Универсальные схемы метаданных и задача описания веб-ресурсов

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  • 43

    004.7+002.53 32.973.202-018.2

    -

    .. , 2006

    620083, . , . , 51

    (MARC-, , MODS), - -. , . -.

    : ; -; ; Dublin Core, MODS; MARC-.

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    , MARC-, 1990- . 1998 . - RUSMARC, UNIMARC /7/.

    MARC- - : MARC 21 - (Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules /10/), -

    ; UNIMARC - (ISBD), RUSMARC ISBD 7.184 ( 7.12003) /7/.

    . 1977 . ISBD (NBM): - /31/, 1990 . - /29/, 1997 . - /30/.

    - 7.822001 . - . - /3/.

    RUSMARC - /6/.

    , - , -, , -. - - - -, .. MARC- .

    , 2006, 1, . 4354

  • 44

    - MARC-

    - - OCLC 1992 . - OCLC, (MARBI Com-mittee on the Machine-Readable Form of Biblio-graphic Information) - , - 300 . -, , - USMARC - .

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    - - , . , USMARC , - - - /11/.

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    1993 . 856- - USMARC (USMARC Advisory Group), 1995 . . - 856-

    MARC-, UNIMARC RUSMARC.

    OCLC USMARC-- . 1994 . OCLC Spectrum, . Spectrum -- . Spect-ruma . - - - . Spect-ruma - : TEI (Text Encoding Initiative), USMARC URC (Uniform Resource Citation), - Federal Geographical Data Committee /24, 46/.

    USMARC- - - CATRIONA (CATaloguing Resources Online) (1995 .). USMARC : IAFA (Internet Anonymous FTP Archives), URC, , - TEI- /40/.

    -, - , MARC-. - OCLC InterCat (Building a Catalog of Internet Resources), 19931996 ., - - . OCLC NetFirst.

    - MARC 21 OCLC CORC (Cooperative Online Resources Catalog) (19992002 .) /15/. CORC - - MARC 21, - , - MARC 21 /32/.

    , - MARC- :

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  • 45

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    1998 . 1.0 /20/ , 1999 . 1.1 /21/. The Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (DCMES). 2001 . DCMES - NISO (NISO Z39.85-2001), 2003 . ISO (ISO 15836-2003).

    (simple, unqualified) , 15 , (qualified) , -, . , , DCMI Meta-data Terms /18/. , - , - DCMI (Dublin Core Metadata Initiative) -, . DCMI OCLC, , , .

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  • 46

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    HTML-- , - c - ( HTML-) HTML- . - - DC-dot (http://www.ukoln.ac. uk/metadata/dcdot/) /36/, Nordic DC Metadata Creator (http://www.lub.lu.se/cgi-bin/nmdc.pl) /23/, - (http://www.rsl.ru/dc/r_journ3.htm) /9/ -- - (http:// www.library.kr.ua/dc/dceditunir.html) /2/.

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  • 47

    , - . - , , - , - .

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    - . , - . - . . , , 2005 . 75 /22/.

    Metadata Object Description Schema

    - - , -

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  • 48

    - . , -, - , .

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    - MODS , MODS - ( - ), - .

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    MODS - , , - MARC- . - . 2.

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    - Election 2002 -Archive (http://lc-4.loc.gov/elect2002/), 2002 . - - MINERVA (http://www.loc.gov/ minerva/). 4 . -, - 1 30 2002 . -

  • 49

    1

    MODS Lite DCMES 1.1

    ,

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    DCMES 1.1

    Title

    Creator Contributor

    Type

    Type

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  • 50

    MODS. , - MARC-, Elec-tion 2002 -Archive . , - , , MODS- .

    , Bibutils (http://www. scripps.edu/_257Ecdputnam/software/bibutils/), Aust-ralian National Bibliographic Database Metadata Project (http://www.nla.gov.au/kinetica/), Music-Australia (http://www.musicaustralia.org/), - MODS . MODS - , - MODS AGLS (Australian Government Locator Service Metadata Element Set), - MODS MARC 21 MARC 21 - . - MODS - - , 40 -. AGLS MODS - , - /37/.

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  • 51

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  • 52

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    . - .

    - - , . - , , -, , - ..

    -, - , - , .. , - -, - .

    1. , . . Dublin Core // . . . . 1. - . 2000. 3. . 2128.

    2. , . . - Dublin Core // . . -. 2004. 3. . 2235.

    3. 7.822001. . . . . . 20020701. : - , 2001. 26 .

    4. , . . -: ( - -) / . . , . . // -. 2002. 2. . 4450.

    5. , . . , , [ ] / . . , . . . : http://evarussia.ru/ upload/doklad/doklad_580.doc. . .

    6. . : . [ ]. 2003. : http://www.rba.ru/RUSMARC /discuss/er/er.htm. . .

    7. , . . MARC 21, UNIMARC, RUSMARC, // -. 2004. 3. . 3538.

    8. Dublin Core (DCMES) RUSMARC

  • 53

    [ ]. : http://www. rba.ru/rusmarc/soft/dc-rusmarc.htm. . .

    9. , . . Dublin Core [- ] / . . , . . // -. -. 2000. . 3, . 2. : http://www.elbib.ru/index.phtml?page=elbib/rus/journal/2000/part2/SI. . .

    10. Anglo-American cataloguing rules / prepared under the direction of the Joint Steering Committee for Revision of AACR, a Committee of the American Library Asso-ciation... [et al.]. Ottawa : Chicago : Canadian Library Association ; American Library Association, 2002.

    11. Assessing information on the Internet: Toward provid-ing library services for computer-mediated communica-tion / M. Dillon, E. Jul, M. Burge, C. Hickey. Dublin : Online Computer Library Center, 1993.

    12. Banski, E. Implementation of Dublin Core at the Uni-versity of Alberta Libraries // OCLC Systems & Ser-vices. 2002. Vol. 18, N 3. P. 130138.

    13. Beckett, D. Expressing Simple Dublin Core in RDF/XML [Electronic resource] / D. Beckett, E. Miller, D. Brickley. 2002. : http://www. dublincore.org/documents/dcmes-xml/. . .

    14. Bibliographic Access Divisions Strategic Plan, FY 20032008: Goals and Initiatives: Fiscal Years 20052006 [Electronic resource]. 2004. : http://www.loc.gov/catdir/stratplan/stratplan.pdf. . .

    15. Covert, K How the OCLC CORC service is helping weave libraries into the - // Online Information Re-view. 2001. Vol. 25, N 1. P. 4146.

    16. Day, M. Mapping Dublin Core to UNIMARC [Elec-tronic resource]. 1997. : http://www. ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/interoperability/dc_unimarc.html. . .

    17. DCMI Type Vocabulary [Electronic resource]. 2004. : http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-type-vocabulary/. . .

    18. DCMI Metadata Terms [Electronic resource]. 2005. : http://www.dublincore.org/documents/ dcmi-terms/. . .

    19. Dublin Core/MARC/GILS Crosswalk [Electronic re-source]. 2001. : http://www.loc.gov/ marc/dccross.html. . .

    20. Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, Version 1.0: Refer-ence Description [Electronic resource]. 1998. : http://dublincore.org/documents/1998/09/dces/. . .

    21. Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, Version 1.1: Refer-ence Description [Electronic resource]. 1999. : http://dublincore.org/documents/1999/07/02/ dces/. . .

    22. Dublin Core Projects [Electronic resource]. 2005. : http://www.dublincore.org/projects/. . .

    23. Glaviano, C. Teaching an information organization course with Nordic DC metadata creator // OCLC Systems & Services. 2000. Vol. 16, N 1. P. 3340.

    24. Godby, J. C. A Metalanguage for Describing Internet Resources [Electronic resource] // Annual Review of OCLC Research, 1996. 1997. : http:// digitalarchive.oclc.org/da/ViewObject.jsp?objid=0000003365. . .

    25. Gorman, M. Bibliographic control or chaos: an agenda for national bibliographic services in the 21st century

    [Electronic resource]. : http://www. ifla.org/IV/ifla67/papers/134-133e.pdf. . .

    26. Guenter, R. S. Using the Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS) for resource description: guidelines and applications // Library Hi Tech. 2004. Vol. 22, N 1. P. 8998.

    27. Guidelines for Bibliographic Description of Internet Resources // Assessing Information in the Internet. 1993. P. B:1B:19.

    28. Guinchard, C. Dublin Core Use in Libraries: A Survey // OCLC Systems & Services. 2002. Vol. 18, N 1. P. 4050.

    29. ISBD (CF): International Standard Bibliographic De-scription for Computer Files. Recommended by the Working Group on the International Standard Biblio-graphic Description for Computer Files set up by the IFLA Committee on Cataloguing. 1990.

    30. ISBD (ER): International Standard Bibliographic De-scription for Electronic Resources. Revised from the ISBD (CF): International Standard Bibliographic De-scription for Computer Files. Recommended by the ISBD (CF) Review Group [Electronic resource]. 1997. : http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/pubs/isbd. htm. . .

    31. ISBD (NBM): International Standard Bibliographic De-scription for Non-Book Materials. Recommended by the Working Group on the International Standard Biblio-graphic Description for Non-Book Materials set up by the IFLA Committee on Cataloguing. 1977.

    32. Hsieh-Yee, I. The CORC ex...

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