., Beers E.H., Meagher R.L. Integration of biological and chemical control tactics for apple pest through selective timing and choice of synthetic pyrethroid insecricides // J. econ. En-tomol. 1985. Vol. 78, 3. P. 714721. </p><p>5. .. // . 1990. 10. . 35. 6. .. -</p><p> // : / , - - . ., 2007. . 53. . 390403. </p><p>7. .. // . 1995. 9. . 38 39. </p><p>8. .., .. // . 2002. 3. . 16. </p><p>9. .. - // . , 1998. . 7980. </p><p>10. .. Anthonomus pomorum L. // . 1984. . 5. . 120128. </p><p>11. .. // . 2000. 6. . 1415. 12. .. -</p><p> // . 1989. . 4. . 9095. </p><p>13. .., .., .. . : , 1976. 136 . </p><p>14. Piekarska B.H., Wilkaniec . Parasitoids of the family Ichneumonidae reared from larvae of the apple blossom weevil (Anthonomus pomorum L.) in the environs of Poznan // Progress in plant protection. 1998. Vol. 38, 2. P. 447449. </p><p>15. Zijp J.P., Blommers L.H.M. Syrrhizus delusorius and Scambus pomorum, two parasitoids of the apple blossom weevil // Proceedings of the Section Experimental and Applied Entomology of the Netherlands Entomological Society. 1992. Vol. 3. P. 4650. </p><p>16. Zijp J.P., Blommers L.H.M Biology of Centistes delusorius, a parasitoid of adult apple blossom weevil // Agricultural and Forest Entomology. 2002. Vol. 4. 4. . 275282. </p><p>17. .. .: , 1972. 240 . 18. . - // -</p><p>. 1965. 5. . 3940. </p></li><li><p> . 2011. 3 (98). 14 </p><p>_______________________________________________________________ </p><p>90 </p><p>19. .., .. . .. // . . 2009. 8. . 3438. </p><p>THE ROLE OF ENTOMOPHAGES IN THE REDUCTION OF APPLE BLOSSOM WEEVIL QUANTITY </p><p>N.D. Yevtushenko I.V. Zabrodina </p><p>Kharkov National Agrarian University V.V. Dokuchaev </p><p>p/o Communist-1, Kharkov Dist., Kharkov Reg., 62483, Ukraine E-mail: innazabrodina@yahoo.com </p><p>For the first time the ecological peculiarities of the apple blossom weevil in the conditions of Ukraine forest-steppe have been studied. The species composition of larva and pupa parasitoids of the apple blossom weevil in the damaged apple trees buds of different varieties has been de-termined. The representatives of the Pteromalidae family (Habrocytus grandis Walk.) predominated during the period of studies. The impor-tance of entomophages in the regulation of the pest quantity compared with predators has been established. </p><p> Key words: apple blossom weevil, parasitoids, entomophages, </p><p>predators. </p></li></ul>