ВЛИЯНИЕ АНИЗОТРОПИИ МЕХАНИЧЕСКИХ СВОЙСТВ НА НАПРЯЖЕННОЕ И ДЕФОРМИРОВАННОЕ СОСТОЯНИЯЗАГОТОВКИ ПРИ ИЗОТЕРМИЧЕСКОМ ДЕФОРМИРОВАНИИ ПОЛУСФЕРИЧЕСКИХ ДЕТАЛЕЙ

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<ul><li><p> . . 2012. . 2 </p><p> 202 </p><p> 621.983; 539.374 .. , - . , ., (4872) 35-14-82, mpf-tula@rambler.ru (, , ), .. , . . , ., (4872) 35-14-82, mpf-tula@rambler.ru (, , ), .. , . . , ., (4872) 35-14-82, mpf-tula@rambler.ru (, , ) </p><p> -</p><p> . </p><p> : , , , , , . </p><p> [1-4]. . </p><p> , - , , </p><p>( )( )mc</p><p>A</p><p>neec</p><p>e</p><p>B</p><p>=</p><p>1</p><p>0 ; cn</p><p>ceec</p><p>AA</p><p>=&amp; , (1) </p><p> , , : </p><p>( )mce</p><p>n</p><p>e</p><p>ece B</p><p>=</p><p>1</p><p>1</p><p>0</p><p>; </p><p>c</p><p>e</p><p>=&amp; . (2) </p><p> B , n , m - , </p><p>; ce e - </p><p> ; cnpA , c</p><p>npe - </p><p> -</p><p> ; ce cA</p><p> - -</p><p> -. </p></li><li><p> 203 </p><p>, - , (1) (2) . </p><p> ij -</p><p>ijij</p><p>f</p><p>= , (3) </p><p> - ; )( ijf - </p><p> ; ij - </p><p> . </p><p> - - 0R </p><p>0h </p><p> pn</p><p>p tapp += 0 </p><p> (. . 1). 0p , pp na , - . </p><p>. 1. </p><p> , - . . zyx ,, - , -</p></li><li><p> . . 2012. . 2 </p><p> 204 </p><p> ( x ), ( y ) - ( z ). </p><p>, , .. yx RR = . -</p><p> ( 0= z ). -</p><p> x , y x , x 45, - , - xoz , yoz , ozx - , . </p><p>, , xoz , yoz ozx , . , - . xoz yoz . </p><p> - , - , - [5, 6]. </p><p> - , - . </p><p> , - -. . </p><p> m -</p><p> t , e - e , ( ) ( ), - H , e A - t , , - e A 1 ( 1=e 1=A ). , -</p><p> x ( o0= ), </p></li><li><p> 205 </p><p> o45= . , - xy ( yx RR = ). </p><p> 0,2...2,0. </p><p>( )( )mc</p><p>nec</p><p>eB</p><p>= </p><p>1 </p><p>B , c1</p><p> , n m enp A , </p><p> - - </p><p>8,2 710 1,0 1,88 1,0 - 54,8 </p><p> - - </p><p>0,698 610 1,0 2,86 1,30 1,23 - </p><p>Am</p><p>Bmm = / </p><p>At</p><p>Btt = / 45R </p><p> 0860= ; 1== yx RR ; e 1002,0= . 2. </p><p> Am At , </p><p>Bm </p><p>Bt - -</p><p>, </p><p> x o45= ; 3000 =R . , </p><p> 45R yx RR = </p><p> m , t . 145 === RRR yx ( m = t ). </p><p> 45R 0,2 2 -</p><p> m 1,2 0,9 t 0,4 1,15. , m t - - t 50 %, m - 15 %. </p></li><li><p> . . 2012. . 2 </p><p> 206 </p><p>. 2. m t 45R , </p><p> ( 1== yx RR ; e 1002,0= ) </p><p> . 3 -</p><p> CmBmm = / , </p><p>Ct</p><p>Btt = / 0/ RHH = -</p><p> t , -</p><p> . Cm Ct - </p><p> ; 3000 =R . </p><p>. 3. m , t H t ( 1== yx RR ; e 1002,0= ) </p><p> , t -</p><p> m t </p><p> Bm Cm , </p><p>Bt </p><p>Ct </p></li><li><p> 207 </p><p> ( ). - 45R yx RR = </p><p> m t . . 4 -</p><p> 0/ RBt</p><p>Bt = </p><p> t - 45R , . </p><p>. 4. Bt </p><p> t ( 0950= ; 1== yx RR ; 3000 =R ; </p><p>,p 00800 = ; pn</p><p>p a 004,0= ; 3,0=pn ) </p><p> , -</p><p> . 4, , -</p><p> t Bt - . 45R </p><p> Bt . , -</p><p> - . </p><p> - 2009 - 2013 . </p></li><li><p> . . 2012. . 2 </p><p> 208 </p><p>1. .. . .: -, 1986. 216 . </p><p>2. .. . .: , 1993. 240 . </p><p>3. / .. [ .]. .: , 2004. 427. </p><p>4. / .. [ .]. .: , 2009. 352 . </p><p>5. .., .., .. -- // . . . : - . 2011. . 1. . 27-36. </p><p>6. .., .., .. - // . . . : - . 2012. . 1. . </p><p> S.S. Yakovlev, S.N. Larin, A.V. Charin INFLUENCE OF ANISOTROPY OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES ON THE </p><p>STRAINED AND DEFORMED CONDITIONS OF PREPARATION AT ISOTHERMAL DEFORMATION OF HEMISPHERICAL DETAILS </p><p>Influence of plane anisotropy of mechanical properties of a sheet material on the strained and deformed condition of preparation and its geometrical characteristics is shown at isothermal deformation of hemispherical details in the conditions of a creeping current of a material. </p><p>Key words: anisotropy, damageability, destruction, hemispherical details, pnevmoformovka, creep. </p><p> 20.01.12 </p></li></ul>

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