Современный зарубежный социально-правовой и политический дискурс о гражданском обществе

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<ul><li><p> ... </p><p> 243</p><p>. . </p><p> - </p><p> , . , -- . : - , , , , - - - . , , -, - . - , . - , - - . </p><p> , -</p><p> , , -- , , -, . </p><p> , -, -, - - -. - - - - - , . </p><p> , - , , - - . , , -</p><p> , , - . </p><p> - , - . , , - , - - - 1. </p><p> - , - , - , - , - . -- , - - , , -. - -. </p></li><li><p>, </p><p> 244</p><p> , - - ; , , - , , - , 2. </p><p>. , 3. , -, . - - 4. </p><p> - - - . , -, , , , . - , . </p><p> -, , . - : , , - . . </p><p> - , , - , - . -, . </p><p> , -, ( ) , - , -. - . - , , , - , , - -, , . </p><p> - - - . , - XVIIXVIII - - - , - -. , . - , - ( ) - . - , - , - , , . , -, - . - 1787 . </p><p> - , -</p></li><li><p> ... </p><p> 245</p><p> . -, - , - - , -, - -. , - - - . </p><p> - , - . - - , . </p><p> , -, , , - - . - - . </p><p> - (The Founding Fathers) -, , , - , , - , , , , . </p><p> - . (Liberty); (Equality); (Freedom) -</p><p> (Justice). , , : - -. , - , , -, , , - - . -/ , -, - , , , , - , - -. , - -. , - - -, - , - . </p><p> - - -, , - . , , , , . , - -. </p><p> - : ... - - , 5. . , , - : </p></li><li><p>, </p><p> 246</p><p> , . - - , - . - - , , - , , - , - - , , . - , - - , 6. </p><p>. , , , - , , (, , , ). , - ( -) - , . , -, - , , 7. - , - . , - . ? </p><p> ; </p><p> - - , ; </p><p> - - ; </p><p> - , - , ; </p><p> -, , - , 8. </p><p> - , , ..., -, , , - 9. </p><p>. , - , - , , , - , , . -, , , . - , . . - . , , - , - 10. </p></li><li><p> ... </p><p> 247</p><p>. - (. 1921), . </p><p> -, - -, , - - -, - -. </p><p> , - , - - . - , - . , -, , () . - , , XIX - - -. </p><p> 2030- . - - . - . - . , . </p><p> , - - , - </p><p> . . - - , , - . - , , , - (Freedom) - (Liberty) - - - . </p><p> - - - , -, , 30- . , . </p><p> - , - 6070- . - , - . - . - - (Stephen White, Seila Benhabib), - (Nancy Frazer) (Habermas). </p><p> - . - , - (1971), , -, -- . , -</p></li><li><p>, </p><p> 248</p><p> , , , - -. , - - . </p><p> - - , . </p><p>. , , , , : , - , -. , . - , - - - . </p><p> , , - -. - . , . , , - , (-), . </p><p> - - , , , - , - . - . </p><p> - . - 11, - , . , - , (), , - . - , -, - , 12, 13. </p><p> - 14. -, , , -, , . - 15, , - -, , . , . , . - - , , , , 16. -</p></li><li><p> ... </p><p> 249</p><p> 17. </p><p>, - - . , . - ( - ), . - ( ) ( - ) - -, , - , , - - . 18. </p><p> , - , 19 , -, . - , : , , , , -, -, , -, . </p><p> -, - - . , , , : , -, -. -, -, - , , -</p><p> . , , , , , , . - , - "", - - , 20. </p><p> ( - , - ) - . - -. </p><p> , - , - - , - : - , . . : , - , , - - . - , , . - , : , , , , , - , , . . , -, -, -</p></li><li><p>, </p><p> 250</p><p> , - 21. </p><p> - . , , , -, - . , , . </p><p> , - -, -. (, - -). , , , , - . </p><p> - - . : , , -, , -, , , , , -, , , -, 22. </p><p> , - - ( - ), - . - , , - . </p><p> , - , : </p><p> -, . , , - - , . . - -. -, - ; - 33. </p><p>, , , - -, , , . - - ( ) . </p><p> - - . </p><p> - . , - - - , -, - . - . -, , , , , , - -. - , - . , - -. </p></li><li><p> ... </p><p> 251</p><p> . , , - , . , . , , -, - . </p><p> . -, -. - (- ; - - - ). , , , - (communicative autonomy). -, , , -, - . , -, - . , - : - . - . , - , - 24. </p><p> . - -: , - -</p><p> - 25. </p><p> , - . , - , , - , - . , -. - , , -, . - , - , (-) . -26. </p><p>, - ( , - ) . - : ; ; - , ; - , . </p><p>. : , , , - - , , - , 27. </p></li><li><p>, </p><p> 252</p><p> , , , , - . - -. , , - , . - - - ()-28. ()- - - . . - , , , -, , - . , , - - . - , - - , - , . - . </p><p> , , , , , - , -. , - - , , , . - : - , . - . </p><p> , - , -, -. , - . , , - ? -. - , . , , -, , , - . , - - , , - , . 29. - - , , . , - , - -, -, , , . -, , , , - - - . , . , - . </p><p> - . </p><p> - , -</p></li><li><p> ... </p><p> 253</p><p> - . - - - - - . , , - - ( ), ( ), ( -), - ( -), - - ( - ) - (, - -)30. , . , - , . </p><p> - , , -, - , , . - , - - . , , - , - . -, , -, - . -, , , , - -31. , - - , , -, , </p><p> . </p><p> - - . , - : - " " , -, , - - , , , , -. - - , , . - . - , , - , -, - - , , - , -, 32. </p><p> , , - . - - , , </p></li><li><p>, </p><p> 254</p><p> , - -, 33. </p><p>: - , , - (- - ). , - - - , - -, , - , . , , , , - , - - 34. </p><p> , - , - , - . - - , , 35. , , - , - , - - 36. </p><p> -, - 37. -, . , - </p><p> : , - , . : - - (), , . </p><p> . - - . - , -. - , - , , - , -, , , . - -, , ; ; - . </p><p> , , - - , , 38. , , - . </p><p> -. , - , - . , , - , - , , -. </p></li><li><p> ... </p><p> 255</p><p>, , , - , , - . 39. , - , - , , . </p><p> , . . -, - , , - , - . , - , . </p><p>, - , . , - , - , . 40. </p><p> , - , - . , - , (. ), (. ). </p><p>. - - . , , , , - , - , , -</p><p>. - -. - , ( - - ), -, , - 41. : , - , , , , , - -, - ( )42. </p><p> , . , : </p><p> , - , - ; </p><p> , , , ; ; </p><p> , - , - . </p><p> , . , . -, 43. </p><p> - - , . , -, . . -44, . , -</p></li><li><p>, </p><p> 256</p><p> . , - - , . - , -, - -, - , , - . </p><p> . - -- , - - , - - - . - - - - . </p><p> 1 .: Seligman A. B. Civil Society as Idea and Ideal. In: Alternative Conceptions of Civil Society. </p><p>Ed. by S. Chambers and W. Kymlicka. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. 2002. P. 13. 2 Chambers S., Kymlicka W. Alternative Conceptions of Civil Society: Introduction. In: Alternative </p><p>Conceptions of Civil; Society. Op. Cit. P. 8. 3 Walzer M. Equality and Civil Society. Op. Cit. P. 37. 4 . : Seligman A. B. The Idea of Civil Society. Princeton: Princeton </p><p>Univ. Press. 1995. 5 . // : , , , , </p><p>, , / . . . . . ., 1998. . 46. 6 . . . . 5253 7 . . 58. 8 . . 5961. 8 . . 67. 10 . 11 Bell D. American Exceptionalism Revised: The Role of Civil Society || Public Culture. 95. </p><p>1989: 3856. 12 Benhabib S. Critique, Norm and Utopia. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986. P. 278</p><p>353. 13 Cohen J., Arato A. Civil Society and Social Theory. Cambridge: MIT Press. 1992. 14 Walzer M. Equality and Civil Society. Op. Cit. P. 35. 15 Lamasky L. E. Classical Liberalism and Civil Society. In: Alternative Conceptions of Civil Soci-</p><p>ety. Op. Cit. P. 64. 16 Ibid. P. 62. 17 Ibid. P. 65. 18 Walzer M. Equality and Civil Society. Op. Cit. P. 37. 19 Kymlika W. Politics in the Vernacular: Nationalism, Multiculturalism, and Citizenship. Op. Cit. </p><p>P. 301302 20 .: Walzer M. The Civil Society. In: Dimensions of Radical Democracy: Pluralism, Citizenship </p><p>and Community. Mouffe, Chantal, ed. London, Routledge. 1992. P. 104 21 Chambers S. A Critical Theory of Civil Society. In: Alternative Conceptions of Civil Society. </p><p>Op. Cit. 2002. P. 9091. 22 2000 , </p><p> (-, ) , , . , -</p></li><li><p> ... </p><p> 257</p><p> , , . .: Brian Berry. Justice as Impartiality: A Treatise on Social Justice. Volume II. Oxford: Claredon Press. 1999; Jean L. Cohen and Andrew Arato. Civil Society and Political Theory. Cam-bridge: MIT Press. 1999. 2003 . (. - . ., . . .: , 2003.) -, : Andrew Arato and Eike Gebhardt. The Essential Frankfurt School Reader. New York: Continuum. 1982; Martin Jay. The Dia-lectical Imagination: A History of the Frankfurt School and the Institute of Social Research, 19231950. Boston: Little, Brown, 1973; David Held. Introduction to Critical Theory: Horkheimer to Habermas. Berkley and Los Angeles: University of California press, 1980. </p><p>23 Chambers S. Op. Cit. P. 90 24 .: Habermas J. Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and </p><p>Democracy. Cambridge: MIT Press. 1996; Habermas J. The Theory of Communicative Action. Bos-ton: Beacon Press. 1987; Habermas J. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. Cambridge: MIT Press. 1989 ( 1962 ). . - . : David Held. Introduction to Criti-cal Theory: Horkheimer to Habermas. Berkley and Los Angeles: Univ. Of California Press. 1980; Baynes K. The Normative Grounds of Social Criticism: Kant, Rawls and Habermas (Albany: State University of New York Press. 1992; Cohen J., Arato A. Civil Society and Political Theory. Cam-bridge: MIT Press. 1992; Chambers S.. Reasonable Democracy: Jrgen Habermas and the politics of Discourse. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1996; Habermas and the Public Sphere. Ed. by Craig Cal-haen. Cambridge: MIT Press. 1993. </p><p>25 Cohen J., Arato A. Civil Society and Political Theory. Op. Cit. . 429. 26 .: Seligman A. B. Civil Society as Idea and Ideal. Op. Cit. P. 29. 27 Habermas J. Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and De-</p><p>mocracy. Op. Cit. P. 367. 28 . : Benhabib S. Toward a Delib-</p><p>erative Model of Democratic Legitimacy. In: Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political. Ed. by Seyla Benhabib. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. 1996. </p><p>29 Chambers S. Op. Cit. P. 101. 30 .: Walzer M. Equality and Civil Society. In: Alternative Conceptions of Civil Society. Ed. by </p><p>S. Chambers and W. Kymlicka. Op. Cit. P. 35. 31 Kymlicka W. Politics in the Vernacular. Nationalism, Multiculturalism, and Citizenship. Op. Cit. </p><p>P. 303. 32 . / . .; . . . . ., 2003. . </p><p>262. 33 . . 263. 34 . . 263. 35 1989 , . 36 .: John Grey. Liberalism. Essays in Political Philosophy. London and New York: Routledge. </p><p>1991. P. 262. 37 .: Walzer M. Equality and Civil Society. Op. Cit. P. 37. 38 Walzer . Op. Cit. P. 38. 39 Ibid. P. 44. 40 Ibid. P. 46. 41 .: Ibid. P. 46. 42 Ibid. P. 4647. 43 Ibid. P. 4748. 44 , , -</p><p> , . , , , -: , -, , . </p></li><li><p>, </p><p> 258</p><p>V. Smorgunova </p><p>MODERN FOREIGN SOCIAL LEGAL AND POLITICAL DISCOURSE ON CIVIL SOCIETY </p><p> The article is devoted to one of the significant themes of the modern theory of the law and </p><p>policy revealing an essence of such a social phenomenon as civil society. Many important problems involved in the modern political-legal discourse about civil society are discussed: the definition of the content boundaries of the civil society, its structural components, analy-sis of interaction of civil society and law, the lawful state, the research of the intellectual - le-gal basis of the creation and development of the civil society. The paper is based on the methodology of discourse analysis which has not been practically applied yet by the Russian theory of law, philosophy of law and politics, while it is widely used in the western political thought. The application of the discourse method to the analysis of civil society allows to transform implicit legal and political knowledge of civil society into clearly articulated statements, to determine parameters of white spots in the content of theoretical reflection on civil society. The problems analyzed in the article will enable Russian scholars in the field of law and politics to participate in the international interdisciplinary discourse. </p><p>. . - </p><p> , -- . - , , - . -, , . . </p><p> , </p><p> - XIXXX ( 1898 - ), - , -. , - - 1. - </p><p> , - - (), -, -, , -. - - , , , , . , </p></li></ul>